The Anarchist Encyclopedia:
Nicholas Lazarevitch (1895-1975)
Born August 17, 1875, in Belgium near Liege, the son of Russian revolutionary émigrés.
Nicholas Lazarevitch became an anarcho-syndicalist shortly before WWI after working in a number of factories & mines in French-speaking Belgium.
He worked in the mines of Germany's Ruhr in 1916, but in 1917 escaped to Holland. There he joined up with interned Russian POW's who had also escaped from Germany, & helped to set up a soviet to press for their repatriation to Russia.
In February 1919 he returned to Russia with these internees, & joined the Red Army. He was sent to South Russia to make propaganda in the French army ranks. He was arrested, & only saved from execution by the Red Army's recapture of Odessa.
At this point Lazarevitch was very close to the Bolsheviks "whom he believed to be only a political tendency very close to the anarchists but better organised". He fled the denikinist capture of Odessa & entered Rumania where he was interned. He then made his way illegally into Yugoslavia & thence to Italy where he was in contact with the anarchists, & took part in street fighting against the fascists.
He returned to Russia in March 1921, where he worked as a part-time translator for the Comintern refusing to become a full-time official. He requested factory work & spent 1921-24 in various jobs in Russian factories. He was in touch with Boris Souvarine & Pierre Pascal.
"In his view the solution to the conflict with the Party & the tame trade unions lay in the creation of workers' groups, the future nuclei of independent trade union organisations capable of standing up to the Party & any restoration of capitalism".
Driven underground by these activities, Lazarevitch was arrested by the GPU in 1924. He refused to recognise the court & was held without trial until 1926. He was freed after a campaign mounted by anarcho-syndicalists & La Revolution Proletarienne. He was expelled from the USSR in 1926, after which he settled in Paris & helped to draft the "Platform."
In 1926 he also started to campaign, to publicise working class reality in the USSR to French workers. He organized about fifty meetings in France, Belgium, Switzerland & Germany, often clashing with local communists. The French authorities expelled him in 1928, after which he worked as a miner in Belgium, until he returned illegally to France, to work in construction.
In 1931 Lazarevitch & Ida Mett ([Russian anarchist]; his wife) traveled around Spain. He was already a friend of Francisco Ascaso & Buenaventura Durruti whom he had known as exiles in Belgium. He resumed to Paris, & then Belgium, in 1932, but continued to monitor events in Spain for La Revolution Proletarienne.
Back in Belgium, he was active in a series of anarcho-syndicalist led strikes, as well as an active supporter of anti-militarists.
He campaigned on behalf of Victor Serge & Francesco Ghezzi in the USSR & on behalf of foreign anarchists expelled from Belgium.
He was jailed for a year in 1935 for anti-militarist & trade union activity.
In 1936 he re-entered France illegally to find work with the help of the Proof-readers Union. Lazarevitch was actively involved in gathering the documentation that was to form the basis of Ida Mett's The Kronstadt Commune, published in 1938.
Arrested in 1940 as an illegal alien he was interned in Vernet camp. He pretended to consent to repatriation to Belgium but escaped en route. He worked for a while as a farm labourer in Les Landes, before rejoining his wife & children in the Var department in 1942. He returned to Paris in 1946 to work as a proof-reader.
In the 1950's Lazarevich published a review based on extract gleaned from official soviet publications. He taught Russian & used his student's contacts to try & gain information about the Russian situation.
The French Uprising of May 1968 saw him taking part in the open assemblies at the Sorbonne.
He died in Paris on the 24th of December 1975.
This page updated December 2005 with expanded material from (Kate Sharpley Library which is slowly moving all the bulletins to their own domain; this article also appears at the People's History site.)
- This article, "Unknown Anarchists: Nicholas Lazarevitch",
but for a few very minor additions & links, is from the Kate Sharpley Library Bulletin No. 11, 1997
links checked September 2006
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