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[Bailo (Huesca), 20-12-1901 ? Barcelona, 21-01-1939]

Biographical/historical notes:

A native of the Ayerbe comarca, Rafael Liberato Torres Escartín seems to have been born in Sabiñánigo in 1901.

His contacts with anarchism date back to his student days (he was a disciple of Ramon Acín in Huesca) & came through his family as well.

He was an early recruit to the cause for the action groups: he belonged to the Crisol group in Zaragoza (1922) & then of Los Solidarios. He was a CNT member from at least 1918 in the Foodstuffs Union (he was a pastry cook).

As a member of Los Solidarios, he was involved in numerous operations: in 1923, along with Francisco Ascaso, he executed Cardinal Soldevilla & within a short time was involved in the robbery of the Bank of Spain branch in Gijón, as a result of which he was arrested in Oviedo (2 September 1923) & tortured.

Los principales componentes del grupo eran: Buenaventura Durruti, Francisco Ascaso, Juan García Oliver, Eusebio Brau, Aurelio Fernández, Miguel García Vivancos, Alfonso Miguel, Ricardo Sanz, Gregorio Suberviola, Rafael Torres Escartín, Juliana López, Ramona Berni y Antonio «El Toto».
He escaped but was recaptured on the basis of information given by the clergy & was tried in March 1925 & sentenced to death (a sentence later commuted). Jailed in Santoña, he lost his sanity & on his release in 1931 had to be committed to an asylum in Reus.

When Barcelona fell to the fascist troops, he was taken out of the asylum & shot in Barcelona on 21 January 1939.

Source: A Historical Encyclopaedia of Spanish Anarchism, by Miguel Iñiguez
Online, one of 400+ entries (192 pages of extracts), at Christie Books Archives, see

See also,

Abel Paz's article, "El Grupo Nosotros"

page created September 2006

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