Gallery of Saints & Sinners from our Daily Bleed...
A Circular Symphony for Poor Countries, in Six Successive Movements
So that labor may be increasingly obediant & cheap, the poor countries need legions of executioners, torturers, inquisitors, jailers, & informers.
To feed & arm these legions, the poor countries need loans from the rich countries.
To pay the interest on these loans, the poor countries need more loans.
To pay the interest on the loans on top of the loans, the poor countries need to increase their exports.
To increase their exports, products condemned to perpetually collapsing prices, the poor countries need to lower production costs.
To lower production costs, the poor countries need increasingly obedient & cheap labor.
To make labor increasingly obedient & cheap, the poor countries need legions of executioners, torturers, inquisitors...
— Eduardo Galeano, Century of the Wind, p271
1932: Izalco: The Right to Vote & Its Painful Consequences
The uprising began after the government refused to seat Salvadoran Communist Party candidates who won municipal & legislative elections. Three days ago, Augustin Farabundo Marti & other leaders were arrested. With rebel communications severed, unarmed peasants & farmworkers follow a plan to march into the nation's cities. The army decides to teach the insurgents a lesson. Today it launches a genocidal campaign known as La Matanza. Within a few weeks, the army killings number over 30,000.
By the time La Matanza is over, 4 percent of the Salvadoran population is dead, the Communist Party liquidated, & the Indian population forced to abandon its native dress, languages & customs. In five decades, Salvadoran rebels will name their organization after Marti.
President by coup d'etat, General Martinez convokes the people of El Salvador to elect deputies & mayors. Despite a thousand traps, the tiny communist Party wins elections. The general takes umbrage. Scrutiny of ballots is suspended sine die.
Swindled, the Communists rebel. Salvadorans erupt on the same day that the Izalco volcano erupts. As boiling lava runs down the slopes & clouds of hot ashes blot out the sky, red campesinos attacked the barracks with machetes… For three days soviets come to power.
Three days. Three months of slaughter follow. Farabundo Marti & other Communist leaders face firing squads. Soldiers beat to death the Indian chief Jose Feliciano Ama, leader of the revolution in Izalco. They hang Ama's corpse in the main plaza & force schoolchildren to watch the show. Thirty thousand campesinos, denounced by their employers, or condemned on mere suspicion or old wive's tales, dig their own graves with their hands. Children die too, for Communists, like snakes, need to be killed young. Wherever a dog or pig scratches up the earth, remains of people appear. One of the firing-squad victims is the shoemaker Miguel Marmol.
— Eduardo Galeano, Century of the Wind, p91
1979 -- Managua: Somoza's Grandson
The Somoza clan goes into exile as Augusto Cesar Sandino strolls through Nicaragua beneath a rain of flowers, a half century after they shot him. This country has gone mad; lead floats, cork sinks, the dead escape from the cemetary, & women from the kitchen. They're throwing him out & he's going. At dawn Somoza boards a plane for Miami. In these final days the United Staes abandons him but he does not abandon the United States:
"In my heart, I will always be part of this great nation."
Somoza takes with him the gold ingots of the Central Bank, eight brightly colored parrots, & the coffins of his father & brother. He also takes the living body of the Crown prince.
Anastasio Somoza Portocarrero, grandson of the founder of the dynasty, is a corpulent military man who has leaned the arts of command & good government in the United States. In Nicaragua, he founded, & until yesterday directed, the Basic Infantry Training School, a juvenile army group specializing in interrogations of prisoners -- & famous for its skill. Armed with pincers & spoons, these lads can tear out fingernails without breaking the roots & eyes without injuring the lids.
— Eduardo Galeano, Century of the Wind, p249
Cited Daily Bleed, July 14, 1979
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