The Anarchist Encyclopedia:
Miguel García Vivancos
Spanish Naïve painter & militant anarquista.
Miguel García Vivancos was born in Spain, April 19, 1895, in Mazarrón, Murcia. He was an anarchist militant & combatant long before he discovered his talent as an artist.
García Vivancos formed the Los Solidarios group, together with Buenaventura Durruti, Francisco Ascaso, Juan García Oliver, & others (Gregorio Jover, Ramona Berri, Eusebio Brau, Manuel Campos, & Aurelio Fernández). In 1924, he is condemned to three months of prison. Released, exiled in France, then travelling with Ascaso, Durruti & Jover in Latin America (Mexico, Cuba, Peru, Chile). On his return to France, he is arrested because of the “expropriations” practised by the group on their trip. Escaping extradition, he is expelled & finds refuge in Belgium. In 1927, he returns to Barcelona, participating in the clandestine struggles & takes part in the Thirties in several insurrectionary attempts. Captured, he is interned one year in Burgos.
During the Spanish Revolution he participated in the street fights of Barcelona on the 19 of 1936 July. He lead the Aguiluchos Column on the Huesca Front, Huerrios, etc.
Opposing the antimilitarist line of the "intransigentes" anarchists & willing to cooperate with the Stalinist militarization of fighting units, in September 1937 he was made responsible major units, 126 Brigada & the 25 División (in the place of Antonio Ortiz), winning battles in Belchite & then Teruel where he was wounded in January 1938. In May 1938 he was promoted to colonel.
Perhaps her acclamations went too far when she described him as the hero of Belchite & the man who captured Teruel, though without doubt he made a large contribution to the Republican war effort at both of these battles.
At the end of the war he was charged with handling the evacuation to France of Spanish refugees escaping the fascists in the Puigcerda sector. He himself wound up being interned for four years in the French concentration camp at Vernet-les-Bains before being liberated during WWII by the Maquis & joining the French Resistance for the duration.
After WWII, at the CNT Congress in Marseilles in 1945, he was excluded from the organization. Having gone astray, his views were deemed incompatible with this libertarian practice.
Living in poverty in Paris , he discovered & developed his talent for painting, & in 1947 García Vivancos was well received by Pablo Picasso, who opened the art world for him. His first exhibit was held in 1948 at the Gallery Mirador & won him instant recognition. The surrealist André Breton wrote: Duende that manifest Vivancos in its painting, is the gift of which it is pleased to discover the art by itself; it is the invirginal consecration of the perhaps overcome life beforehand, but next to the possibility of recommencing it every time.
Having achieved success as a painter, his art now exhibits around the world, & his works are found in many prestigious museums & individual collections.
García Vivancos died on January 23, 1972, in Córdoba.
page created January 2007
Sources & background: This text, loosely taken from the Wikipedia & we encourage you to visit their extensive resources,
See also: http://struggle.ws/spain/general_vivancos.html & http://www.artnet.com/artist/423879858/miguel-garcia-vivancos.html
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