The Anarchist Encyclopedia:
1886-to present, still publishing
Freedom Newspaper started in 1886, founded by a group of friends around Peter Kropotkin after their separation from the English Anarchist Circle & The Anarchist edited by Henry Seymour; in addition to Freedom, the group eventually set up the Freedom Press, the main publisher of anarchist literature in England.
First editors of Freedom were Charlotte M. Wilson 1886-1895, Alfred Marsh 1895-1912 & Thomas H. Keell 1912-1932; among the contributors to the periodical were George Bernard Shaw, Max Nettlau & Kropotkin; a rival Freedom was published by opponents of Thomas Keell, including John Turner & Oscar Swede 1930-1936; ceased publication in favour of Spain & the World 1936-1938, edited by Vernon Richards, & changed its name to Revolt" in 1939; this was continued as War Commentary, renamed Freedom in 1945, the publication of which continues still today.
The International Institute of Social History holds the daybooks, account books, letterbooks & subscription lists 1889-1980; documents concerning administration, financial affairs & publications of Freedom & Freedom Press.
Manuscripts for, & letters to Freedom & Freedom Press (most complete for the period 1920-1938) from Guy Aldred, Ba Jin (Li Feigan), George Ballard (ps. Barrett), Alexander Berkman, Thomas Cantwell, Edward Carpenter, Varlaam & Frieda Cerkezov, Fred Charles, Clara Gilbert Cole, Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, Vera Figner, Henry Glasse, Emma Goldman, Marcus Graham, Jean Grave, Rudolf Grossmann, Auberon Herbert, George J. Holyoake, Mabel Hope, Henry M. Hyndman, Joseph Ishill, Harry Jones, Bernhard Kampffmeyer, Thomas H. Keell, Harry Kelly, Kotoku Sakae, Peter & Sophie Kropotkin, Jo Labadie, Gustav Landauer, John McAra, John Henry Mackay, Enrique Flores Magón, Errico Malatesta, Tom Mann, Saverio Merlino, Louise Michel, Leonard Motler, Erich Mühsam, Max Nettlau, William Owen, Joseph Presburg, Ben Reitman, John Beverly Robinson, Rocker Rudolf, Olivia Rossetti, Emil F. Ruedebausch, Alexander Schapiro, George Bernard Shaw, Mollie Steimer, Oscar Swede, James Tochatti, John Turner, Charlotte M. Wilson & others.
See: The History of Freedom Press from Freedom Press itself.
Also visit the archive entry at the International Institute of Social History,
Page created June 1999; updated July 2002; Oct 2002
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