The Anarchist Encyclopedia:
"A bas la Civilisation! Vive la Nature!"
French militant anarchist, writer, advocate of libertarian naturalism.
(Paris, November 2, 1872-1945 )
Emile Gravelle, another anarchist & naturalist, published the review "L'Etat Naturel" (1894-1898) &, in 1895, began collaborating with Henri Zisly & Henri Beylie on "La Nouvelle Humanité", which is followed by: "Le Naturien"(1898), "Le Sauvage"(1898-99), "L'Ordre Naturel"(1905), & "La Vie Naturelle" (1907-14) & (1920-27).
These reviews & newspapers are the expression of the libertarian "naturien" movement, which preaches the return to a natural & independent life. The movement "naturien" can rightly be seen the precursor of naturism, vegetarianism, & of the modern ecology movement.
Monmartre was home to the anarchist group, Les Naturiens, who attacked accepted notions of civilization and rejected modern technology. Their views have obvious contemporary resonance. The debate between Jean Grave, the anarchist communist, and the Naturien, Henri Zisly, on whether machines are inherently authoritarian could have been lifted from the Fifth Estate.
page created November 2006
This text combines materials from the following three sources, & we encourage you to visit their commendable pages:
Image & date source from Ephéméride Anarchiste
Book review by Robert Graham at http://library.nothingness.org/articles/SA/en/display/349
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