The Daily Bleed: A Calendar Better Than Boiled Coffee! Timeline, Chronology, Labor, Radical, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists...
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-- http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/ce399.jpg bullet



-- Wherever he perceived an injustice, Max Weber entered the arena like a wrathful prophet castigating his fellows for their moral sloth, their lack of conviction, their sluggish sense of justice. When the academic powers refused to recognize the merit of a Sombart or a Simmel or a Michels, Weber rose passionately to their defense, even risking old friendships, when he felt that certain of his colleagues were moved by expediency in refusing professorships to Jews or political radicals. When Russians, Poles, & Eastern Jewish students were shunned by respectable German professors, Weber gathered them around himself & invited them to him home. When, during the war, pacifists and political radicals like the poet Ernst Toller were being persecuted, he asked them to his famous Sunday open house. Later, when Toller was arrested, Weber testified for him in a military court & succeeded in having him released. When anti-Semitic, right-wing students in Munich insulted a Jewish student, Weber got hold of their leader & insisted that he apologize immediately. When a friend of his, Frieda Gross, had a love affair with a Swiss anarchist & was threatened with losing the custody of her children, Weber fought in the courts for over a year to defend her maternal rights. When Ernst Troeltsch refused during the war, in his capacity as administrator of a military hospital, to permit French prisoners to be visited by Germans, Weber denounced this as a "wretched case of chauvinism" & broke off relations with his old friend.


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-- http://www.garbology.com/freaks.gif clown http://www.unitedmedia.com/comics/dilbert/duh/images/decision.gif http://www.killuglytv.com/ads/newevilfish.gif



-- robERT nisbet Toward the end of the 1960s, Nisbet emerged as an academic spokesperson for the rising right wing of the Republican party. Indeed, Nicholas Lemann in a 1991 article declared "Nisbetism" to be the essence of Reaganism. He argued further that a reading of the Quest was essential to understanding the ideas & appeal of the modern Republican party. [7] To equate Nisbetism with Reaganism was, to be sure, an intentional overstatement. Yet I will argue here that Nisbet's vision of a traditionalist community stood distinct from left & liberal alternatives, resonated strongly with considerable segments of populace, & ultimately aided the Republican capture of the issues of local autonomy, church, family, & community. A number of New Leftists such as Paul Goodman, C. George Benello, & the authors of the Port Huron Statement quoted Nisbet or echoed many of his major themes. [21] He shared with many on the New Left contempt for the national community offered by some liberals, hostility to the ideas & tactics of the Old Left, & a nostalgia for a vaguely defined pre-modern way of life. [22] He in no way anticipated the mass uprising of blacks or the upheaval of the student movement, but his Quest, however inadvertently, provided an explanation for the existence of so much discontent in the midst of abundance. Yet the movements themselves, by challenging communities very close to Nisbet's own heart, soon forced him to clarify what he meant by community & power. [23] At the center of his concept of community lay not New Left themes of empowerment, participation, & freedom but rather his own enduring passion for localism, hierarchy, tradition, & authority. Having now power & pla


-- I don't want to satirise George Bush & his puppeteers, I want to vaporise them. -- Tom Lehrer, 2003


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-- Spain: PLACEHOLDER this could go in bleedref, related to the maquis in the bleed at the end of WWII

JUNE JULY AUGUST OCTUBRE / OCTOBER / OCTOBRE / OKTOBER / OTTOBRE / OUTUBRO

1944 - Summer - Spanish Groups of anarchists & Socialists who had made the resistance in France (where were esuli from the end of the civil war) are gotten ready to to continue the war of liberation in their Country.

First objective is that one to constitute one “belt armada” on the Pyrenees. They are dispersed in the frontier zones, settling itself here & here like peasants, laborers & employs to you. From these groups the frontier leaves a long attempt of invasion all & above all through It goes it them of Aràn. The attempt comes rejected from the pro-Franco army, than capture 3 or 4 mila “invading”.

October - reduced Nuclei of socialist libertarie guerrillas operate in the Asturias, the Leon, Galizia, the Levant, in Andalusia, Catalogna, Aragon & Estremadura.

1944 - Estate - Gruppi di anarchici e socialisti spagnoli che avevano fatto la resistenza in Francia (dove erano esuli dalla fine della guerra civile) si apprestano a continuare la guerra di liberazione nel loro Paese.

Primo obiettivo è quello di costituire una "cintura armada" sui Pirenei. Si disperdono nelle zone di frontiera, installandosi qua e là come contadini, operai ed impiegati. Da questi gruppi parte un tentativo di invasione lungo tutta la frontiera e soprattutto attraverso la Valle di Aràn. Il tentativo viene respinto dall'esercito franchista, che cattura 3 o 4 mila "invasori".

Ottobre - Nuclei ridotti di guerriglieri libertarie socialisti operano nelle Asturie, nel Leon, in Galizia, nel Levante, in Andalusia, Catalogna, Aragona ed Estremadura. http://www.chez.com/ascasodurruti/Biographies/biograF.htm Note: Mirrored page, no longer online, a Google cached version http://www.chez.com/ascasodurruti/Biographies/biograF.htm


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orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2008DICTIONARY OF ANARCHIST MILITANTS

BUATOIS FA Buatois était adhérent à la Fédération Anarchiste dans les années 1950. lire la suite de l'article vendredi 8 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUCCIARELLI, Giuseppe Né vers 1898 - mort le 18 JULY juillet 1933 USI Exilé en France, Giuseppe Bucciarelli est mort le 18 juillet 1933 après avoir été renversé par une voiture. Il a été enterré à Fontenay le 26 juillet. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUENO GIL, Miguel Né vers 1882 - gazé le 18 AUGUST août 1944 MLE – CNT – (Andalousie) & Berga (Catalogne) Militant de la FAI très connu dans la région de Berga, avait commencé à militer en Andalousie avant d’aller en Catalogne travailler dans les mines de Figols. Le 1er mai 1929 il aurait été l’auteur d’un attentat à la bombe. Sa participation à l’insurrection de janvier 1932 lui valut d’être emprisonné. Il s’était exilé en France à la fin de la guerre civile.Il était le père d’Alfonsina Bueno la première femme de José Ester Borras. Pendant l’occupation, et bien qu’il ne participat pas directement à la résistance, il était en contact avec son gendre qui participait au réseau Pat O’Leary dans le groupe de Francisco (...) lire la suite de l'article vendredi 8 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUENO, Luis Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône) Emigré à Marseille, Luis Bueno était en 1917 membre du groupe de langue espagnole des "Amis de Ce Qu’il faut dire" (CQFD). lire la suite de l'article vendredi 8 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUFFARD CGTSR En 1934, Buffard était membre de la commission administrative de la CGTSR. lire la suite de l'article vendredi 8 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUGGIA CNTF - Reims (Marne) Buggia militait à la CNTF à Reims dans les années 1950. lire la suite de l'article vendredi 8 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUISSON Alger Membre du groupe anarchiste communiste d’Alger, Buisson avait été poursuivi avec Feuillade en 1887 pour « délits de paroles ». lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BULLERI, Piero “TRE PIEDI” ; “VARO” ; “BOMBONIERA” Membre du groupe Germinal de Volterra, Piero Bulleri avait été condamné par un tribunal fasciste à six ans de prison pour « activités subversives ». Dès sa libération il s’intégrait à la résistance comme partisan dans la 23è Brigade Garibaldi. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BURIAUX, L. Ouvrier métallurgiste - CGTSR - Bordeaux (Gironde ) En 1936 L. Buriaux était membre du syndicat des métaux de la CGTSR de Bordeaux. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BURKLÉ, Paul UA - CNTF - Strasbourg (Bas-Rhin) Cans les années 1930 Paul Burklé militait au groupe de Strasbourg de l’Union Anarchiste. Dans les années 1950 il était membre de la CNTF. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BURTIN, Henri Coiffeur - SIA - Troyes (Aube) En 1939 Henri Burtin militait à la Solidarité Internationale Antifasciste (SIA) de Troyes (Aube). lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUSICO, Gaetano Né en 1924 FAI - Carrare Militant anarchiste italien Gaetano Busico avait participé en 1944 à la guérilla en Espagne dans la zone de Valleta del Segre. Membre de la Commission de correspondance de la Fédération anarchiste italienne (FAI) à Massa-Carrare, il faisait partie le 8 NOVEMBER novembre 1949 du groupe de compagnons qui attaquaient le consulat franquiste de Gênes en solidarité avec de jeunes libertaires emprisonnés en Espagne. Jugé en AVRIL / APRIL 1950 il était remis en liberté en juin 1951. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUSSET, Daniel Cheminot - CNTF (FTR) - Vitry (Val-de-Marne) Ouvrier aux ateliers SNCF de Vitry, localité où il résidait, Daniel Busset était membre de la Fédération des travailleurs du Rail (FTR) de la CNTF. Il avait été délégué au 2è congrès de la FTR le 25 SEPTEMBER septembre 1948 et en octobre avait été élu secrétaire général adjoint du bureau de la FTR. Le secrétaire était alors R. Beaulaton. En 1950 son adresse figurait sur les listes de domiciles anarchistes à surveiller. lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUTH, R. Ouvrier du bâtiment - Allemagne R . Buth représentait en 1927 l’Allemagne à la Fédération Internationale des Travailleurs du Bâtiment (FITB) adhérente à l’AIT et dont le siège était à Paris (33 rue de la grange aux belles). Les autres membres du bureau étaient G. Blanken (Hollande), B. Lansink (secrétaire général) et Henri Bouyé (France) lire la suite de l'article samedi 9 décembre 2006 par R.D. BUTTARD, Michel FA - Paris En 1971 Michel Buttard était le secrétaire aux relations intérieures de la Fédération Anarchiste lire la suite de l'article http://militants-anarchistes.info/spip.php?rubrique27



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orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2008

 

Dictionnaire Biographique C

(google translations from the French; see the online cite for French versions, from Le Centre Ascaso-Durruti http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/ )

CABAÑAS Jose

Born with

Collaborate in the writing of “the CNT in the revolución española” of Peirats.

 

CADENA Benito

Born with

1932: To protest against the deportation in Africa of 104 libertarians on the boat “Buenos Aires”, of the strikes & revolts were made day on all Spain. In Tarrasa the CNT took by storm the town hall & resisted, the weapons with the hand, until the arrival of the army. It was proceeded to the imprisonment of some participants, of which Benito.

 

CALLEJA Francisco

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of Aragon.

 

CALLEJAS Liberto (1884-1969)

1884: Born in Palma de Mallorca.

Director & writer of the newspaper Solidaridad Obrera.

Director of the Iberion newspaper, financed by Durruti.

1969: It dies in Mexico on December 29.

 

CAMACHO Diego to see PAZ Abel

 

CAMPIO Carpio

Born with

With inhabited Buenos Aires.

Collaborate in the writing of “the CNT in the revolución española.”

 

CAMPOS Evangelista ()

Born with

1944: Elected official with the secretariat of the National Committee of the MLE to the congress of Low wall in March.

1944: Re-elected with the section of economy of CN of the MLE in October in Toulouse.

1945: He was the first official delegate to leave for Barcelona in April with documentation for CN & CR Catalonia & the convocation to the Congress Paris May.

1946: During its arrest in April or March, in company of CR of Catalonia of Benjamin Sanchez, while trying to escape, it is wounded of two balls; later thanks to external assistances it can flee.

 

CAMPOS Severino

Born with

1937: Former regional secretary of the FAI at the time of the congress of the FIJL in Barcelona.

 

DUCK BARCELO Pedro (1896-1973)

1896: Born in Barcelona.

1931: In August, he is signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

1945: It is delegated by the CNT collaborationnist of the interior as under-secretary to the minister of Agriculture in the republican government in exile to Mexico of Jose Giral.

1973: It dies in Mexico on November 13.

 

Jose CANELA WOOD

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Catalan area.

 

CANELA WOOD SCHIAFFINO Domingo

1905: Born in Barcelona on April 25.

It lives the district of Collblanc it Torrassa & starts to militate at the 17 years age, in theatrical associations.

1927: Take part in the drafting of the bulletin El Ladrillero.

1932: Friend of Jose Peirats, three years its elder, they form a group “Afinidad” to thwart the” revolutionary adventures interventionists “of Ascaso, Durruti, Jover, Garcia Oliver, Jaune & Molina, which they believed adherent in the FAI. But Ascaso & Durruti had a group with share” Nosotros “. In agreement with the trentists on this point of view, it reproaches them for having to leave the CNT instead of remaining & to discuss within this one, which would have weakens” the adventurism of the FAI “. Friend of Peiro which it considers honest, it doubts others trentistas like Juan Lopez & Pestaña of which it supposes that they have” political “sights.

 

CANO RUIZ Divided into volumes

Born with

Journalist

1919: Delegated to the National Congress.

 

 

CANUDO Zenon

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of Aragon (Sarragosse).

 

CARACENA El Salvador

Born with

1919: At the time of the strike of “Canadiense”, it proposes to practice a censure via the workmen of the trade union of the graphic arts in all the newspapers of Barcelona, while preventing from publishing the articles favorable to the owners & the middle-class, which gave a very good result.

 

CARBALLEIRA Raul (1917-1948)

1917: Born on February 28 in Suarez, Argentina.

Autodidact, reader of Barrett & Pacheco.

Youth wandering in South America, with his/her friend Sergio Chavez.

1936: The events in Spain encourage it to leave for Europe.

1937: It arrives to Barcelona the day of a regional meeting of the FAI. Active militant in Barcelona.

1938: In April, although feeling reluctant to carry the weapons & the uniform, it leaves for the face & in disappointed cost.

1939: it takes refuge in France.

1948: Dies in Montjuich on June 26.

Bibliography: Booklet in homage post-mortem to the CAD n° 2171 & 2927.

 

CARBALLEIRA Angel

Born with

 

CARBO Eusebio C. (1883-

1883: Born in Palamos, Ampurda

Journalist

His/her father, republican & reader of pi y Margal & Proudhon, fact of him a young liberal, but very quickly, it passes in the world trade unionist. Very active & good propagator of the anarchistic ideas, it will be made locate by the police force & at 18 years will enter for the first time in prison, which it will connaitra of many times throughout his life. It knew Anselmo Lorenzo in his father who lodged it.

1914: Take part in the pacifist congress which had to take place in Ferrol, against the 1° world war.

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of the Levante, it is elected to go to see the Russian revolution. He does not manage to cross the border, but he traverses Italy where he meets Malatesta, Armando Borghi, Luigi Fabbri.

192?: Direct Solidaridad Obrera to Valencia, during the prohibition of publication in Barcelona.

192?: During the dictatorship of Firstly of Will rivet, it will live in Perpignan as taxi driver, & will warn the young anarchists who took part in the events of Vera del Bidasoa of the trap, without result.

1930: Writer of Solidaridad Obrera, in Barcelona. It does not like the not exiled Argentinian ones of DRILLED, like Marianet, which it calls the totxo.

1933: It tries to stop or calm the exaltés young people authors of the events of January & December of this year.

193?: It is expelled of Solidaridad Obrera by its Director “Guajiro” (Manual Villar).

1939: Exile yourself in Mexico.

19??: Dies in exile.

Author of: Reconstrucion de España.

 

CARO Antonio

Born in Carmona?

1921: attend like deputy a Plenum of anarchistic groups deciding their integration within the CNT.

 

 

CARRION Juan S.

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Andalusian area.

 

CARRAQUER Francisco

 

CARRENO Francisco

1944: Elected official secretary general of the national committee of the CNT to the congress of Low wall in March.

 

Bruno WILL SQUARE

Born with

1919: Delegated to the National Congress?

 

CASADO Mariano (1917-1937)

Born in Madrid

Mason

It militates with the Athenaeum of Were windy

1936: The first days of the war, it leaves in Sigüenza & is wounded itself by forcing the door of the episcopate of the city.

1936: It joined the Madrid group of the Durruti Column in Madrid.

1937: It dies in Barcelona, at the time of the events of May, of a grenade launched against its tank, with five others of the Madrid Group.

 

CASARRAMONA Ramon

Born with

1932: To protest against the deportation in Africa of 104 libertarians on the boat “Buenos Aires”, of the strikes & revolts were made day on all Spain. In Tarrasa, the CNT took by storm the town hall & resisted, weapons with the hand, until the arrival of the army. It was proceeded to the imprisonment of some participants, of which Ramon.

 

CASCALES LOPEZ Antonio (1897-1993)

1897: born in Jabali-nuevo (Murcia) Spain on September 27.

Of working-class family (her father mason east fears by the authorities & drove out civil Guardia of its village), it emigrates in Madrid, only, at the 13 years age when it works as gardener then mason; it is responsible in trade union UGT at 15 years.

1910: it adheres to the CNT & takes part in its creation, where it is several times treasurer & “raiser funds” of the trade union of construction. It melts the Athenaeum of Were windy.

1936: During the war he is the person in charge elected by the CNT to stop the purification & the arbitrary executions started with the civil guard with the orders of the Communist Party. He is then assistant of the mayor of Canillas where he is charged with the supply. He takes part in the service of information of the CNT.

1939: With Cipriano Mera, at the extreme end of the war in Madrid, it fights against the takeover by communist force.

1940: Condemned to died by the fascists, it will spend 7 years in prison.

1947: it leaves prison to the favour of a general amnesty. Mason, then commercial from coal, it will pass the remainder of his life to Ventas (Madrid) under Franco.

1965: It takes part, however, with Cipriano Mera with the congress of reunification of the CNT in Montpellier.

1993: It dies in Alcala de Henares on May 12.

 

CASTELLS Pablo

Born with

1932: To protest against the deportation in Africa of 104 libertarians on the boat “Buenos Aires”, of the strikes & revolts were made day on all Spain. In Tarrasa, the CNT took by storm the town hall & resisted, weapons with the hand, until the arrival of the army. It was proceeded to the imprisonment of some participants, of which Pablo

 

CASTILLO Jose (… - 1919)

Born with

1919: Old of the national Committee, it is assassinated by the pistoleros of Brabo Portillo on Friday July 18, which were made pass for police officers.

 

CATALA Sigfrido ()

Born with

 

Secretary of the National Committee of the CNT.

It is stopped on December 25, 1944 in Madrid, with all the Committee, thanks to the balance Luis Alfaro (see Facerias of A. Tellez p. 20 with the CAD).

 

CEJUELA Jesus

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of Aragon.

 

CELMA Miguel (“Orthodoxe”)

 

CERRADA SANTOS Laureano

Take part in the attack counters Franco with Ortiz with San Sebastien.

1951: it is mixed with the flight with the postal & telecommunications authorities with Lyon.

 

CHACON Jose

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Andalusian area.

 

CHECA CUARTERO Miguel ()

Born with

1944: Between the 3 & on October 15, it is elected with the secretariat of Propaganda in the new Committee, whose first “public” meeting of the MLE is celebrated in Toulouse.

1945: It is elected with the secretariat of CN of the MLE of the exile at the station of Alliances & policy, then with the economy after the resignation of Jeronimo Rodriguez.

 

CHUECA Miguel

1944: In October, it is elected at the national committee of the CNT in Toulouse.

 

Marine CIVERA

Born with

Writer with Orto & Cuadernos de Cultura of Valencia. It joined the Party Sindicalista de Angel Pestaña.

1931: It publishes the book El Sindicalismo.

 

CLARA Sebastian

Born with

1919: Delegated to the National Congress?

1930: Writer with Solidaridad Obrera.

1931: In August, he is signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

 

 

CONSTANTI Ramon

Born with

 

“the CORTES Novel” of Name Armonio BITCHY GIRLS

Born with

Journalist

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of the Levante.

 

CORD

Born with

Poet.

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Andalusian area.

1936: It is shot by the troops of Queipo de Llano in Seville.

 

CORTADA Roldan

Born with

1931: In August, he is signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

 

The CORTES Joaquin

Born with

1931: In August, he is signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

 

COTELO

1937: Person in charge for Tierra y Libertad Barcelona.

 

CRISTIA Jose

Born with

1931: August, signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/Biographies/biograC.htm

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/

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orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2008

 

Dictionnaire Biographique B

(google translations from the French; see the online cite for French versions, from Le Centre Ascaso-Durruti http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/ )

BADIA Delfin

Born with

1932: To protest against the deportation in Africa of 104 libertarians on the boat “Buenos Aires”, of the strikes & revolts were made day on all Spain. In Tarrasa, the CNT took by storm the town hall & resisted, the weapons with the hand, until the arrival of the army. It was proceeded to the imprisonment of some participants, of which Delfin.

 

BAELLA Jaime says Modesto Llanos (….- 1937)

Born with

1923: Taken refuge in Cuba under the dictatorship of Firstly of Will rivet, it forms a group with Fidel Miro y Esteban Pallarols.

1930: Expelled of Cuba by the dictator Gerardo Machado, it joined in Spain the movement trentist directed by Angel Pestaña.

1937: Shot in Galicia by the troops of Free.

 

BAEZA DELGADO Juan (….- 1939)

Born with

1939: taken by the brigade of police force anti-Marxist with a group of 35 clandestine combatants, it is shot on September 11.

 

BAJATIERRA Mauro

Born with

Journalist

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area Centers (Castilles).

1936:

1939: it dies while being defended vis-a-vis the fascists who came to seek it at his place in Madrid.

 

BALLANO Adolfo

Born with

Journalist

1919: Delegated to the National Congress.

 

BALLESTER Vicente (1903-1936)

1903: Born in Cadiz

Militate in the trade union of Wood

Militate very young person in the anarchistic clandestine groups.

1920: it integrates the group “Salvoechea” with Jose BANAT.

1921: In full period of great repression, it attends like deputy with a Plenum of the anarchistic groups El Arahal, to decide on their incorporation within the CNT. He was a secretary of his trade union.

1923: At the time of the dictatorship of Firstly of Will rivet, it is maintained at its station in clandestinity, & will write articles in newspapers or reviews like: Solidaridad Obrera de Gijon, Social Accion Obrera de San Feliu de Guixols, Despertad de Vigo, Redacción de Alcoy.

1930: With the Plenum of trade unions of Seville, it represented several trade unions of its area.

1932: it takes part in a propaganda campaign in Andalusia, & after the strike known as of bent mayo, it is elected Secrétaire of the regional Committee of Andalusia & Extremadure.

1933: With the Plenum of the areas of Madrid, it is decided to create newspaper CNT in Madrid, from which it will be with Perez Cordon the correspondent for Andalusia.

1934: It is stopped, following the insurrection of October in Asturies, & will be disappointed internal dissensions.

1935: it militates for pact UGT-CNT.

1936: At the beginning of year, it takes part in a meeting in Barcelona where it is asked to him whether it wants to be elected well as Secrétaire of the National Committee, but the events will prevent some. In February, the monarchists propose money to him or death, so that the CNT does not vote, it with what it refuses, but seeing the line being delighted by the voices obtained in Cadiz, it will make vote at the end of the poll the workmen, which will change the result. In May, it holds a meeting in Cadiz with Largo Caballero for the UGT.

1936: Delegated of Cadiz to the Congress of Saragossa.

1936: During rising, it resists the weapons the hand & must hide in the district of Santa Maria where, denounced, it is shot by the hordes of Queipo de Llano.

 

BANAT Jose

Born in Cadiz

 

“BORED” (1912-1937)

Born in Madrid

Mason

It belongs to the Athenaeum of Were windy

1936: Leaves Madrid with a group to join Durruti on the Face of Aragon & form with others in the same case, the group “Madrid” which will fight in Pina de Ebro & will release Madrid on November 14.

1937: It dies in Barcelona at the time of the events of May, of a grenade launched against its tank, with five others of the Madrid Group.

 

BARRIOBERO Pedro

Lawyer of the CNT

 

Fortunate BARTHE of its name Nicolas BARRABES (1885-1962)

1885: Born in Aragon

journalist

He writes in the newspaper Tierra y Libertad.

1919: Delegated to the National Congress. 

1922: After the assassination of Segui, it is opposed to Joaquin Maurin (who excluded, will create the POUM) so that the CNT does not become Bolchevique.

1945: In exile, he writes under the pseudonym of Fulgencio Martinez

1962: Dies.

 

 

BARTOLOME Acracio

Born in Gijon.

 

BATET Maria

 

BERBEGAL Daniel

Born with

Delegated Regional Committee of Barcelona.

 

BERTRAN Jose

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Catalan area.

 

BERRUEZO SILVENTE Jose (known as Clarin)

1895: Born in Murcia

1934/36: Correspondent of Solidaridad Obrera in Barcelona.

1939: Exiled in France.

1943: Member of the secretariat to the Relations, elected official with the Plenum of Mauriac (Cantal) on June 6. Militate in the Cantal, it is one of the initiators of the congress cenetist of Marseilles in December.

1967: Joined the political CNT.

Bibliography: he is the author of “Contribucion to the historia of the CNT of España in el exilio”

Editores Mejicanos Unidos, Mexico City.

 

BLANES Juan

Born with

1932: To protest against the deportation in Africa of 104 libertarians on the boat “Buenos Aires”, of the strikes & revolts were made day on all Spain. In Tarrasa the CNT took by storm the town hall & resisted, weapons with the hand, until the arrival of the army. It was proceeded to the imprisonment of some participants, of which Juan.

 

BOAL Evelio

Born in Valladolid

Typographer

Before 1919 he is a secretary of the National Committee of the CNT.

192?: he dies assassinated by the pistoleros of the owners & the complicity of the police force which used the too famous “Ley de Fuga”, (hit & run offence).

 

BORRAS Jose

1916: born in Monerio (Saragossa)

Farm laborer it militates with the CNT.

1936: it joined the Durruti column, then deals with communities of Aragon.

1939: exiled in France, it passes by the camps of Vernet & Septfonds, works as farmer in Ariège & takes part in the clandestine passing towards Spain with the Ponzon group. Secretary of the FIJL, it works as workman logger & house painter. He will be a director of Ruta & Nueva Senda, he will write Politicas of los exiliados Españoles 1944-1950.

 

BOU Ramon

Born with

1936: Writer with Acracia de Lerida

 

BROTO VILLEGAS César ()

Born with

1936: secretary of the Committee of Lerida.

1945: Secretary of the National Committee of the interior, decree in Barcelona in October with 30 other trade unionists.

 

Manual BUENACASA (1886-1964)

1886 Born in Caspe on July 7

Cabinetmaker

1893: begin its elementary studies.

1900: Enter to the seminar franciscain of Villanueva del Ariscal (Seville).

1905: Announce with the franciscains its abandonment studies of seminarist because it does not believe in a God.

1906: Fixes themselves in Saragossa & learns the trade from carpenter cabinetmaker, trade which it will exert until the end of his days. It is registered at the “Working Company” & y is elected secretary of the first assembly.

1910: It assumes the direction of the periodical “Cultura y Accion”.

1911: Marie with Sargasse on September 11 with Simona Perez & must flee the same day of her marriage continued by the police force. It takes refuge in Lourdes (France) where his wife joined it.

1911: It goes on a journey to London where it becomes acquainted with E. Malatesta.

1914 Amnestied, it returns to Spain.

1915: It takes refuge again in France.

1916: Travel to Lausanne where it has a discussion with Lenine & Zinovieff.

1918: Determined to return to Spain, it is stopped at the border & remains in the prisons of San Sebastian, Gijon, Saragossa, Madrid, & Without (Barcelona).

1918: It finds freedom & can take part in time that deputy of the trade union of Wood in the regional Congress of Without.

1918: It is elected secretary at the national Committee of the CNT, & takes part in a propaganda campaign in Andalusia & Valencia, but it is stopped & cannot finish the countryside.

1919: As Secretary of the national Committee, it organizes the behaviour in Madrid of the Congress of Comedia where it takes a very active share.

1921: Again takes again the direction of the periodical Cultura y Accion, body of the federations of Aragon, Asturies & Navarre.

1923: Under Primo of Will rivet, it will not stop conspiring against the dictatorship.

1925: Publish & directs the review El Productor in Blanes (Barcelona).

1926: Continued, it takes refuge in Paris.

1928: Return in Spain.

1929: Return in France.

1930: The French authorities expel it & it turns over to Spain.

1936: Accompanied by his/her son Antonio, & other workmen it takes part in the fights of July 19 in Barcelona from where it will leave with his son for the face Aragon.

1937: Heroic death of his/her son Antonio on the face of Aragon (it has a Blanca girl born in 1923)

1939: It leaves for France where it is interned in concentration camps.

1941: Stopped by the Gendarmerie, it is led to Mornat (dept. from the Rhone) where it undergoes maltreatments & vexations which will start its health.

1943: It can settle in Valence (dept. of the Drome) where it takes part in resistance against the Germans & initiates the reorganization of the CNT in exile. It is one of the initiators of the congress cenetist of Marseilles of December. Take part in all the life of the CNT in exile until its death.

1964: It dies on November 6 with Bourg the Valences.

Author of: the politica y los obreros 1910: Countered will guerra it 1915: What be el sindicato unico? 1909: Autonomia y federalismo 1920: Extractos comentados of will obra of Pelloutier, Histoire of the labor markets: El terrorismo blanco 1922: Problemas fundamentales 1928: El movimiento obrero Español, historia y critica 1886-1928: The CNT los Treinta there the FAI 1933. After its death will be published by friends: Appeared ejemplares that conoci 1966.

 

BURGOS Miguel (….- 1919)

Born in Barcelona

1919: Secretary of the trade union of the tanners; he will be killed at his place by the police force while trying to flee.

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/Biographies/biograC.htm

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/

--
orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2008

 

Dictionnaire Biographique A

(google translations from the French; see the online cite for French versions, from Le Centre Ascaso-Durruti http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/ )
P>ABAD OF SANTILLAN Diego (1887-1983) of its true name: Sinesio Garcia

1897: Born in the province from Leon, Spain, in a poor family which emigrates in Argentina.

1913: Returns to Spain

1917: Graduate with Leon, studying with the faculty of letters & philosophy of Madrid, it takes part in the general strike & is imprisoned.

1918: Amnestied

1919: Emigrant in Argentina. Journalist & libertarian militant it leaves for Germany where it is corresponding of “Protested” re-examined Argentinian.

1922: It is one of the founders of HAS. Reside in Argentina until the assassination of the writer of Protesta by Italian anarcogansters, from which itself will escape from little.

1930: returns to Europe, driven out of Paraguay by the coup d'etat of the Uriburu general.

1931: Return in Spain, takes part in the extraordinary Congress of the CNT. Turn over to Argentina to support the victims of repression.

1934: of return in Barcelona it directs Tierra y Libertad, & written in Solidaridad Obrera

1936: Directing CNT-FAI at the beginning of the civil war it takes part in the government of the General information of Catalonia like advising with the economy.

1937: Takes its distances after the events of May.

1939: takes refuge in France then in Argentina.

1975: it returns to Spain before the death of Free.

It dies in 1983.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 10 titles with the CAD of which its memories. (N° 239) He is also the translator of Rudolf Rocker in Spanish.

Video n°46 of the CAD film carried out by his/her son.

 

ALBEROLA Jose

1896: Born in Mexico

Professor, it melts, with the support of the CNT, the many rationalist schools to the image of that of the modern school Francisco Ferrer y Guardia. Polemist & known lecturer, treasurer of Solidaridad Obrera in Barcelona & writer with Peirats & Felipe Alaiz of the review Etica de Lerida, it is opposed to the entry of the CNT to the Government.

1939: It is exiled in Mexico,

1967: it will be assassinated the 1° May in Mexico City whereas his/her son is in France in clandestinity within the DI

 

ALBEROLA Octavio

 

ALBESA Batista ()

Born with

1943: To thwart the elected Committee of “Yellow” (known as: Collaborationnists) he becomes the secretary of the Committee (Orthodoxe) of Béziers.

1944: Organize with the agreement of the Committee of “Juanel” the Plenum of fusion of Low wall (the High Garonne)

 

ACED

1936: Secretary of the Regional Committee of libertarian youths, it is stopped & tortured, it reveals the date & the place a clandestine meeting of F where more than 100 people Peirats & Carballeira Angel will thus be held.

 

ACIN Ramon

Born with

Professor with the Institute of Huesca

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of Aragon

With influenced Francisco Ponzan.

1936: Shot by the fascists with Huesca.

 

ALAIZ Felipe (1887-1959)

1887: born on May 23 in Belver de Cinca Huesca

Journalist

Wire of soldier to the retirement, it will make its studies with Lerida & Huesca with Ramon Acin. Director during two years of the revista of Aragon, writer with El ground of Madrid, heraldo of Aragon, Revista Blanca, Solidaridad Obrera of Valencia & Sevilla, like in Dia Grafico

1918: arrive to Barcelona, or it publishes with Hermoso Playa the Vertice review, & with Torres Tribo, the Voluntad review in Sarragosse, then it integrates the drafting of Solidaridad Obrera of Valencia & of return in Barcelona it publishes with Antonio Garcia the revista Nueva.

1925: In prison in Barcelona, he writes the prologue of the book of Peiro, Trayectoria of the CNT

1929/30: director of Tierra y Libertad,

1932/33: director of Solidaridad Obrera of Barcelona

1934/35: writer with Solidaridad Obrera of Barcelona

1939: in exile in France it will live in Paris & in several cities of the South of France.

1943: With the Plenum of Mauriac (Cantal) it is charged to write a “Ponencia” on the future of the Libertarian Movement in company of “Juanel”, text which will be read with the Plenum of Tourniac (Cantal) & which will give place to divisions of the Libertarian Movement.

1959: Died on April 8 in Paris

Author of news & many works of anarchistic disclosure, like Hacia the federacion of autonomias Ibericas. Translator with French & the Catalan of various works.

 

ALDECOA Carmen

Born with

1957: it writes in Mexico LED to feel y Pensar & quotes Higinio Noja Ruiz & others.

 

ALFARACHE Progreso

Born with

Journalist

1931: He is signatory in August of Proclamation from the “thirty”

1939: Decree & condemned to 30 years of prison, it remains with the prison of Talavera of Reina.

1945: It is delegated by the CNT collaborationnist of the interior as secretary near the public Minister for labor in the republican government in exile of Jose Gira to Mexico.

He is a director of Comunidad Iberica in this country even.

He dies in Mexico

 

 

 

ALIAGA Sérafin (1915-…)

Born in Alicante

1939: it takes refuge in France. Member of the Council General of the MLE, it passes to the Communist Party after having wanted to represent the FIJL; he writes articles against his former friends qualify them sold the, loose ones & robbers.

 

ALMEREYDA

Born with

It is compromised in the attack against Alfonso XIII in France.

 

ALVAREZ PALOMO Ramon (1913- .....)

1913: Born in Gijon on March 7

1945: On April 14, it speaks with the meeting of birthday of the Republic.

1945: As vice-secretary of CN of the CNT in exile (collaborationnist) it sends a mail on November 1, 1945 to CN CNT-MLE of the exile (Orthodoxe) where it announces his dissolution & joined the CNT of the interior; this letter is the starting point of the scission of the Spanish Libertarian Movement. Thereafter it will very vigorously tackle the “orthodoxe” tendency directed by Montseny & Esgleas.

1982: He is the author of “Historia will negra of una crisis libertaria” Editores Mexicanos Unidos, S.A, he milked there scission of the CNT in France.

 

AMADOR Antonio

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Catalan area

 

Manual AMIL ()

Born with

Secretary of the National committee of the CNT of the interior in 1944.

 

Manual ANGUIANO

Born with

Peasant

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of rioja

197?: Died before 1971

 

ANTONA David

Born with

 

APOLO Antonio

Born with

 

ARAGON Jaime

Born with

journalist

1919: Delegated to the National Congress

 

ARANS Juan

Born with

1932: Create the Federation of peasants of Catalonia the 7/9 from September in Villafranca del Penedes

1933: Delegated to the Plenum of trade unions of the Catalan area of Calle Cabañes, March

 

ARCHS Ramon

Born with

1921: Instigator of the assassination of Dato, President of the Council of Ministers, on March 8

1921: Prisoner & tortured by Arlegui, it is assassinated of a shooting of revolver.

 

Jesus ARENAS

1919: Delegated to the National Congress

 

“ARIN” Francisco its Name Francisco Martinez

Born with

1931: He is signatory in August of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

1936: It is shot by the troops of Queipo de Llano in Seville.

 

ASCASO Alejandro

Born with

Brother of Francisco Ascaso

 

ASCASO Francisco

1934: Writer with Solidaridad Obrera, it makes very noticed articles.

1936: Secretary at the Regional Committee of Barcelona, it resigns after having asked for the stop of the revolutionary strike of Asturies.

1936: It dies of a ball in the face drawn since Cuartel de Atarazanas in Barcelona.

 

ASCASO Joaquin

Born with

Cousin of Francisco

1936: President of the Regional Council of Aragon.

1977: Dies insane in Caracas on April 12.

 

ASENS Jose ()

Born with

1943: Member of the secretariat to the Relations, elected official with the Plenum of Mauriac (Cantal) on June 6.

 

“ASTURIANO” (-1937)

Born in Madrid

Mason

Athenaeum of Were windy

1936: Leaves Madrid with a group to join Durruti on the Face of Aragon & form with others in the same case, the group “Madrid” which will fight in Pina de Ebro & will release Madrid on November 14. It will be wounded in the combat of Casa Velazquez.

1937: It dies in Barcelona at the time of the events of May, of a grenade launched against its tank, with five others of the Madrid Group.

 

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/Biographies/biograC.htm

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/

--
orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2008

 

Dictionnaire Biographique D

(google translations from the French; see the online cite for French versions, from Le Centre Ascaso-Durruti http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/ )

 

MORAL DIAZ LED

Born with

Notable Andalusian, it carries out fights with the peasants.

 

DIEZ Galo

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the Northern area, it is present in Berlin during creation of HAS.

1922: Delegated for Asturies to the Plenum of June 11 in Saragossa.

It dies at the time of a banal accident.

 

DIEZ Paulino Says Juan ESPOSITO

Born with

1919: Delegated to the National Congress.

 

DINARES Juan

Born with

1931: In August, he is signatory of Proclamation from the “thirty”.

 

 

DOMENECH Jose Juan ()

Born with

1936: Secretary of the Local Federation of Barcelona of the trade unions, then secretary of the regional Committee.

1947: Secretary of under-CN of the CNT (collaborationnist) of the exile.

 

DOMINGO Antonio

Born with

1919: Delegated to the national Congress for the area of Aragon.

 

Durruti Buenaventura (1896-1936)

1896: Born in Leon on July 14.

Mechanic of engines.

1911: A 14 years, it works in metallurgical workshops, then thanks to his/her father, it enters to the workshops of the railroad as mechanic.

1917: At the end of a strike directed by UGT to which it belongs, it is excluded from the trade union for acts of vandalism, which is equivalent to a denunciation. To avoid the imprisonment, it must flee in Paris where it works as mechanic.

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/Biographies/biograC.htm

http://ascaso-durruti.chez-alice.fr/

3 -- From: "Bill" 7/12/99 12:38 PM Although I am, as previously noted, resting on my laurels, I still think something you didn't want to happen did happen in today's web version of the Bleed. Raoul Hausmann & Bucky Fuller overlap. The lower left corner of Haussman is buried under the upper right corner of Fuller. It saves space, but my guessis that you didn'twant to conserve quiote that much or that way. & the miners in Bisbee block out the first sixteen lines of the item they are supposed to illustrate. The textnow reads as follows: 1 - - 3 S & Y O T A W P d o v [igilante is half covered by the photo] deportation of miners at Bisbee . . . Something got loose. Thought you'd like to know, or if you wouldn't like it, that you should know regardless.


1284 -- & Gone?: Death of Sturla Thordsson, Law Man, & Skald. check what day this goes in the bleed JULY 31st??


1892 -- CHECK & INCORPORATE DATES WHERE USEABLE, OR AS CONFIRMATION/SOURCE MATERIAL THE DATES:

Uomo politico (Barletta 1846 - Nocera Inferiore 1892). Rampollo della nobile famiglia dei marchesi Cafiero, ricchi latifondisti pugliesi, dopo aver conseguito a Napoli la laurea in giurisprudenza, fu addetto d'ambasciata nella legazione italiana in Belgio. Disilluso tuttavia dagli ambienti politico-diplomatici, abbandonò la pur promettente carriera nel 1865 intraprendendo numerosi viaggi in Europa: nel 1867 incominciò a frequentare i circoli rivoluzionari parigini e strinse a Londra con Marx ed Engels dei rapporti che avrebbero conservato per lui tracce durature. Acceso di entusiasmo, Cafiero divenne ben presto propagandista della Prima Internazionale nell'Italia meridionale. Recatosi a Napoli nel 1871, riorganizzò la sezione napoletana dell'internazionale e collaborò ai nove numeri del settimanale d'ispirazione bakuniniana "La Campana", uscito con il sottotitolo "Risorgimento della plebe" dal 7 GENNAIO / JANUARY al 10.3.1872. Nell'agosto 1872 presiedette la conferenza di Rimini (Primo congresso della federazione italiana dell'associazione internazionale dei lavoratori) che sancì la prevalenza della tendenza antiautoritaria rispetto a quello che, nel fervore delle polemiche, era stato definito il "comunismo autoritario tedesco" formulato da Marx. Era ormai in fase di maturazione l'orientamento verso l'anarchismo di Cafiero, che si era anzi recato in Svizzera, allo scopo specifico di conoscere personalmente Bakunin. La personalità del grande agitatore russo esercitò su Cafiero un profondo fascino: con Andrea Costa ed Errico Malatesta, egli divenne uno dei principali esponenti delle idee libertarie, nella prima epoca di sviluppo del socialismo italiano, pronunciandosi a favore della "propaganda del fatto", dell'azione diretta, cioè, esplicantesi sul piano insurrezionale o della pratica terroristica anche individuale. Assolutamente disinteressato e proteso alle esigenze della lotta di classe allora particolarmente violenta, Cafiero procedette in pari tempo, dopo la morte dei genitori da cui aveva tra l'altro ereditato ca. 200 ha di fertili poderi, alla liquidazione totale del suo patrimonio devolvendolo alla propaganda rivoluzionaria e al soggiorno di Bakunin in Italia: fu anzi proprio l'uso piuttosto disordinato fattone dal rivoluzionario russo e dai suoi amici che incrinò i loro rapporti nei pochi anni che precedettero la sua morte, avvenuta nel 1876. Implicato nei fatti insurrezionali del 1874, Cafiero fu prosciolto l'anno seguente per insufficienza di indizi. Ma la sua teorizzazione di "un prossimo futuro movimento a base di bande armate" doveva trovare, nell'incandescente situazione sociale seguita all'unificazione del Sud, applicazioni immediate seppur effimere: insieme col Malatesta, Cafiero ebbe funzione preminente nell'insurrezione del Matese, nell'aprile 1877, costituendo la cosiddetta "banda di San Lupo" e subendo in conseguenza ca. 17 mesi di carcere preventivo; soltanto il 25 Agosto 1878 un verdetto assolutorio gli restituiva, in precarie condizioni di salute, la libertà. Appunto durante la prigionia, egli elaborò il suo famoso e fortunato compendio del primo volume del Capitale apprezzato dallo stesso Marx e pubblicato dal Bignami nel 1879. Dopo la scarcerazione trascorse un periodo all'estero, riavvicinandosi al Costa che aveva frattanto abbandonato il movimento anarchico; del resto, il lavoro del Compendio aveva segnato anche per Cafiero l'inizio di un graduale, e assai travagliato, ritorno al marxismo. Nel 1883 la sua fibra già minata da lotte e persecuzioni cedette nella crisi inguaribile dell'infermità mentale; ricoverato per vari anni nel manicomio fiorentino di S. Bonifacio, fu poi inutilmente trasportato nella sua terra natia ed infine morì nel manicomio di Nocera Inferiore. INDIETRO President to the anarchical conference of Rimini,
http://www.cronologia.it/storia/biografie/cafiero.htm http://www.brigantaggio.net/Brigantaggio/Storia/Cafiero-Malatesta.htm#b


1907 -- US: Anarchist "firebrand" Emma Goldman spends the day with "the Little Anarchist", picking & putting up 25 quarts of blackberries. http://www.jwa.org/exhibits/wov/goldman/egart.html
http://www.jwa.org/archive/goldman/egfire3.jpg

?
1912 -- Santibáñez, Lazaro Gutiérrez de Lara, Prudencio Casals, Luis Méndez & Pioquinto RoIdán (34). Several of affiliated his separated when tying with Antonio I. Villarreal in their attempts to also create the National Confederation of Workers & because of the activities made by the Reorganizadora Meeting of the Liberal Party. due to which an important group of them escindió, letting attend the meetings of this party. If of in case the number of affiliated with the Socialist Party distaba much of being numerous, with this division was practically annulled. Some intellectuals of the time who considered Socialists did not let do escarnio of him. It is the case of Rafael Perez Taylor, who assured that: the practical & experimental application (of this party) was reduced to a few individuals that we could define with the name of soñadores of the socialism, as well as is poets, philosophers, cronistas, romantic, etc. (35). Santibáñez, Lázaro Gutiérrez de Lara, Prudencio Casals, Luis Méndez y Pioquinto RoIdán (34). Varios de sus afiliados se separaron al vincularse con Antonio I. Villarreal en sus intentos por crear la Confederación Nacional de Trabajadores y también a causa de las actividades realizadas por la Junta Reorganizadora del Partido Liberal. Al parecer, la composición interna del Partido Socialista no era del todo homogénea, pues al celebrar una conferencia el 23 de junio de 1912 surgieron divergencias ideológicas debido a lo cual un grupo importante de ellos se escindió, dejando de asistir a las reuniones de dicho partido. Si de por sí el número de afiliados al Partido Socialista distaba mucho de ser numeroso, con esta división quedó prácticamente anulado. Algunos intelectuales de la época que se consideraban socialistas no dejaron de hacer escarnio de él. Es el caso de Rafael Pérez Taylor, quien aseguraba que: la aplicación práctica y experimental (de dicho partido) estaba reducida a unos cuantos individuos que podríamos definir con el nombre de soñadores del socialismo, así como hay poetas, filósofos, cronistas, románticos, etc. (35). Esta división inspiró e impulsó a los idealistas de corte anarquista a formar su propio grupo, lo que llevaron a cabo el domingo 30 de julio, después de reunirse y tomar esta decisión Eloy Armenta, Luis Méndez, Juan Francisco Moncaleano, Jacinto Huitrón, Pioquinto Roldán, Rodolfo Ramírez, J. Trinidad Juárez y Fernando González. Es así como con esta fecha se dio origen al grupo anarquista Luz. http://www.antorcha.net/biblioteca_virtual/historia/com/casaobreromundial.html
Like the group of Amadeo Ferrés, the members of the Group Light also gave to more importance to the diffusion of their doctrine that to the practice of this one through suitable organizations, although their members had already acquired certain experience within other groupings, but - & this is the important thing to that he was one of the more direct receiving groups of the anarchism spread by the Mexican Liberal Party, because in its trajectory had to confront itself with numerous magonistas veterans, like were it Lazaro Gutiérrez de Lara, Manuel Sarabia, Antonio I. Villarreal, Santiago R. of Vega & Antonio Diaz Soto & Gama, who although distanced of Ricardo Flores Magón for those dates - 1912- principles, continued making activities directed to the organization of the workers.

// Al igual que el grupo de Amadeo Ferrés, los integrantes del Grupo Luz dieron más importancia a la difusión de su doctrina que a la práctica de ésta a través de organizaciones adecuadas, a pesar de que sus integrantes habían ya adquirido cierta experiencia dentro de otras agrupaciones, pero también -y esto es lo importante- a que fue uno de los grupos receptores más directos del anarquismo difundido por el Partido Liberal Mexicano, pues en su trayectoria tuvo que confrontarse con numerosos veteranos magonistas, como lo eran Lázaro Gutiérrez de Lara, Manuel Sarabia, Antonio I. Villarreal, Santiago R. de la Vega y Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama, que aunque distanciados de Ricardo Flores Magón para esas fechas -principios de 1912-, continuaban realizando actividades encaminadas a la organización de los trabajadores.

1920 -- Health Companion, the truth is that I do not know much of ingles reason why I have of responderte in Spanish, I hope that me entiendias. The date of the facts was the 27 of 1920 July, & happened the that tragic day was the fire of the FOM (Working Federation of Magallanes), prvocado by the military & white guard (policia deprived of the bourgeoisie in that epoca). The photos correspond to other facts, because the union movement in patagonia, already had been time before this massacre. good, of very brief form I respond your question. I hope that them he has been util. Thanks for the Link

Health,

love & Freedom. In Punta Arenas , the extreme south of our country , the FOM , of a strong ... same year that in the Argentine Patagonia the FORA workers were massacred . ... Federación Obrera de Magallanes, Signatories to Labour Agreement ... Despite formal negotiations, such as the one featured below, there was further bloodshed in July 1920, when the FOM headquarters in Punta Arenas was ... Federación Obrera de Magallanes (F.O.M.), founded 1911 [Workers' Federation of Magallanes] In the period immediately following World War I, relations between capital & labour were strained throughout the whole of Southern Patagonia. For instance, in Chile, there was a confrontation at the Puerto Bories freezing works during January 1919, with 8 fatalities: thanks to the intervention of the Red Cross, worse was averted. Despite formal negotiations, such as the one featured below, there was further bloodshed in July 1920, when the F.O.M. headquarters in Punta Arenas was attacked & burnt, with the loss of another 5 lives. The consequences of this labour unrest for Argentine Patagonia were far more profound. The strikes of 1921-22 were brutally repressed by an army detachment: it is estimated that upwards of 1,000 rural workers were executed. The ranchers applauded the return of "law & order", & a veil of silence was drawn over these events. In recent years, they have been documented & analyzed more openly: such as in the four-volume work by Osvaldo Bayer, "Patagonia Rebelde". Labour Agreement for Rural Workers, signed November 1919 http://patbrit.org/bil/ranchers/obnames.htm
See Source: "La Masacre en la Federación Obrera de Magallanes", Carlos Vega Delgado, Punta Arenas, 2002

1937 -- The lesson which the collectives have left behind them, however, is a stimulating one. In 1938 Emma Goldman was inspired to praise them thus: "The collectivization of land & industry shines out as the greatest achievement of any revolutionary period. Even if Franco were to win & the Spanish anarchists were to be exterminated, the idea they have launched will live on." On July 21, 1937, Federica Montseny made a speech in Barcelona in which she clearly posed the alternatives: "On the one hand, the supporters of authority & the totalitarian State, of a state-directed economy, of a form of social organization which militarizes all men & converts the State into one huge employer, one huge entrepreneur; on the other hand, the operation of mines, fields, factories & workshops, by the working class itself, organized in trade-union federations." This was the dilemma of the Spanish Revolution, but in the near future it may become that of socialism the world over. http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/1931/guerin/AnSpain.html


1947 -- (11) Eliseo Melis Diaz (old militant anarchist who by you compel police officers had turned informer) In 1947 knowing itself already with fehacientes tests that Eliseo Melis Diaz was informers of the police, the CNT of exile decides to eliminate it & for it they are commissioners Even Manuel, Antonio Gil Oliver & others. These enter Spain by Prats de Molló & have a first confrontation with the Civil Guard in Sant Pau de Seguries. The elimination of Melis took place the 12 of July of the 47 & the events took place in the seat of Buensuceso of Barcelona where they had been mentioned, with his struggles & excursions they arrived until the C/Montalegre nº 3 where Melis attempt to take refuge in a vestibule, nevertheless Even I reach to him & Gil finished off it, being left wounded Manuel Even, dying to the four hours in the hospital of San Pablo. Eliseo Melis Díaz (viejo militante anarquista que por coacciones policiales se había convertido en confidente) En 1947 conociéndose ya con pruebas fehacientes que Eliseo Melis Díaz era un confidentes de la policía, la CNT del exilio decide eliminarlo y para ello son comisionados Manuel Pareja, Antonio Gil Oliver y otros. Estos entran a España por Prats de Molló y tienen un primer enfrentamiento con la Guardia Civil en Sant Pau de Seguries. La eliminación de Melis se produjo el 12 de julio del 47 y los sucesos se produjeron en la plaza de Buensuceso de Barcelona donde se habían citado, con sus forcejeos y correrías llegaron hasta la C/Montalegre nº 3 donde Melis intento refugiarse en un portal, sin embargo Pareja le alcanzo y Gil lo remató, quedando herido Manuel Pareja, muriendo a las cuatro horas en el hospital de San Pablo. http://www.manelaisa.com/texto/Articulos/PagArticulos20.htm


1954 -- UPDATE Russell Blackwell Date: Fri, 31 May 2002 18:12:42 -0500 From: "Manet on Eighth" To: May 31, 2002 Mr Brown: Hello, I am Russell Blackwell's granddaughter. I was very excited to see his name mentioned on this web-site. My dad has some information about him from newspaper clippings, stories, etc, but I am very interested in learning more about his life. Do you know of any books that mention him? I found out he published letters & documents of the POUM, your friend Ellington & others, & I know he was a cartographer, among other things. What did he publish under his pen-name Negrete? Can I find these publications? I would greatly appreciate any leads you have. Thank you. Rachel Blackwell


1958 -- Short history of the International of Anarchist Federations (IAF ... ... which was hold in London (between July 25 & August 1, 1958 ... The comrades, who met at the London congress, agreed that "The anarchist International had for ... flag.blackened.net/liberty/ifa-hist-short.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages flag.blackened.net/liberty/ifa-hist-short.html


1974 -- THIS CONTINUES FROM THE ENTRY IN BLEED THIS DATE:

gallery UPDATE WAR THAT WON'T DIE article continues: A period of 40-odd years, from 1931 to 1975, has become a rich historical seam for Spanish film-makers to mine as Spain struggles to come to terms with a past that had previously been refracted through a right-wing lens.

Under the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco, Spanish cinema was utilised as a myth-making machine to spin stories about the past. Cinema became a propaganda tool as the government turned out cine cruzada, or civil-war films, which venerated the Church, the family & the fascist state. The only cinematic version of history permitted, cine cruzada is best exemplified by the 1941 film Raza (Race), a triumphalist account of the war based on a script by the victorious dictator himself. It encapsulates the attitude of those in power: they had won the war, now they needed to win the history.

Even foreign films favourable to a republican viewpoint, such as the 1943 version of Ernest Hemingway's novel For Whom the Bell Tolls, were refused distribution. Facing the sharp scissors of the censor, oppositional film-makers who remained in the country utilised allusion, metaphor & symbolism in an attempt to raise alternative historical accounts of the past.

But from within these artistic strictures emerged two of the most acclaimed films to touch on the conflict: Saura's 1965 film La Caza (The Hunt) & Victor Erice's classic expressionist work from 1973, El Espiritu de la Colmena (Spirit of the Beehive). Set in the period following the conflict, both films deny easy interpretation, but many of those Spaniards fortunate enough to have seen them in cinemas at the time viewed them as harsh condemnations of the regime.

A recurring theme in Saura's work is the problems associated with re-capturing a long-suppressed past through recourse to memory. This is evident in Cousin Angelica which recalls the war from the perspective of a child of republican parents. Similarly, Saura's 1970 film, El Jardin de las Delicias (The Garden of Delights), relates the story of an amnesiac businessman whose peseta-chasing family attempt to force him to recollect his financial transactions. After years of cinematic distortion of history, Saura's films raise crucial questions about the vital necessity of remembering the past; yet, simultaneously, they point to the inherent fallibility of human memory itself.

After Franco's death in 1975 & the subsequent relaxation of censorship laws, cinematic representations of the war changed beyond all recognition. Over the following two & a half decades, events that were previously referred to obliquely took centre-stage in Spanish cinema.

In the years immediately following the dictator's demise, some film-makers turned towards documentary in a direct attempt to recuperate this repressed historical period. In 1977 La vieja memoria (The Old Memory) was released - an experimental documentary directed by Jaime Camino that utilises eyewitness testimonies from a wide range of veterans of the conflict. It seeks the "truth" of the past, but a different type of "truth" from the monolithic accounts characteristic of Francoist cinema. By presenting conflicting, subjective versions of the same period, The Old Memory moves from a documentary style to a more open-ended narrative that invites a plurality of response.

The same year saw another landmark documentary, Por Que Perdimos la Guerra? (Why Did We Lose the War?), directed by Diego Santillan, the son of a wartime anarchist leader, which presents a series of interviews with sympathisers of the anarchist trade union, the CNT. Fiercely critical of the British & French governments' refusal to sell arms to the beleaguered republic, the film also takes a bitter swipe at Stalin & the Spanish Communist Party (PCE).

With more than a little justification, Santillan suggests that Stalin was keener to establish a pact with fascism than to further the revolutionary uprising that had prevented Franco's immediate seizure of power. Both these documentaries marked a new stage in representations of the conflict, but the appeal of documentary cinema was relatively short-lived & Spanish film-makers mainly utilised fictional cinema to deal with the past.

In 1985, Luis Garcia Berlanga's La Vaquilla (The Little Cow) was released. Set on the Aragon front during the war, the significance of the film stems from its status as one of the first comedies set during that period. In that sense it foreshadows two of the films best known to foreign audiences: Fernando Trueba's Oscar-winning Belle Epoque (1993) & Saura's Ay, Carmela! (1990).

Set on the cusp of the establishment of the second republic & the abdication of the monarchy in April 1931, the world created in Belle Epoque is a million miles removed from the lived experience of rural life in 1930s Spain. The film creates an imaginary world where no one worries about work or money, where there is an abundance of good food & wine, & where personal freedom is closely identified with sexual liberation - a world that is in the process of shaking off the repressive force of the Catholic church & where people can begin to live their lives free from patriarchal restrictions.

As with Butterfly's Tongue, this is sugar-coated history. Republican Spain seen through rose-tinted glasses; a harsh & bitter world, magically transformed into an idyllic pre-modern utopia about to be cruelly crushed by fascism. There is a refusal to engage with a concrete historical past, & what is presented in both films is a nostalgic recreation of a republican Spain that never was. These two films highlight the fact that right-wing myths of the past are slowly being undone but they are being replaced with myths of a different kind.

If both Belle Epoque & Butterfly's Tongue recreate romanticised worlds, Ay Carmela! presents a different image of Spain altogether. Set in 1938, when the republic looked defeated, Carmela & her compatriots are performers in a republican theatre company who are captured by Franco's troops & faced with the dilemma of whether to perform before a group of fascist soldiers.

Saura uses the situation to present a meditation on questions dealing with artistic & cultural freedom: how much is it possible to compromise in the face of censorship & dictatorial control? What do you do in the face of inevitable doom? These are undoubtedly questions of specific relevance to those who struggled to make films under the dictatorship, but they also raise questions about the here & now, & indicate how the civil war is visited to comment on the concerns of the present.

It was not only Spanish films that entered the battle over Spain's past. Ken Loach's Land & Freedom was released in 1995 amidst a flurry of critical praise & political debate. Using as its starting point George Orwell's classic autobiographical account, Homage to Catalonia, Land & Freedom focuses on the bitter internal struggles within the republican movement that assisted the fascists' victory.

Like Why Did We Lose the War?, by re-examining the debates over the need for a revolutionary war to defeat Franco, Loach attempts to rehabilitate the war's revolutionary dimensions, suggesting that the conflict was more than a simple struggle between fascism & democracy. The closing slow-motion shooting of Blanca, a metaphorical representation of the betrayal of the revolution by the Spanish communists, caused bitter controversy & kick-started a reappraisal of the conflict inside Spain.

The furore provoked by Land & Freedom confirms the importance of cinematic images to contemporary audiences' understanding of the past. Like it or not, as the importance of the written word is steadily replaced by the immediacy of the visual image, cinema will increasingly become an arena for the contestation of differing versions of history.

Currently in pre-production, Antonio Banderas is preparing to direct Malaga Burning!, an adaptation of a 1937 novel set in his hometown in 1936. We wait with bated breath to see what myths will be created - or exploded - when Hollywood gets its hands on the Spanish civil war.


1974 --



1974



The war that won't die

Sixty years after it ended, film-makers are still fighting the Spanish Revolution & Civil War.

When a fire bomb ripped through the Balmes cinema in Barcelona on July 11, 1974...


When a fire bomb ripped through the Balmes cinema in Barcelona on July 11, 1974, the screening of Carlos Saura's La Prima Angelica (Cousin Angelica) was brought abruptly to a halt. The violent response to Angelica, one of the first films to represent the country's bitter civil war from a republican perspective, emphasised the political importance of cinema that deals with contested historical periods. The civil war may have ended officially in 1939, but fascist fire bombs suggested that the battle for Spain's fractured past was set to continue.

The release of Jose Luis Cuerda's La Lengua de las Mariposas (Butterfly's Tongue) once again brings the Spanish civil war into the cinema. Set in Galicia in the months preceding Franco's fascist uprising in July 1936, it traces the relationship between a seven-year-old boy & his anarchist-leaning teacher.

The film is indicative of Spanish cinema's concern with the country's recent past; of the nearly 300 historical films produced in Spain since the 1970s, more than half are set during the second republic, the civil war & under Franco.


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http://film.guardian.co.uk/features/featurepages/0,4120,347804,00.html
http://www.americancinematheque.com/span99.htm#saura
http://www.offoffoff.com/film/00q3/butterfly.php3




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1993 -- ed dorn POETRY ARCHIVE Berkeley Poetry Conference * Lectures (SA 638, 1-7) SA 638, 1: Robert Duncan, "Psyche-Myth & the Moment of Truth", July 13, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 90 min. (Copies may be supplied to educational institutions & to SA638 & 639 participants only.) SA 638, 2: Jack Spicer, "Poetry & Politics", July 14, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 75 min. (May not be transcribed for publication.) Spicer sample 21 seconds, 456k. SA 638, 3: Gary Snyder, "Poetry & the Primitive", July 16, 1965. Introduced by Allen Ginsberg. Duration: 75 min. Snyder sample 29 seconds, 632k. SA 638, 4: Charles Olson, "Causal Mythology", July 20, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 80 min. Olson sample 11 seconds, 240k. SA 638, 5: Ed Dorn, "The Poet, the People, the Spirit", July 21, 1965. Duration: 70 min. (Personal copies only; not for further distribution.) Dorn sample 32 seconds, 710k. SA 638, 6: Allen Ginsberg, "What's Happening on Earth", July 22, 1965. Introduced by Gary Snyder. Duration: 80 min. (May be broadcast only in unedited form.) SA 638, 7: Robert Creeley, "Sense of Measure", July 23, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 85 min. Berkeley Poetry Conference * Readings (SA 639, 1-14) SA 639, 1: Not Recorded SA 639, 2: Gary Snyder, July 13, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 90 min. SA 639, 3: John Wieners, July 14, 1965. Introduced by Robert Creeley. Duration: 45 min. SA 639, 4: Jack Spicer, July 15, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 50 min. (May not be transcribed for publication.) SA 639, 5: Robert Duncan, July 16, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 95 min. SA 639, 6: Robin Blaser, 38 min.; George Stanley, 30 min.; Richard Duerden, 42 min., July 17, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 120 min. (Copies of Stanley reading restricted; no copies permitted of Duerden reading.) SA 639, 7: "Young Poets" Jim Boyack, 18 min.; Robin Eichele, 17 min.; Victor Coleman, 14 min.; Bob Hogg, 11 min.; Stephen Rodefer, 15 min.; David Franks, 21 min., July 18, 1965. Introduced by Victor Coleman. Duration: 95 min. SA 639, 8: "Special Poetry Reading" John Sinclair, 35 min.; Lenore Kandel, 29 min.; Ted Berrigan, 42 min.; Ed Sanders, 23 min., July 17, 1965. Introduced by Allen Ginsberg. Duration: 135 min. (No Copies Permitted of Sanders reading.) SA 639, 9: Ed Dorn, July 20, 1965. Introduced by Robert Creeley. Duration: 110 min. (Copies not permitted for further distribution by other organizations.) SA 639, 10: Allen Ginsberg, July 21, 1965. Introduced by Thomas Parkinson. Duration: 120 min. SA 639, 11: Robert Creeley, July 22, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 80 min. SA 639, 12: Charles Olson, July 23, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 205 min. SA 639, 13: Ron Loewinsohn, 40 min.; Joanne Kyger, 35 min.; Lew Welch, 48 min.. July 24, 1965. Introduced by Robert Duncan. Duration: 120 min. SA 639, 14: "Young Poets from the Bay Area", Gene Fowler, 23 min.; Jim Wehlage, 19 min.; Eileen Adams, 13 min.; Doug Palmer, 18 min.; Sam Thomas, 14 min.; Gale Dusenbery, 13 min.; Drum Hadley, 14 min.; Lowell Levant, 14 min.; Jim Thurber, 20 min., July 25, 1965. Introduced by Gary Snyder. Duration: 160 min. (No copies permitted of Adams or Hadley readings.)



Ed Dorn, "The Poet, the People, the Spirit", July 21, 1965. Duration: 70 min. (Personal copies only; not for further distribution.) Dorn sample 32 seconds, 710k.

http://www.itp.berkeley.edu/blc/sounds/dorn.aiff
http://www.thing.net/~grist/bove/dorn.htm

1997 -- Italy: Cops raid anarchist centers & homes across the country. The Italian Anarchist Federation denounced the raids as a thinly veiled attempt to intimidate & criminalize the movement.
On July 17, 1997, the judge presiding over the preliminary inquiry of the Roman Tribunal, Claudia D'Angelo, read the following sentence: "Let us remind you that all of the defendants were accused of: subversive association...

At least 29 arrest warrants were issued & at least 39 people were informed that they were under official investigation. Of these some were already in jail: Antonio Budini, Carlo Tesseri, jean Weir and Christos Stratigopolus since September 1994 for a bank robbery near Trento; Orlando Campo, Gregorian Gargarin, Francesco Porcu for the Silocchi kidnapping; Horst Fantazzini (since 25 years) for many robberies & assault; & Marco Camenisch for bombings. In all it looks like some 68 people have been implicated by the police in this supposed "terrorist" gang. 21 anarchists were apprehended between Sept. 17, 1996, & the end of December, while 8 went underground. On December 18 two of those arrested were sentenced to 22 years in prison. Also arrested in relation to the Milan bombing was Patrizia Cadeddu, one of the occupants of the Laboratorio Anarchico di Milano, arrested on 20 June for being the alleged deliverer of a supposed note claiming responsibility for the bombing by a group called Azione Rivluzionaria Anarchica (Anarchist Revolutionary Action). In September Cadeddu was transferred to Rome to be interrogated, supposedly by Marini, as part of the investigation of subversive associations. On July 17, 1997, the judge presiding over the preliminary inquiry of the Roman Tribunal, Claudia D'Angelo, read the following sentence: "Let us remind you that all of the defendants were accused of: subversive association (art. 270 of the criminal code); subversive association leading to terrorism & the destruction of democratic order (art. 270); formation of & participation in an armed band (art. 360). In addition, all are charged with receiving stolen goods (art. 648). ... Anna Beniamino, Mario Frisetty, Maria Ludovica Maschietto, Alfredo Cospito, Nadia DePascal, Raffaele Scapuzzo, Carmela Antonia Scopetta, Giuseppe Scarso, Bruno Palamara, Roberto Sforza, Pierleone Porcu, Constantino Cavelleri, Anna Maria Sgarmella, Mario Anzoino, Maria Arenale, will be tried for participation in a subversive organization aiming to violently overthrow the economic & social order of the state (art. 270)." The judge has exonerated them of being in a armed band & of receiving stolen goods. Loris Fantazzini, Pasquale Lorenti, Flavia Cannoletta, Roberto Gemignani, Marco Brizzolari, Maracino Domenico, Corrado Viola, Edoardo Massari, Giovanni Mario Sann & Bachisio Goddi are exonerated of all accusations. Alfredo Maria Bonanno, Tiziano Andreozzi, Francesco Berlemmi, Antonio Budini, Marco Camenisch, Orlando Camp, Maria Apollonaria Cortimiglia, Luciano DiFazio, Liborio Falco, Horst Fantazzini, Antonio Gizzo, Franco Fonte, Gagarin Gregorian, Salvatore Gugliara, Christina La Forte, Angela Maria Lo Vecchio ' Guido Mantelli, Maria Marotta, Giuseppe Martino, Stefano Moreale, Mojdeh Namsetchi, Roberta Nano, Bruno Palamara, Fabrizio Pio, Francesco Porcu, Lorenzo Ricca, Giuseppina Roccobobo, Paolo Ruberto, Emma Sassosi, Rose Ann Scrocco, Antonio Sforza, Fabio Sforza, Massimo Sforza, Giuseppi Stasi, Christos Stratigopulos, Carlo Tesseri, Evangelia Tsioutzia, & jean Helen Weir will be tried for participation in a subversive organization aiming to violently overthrow the economic & social order of the state (art. 270), subversive association leading to terrorism & the destruction of democratic order (art. 270), formation of an participation in an armed band (art. 360) & receiving stolen goods (art. 648). These defendants will also be tried on various individual charges against them." The trials were to begin October 20,1997. As of this writing we have seen nothing new on the case accept that, interestingly enough, Alfredo Bonanno & Emma Sassosi were released on provisional liberty on October 31, after 13 months in jail awaiting trial. Other defendants who were already in jail under other sentences remain behind bars. http://www.ecn.org/zero/cda/



2002 -- A new toy from Google Date: Wed, 22 May 2002 21:59:59 -0700 From: Mike Payson I'm not sure if this will help with the bleed or not, but it's pretty cool. http://labs.google.com/sets http://labs.google.com/sets?hl=en&q1=emma+goldman&q2=bakunin&q3=kropotkin&q4=&q5=&btn=Large+Set


2003 -- [anarchy_history] (en) Event, St. Petersburg, Russia, April 14, 1879? [Flavio Costantini illus] SEE RESEARCH FOLDER FOR RESPONSES, ETC Date: Mon, 14 Apr 2003 10:24:58 -0700 From: "David Brown, Recollection" Reply-To: anarchy_history@yahoogroups.com To: Anarchy History Can anyone provide information regarding an event in St. Petersburg, Russia, April 14, 1879? My clue is an illustration by Flavio Costantini, the title referencing this date, & clearly indicating someone is about to have a bad day: http://www.afmltd.demon.co.uk/costantini/graphics/gallery/images/a6-St-Petersbg-14-April-79.jpg http://www.afmltd.demon.co.uk/costantini/graphics/gallery/index.htm I'd like to attach some textual reference/information, rather than just this lone image, for today's Daily Bleed. I've searched Google without success. Damn I love these quizzes! [Help much appreciated.]


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2003 -- "And we'll make it fine If the weather holds But if the weather holds We'll have missed the point"- The Indigo Girls ________

Drove my Chevy to the levee but the levee was dry Them good ol' boys were drinkin whiskey & rye Singing "This'll be the day that I die" 4 "Atlanta's a distant memory Montgomery's a recent birth & Tulsa burns on the desert floor Like a signal fire. & I've got Willy on the radio A dozen things on my mind & number one is fleshing out These dreams of mine & it's 200 more miles of rain, asphalt in line Before I sleep But there'll be no warm sheets or welcoming arms To fall into tonight."- The Cowboy Junkies

______________

A control city is the major city on a highway sign. In general, highway signs try to give two cities, a local destination on top & a major city on the bottom. A good example is I-90 heading out of Seattle. It says "Bellevue [eastern suburb of Seattle]/Spokane [280 miles away]" David Steinberg got his Masters Degree in mathematics from New Mexico State University in 1994. He first discovered the power of live music at the Capitol Centre in 1988 & never has been the same. His Phish stats website is at www.ihoz.com/PhishStats.html http://www.ihoz.com/PhishStats.html
I had my own time machine, a big cheap’61 Chevy Impala.

2003 -- Chile Indians block hydro-electric dam project 22 July 2003 By Patrick Nixon, Reuters RALCO, Chile — Four elderly Pehuenche Indian women are blocking completion of a $570 million hydroelectric dam at Ralco in southern Chile, saying it would flood sacred land and destroy their way of life. For six years the women have rejected offers of money -- up to $1.1 million -- & land in exchange for their 103 acres on the banks of the Bio Bio River that Chile's Endesa power company needs to finish its giant power station project. "They're not going to flood my land ... I'll only leave here when I'm dead," declared 78-year-old Berta Quintreman in front of her mud-hut home in the densely forested Bio Bio Valley some 370 miles south of Santiago. Graffiti on a decrepit bus shelter outside her home reads, "Endesa, you won't remove us even for a sack of gold." Eighty-nine of the 93 Pehuenche families affected by Ralco have already accepted compensation & agreed to move to new properties up to 37 miles away. The Chilean government & Endesa, which is controlled by Spain's Endesa, say the 540-megawatt dam, which is almost 90 percent complete, is crucial to meet Chile's energy needs & help economic growth. However Indians & environmentalists have fought the project in court, saying it would destroy unique forests & endangered wildlife as well as ancient cemeteries, religious ceremonial grounds & Pehuenche communities. Endesa aims to have the dam up & running by mid-2004 but the four women & their lawyers vow to fight to the end. Nobody knows when -- or how -- the dispute will end. "This is the worst thing that could happen for the power generating system, this indecision over whether or not they will be able to flood the area," said Maria Isabel Gonzalez, former director of the government's energy commission from 1994 to 2000. PINE NUTS & MONKEY PUZZLE TREES The Pehuenche get their name from the pine nuts which they gather from the "pehuen", or ancient monkey puzzle trees native to the Andean highlands. They belong to Chile's largest indigenous group, the Mapuche, which makes up 90 percent of the 692,000 indigenous people in Chile. Pehuenche are believed to have inhabited the Bio Bio Valley, dotted with snow-capped volcanoes, since 1200. The Mapuche have long clashed with forestry companies over land claims but the Ralco dispute united Indians, human rights groups & environmentalists alike. Endesa insists the country's 1982 Electricity Law allows expropriation of private property to provide energy for the public good regardless of whether it is indigenous land. However the 1993 Indigenous Law states land owned by native peoples cannot be sold without the owners' consent. "This land is sacred. It cannot be bought with money," said Quintreman in her native tongue, wearing a colored head scarf half-covering her wrinkled brown forehead. Endesa offered $1.1 million plus land to the four hold outs, who have unsuccessfully tried to negotiate much higher compensation. Though the government has said the Ralco project will go ahead & the Pehuenche removed from their homes by force if necessary, the Indians believe they could be saved by a pending court ruling on whether the 1997 environmental impact study that paved the way for the dam was valid or not. If the court were to rule the study invalid, Endesa may have to tear apart everything it has built so far of the dam. The company said last month that if this were to happen it would sue the government for the $570 million it has invested. THE END OF A WAY OF LIFE The Pehuenche opposing Ralco say the alternative plots offered by Endesa are either too isolated in winter or not suitable for farming. Endesa says the Pehuenche are better off than before as the company has committed to 10 years of financial support, including new houses, electrification, school buses, technical farming assistance & promotion of the indigenous culture. "We work with them every day maintaining irrigation systems...advising them on what to plant," said Claudio Sanhueza, director of Ralco's environmental project at Endesa. But for Hilda Huenteao, whose mother Rosario is one of the four women opposing the project, the Pehuenche community has been irrevocably changed since Endesa arrived. "Since Endesa came people have stopped going to the religious ceremonies...Women have stopped making craftwork because they have got jobs with Endesa," said Huenteao. Huenteao says the Pehuenche believe that if nature is not respected it will avenge itself and adds that some Indians that exchanged their lands have since committed suicide. "That is the punishment for not respecting nature's power. Now they are going to have to live with death," she said. Source: Reuters


2004 -- to do: add this archived article to iverson, this page is no longer online, http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/DeLigt/search.html


2005 -- Bienvenue à Decazeville dans l'Aveyron

 

 

 

Decazeville : la Découverte

EntrezOffice de Tourisme**

Ville de DECAZEVILLE Entrez

 

Dans l'Aveyron

 

 

Estofinado
Festival Intercontinental de Pyrotechnie
Vallée du Lot
this code may determine if netscape browser is being used can i cahnge netscape to mozilla or does it matter? http://www.decazeville-tourisme.com/


2006 -- Liste des principaux auteurs (avec photo et biographie) TO DO: GO THROUGH THE PAGE FOR PHOTOS, BIO INFO FOR ENCYCLOPEDIA, GALLERY INDEX http://anarlivres.free.fr/pages/list_auteurs.html A-D ARCHINOV Piotr (vers 1887- ?) photo - bio ARMAND E. (1872-1962) photo - bio ARNOULD Arthur (1833-1895) photo - bio AVRICH Paul (1931-2006) photo - bio BAKOUNINE Michel (1814-1876) photo - bio BALKANSKI Georges (1906-1996) photo - bio Berkman Alexander (1870-1936) photo - bio BERNERI Camillo (1897-1937) photo - bio Bertoni Luigi (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio BESNARD Pierre (1886-1947) photo - bio BIANCO René (1941-2005) photo - bio BIZEAU Eugène (1883-1989) photo - bio BONTEMPS Charles-Auguste (1893-1981) photo - bio BÖSIGER André (1913-2005) photo - bio BRASSENS Georges (1921-1981) photo - bio BUTAUD Georges (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio CAFIERO Carlo (1846-1892) photo - bio CAMPION Léo (1905-1992) photo - bio CAMUS Albert (1913-1960) photo - bio CHAPELIER Emile (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio CHARLES-ALBERT (1869-1957) photo - bio CHAUGHI René (1870-1926) photo - bio CŒURDEROY Ernest (1825-1862) photo - bio CORNELISSEN Christian (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio COUTÉ Gaston (1880-1911) photo - bio DAGERMAN Stig (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio DARIEN Georges (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio DARNAUD E. (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio DEJACQUE Joseph (1821-1864) photo - bio DELESALLE Paul (1870-1948) photo - bio DE LIGT Barthélemy (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio DESCAVES Lucien (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio DEVALDÈS Manuel (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio E-K (haut de la page) ERNESTAN (1898-1954) photo - bio FABRI Luigi (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio FAUCIER Nicolas (1900-1992) photo - bio FAURE Sébastien (1858-1942) photo - bio FÉNÉON Félix (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio FLORES MAGÓN Ricardo (1874-1922) photo - bio Ricardo Flores Magón GIBEAU Yves (1916-1994) photo - bio GIRAULT Ernest (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio GIROUD Gabriel (1870-1945) photo - bio GOHIER Urbain (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio Goldman Emma (1869-1940) photo - bio GRAVE Jean (1854-1939) photo - bio GRIFFUELHES Victor (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio GUÉRIN Daniel (1904-1988) photo - bio GUILLAUME James (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio HAMON Augustin (1862-1945) photo - bio HEM DAY (1902-1969) photo - bio HENRY Emile (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio HUMBERT Jeanne (1890-1986) photo - bio IXIGREC (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio JACOB Marius Alexandre (1879-1954) photo - bio JANVION Emile (?-1927) photo - bio JOYEUX Maurice (1910-1991) photo - bio KROPOTKINE Pierre (1842-1921) photo - bio L-M (haut de la page) LACAZE-DUTHIERS Gérard (de) (1876-1958) photo - bio LAISANT Charles-Auguste (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LAISANT Maurice (1909-1991) photo - bio LAPEYRE Aristide (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LAPEYRE Paul (1901-1991) photo - bio LAZARE Bernard (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LECOIN Louis (1888-1971) photo - bio LEFRANÇAIS Gustave (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LEHNING Arthur (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LEVAL Gaston (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LIBERTAD Albert (1875-1908) photo - bio LORULOT André (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio LOUVET Louis (1899-1971) photo - bio Louis Louvet LOUZON Robert (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MACKAY John Henry (1864-1933) photo - bio MAC SAY Stephen (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio Makhno Nestor (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MALATESTA Errico (1853-1932) photo - bio MALATO Charles (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MARESTAN Jean (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MASSON Emile (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MAURICIUS (1886-1974) photo - bio MERCIER VEGA Louis (1914-1977) photo - bio MÉRIC Victor (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MERLINO Francesco Saverio (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio METT Ida (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MICHEL Louise (1830-1905) photo - bio MIRBEAU Octave (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MONATTE Pierre (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MONTSENY Federica (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MOST Johann (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio MÜHSAM Erich (1878-1934) photo - bio N-P (haut de la page) NAQUET Alfred (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio NAVEL Georges (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio NETTLAU Max (1865-1944) photo - bio NIEUWENHUIS F.D. (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PAILLETTE Paul (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PALANTE Georges (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PARAF-JAVAL G.M. (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PAZ Abel (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PELLETIER Madeleine (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PELLOUTIER Fernand (1867-1901) photo - bio PEYRAUT Yves (1934-2002) photo - bio PICQUERAY May (1898-1983) photo - bio PIERROT Marc (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio PISSARRO Camille (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio POUGET Emile (1860-1931) photo - bio POULAILLE Henry (1896-1980) photo - bio PROUDHON Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865) photo - bio PRUDHOMMEAUX André (1902-1968) photo - bio Q-Z (haut de la page) RAMUS Pierre (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio Ravachol (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio RECLUS Elie (1827-1904) photo - bio RECLUS Elisée (1830-1905) photo - bio RECLUS Jacques (1894-1984) photo - bio RECLUS Paul (1848-1941) photo - bio RELGIS Eugène (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio RICHARDS Vernon (1915-2001) photo - bio ROBIN Paul (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio ROCKER Rudolf (1873-1958) photo - bio RYNER Han (1861-1938) photo - bio SCHWITZGUÉBEL Adhémar (1844-1895) photo - bio SERGE Victor (1890-1947) photo - bio SOUCHY Augustin (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio SOUVENANCE Jean (1903-1962) photo - bio Stirner Max (1806-1856) photo - bio TAILHADE Laurent (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio THOREAU Henry David (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio TOLSTOÏ Léon (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio TRONCHET Lucien (1902-1982) photo - bio TUCKER Benjamin (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio VOLINE (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio YVETOT Georges (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio ZO D'AXA (xxxx-xxxx) photo - bio target="_blank"> http://anarlivres.free.fr/pages/list_auteurs.html


2006 -- i CAN'T FIND DATE OR CONFIRMATION FOR THIS Laugh? 50,000 Indian farmers from the Southern state of Karnataka spent an entire day laughing outside the State Government offices. The government collapsed the following week.

Cited at: http://www.newint.org/issue338/secret.htm


2006 -- Orígenes del Anarcosindicalismo en Venezuela LEONARDO RODRIGUEZ (Nota de CORREO A: El autor es un destacado experto en la Historia laboral nacional, profesor jubilado de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. En la actualidad trabaja en una exhaustiva "Historia del Movimiento Obrero Venezolano", en base a cuyos materiales y a peticion nuestra, preparo este resumen de un punto de indudable interes para los lectores de esta publicacion.) Introduccion El Anarquismo es una corriente politico-social que se hizo presente en el siglo XIX de la Venezuela republicana. Su variada base filosofica expresada en Francia, Italia, Espanha y Norteamerica se fue dejando sentir a traves del proceso migratorio. Es un acontecer que ocurre en el pais en el periodo de forjamiento de los asalariados, cuando va cristalizando la mercancia trabajo. Justamente, una sintesis de ese acontecer que venimos investigando es el que exponemos a continuacion. La Alborada Las ideas anarquistas parecen hacer acto de presencia en Venezuela en la decada de 1850. El periodico EL CORREO DE CARACAS (16/09/1852) publica el aviso siguiente: "Analisis del socialismo y exposicion clara, metodica e imparcial de los principales socialistas antiguos y modernos, y con especialidad en los de Saint Simon, Fourier, Owen, P. Leroux y Proudhon, vdo. en 8vo., precio $ 1,50". Este libro contenia una advertencia en la que senhalaba que el objetivo era "dar una resenha rapida, clara y, sobre todo, desapasionada, del movimiento social, especialmente en nuestros dias, en obsequio y utilidad de las poblaciones americanas" . El epilogo, segun el hostoriador contemporaneo German Carrera Damas, es un encendido alegato, casi un manifiesto, en pro de la causa socialista; no es de extranhar si posiciones de este tipo repercutiesen en la tendencia de avanzada que encarnaria Ezequiel Zamora durante la Guerra Federal (1859-1863). Pero es despues de la Comuna de Paris de 1871 cuando estas ideas se abren paso en Venezuela. Los liberales caraquenhos parecen insuflarse por los relatos de los hechos. Los estudiantes hijos de ricos comerciantes y hacendados, y algunos intelectuales, comienzan a asimilar las ideas radicales en boga en Europa. No hay en tal radicalismo una denuncia a la propiedad privada. Los programas de reformas sociales solo son una mezcla del pensamiento liberal burgues con elementos de Proudhon. Sin embargo, las consignas igualitaristas sirven para la agitacion entre el pueblo. Los burgueses de Caracas, en sus conflictos con los terratenientes, aspiran contar con el apoyo de los artesanos, reeditando el papel que la burguesia francesa les reservo a los obreros de Paris en la Revolucion de 1848. Asi comenzaba el despertar de las ideas acratas en estas tierras. En las Entranhas de la Dictadura El anarcosindicalismo logra concrecion en Venezuela despues de la Gran Guerra (1914-1918). Lo hace de modo precario, en forma contradictoria y sometido a los rigores clandestinos que impone la dictadura de Juan Vicente Gomez, que gobierna entre 1908 y 1935. Sin embargo, sera acicate estimulante en el desarrollo de la conciencia obrera. La deteriorada situacion europea, contrastando con las "bondades" que sobre el pais publicitan el regimen gomecista y las companhias extranjeras, hacen posible una corriente migratoria hacia Venezuela. La fuerza de trabajo especializada se ubica en las fabricas, talleres ferroviarios, puertos, petroleo, etc., con esta poblacion, fundamentalmente espanhola e italiana, vienen hombres con experiencia y tradicion que siembran la idea de la lu cha obrera con la vision anarcosindicalista. Con su concepcion contraria al parlamentarismo y opuesta a la constitucion de partidos politicos, activadores de la tactica de accion espontanea y de la huelga general revolucionaria, asi como la organizacion sindical descentralizada, los anarquistas representan la corriente politica mas importante en el despertar del movimiento laboral venezolano. Aspectos explicativos de esta supremacia lo representan las predicas militantes, pero tambien la juventud de la clase obrera, la debilidad de la industria y su dispersion. Al respecto, parecen encontrarse tres corrientes anarquistas en el pais durante el lapso que va desde 1917 a 1935: a.- La ciudad de Caracas es el ambito de mayor militancia donde el colorante lo da la influencia espanhola. El vocero de sus ideas es el periodico EL OBRERO, dirigido por Luis Armando Garcia, Rafael Villasana y Emilio Lovera; su gerente y duenho Candido De Armas. Sale diariamente en 1919 y 1920; Luis Amitesarove, Medardo Medina, Gustavo Parodi figuran como colaboradores nacionales, y Jose Jerique lo es desde Madrid. La ocupacion del Ruhr el Alemania, el fascismo en Italia y los peligros de una nueva guerra europea parecen constituir los temas internacionales de mayor preocupacion. La Revolucion de Octubre de 1917 es acontecimento que se sigue con simpatia. Pero las discusiones entre el sindicalismo revolucionario soreliano y las concepciones especificas del anarquismo los presentan en vida contradictoria. Pareciendo responder a una division del trabajo, en la militancia propiamente sindical encuentranse otros luchadores. En el gremio de profesionales de artes graficas aparecen Juan C. Cignoni, Carlos Moreno, A.R. Risquez Blanco y Adolfo Montero; en la Asociacion General del Trabajo estan Ezequiel Marin y Rafael Oyarzabal; en los portuarios Francisco Gonzalez Blanco y Ladislao Yanhez; en los zapateros Jose Toston, Perez Padilla, Nicasio Paez y Carlos Graner. b.- En Aroa, Estado de Yaracuy - asiento del ferrocarril ingles The Bolivar Railway Company Ltd.- , asi como en Puerto Cabello y Barquisimeto, la actividad anarquista la encabezan los nativos de Italia. Vicenzo Cusatti, Juan Lazo, Andres Illas Eduarte, Manuel Segovia, Simon Aular y P. Izquierdo Leon son entre otros los anarcosindicalistas ferroviarios mas destacados. Justamente por la influencia de estos grupos, se realizan estruendosos conflictos laborales y en San Felipe, capital de Yaracuy, se editaron publicaciones sobre el mundo del trabajo y sus luchas. c.- Luego de 1922, el anarcosindicalismo criollo parece reflejar cambios. En Caracas continua teniendo una estrecha vinculacion con las masas obreras, participando activamente en las organizaciones laborales y en las acciones huelgarias, aunque como eran sus principios se oponia a la lucha politica y daba preferencia a la "Accion Directa" en defensa de las reivindicaciones proletarias. Pero en las localidades petroleras del occidente del pais (Estado de Zulia), la presencia de trabajadores centroamericanos, en especial guatemaltecos y nicaraguenses, trae nuevas influencias, por lo que el caracter de las luchas parece dictarlo el anarcosindicalismo norteamericano nucleado en torno a los IWW - Industrial Workers of the World - . El sindicato concebido como maxima expresion organizativa, la meta de entregar de los instrumentos y medios de produccion en propiedad y a disposicion de los productores directos reunidos en los sindicatos, y coqueteos con el marxismo en el uso de una fraseologia ultrarrevolucionaria, son los rasgos que caracterizan a este grupo, con el cual podria vincularse a Pio Tamayo, la principal figura asociada al anarcosindicalismo venezolano de aquellos anhos. En todo caso, los sindicalistas anarquistas cumplieron una labor protagonica en el pais. Ellos contribuyeron a organizar a los trabajadores, a activar los conflictos huelgarios y a impulsar la propaganda anticapitalista. En la decada de 1930 se presentan en el escenario publico muy debilitados, pero los mas destacados militantes laborales que luego de la muerte fisica del viejo tirano de los Andes alcanzan figuracion, habran recibido de ellos las primeras lecciones de lucha obrera. Luego, Accion Democratica y el Partido Comunista de Venezuela los absorberan completamente en los anhos posteriores. (CORRE@ # 22, pp. 16-17, marzo 1993) http://www.galeon.com/ateneosant/Ateneo/Historia/Paises/ha-Venezuela.htm


2006 -- Historia del anarquismo en los países eslavos del sur por: marko.vukovic@zamir-zg.ztn.apc.org recopilado de obras de Trivo Indjic, Goran Ivanovic, "Anarchismus" (?, Zurrich, ?) y revelaciones personales. Las ideas anarquistas llegaron a las naciones sud-eslávicas en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Al principio fueron traidas por gente que trabajaba o que había ido a la universidad en otros países europeos donde el movimiento obrero y el socialismo estaban más desarrollados. El socialista serbio, Zivojin Zujovic (1838-1870), fue uno de los primeros seguidores de Proudhon. Fue introducido a estas ideas durante sus días de estudiante en Munich y Zurich donde estudió economía y derecho. Fue el primer socialista de Serbia y maestro de otro socialista, organizador y teórico serbio, Svetozar Markovic (1846-1875). En Suiza había una pequeña colonia de estudiantes y revolucionarios de las naciones eslavas, muchos de ellos estaban conectados con Bakunin y la sección eslava de la Federación de Jura. Entre ellos estaban: Jovan Zujovic, Manojlo Hrvacanin, Pera Todorovic y otros. Al comienzo de julio de 1872, se hizo un congreso de socialistas serbios en Zurich, y Bakunin fue uno de los invitados. El socialismo libertario de 1870-90 está inseparablemente conectado con los movimientos de liberación nacional contra los imperios Austro-Húngaro y Otomano. Muchos anarquistas participaron en el levantamiento de Bosnia-Herzegovina de 1875, y no sólo de los países sud-eslavos sino también de Italia (Enrico Malatesta intentó dos veces entrar en Bosnia para unirse al levantamiento, pero las dos sin éxito), de Rusia y otros países europeos. Había una fuerte tendencia izquierdista en el propio movimiento, que estaba guiada por Vasa Pelagic, junto con Manojlo Hrvacanin (1849-1909) y Kosta Ugrinic (1848-1933). Al comienzo de abril de 1871, Johan Most visitó Ljubljana donde contactó con las sociedades obreras locales. Mitja Kunc era uno de los que más extendieron las ideas de Most. A principios de los 80 (del siglo XIX) el imperio Austro-Húngaro intensificó su represión sobre los socialistas radicales. Esta represión culminó en 1884 con numerosos juicios en Zagreb, Klagenfurt y Graz donde muchos anarquistas croatas y eslovenos fueron condenados. Después de aquello, las influencias anarquistas de Rudolf Golouh, Giovanni Marcheli e Ivan Endlicher llegaron desde Trieste y Ancona a Eslovenia, Istria y Dalmacia. Hubo manifestaciones públicas en Rovinj (1904) y en Split (1908). En la última ciudad hubo un club de fútbol llamado "Anarhos" que existió durante varias décadas (hoy N.K.Split). El profesor croata, Milos Krpan, cooperó con los anarquistas suizos desde 1898, y agitó entre los socialistas en Slavonski Brod. Intentó establecer una colonia internacional de anarquistas (entre 1900 y 1910) en su heredad de Dubovik cerca de Slavonski Brod, pero el imperio Austro-Húngaro prohibió tales actividades y agitaciones anarquistas. Las ideas libertarias llegaron a Macedonia de Suiza y Bulgaria a tarvés de estudiantes macedonios. En 1897 y 1898, tenían dos periódicos anarquistas en Ginebra: "Glas" y "Otmatchtenie". También existía un Comité Secreto Revolucionario, que luchaba por establecer una Federación Balcánica Socialista. Las ideas del movimiento anarquista y popular ruso también fueron aceptadas por Vasil Glavinov (1869-1929). Las introdujo a Goce Delcev (1872-1903) –la figura líder en el movimiento de liberación nacional macedonio - quien fundó las sociedad secreta macedonia - Organización Revolucionaria Odrian (Thesaloniki, October 1893) y dirigió el levantamiento revolucionario de Ilinden (1903). Este levantamiento dio como resultado la República de Krusevo – la primera república socialista de los balcanes que duró alrededor de 3 meses. Delcev era un gran amigo de anarquistas búlgaros como Mihail Gerdikov y Vrban Kilifarski, y luchó codo con codo con otros anarquistas macedionios como Petar Mandukov (1879-1966) - autor de "Azbuka anarhistickog ucenja" (publicado en Skopje, 1898) -, Dame Gruev (1879-1906), Jane Sandanski (1872-1915), Nikola Karev (1877-1905), Dimo Hadimov (1875-1924)... Anarquistas macedonios también formaron un grupo terrorista secreto llamado "Gemidjija" desde Thesalonica (Jordan Popjordanov, Marko Bosnakov, Dimitar Mecev, Konstantin Kirkov, Pavel Satev, Milan Arsov, Vladimir Pingov) los cuales intentaron atraer la atención hacia la lucha macedonia a través de varios ataques en abril de 1903. Algunos atacantes fueron asesinados, otros cogidos y sentenciados. La lucha por la liberación nacional y social de Bosnia - Hercegovina culminó en la aparición del movimiento revolucionario, de inspiración anarquista, "Mlada Bosna". Primero un gran admirador de Kropotkin, Bogdan Zerajic (1886-1910), disparó al general Varesanin (el gobernador). Ocurrió en junio de 1910. Zerajic usó su última bala para suicidarse, mientras que el general resultó ileso. La policía cortó la cabeza de Zerajic y la guardó como un especimen de una cara anarquista mientras que su cuerpo fue secretamente enterrado. Otro joven, Luka Jukic, intentó asesinar al gobernador Cuvaj en un ataque armado en Zagreb (1912), pero otra vez sin éxito. Jukic fue sentenciado a cadena perpetua donde estuvo encerrado hasta el fin del imperio Austro-Húngaro, mientras August Cesarec (1893-1941) tuvo 5 años de condena. Cesarec fue luego editor del periódico "Plamen" y según algunas fuentes participó en la Guerra Civil Española. Su vida terminó en un intento de fuga del campo de concentración de la Ustacha en Kerestinec, junto con otros 40 intelectuales "izquierdistas". Miembros de "Mlada Bosna" organizaron el ataque a Francisco Fernando en Sarajevo el 28 de junio de 1914. Primero un joven tipógrafo, Nedeljko Cabrinovic (1895-1916), lanzó una bomba a Ferdinand pero no explotó. Luego Gavrilo Princip (1894-1918) le disparó y mató con un revolver. 25 personas fueron condenadas por el ataque. Danilo Ilic (1890-1915) fue condenado a muerte mientras los otros fueron condenados a cadena perpetua. La mayoría de ellos murieron en prisión. El mismo Princip fue sentenciado a 20 de trabajos forzados donde fue torturado y murió de enfermedad. En el juicio, Cabrinovic declaró sus ideas anarquistas como principal razón del ataque. También murió en prisión, de hambre y de enfermedades mentales, a la edad de 20.. Vladimir Gacinovic (1890-1917) fue probablemente la principal influencia en "Mlada Bosna" y su inspiración anarquista. Estudió en Ginebra y Lausana donde se asoció con inmigrantes rusos. Admiraba las obras de Bakunin, Kropotkin y del movimiento popular ruso mientras que trabó amistad Viktor Serge, Nathanson, Martov y Trotsky. Gacinovic fue envenenado en agosto de 1917 por una operación conjunta de las policías de Austria, Serbia y Francia. Las obras literarias y revolucionarias de Dimitrije Mitrinovic (1887-1953) tenían un fuerte componente libertario e influyeron a la juventud eslava. Mitrinovic se transladó a Londres en 1914., donde vivió el resto de su vida. Fue amigo de P. Kropotkin, G.Landauer, H. Read y otros anarquistas. El grupo "Preporod" de Ljubljana, que compartía el periódico titulado igual (1910-1911) tenía un intenso contacto con "Mlada Bosna". Los miembros más activos de Preporod estaban en Francia eran Fabijancic e Ivan Endliher. Estos dos grupos estaban interesados en la liberación e integración de las naciones Sud-eslavas y la creación de un movimiento revolucionario unido. Endliher murió en la prisión austriaca de Graz (1915), allí estuvo internado por el asesinado de Francisco Fernando en Sarajevo. El sindicalismo revolucionario llegó a Vojvodina desde Hungría, y fue aceptado por los anarquistas del grupo de Krsto Iskurljev (1881-1914) quien estaba muy próximo al famoso anarcosindicalista Ervin Szabo. Las ideas libertarias han encontrado un campo fértil entre muchos socialistas serbios como Dragisa Stanojevic (1844-1918), Mita Cenic (1851-1888), Pera Todorovic (1851-1907), Jovan Zujovic (1856-1936), Sava Popovic (1898-1942). La primera década del siglo XX vio el ascenso del anarcosindicalismo con periódicos como "Proleter" (1906) y "Radnicka borba" (1907) y la formación del ala radical del Partido Socialista Serbio - "direktasi" (1909, Nedeljko Divac, Vlajko Martinovic, Sima Markovic, Vasa Knezevic...). Este grupo fue más tarde expulsado del partido. Uno de los actores pricipales fue Krsto Cicvaric (1879-1944), fundador de muchos periódicos ("Hleb i sloboda", 1905; "Radnicka borba", 1907), clubes anarquistas y el autor de "Iz anarhistickog programa" (1909). Se retiró del movimiento justo después de la 1ª GM. Entre las dos guerras mundiales el movimiento anarquista no pudo desarrollarse debido a la estricta dictadura del rey Alejandro. Sólo había pequeños grupos desunidos de obreros e intelectuales. Sin embargo hubo anarquistas entre los voluntarios yugoslavos de la guerra de España, mientras que algunos fueron introducidos a estas ideas en la contienda. Al igual que en el periodo de entreguerras, el anarquismo estuvo bajo mucha presión durante el dominio de Tito, de hecho el movimiento fue prácticamente silienciado. En 1954, se publicó una traducción al esloveno de una obra de Malatesta en Trieste pero nunca fue debidamente distribuida en el país. El movimiento anarquista se revitalizó otra vez en los 70 y 80 cuando se publicaron traducciones de Proudhon, Bakunin, Kropotkin, Guerin y Bookchin. Este nuevo movimiento se extendió en círculos académicos, y estuvo a menudo conectado con la revista "Praxis" – prohibida por las autoridades. Daniel Guerin visitó personalmente la isla de Korcula para asistir personalmente a los seminarios organizados por "Praxis". En esta época también se editó el libro de Laslo Sekelj "O Anarhizmu" – 2 ediciones. Los contactos con el movimiento internacional se reestablecieron en 1984, cuando anarquistas de Croacia participaron en el congreso de Venecia, y en abril de 1990, en el encuentro Este-Oeste de Trieste. Durante los 80 existió en Zagreb un grupo llamado Autonomia, al mismo tiempo surgieron varios grupos del movimiento anarco-punk. En el presente los grupos activos son: Kontrapunkt, GLIB, Krtica, Skrati y ZAP. La mayoría de la gente de los 70 y 80 prefiere el activismo individual que está por desgracia limitado sólo a foros abiertos, material escrito y trabajo académico. http://www.galeon.com/ateneosant/Ateneo/Historia/Paises/ha-yugoslav.htm


2006 -- REFERENCE FOR MISC NAMES TO CHECK FOR BLEED/ENCYCLOPEDIA

US: 25th Anniversary of the Modern School of Stelton, New Jersey. From Modern School of Stelton. 25th Anniversary, New Jersey: Modern School of Stelton, 1940. CONCERT & REUNION Ball Room, Hotel Diplomat 108 West 43rd Street, N.Y.C. FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1940, 8:30 P.M. RAY PORTER MILLER, SOPRANO GDAL SALESKY, CELLIST GLARA FREEDMAN & EDITH FRIEDMAN AT THE PIANO * * * DANCING AFTER 11:30

Sponsors: Henry Alsberg Sally Axelrod Roger Baldwin J. Baskin Thomas Bell Dr. S. Berlin Abe Bluestein Max Bleustein Sheindel Bluestein Yossel Bluestein Bertha Chasick Harry & Sonia Clemens Fannia M. Cohn Anthony Crivello Jim & Nellie Dick Kate & John Edelman Marc Epstein Israel Feinberg SPONSORS: Morris Feinstone Elizabeth & Alexis Ferm Henry Fruchter Emma Cohen Abe Goldman Mary Hansen Hutchins Hapgood Hippolyte Havel Julius Hochman D. Isakowitz Joseph Ishill M. Jagendorf Phillip Kapp Stewart Kerr Lillian Kisluik Louis Levy Eugene Lyons Ray Forter Miller Marc Mratchny Rose Pesotta I. Radinowsky Louis Raymond M. Ricco Henry Schnittkind Anna Schwartz John Scott Paul & Polly Scott Bernard Shane B. Share Samuel Shore Anna Sosnofsky Sol Vinick Harry Weinberger Abe Winokur Carl Zigrosser

Executive Committee Anna Block Claire Comorau Simon Farber Samuel Freedman Masha Hochman S. Klonin Minna Lowensohn Nat Marer Elsie Kelly Marer Dora Pearl I. Pilat Sam Rothman

Arthur S. Samuels Chairman Joseph J. Cohen Co-Chairman Harry Kelly Co-Chairman Harry Kelly Treasurer Abe Grosner Nicholas Kirtzman Secretaries ___ Editorial Committee Leonard D. Abbott Joseph J. Cohen Abe Grosner Harry Kelly

_____ __________________ ________________________________ Greetings from _____ __________________ ________________________________ ANNA & HERSHEL WEINSTEIN ........ NEW YORK JACK & ROSE FALK ........................ NEW YORK BERTHA CHASICK .................... CROMPOND, N. Y. SONIA & SIMON FARBER ................ NEW YORK "JUST A FRIEND" .................... PHILADELPHIA, PA. MINNIE & SAM ROTHMAN ............... NEW YORK A FRIEND ........................................ STELTON, N. J. HARRY WEINBERGER ............................ NEW YORK JIM & NELLIE DICK .................... LAKEWOOD, N. J. WAT & SOPHIE BANNISTER ........ CROMPOND, N. Y. DORA & LOUIS KEYSER .................. LOS ANGELES SOL VINICK ..................................... STELTON, N. J. HERRAULT & HORN ........ Mohegan Colony Mechanics Greetings from Greater New York Greetings from Stelton, New Jersey Greetings from Washington, D.C. Sam Abramsky Murray Arm Joseph Aronstam Stella Ballantine Lillie Baron Mr. & Mrs. A. Bell Clara Bernstein Anna Block Fanny Breslaw Mrs. Syd Cohen A. Crivello Israel Feinberg Morris Feinstone Samuel Freedman Clara Freedman Henry Fruchter Julia Funt Sam Glassman Rose Goldblatt Abe Goldman Dr. A. L. Goldwater Solomon & Anuta Golub Max Grishkan B. & M. Greenshner M. Hoshman D. & E. Isakowitz William Judin Beckie Kaplan Philip Kapp Aaron & Sima Kitzes B. & S. Klatchko Dr. Kotick Leon Kramer Morris Levin S. & P. Linder Becky Loomer Minna Lowensohn Elsie & Nat Marer Minnie Markowitz Bella & A. Miller Ray Porter Miller Rose Mirsky Stephen Naft S. & I. Ostroff Dora Pearl Pauline & J. Portnoy Anna & I. Radinowsky J. Rosenbaum J. Samusin Evelyn Scott J. F. Sheinkman Samuel Shore Sam & Tillie Sherman Anna Shore Leo A. Spiegel, M.D. Mr. & Mrs. S. Strahl Leonard Tong Ida & Valerio Anna Strunsky Walling Max Wolff Dr. Mary Wolfson Carl Zigrosser Julius & Mary Blackman Louis Block S. & M. Bluestein Tillie & Harry Comoraw Anna Fisher Claire & Abe Grosner Moritz Jagendorf Manya & Nicholas Kirtzman Romany Marie A. Nagoshiner Samuel Pepper Arthur Leonard Ross Sonia & Arthur Samuels Fannie & I. Wishnack Anna & Abe Sally & Adolph Sophie & Joseph John & Alvin Wanda & Wasia Lina & Violet Esther & Yossel Fannie & Israel Liza & Zigmond John & Sara Aronoff Mrs. Bernstein Jenny & Sam Blum Dinah Cohen Sarah Cohen Rose & Hyman Cohen A Friend Sam Goldman Sara & Sam Klonin S. & B. Moore Sadie Lifshitz L. & L. Raymond M. Ricco Anna Koch Riedel Mrs. Rohitz Zena Sacharoff Dr. & Mrs. Schneer Helen Schneider John Scott Paul Scott B. & F. Share Anna & Sam Shulman Rose Weiss Harry & Sonia Clemens John & Kate Edelman Wally Krimont Rachell Sinclair 0 0 0 Miscellaneous Greetings Bernard & Emma Shane Canada Helen Rudome Jack Savitsky Mount Vernon, N.Y. Minnie Schwartz Weehawken, N.J. Jack Pearl Los Angeles, Calif. B. Yelensky Chicago, Ill. Rose Pesotta Ben L Reitman Chicago, Ill. Lillian G. Buck Peekskill, N.Y. Clara Stevens Pryns Hopkins London Drs. S. & H. Siegel, Dentists New Brunswick, N.J. E.K. Stretch Union City, N.J. _______________________________________________________________________________


2006 -- Mahler, Herbert (1890–1961) labor organizer & radical, born in Chatham, Ontario, Canada. He left home (1910) to find work in the Canadian West, working as a riverboat pilot & logger until he emigrated to the USA (1915). In the state of Washington he joined the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), serving as secretary & organizer for several IWW locals in the Seattle area, where he assisted longshoremen & loggers. He was secretary-treasurer of the IWW's Everett Defence Committee (1916), & assisted in the acquittal (1917) of Wobblies charged with murder after the ‘massacre’ of November 1916. During World War 1 he participated in IWW lumber & copper strikes that tied up war materials, even though he believed more in organization of workers than anti-war activities. He was indicted along with 100 IWW leaders in Chicago (1917) & convicted of three counts of espionage & sedition, sentenced to 12 years in prison, & fined $20 000 (1918). He remained in prison until President Calvin Coolidge commuted the sentences of all IWW inmates still incarcerated (1923). Named secretary of the IWW's General Defence Committee after his release, he became general secretary-treasurer (1931), but resigned (1932) over disputes concerning IWW direction. He continued organizing work outside of IWW auspices, moving to New York, & then organizing the Kentucky Miners Defence Committee (1937). His last public appearance was picketing the New Republic (1948) to protest against an unsympathetic portrayal of Joe Hill. http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9395504


2006 --

Chronologie de l’anarchisme et des mouvements et activités utopiques et libertaires italiens. PAGE 1 OF 8 ENTRIES IN DATABASE BECAUSE OF SIZE; COPY SAVED IN ARCHIVE/MIRROR FOLDER; THESE NAMES DATES FOR USE IN BLEED STUFF


STORIA DEI CARNESECCHI

 

 

Note alla pagina 27

 

Dal sito :

http://66.249.93.104/search?q=cache:6__VZ4RwWNIJ:artic.ac-besancon.fr/histoire_geographie/HGFTP/Autres/Utopies/anitadat.doc+carnesecchi+dante&hl=fr

 

http://artic.ac-besancon.fr/histoire_geographie/HGFTP/Autres/Utopies/anitadat.doc

 

Chronologie de l’anarchisme et des mouvements et activités utopiques et libertaires italiens.

 

Merci, entre autres personnes, à Pier-Carlo MASINI et Enzo SANTARELLI qui m’ont le plus aidé sans le savoir. Mais également à Gino CERRITO, Adriana DADA… et aux équipes de A Rivista Anarchica, Rivista Storica dell’Anarchismo
et récemment du Dizionario Biografico degli Anarchici Italiani.

 

Attention – pour raison de place, texte au format Word 6.0-1995

 

I




2006 --

Chronologie de l’anarchisme et des mouvements et activités utopiques et libertaires italiens. 7 TH PAGE OF SEVERAL ENTRIES IN DATABASE BECAUSE OF SIZE;; COPY SAVED IN ARCHIVE/MIRROR FOLDER; THESE NAMES DATES FOR USE IN BLEED STUFF






2006 --

"Quand viendra donc le grand coup de balai ? Oui, foutre quand viendra-t-il ? C'est l'interrogation que se posent les bons bougres. Et mille marmites, les événements se poussent tellement au cul les uns les autres, que ça pourrait bien ne pas moisir. Tant mieux ! Ce ne serait pas du luxe. Les bafouilleurs de la haute jacassent d'assainissement et de tout à l'égout. "

"Quelle plus chouette assainissement que de purifier les hautes sphères sociales et de pratiquer le tout à l'égout, à l'égard de la chameaucratie qui nous ronge !"

Émile Pouget.

Le Drapeau Noir

Histoire de l'Anarchie et des anarchistes

Sont réunis ici quelques textes d'auteurs anarchistes, des biographies, des écrits contemporains apportant des "réponses" aux questionnements sur l'anarchie, ce qu'elle est, son but, ses moyens; ce qu'elle n'est pas; et "qui" sont ces preux et gueux d'anars !

Le Drapeau Noir: Un lieu pour que soit l'Anarchie, aux fins que les sacrifices et la détermination de tous les anarchistes qui ont voué leur vie, leur mort ! à un monde juste et fraternel, sans domination, sans religion, sans maître, ne soient pas vains.

Ils sont peu nombreux ceux qui savent que l'anarchie est une théorie s'appuyant sur des bases rationnelles, que les anarchistes sont des hommes qui, ayant reçu les plaintes de ceux qui souffrent de l'ordre social actuel, s'étant inspirés des aspirations humaines, ont entrepris la critique des institutions qui nous régissent, les ont analysées, se sont rendu compte de ce qu'elles valent, de ce qu'elles peuvent produire, et qui, de l'ensemble de leurs observations, déduisent des lois logiques, naturelles pour l'organisation d'une société meilleure.

Jean Grave

Ce drapeau noir, emblème fort adopté par les anarchistes

Son apparition consignée remonte en fait à une révolte d'ouvriers terrassiers à Reims début 1831, qui le brandirent en signe de désespoir et de misère.

Le Drapeau Noir

Le 21 novembre 1831, à Lyon, quartier de la Croix Rousse, débute "La révolte des Canuts" (ouvriers de la soie). La ville entre en insurrection après que la garde Nationale eut tué plusieurs ouvriers. Des barricades sont érigées et le drapeau noir fait son apparition avec l'inscription: "Vivre en travaillant ou mourir en combattant".

Le 18 mars / MARCH 18 1882, lors d'un meeting salle Favié à Paris, Louise Michel, désirant se dissocier des socialistes autoritaires et parlementaristes, se prononce sans ambiguïté pour l'adoption du "Drapeau noir" par les anarchistes.

"Plus de drapeau rouge, mouillé du sang de nos soldats. J'arborerai le drapeau noir, portant le deuil de nos morts et de nos illusions."

Louise Michel

Extrait de ses mémoires:
Symbole du drapeau noir

"La bannière rouge qui fut toujours celle de la liberté effraye les bourreaux, tant elle est vermeille de notre sang. Le drapeau de noir crêpé de sang de ceux qui veulent vivre en travaillant, ou mourir en combattant, effraie ceux qui veulent vivre du travail des autres. Oh ! flottez sur nous, bannières noires et rouges; flottez sur nos deuils et sur notre espoir dans l'aurore qui se lève !"

"Si l'on était libre dans un pays, libre d'arborer sa bannière où et comment on le voudrait, on verrait, mieux qu'à un vote quelconque, de quel côté se rangerait la foule; il n'y aurait pas moyen de mettre quelques hommes dans sa poche comme on y met des poignées de bulletins. Ce serait une bonne manière de s'assurer de la majorité non falsifiée, qui serait cette fois celle du peuple. Mais il n'est permis d'arborer nos drapeaux que sur les morts."

Un an plus tard, le 9 mars / MARCH 9 1883, elle brandit un vieux jupon noir fixé sur un manche à balais, lors de la manifestation des "sans-travail" aux Invalides qui verra son arrestation. Le 12 août 1883, un journal portant le titre "Le Drapeau noir" sera édité à Lyon.

Journal Le Drapeau noir

Le 12 août 1883, après l'adoption du "Drapeau noir" par les anarchistes due pour une grande part aux interventions de Louise Michel, le premier numéro d'un journal portant ce titre sort ce jour à Lyon (ville qui avait vu les Canuts brandir cet emblème lors de leurs révoltes de 1831 et de 1834). Le journal sera victime de la répression et cessera sa parution à son dix-septième numéro."(...) c'est sur les hauteurs de la ville de la Croix-Rousse et à Vaise que les travailleurs, poussés par la faim, arborèrent, pour la première fois ce signe de deuil et de vengeance,et en firent ainsi l'emblème des revendications sociales. (...)" Extrait du n°1 du journal.

Le symbole traditionnel du A dans un cercle

La date de la création du symbole est discutée. On commence à le voir lors de la guerre civile en Espagne (1936-1939). Il s'agit en réalité de l'image d'un militant anarchiste portant ce signe au dos de son casque

Le 25 novembre 1956, le groupe Alliance ouvrière anarchiste fait de ce A cerclé son symbole officiel.

Symbole du A cerclé

Il s'agit d'un «A» majuscule entouré d'un cercle. Le A représente la première lettre du mot anarchie (ou anarchisme). Qui plus est, le mot anarchie commence par cette même lettre dans de nombreuses langues, ce qui en fait un symbole internationalement reconnaissable. Le cercle symbolise l'unité, mais aussi la détermination. Beaucoup de groupes anarchistes font preuve d'un esprit de solidarité avec d'autres groupes, bien qu'ils soient éloignés géographiquement et par différentes conceptions de l'anarchisme. Le symbole est une sorte d'incarnation de la maxime de Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: «La plus haute perfection de la société se trouve dans l'union de l'ordre et de l'anarchie» (dans Qu'est-ce que la propriété ?). Ce dernier, un des précurseurs du mouvement anarchiste, au XIXe siècle, est aussi connu pour des expressions telles que «La propriété, c'est le vol», suivi et c’est moins connu par «La propriété, c’est la liberté.». Dans le symbole, le «O» pourrait représenter l'ordre.



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2006 -- Glossary (A - C)

GLOSSARY LIST TO DO: GLOSSARY / QUICK INDEX


Anarchy

All governments have leaders. Even the young idealistic elected official, who starts her political career believing that she will make the community a better place, eventually focuses her efforts on maintaining her power. It's a matter of surviving amongst a pack of desperate & corrupt bureaucrats who will do almost anything to defeat her.


Why Anarchy?

Anarchists look at it this way:
The government owns your body: It sends you halfway around the world to die in an oil war, it forces you to give birth to a child fathered by a rapist, it throws you in jail for eating certain plants that produce ecstatic & visionary states of consciousness.

The government owns your property: It steals a large portion of your wealth in order to carry out its social engineering experiments (in which you are an unwilling subject), it evicts you from your home to build roads & government offices, it seizes your money if you disagree to take part in its programs.

The government owns your mind: It forces your children to attend its learning institutions, it regulates & licenses your television & radio stations, it bans books, magazines & newspapers it doesn't agree with.

What does the word "anarchy" really mean, besides "against rule?" No two anarchists will give you the same definition. Some believe it means that the Federal & State governments should be abolished, turning decision making power over to the community level. Others believe that there should be no government whatsoever.

http://www.streettech.com/bcp/BCPgraf/Glossary/glosList.html
http://www.netweed.com/anarchy/ http://www.streettech.com/bcp/BCPgraf/Glossary/gloss1.html#Anarchy

2006 -- Motions de congrès Relations Extérieures de la Fédération anarchiste

DATES FOR BLEED 33 sous-rubriques : 2006 : 63e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Merlieux) 2005 : 62e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rouen) 2004 : 61e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rennes) 2003 : 60e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Besançon) 2002 : 59e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rouen) 2001 : 58e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Besançon) 2000 : 57e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Perpignan) 1999 : 56e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Lorient) 1998 : 55e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Montpellier) (...) 1997 : 54e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rennes) 1996 : 53e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Toulouse) 1995 : 52e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rouen) 1994 : 51e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Ris-Orangis) 1993 : 50e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Bordeaux) 1990 : 47e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Villeurbane) 1989 : 46e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rennes) 1988 : 44e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Rouen) 1987 : 43e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Angers) 1986 : 42e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Perpignan) 1985 : 40e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Paris) 1984 : 39e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Toulouse) 1983 : 38e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Besançon) (...) 1982 : 37e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Le Havre) 1981 : 36e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Neuilly sur Marne) 1980 : 35e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Angers) 1979 : 34e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Tours) 1978 : 33e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Ris-Orangis) 1977 : Congrès extraordinaire de la Fédération anarchiste (...) 1977 : 32e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Toulon) 1976 : 31e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Besançon) 1975 : 30e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Vendôme) 1974 : 29e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Paris) 1973 : 28e Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste (Nantes) 1 article dans cette rubrique : Chronologie des Congrès de la Fédération anarchiste 1945-2006 http://www.federation-anarchiste.org/public/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=2 Relations Extérieures de la Fédération anarchiste


2006 -- Cappelletti angel (1927-1995) was born & died in Rosary, Argentina, but the 27 years that lived in Venezuela between 1968 & 1994 were prolíficos in their intellectual & academic production. Like humanist, like philosopher, historian of the political ideas & anarchist, Cappelletti is a figure of forced knowledge for all the one that it wants to approach with tino anyone of these dimensions of the contemporary Latin American thought; it is for that reason that is similarity to us valid to seat in writing our commentaries glossing the presence of the thematic one of the Latin American libertario socialism in the work of that, in addition, was unforgettable teacher & companion of utopias & eagerness.]

// Ángel Cappelletti (1927-1995) nació y murió en Rosario, Argentina, pero los 27 años que vivió en Venezuela entre 1968 y 1994 fueron los más prolíficos en su producción intelectual y académica. Como humanista, como filósofo, como historiador de las ideas políticas y como anarquista, Cappelletti es una figura de obligado conocimiento para todo el que quiera acercarse con tino a cualquiera de estas dimensiones del pensamiento latinoamericano contemporáneo; es por ello que nos ha parecido válido asentar por escrito nuestros comentarios glosando la presencia de la temática del socialismo libertario latinoamericano en la obra de quien, además, fue inolvidable maestro y compañero de utopías y afanes.] http://www.banderanegra.canadianwebs.com/bitacoraVI6.htm


2006 -- LINKS TO GO THROUGH


DATES

LIEUX

ORGANISATEURS - PERSONNALITéS

FAITS

Vers 1848

ITALIE

  • Carlo CATTANEO (1801-1869)

Positionnement fédéraliste d’abord austro-italien puis purement italine. Cf. son Programme fédéraliste.

1849

ITALIE

  • Il Contemporaneo

Un des premiers journaux italiens à par ler de BAKOUNINE : publie son Appel aux slaves.

Vers 1850

ITALIE

  • Carlo PISACANE (1818-1857)

Influencé en partie par PROUDHON. Hostile à la propriété privée. Sans doute un des premiers à prôner la propagande par le fait.

1851

ITALIE

  • Giuseppe FERRARI (1811-1876)

Filosofia della rivoluzione, œuvre marquée par l’influence proudhonienne.

1862

Londres

RU

  • BAKOUNINE

Contacts les émigrés italiens, MAZZINI, SAFI…

1864

Janvier

Capri

  • BAKOUNINE

Rencontre GARIBALDI.

1864

Fév.-juillet

Firenze

  • BAKOUNINE

Accueil chaleureux du révolutionnaire russe. Multiples contacts avec italiens, étrangers, la Franc-maçonnerie…

1865

1867

Napoli

  • établissements des groupes bakouninistes

Création de la Société des Légionnaires de la Révolution Sociale en Italie avec FANELLI, FRISCIA…

1868

EUROPE

  • AIDS – Alliance Internationale de la Démocratie Socialiste

L’organe secret de BAKOUNINE attire de nombreux militants italiens

1868

1869

ITALIE

  • Mouvements paysans contre la taxe des grains

 

  • La situazione

Mouvements rapidement insurrectionnels (47 morts en début 1869).

Appui de BAKOUNINE et Appel à la révolte co-signé par Alberto TUCCI.

1869

31/01

Napoli

  • Section italienne de l’AIT

Première section, rapide croissance : 3 000 membres ?

1869

Juin

Milano

  • Enterrement de Carlo CATTANEO

Manifestation lors de l’enterrement, présence d’internationalistes de l’AIT. Arrestations. Camillo Berneri a fait plus tard l’éloge de ce penseur : Carlo CATTANEO federalista.

1869

Novembre

Napoli ?

  • L’Eguaglianza

1° Journal de la Section italienne de l’AIT.

1869

Décembre

Napoli

  • Anticoncile

Prise de parole de Carlo GAMBUZZI.

1870-1871

Paris

FRANCE

  • Siège puis Commune de Paris

Mouvements révolutionnaires largement fondateurs de l’anarchisme international : présence d’italiens en France, notamment du garibaldien Amilcare CIPRIANI. Il fait 8 ans de bagne, avec Louise MICHEL.

1870

Février

Napoli

  • Action policière contre le siège de l’AIT

 

1870

Pavie

  • Mutinerie dans une caserne

Soutien des internationalistes.

1871

Mai

ITALIE

  • Carlo CAFIERO

Mission de l’AIT pour développer les sections italiennes. Il est alors correspondant d’ENGELS.

1871

Mai

Napoli

  • MALATESTA

Appartient (à 17 ans) à la section AIT de Naples dont il devient secrétaire.

1871

été

Automne

ITALIE

  • Polémique BAKOUNINE-MAZZINI

L’attaque de MAZZINI contre l’AIT déchaîne les répliques du russe dans la presse italienne.

1871

Août

Napoli

  • Dissolution AIT de Naples

Arrestation de CAFIERO.

1871

Novembre Décembre

1872

début

ITALIE

SUISSE

  • Circulaire de Sonvilliers

Les délégués italiens soutiennent les libertaires suisses de la Fédération Jurassienne.

1871

Novembre

Roma

  • Congrès ouvrier mazzinien : sans doute le XI° congrès des Sociétés Ouvrières

Attaque au congrès des bakouninistes CAFIERO et TUCCI, et large rayonnement. Chute de l’influence mazzinienne au profit du bakouninisme.

1871

Mirandola

  • Association antirépublicaine

Animée par un proche de BAKOUNINE, Celso CERETTI.

1871

Ravenna

  • Il Romagnolo

Journal pro-BAKOUNINE animé surtout par L. NABRUZZI et les frères ZIRARDINI.

1872

Début

Milano

  • Répression contre l’AIT

Interdiction de Il martello. Arrestation de V. PEZZA.

1872

Mars

 

  • Mort de Giuseppe MAZZINI

Apaisement du conflit avec les bakouninistes.

1872

Mai

 

  • Procès de la Lega rossa

Ligue dirigée par Giusseppe COZZI.

1872

Juin

ITALIE

  • Carlo CAFIERO Lettre à ENGELS.

Rejoint définitivement BAKOUNINE et rompt officiellement avec le Conseil Général de l’AIT.

1872

Juillet

Milano

  • V. PEZZA

Publie le " livre blanc " des Jurassiens contre le projet de Congrès de La Haye de l’AIT et contre le menées autoritaires du conseil Général.

1872

Août

Rimini

  • AIT – Conférence nationale des sections italiennes.
  • è FI - AIT

Conférence de fondation de la Fédération Italienne de l’AIT bakouninienne : 21 ou 25 sections.

è rupture totale avec le Conseil Général.

1872

15-16/09

Saint Imier

SUISSE

  • Congrès antiautoritaire

Confirmation de l’anarchisme organisé.

Délégation italienne : la plus nombreuse.

1872

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

SUISSE

  • MALATESTA rencontre BAKOUNINE

Le russe le nomme " Benjamin ". Il a 19 ans.

1872

Novembre

Lodi

  • E. BIGNAMI

Arrêté pour 4 mois.

1873

19/01

 

  • Andrea COSTA

Lettre aux jurassiens, texte totalement anarchiste.

1873

JANVIER / JANUARY

ITALIE

  • Rencontre FI-AIT

Rencontre programmée mais dans l’incapacité de se tenir.

1873

11/03

 

  • Procès pour conspiration contre Celso CERETTI

Non lieu après 5 mois de prison.

1873

12/03

Mirandola

  • Dissolution de la section AIT

 

1873

15-16/03

Mirandola

  • 2° Congrès FI-AIT

2° congrès de la Fédération Italienne, vers Bologne.

Positionnement athée, matérialiste, anarchiste et fédéraliste.

Répression et arrestation de nombreux congressistes.

1873

15/05

Roma

  • Procès contre anarchistes romains de l’AIT

Non lieu.

1873

Juillet

 

  • FI-AIT - Congrès de la Fédération de Romagne

 

1873

Août

 

  • FI-AIT - Congrès de la Fédération des Marche et d’Ombrie

 

1873

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Genève

SUISSE

  • VI° Congrès AIT

Andrea COSTA représente l’Italie.

1873

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Genève

SUISSE

  • CIRS – Comitato Italiano per la Rivoluzione Sociale

Comité organisé clandestinement par COSTA avec l’appui de militants russes.

1873

Décembre

 

  • FI-AIT - Congrès de la Fédération de Toscane

 

1873

Fin

ESPAGNE

  • Mouvement révolutionnaire

Présence de volontaires italiens.

1873

Fin

ITALIE

  • FI-AIT

Apogée de la Fédération

è début 1874 : 129 sections, 26 704 adhérents (MASINI)

1874

Janvier

ITALIE

  • CIRS

Premier Manifeste insurrectionnel.

1874

Mars

ITALIE

  • CIRS

2° Manifeste appelant à lutter.

1874

Août

ITALIE

  • CIRS

3° Manifeste : Appel aux soldats.

1874

Août

Bologna

  • Mouvement insurrectionnel pour établir une Commune

COSTA, Malatesta, CAFIERO…

Présence clandestine de BAKOUNINE.

échec complet.

1874

Août

Castel del Monte

  • Mouvement insurrectionnel dans les Pouilles

MALATESTA coordonne une centaine de volontaires. échec et arrestation de Malatesta à Pesaro.

1874

Août

Firenze

  • Mouvement insurrectionnel lié à Bologne

échec et exil des responsables.

1874

Août

Prati di Caprara

  • Bande de A. CORNACCHIA

Lien avec le mouvement de Bologne. échec. Environ 50 arrestations sur les 150 volontaires.

1874

Fin août

ITALIE

  • CIRS

Dernier appel (imprimé à Bruxelles) du CIRS et reconnaissance de l’échec.

Terrible drame pour BAKOUNINE.

1874

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Bruxelles

BELGIQUE

  • 7° Congrès AIT

Pas de délégué italien, la FI-AIT est alors clandestine et soumise à une répression constante.

1875

19/03

 

  • MALATESTA franc-maçon

Entre dans la Franc Maçonnerie jusqu’en AVRIL / APRIL 1876, puis la combat ensuite.

1875

Mai

Roma

  • Procès contre des internationalistes

10 inculpés dont G. BERNI : 10 années pour 5 inculpés mais réduction en appel.

1875

Juin ?

Firenze

  • Procès contre des internationalistes
  • Procès-réquisitoire de F. NATTA surtout

43 inculpés. Multiples appuis dont GARIBALDI.

è acquittement général.

1875

Août

Trani

  • Procès contre des internationalistes

MALTESTA, RIGGIO, BALDARI…

è acquittement général.

1876

Mai-juin

Bologna

  • Procès contre des internationalistes
  • Procès-réquisitoire de Andrea COSTA surtout

Environ 70 inculpés dont COSTA, NEGRI, FAGGIOLI…

è acquittement général.

1876

16/07

Bologna

  • Congrès FI-AIT d’émilie-Romagne

 

1876

23/07

Firenze

  • Congrès FI-AIT de Toscane

 

1876

Juillet

Lombardie

  • Federazione lombarda

Positionnement modéré, refus voie insurrectionnelle.

1876

20/08

Jesi

  • Congrès FI-AIT de Marche-Ombrie

 

1876

22/10

Firenze

 

 

 

 

En fait Tosi

  • 3° Congrès FI-AIT

3° Congrès clandestin dans les environs de Florence. Programme insurrectionnel et Déclaration communiste libertaire.

è Florence en état de siège, multiples arrestations…

è transfert à Tosi avec 40 délégués.

1876

26-29/10

Berne

SUISSE




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  • 8° Congrès AIT

Présence de Malatesta et CAFIERO.

1876

Octobre

Milano

  • Federazione Alta Italia

Positionnement modéré, refus voie insurrectionnelle.

1876

BALKANS

  • Participation anarchiste à la lutte contre les ottomans

MALATESTA, CERETTI…

1877

Février

Milano

  • Federazione Alta Italia - Fédération de Haute Italie

Congrès et choix de l’autonomie par rapport à la FI-AIT.

1877

03-12/04

Matese

  • Insurrection menée par la Bande du Matese, dirigée par CAFIERO et Malatesta

Tentatives de proclamation du communisme libertaire dans deux villages de montagne, Letino et Gallo par environ 40 militants : 12 000 soldats sont mobilisés !.

è arrestations, dissolution des associations internationales

è procès de Benevento.

1877

Juin

ITALIE

  • FI-AIT

Tentative de reconstitution : 1° Circulaire.

1877

juillet

ITALIE

  • FI-AIT

Tentative de reconstitution : 2ème Circulaire.

1877

Août

Napoli

  • Anarchia

Journal de E. COVELLI jusqu’en novembre.

1877

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Verviers

BELGIQUE

  • Congrès AIT anti-autoritaire

Présence de COSTA et de membres de la fameuse " banda del Matese ".

1877

Novembre

Firenze

  • Congrès ouvrier toscan

Participation anarchiste.

1878

Mars

Paris

FRANCE

  • Andrea COSTA

évolution possibiliste.

Arrestation : 2 ans de prison. Expulsé en juin 1879.

1878

Avril

Pisa

  • 4° Congrès FI-AIT

4° ( ?) Congrès secret.

1878

Juin

Genova

  • Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

Juillet-octobre

Firenze

  • Essor section AIT
  • Multiples combats de rue et grandes manifestations

Près de 2 500 membres ?

è multiples arrestations en début octobre 1878

1878

août

Benevento

  • Procès de Bénévent
  • Défenseur : Saverio MERLINO
  • Exposés de CAFIERO et Malatesta

Amnistie générale

1878

Août

Massa

  • Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Genova

  • 2ème Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

Octobre

Ancona

  • Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

Octobre

Firenze

  • Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

Début novembre

ITALIE

  • Protection d’UMBERTO I

Arrestations préventives d’internationalistes avant ses déplacements officiels.

1878

17/11

Napoli

  • Giovanni PASSANNANTE

Tentative d’assassinat de UMBERTO I de Savoie au nom de la " république universelle ".

1878

18/11

Firenze

  • Bombe attribuée aux anarchistes

4 morts

è forte répression anti-anarchiste en Italie

1878

20/11

Pisa

  • Bombe attribuée aux anarchistes

 

1878

Novembre

Napoli

  • Procès contre FI-AIT

 

1878

ITALIE

  • Carlo CAFIERO

Emprisonné, il en profite pour traduire une partie du Capital ce qui permettra d’en faire son fameux Compendio.

1878 fin

1879 début

ITALIE

 

 

 

 

Firenze

  • Forte répression anti-anarchiste

Encyclique antisocialiste de LEON XIII.

Lois sévères et chasse aux sorcières du gouvernement DEPRETIS.

è circulaire gouvernementale du 20/01/1879 pour augmenter les incarcérations

è cour de cassation de Firenze (février 1879) : AIT assimilée à une association de délinquants.

1879

Mars

Napoli

  • Procès de PASSANANTE

Bagne jusqu’en 1889.

1879

Mars

Siena

  • Procès

ORSOLINI prend 19 ans de travaux forcés.

1879

Mai

Firenze

  • Procès pour 3 internationalistes

20 ans de maison d’arrêt.

1879

Mai-juin

Firenze

  • 2ème procès pour 9 internationalistes

Dures condamnations : par exemple BATACCHI ne sera libéré qu’en 1900.

1879

Juin

FRANCE

  • Andrea COSTA

Expulsé è retour en Suisse.

1879

Juin-juillet

Genova

  • Procès contre 5 internationalistes dont Emilio COVELLI

D’abord non lieu, puis 10 mois en Appel en mars / MARCH 1880. Mais COVELLI est passé en France.

1879

Juillet

Massa

  • Procès contre 15 internationalistes

Tous sont absous.

1879

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Bologna

  • Procès contre 18 internationalistes

14 condamnés.

Solidarité de COSTA depuis Lugano.

1879

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Modena

  • Procès contre 5 internationalistes

Les 5 dont A. CERETTI sont acquittés.

1879

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Napoli

  • Commission de correspondance AIT

Dernière Circulaire.

1879

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Napoli

  • Il movimento sociale

Journal de Saverio MERLINO qui marque son entrée décidée dans le camp libertaire.

1879

Octobre

Ancona

  • Procès contre 11 internationalistes

Acquittés.

1879

Octobre

Forli

  • Procès contre 25 internationalistes

Acquittés.

1879

Nov. ?

Firenze

  • Grand procès contre l’AIT

Acquittement général.

1879

ITALIE

EUROPE

  • Andrea COSTA passe au collectivisme et au possibilisme

Polémiques avec KROPOTKINE, CAFIERO et MERLINO.

1879

Fin

ITALIE

  • FI-AIT en crise

Renforcée moralement et politiquement par les procès, l’AIT se divise et ses structures sont affaiblies.

1880

Février

ITALIE

  • Andrea COSTA

Retour italien clandestinement.

1880

Juin

Viterbo

  • CORDIGLIANI

Lance des pierres en salle d’audience.

1880

Novembre

FRANCE

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI

Expulsé de France après son amnistie communarde.

1880

décembre

Chiasso

SUISSE

  • Congrès de Chiasso

Majorité insurrectionnaliste. Présidence Carlo CAFIERO.

1880

Fin

ITALIE

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI

Manifeste insurrectionnel Agli oppressi d’Italia.

è arrestation en JANVIER / JANUARY 1881

1880-1881

Romagne

  • Andrea COSTA

Abandon définitif de l’anarchisme et fondation du PSR de Romagne.

è 1° scission importante dans le socialisme italien (P.C. MASINI)

1881

Janvier

Imola

  • Avanti !

Journal fondé par Andrea COSTA à sa sortie de prison (arrêté en novembre 1880).

1881

février

 

Napoli

  • Procès de MERLINO
  • Il grido del popolo

Arrêté en novembre 1880, libéré en février.

Journal de MERLINO.

1881

Juin

Londres

RU

  • Congrès anarchiste international
  • 40 délégués pour environ 14 pays.

Présence de Malatesta à Londres depuis mars. Il est rejoint par MERLINO.

è propagande par le fait et insurrectionnaliste

è  " mort de l’anarchisme comme mouvement organisé " (MASINI) ?

1881

Sardaigne

  • Révolte paysanne

Fort appui anarchiste.

1881

Genève

SUISSE

  • I Malfattori

Journal illégaliste et extrémiste d’Emilio COVELLI.

1882

Février

Ancona

  • Procès de CIPRIANI

Condamné à 25 ans de pénitencier. Commence par 60 éprouvants mois de cellule.

è vaste campagne italienne et internationale de solidarité.

1882

octobre

 

  • Andrea COSTA

1° député socialiste italien.

1881 Fin

1882

ITALIE

RU

http://digilander.libero.it/gasparo/note2pagina27.htm


2006 --

Chronologie de l’anarchisme et des mouvements et activités utopiques et libertaires italiens. 3 RD PAGE OF 8 ENTRIES IN DATABASE BECAUSE OF SIZE; COPY SAVED IN ARCHIVE/MIRROR FOLDER; THESE NAMES DATES FOR USE IN BLEED STUFF


  • Carlo CAFIERO

Malade, détruit en partie par sa polémique avec son vieil ami COSTA, tentatives de suicide et début de la folie.

1882

éGYPTE

  • MALATESTA

Participe à l’insurrection égyptienne.

1883

08/02

Firenze

Imola

  • Carlo CAFIERO

Définitivement reconnu fou et interné dans les deux villes consécutivement.

1883

Mai

Firenze

 

1883

22/12

Firenze

  • Questione sociale

N°1 du célèbre journal Malatestanien.

1884

Janvier

Ravenna

 

1884

janvier

Roma

  • Procès de Rome

MALATESTA et MERLINO font grand effet mais récoltent 3 et 4 ans.

1884

Juin

ITALIE

Firenze ?

  • MALATESTA

Programme et action de l’AIT = anarchisme organisationnel.

1884

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Firenze

  • MALATESTA

Fra contadini, le livre le plus célèbre sans doute.

1885

Janvier

Milano

  • Fédération (anarchiste) de Haute Italie de l’AIT

Rôle du Groupe communiste anarchiste de A. GALLI.

1885

15/03

Forli

Ravenna

  • Congrès FI-AIT
  • Journal officiel : L’intransigente puis Paria.

Re-fondation branche italienne de l’Internationale. Rôle essentiel de MINGOZZI de Ravenna.

1885

Mantova

Plaine padane

  • Insurrections paysannes

Forte Participation Libertaire, Notamment G. BARBIANI. Dans la plaine du Pô rôle de Luigi Galleani.

1885

 

  • La Boje, grido dei lavoratori

Journal de Luigi Galleani.

1885

ARGENTINE

  • Cercle communiste Anarchiste
  • Rôle des libertaires italiens dans la naissance du mouvement anarchiste argentin

Intègre les anarchistes italiens Malatesta ou Ettore MATTEI.

MALATESTA lance la Questione sociale qui comte 14 n°.

1886

Fév.-mars

Venizia

  • Procès de Venise

Dont Giuseppe BARBIANI.

1886

Ravenna

Forli

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI député

Un des plus célèbres candidats-protestation, élu à plusieurs reprises.

1887

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

 

  • Congrès POI

Participation de Luigi Galleani qui tente alors la symbiose entre socialistes et anarchistes.

1887

 

  • La 7° âme

Secte mystique en l’honneur de CAFIERO lancée par Luigi GALLO.

1887

Citadella

  • Association agricole coopérative

Giovanni ROSSI : première expérimentation utopique.

1888

ITALIE

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI

Enfin gracié après une énorme mobilisation populaire et politique unitaire.

1888

Vercelli

Important néo-anarchiste de Vercelli, mais exilé en 1888.

1889

Juillet

Paris

FRANCE

  • Congrès socialiste international

Présence de CIPRIANI. Malgré délégués belges, néerlandais, français et anglais, MERLINO est expulsé. Les anarchistes sont exclus, la 2° Internationale sera purement socialiste.

1889

octobre

Nice

FRANCE

  • L’ASSOCIAZIONE
  • MALATESTA

Journal malatestanien, anti-individualiste. Première grande action de Malatesta de regroupement organisationnel des anarchistes.

1889

Novembre

Siena

  • Procès de A. Vittorio PINI

Illégaliste intransigeant italo-français (cambriolages parisiens).

è 20 ans de travaux forcés

1890

01/05

Palermo

Pisa ?

  • 1° Maggio
  • 1° Maggio

1° manifestation du 1° Mai en Sicile.

Emprisonnement de Pietro GORI pour le 1er mai.

1890

Février

BRéSIL

  • Communauté expérimentale Cecilia

Principal expérimentation utopique italienne, de Giovanni ROSSI.

1890

août

Milano

  • Congrès du POI
  • Création du PLI - Parti des travailleurs italiens

Participation anarchiste de Pietro GORI. Forte influence anarchiste dans ces partis mais majorité socialiste autour de TURATI au congrès.

1890

Octobre

Faenza

  • Réunion des anarchistes de Romagne

Succès des thèses malatestaniennes.

1890-1913

Londres

RU

  • MALATESTA

Exil principalement londonien.

1891

janvier

Capolago

  • Congrès anarchiste national
  • PSAR

Environ 80 délégués.

Fondation du PSAR. Rôle important de Luigi Galleani et d’Amilcare CIPRIANI.

1891

Avril

Milano

  • Réunion internationale pour les droits des travailleurs

Participation de Luigi Galleani.

1891

01/05

Bologna

Firenze

  • Premier mai
  • Premier mai

Manifestation conflictuelle

Durs combats, 200 arrestations.

1891

01/05

Roma

  • Premier mai

Violents combats avec la police. 2 morts, des centaines de blessés. Arrestation d’Amilcare CIPRIANI.

1891

05/12

Milano

  • L’Amico del Popolo

Journal de GORI.

1891

Juillet & octobre

Roma

  • Forte répression
  • 1° et 2ème Procès

220 inculpés.

è mouvement anarchiste démantelé, prisons, exils, clandestinité…

1891

Août

Bruxelles

BELGIQUE

  • Congrès socialiste international

Faible présence anarchiste : TURATI y annonce la rupture avec l’anarchisme italien.

1891

 

  • Congrès régional des fédérations anarchistes de Piémont et Ligurie.

 

1892

Février

Roma

  • 3° procès

Au total verdict modéré mais une cinquantaine d’inculpés font de 1 à 2ans et demi.

1892

Avril

Milano

  • Conférence de Pietro GORI

Dénonciation de l’évolution séparatiste du socialisme italien.

1892

17/07

Nocera Inferiore

  • Carlo CAFIERO (11/09/1846-1892)

Folie finale depuis 1883.

1892

Août

Genova

  • Congrès du PLI
  • Fondation du PSI autonome.

Scission de fait entre la majorité socialiste (106) contre les anarchistes (46) et 5 abstentions.

1892

octobre

Genova

  • Paolo SCHICCHI

Attentat contre le consulat espagnol de Gènes.

1892

Genova

  • Fondation PLI – Partito dei Lavoratori Italiani

Scission socialiste-anarchiste.

1892

New York

éU

  • Il grido degli oppressi

Journal d’exil de Saverio MERLINO.

1892

Torino

  • Procès anti-anarchistes

31 arrestations : âge moyen = 29 ans.

1893

20/01

Roma

  • Bombe

Explosion attribuée aux anarchistes.

1893

mai

Viterbo

  • Procès de Paolo SCHICCHI pour faits de Gènes
  • Défense : Luigi MOLINARI et Pietro GORI

11 ans de prison

1893

Août

Zurich

SUISSE

  • Congrès international

Expulsion des anarchistes, malgré les protestations de GORI et surtout de CIPRIANI.

1893

Décembre

1894

Début

Sicile

  • Révoltes agraires
  • Fasci siciliani dei lavoratori

Appui des anarchistes.

Environ 260 faisceaux en Italie dont les ¾ en Sicile.

1893

 

  • Casa del Popolo

Première Maison du Peuple créée en Italie.

1894

janvier

Lunigiana

  • Insurrection

Bande armée anarchiste, en soutien aux mouvements siciliens. Arrestation de Luigi MOLINARI condamné à 23 ans de prison (amnistié en sept. 1895). Environ 500 arrestations dont près de 200 anarchistes.

è état de siège le 16/01

1894

Fin janvier

Napoli

  • Saverio MERLINO

Arrestation : 2 ans de prison.

1894

Février

ITALIE

  • MALATESTA

Article de soutien aux mouvements populaires ; texte célèbre aux intonations populistes (au sens non péjoratif du mouvement russe) : Andiamo fra il popolo - Allons vers le peuple.

1894

08/03

Roma

  • Bombe non revendiquée

2 morts.

Attribuée aux anarchistes.

1894

Avril

Chieti

  • Procès de Camillo DI SCIULLO
  • Défense : Pietro GORI

 

1894

09/05

Roma

  • Bombe non revendiquée

Attribuée aux anarchistes.

1894

21/05

Roma

  • 2 bombes non revendiquées

Attribuée aux anarchistes.

1894

24/05

Lyon

FRANCE

  • Sante CASERIO

Assassinat du président français Sadi CARNOT.

1894

Mai-juin

Genova

  • Procès contre 35 anarchistes.
  • Défense : Pietro GORI

Luigi Galleani écope de 3 ans.

1894

16/06

Roma

  • Paolo LEGA

échec de l’attentat contre Francesco CRISPI.

è lois d’exception du 19/07/1894 n° 314, 315 et 316.

è dissolution des organisations révolutionnaires.

Condamné à 20 ans. LEGA meurt en prison en 1896.

1894

01/07

Livorno

  • Oreste LUCCHESI

Assassinat du journaliste Giuseppe BANDI.

1894

Juillet

ITALIE

  • Cesare LOMBROSO

études sur Les anarchistes : vision clinique et pseudo-scientifique de l’anarchiste-délinquant. Ce délire connaît pourtant à l’époque un gros succès.

1894

16/08

FRANCE

  • Sante CASERIO (1873-1894)

Exécution.

1894

28/08

Livorno

  • Bombe aux bains Pancaldi.

 

1894

10/09

Roma

  • CRISPI

Discours contre la secte des " ni dieux ni maîtres ".

1894

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Lugano ?

SUISSE 

  • Pietro GORI

Exilé en Suisse car refuse de juger CASERIO. Blessé dans un attentat

1894

Torino




2006 --

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  • 2° procès anti-anarchistes

22 arrestations ; âge moyen = 24 ans.

1895

01/05

Londres

RU

  • Pietro GORI

Grande réunion de Hyde Park : discours, poésies…

1895

Mai

Firenze

  • Oreste LUCCHESI

Procès : 30 ans, également pour son présumé complice Amerigo FRANCHI.

1895

Juillet

Paterson

éU

  • La Questione sociale

Journal sorti sans doute grâce à Pietro GORI alors en exil.

1895

16/08

Ancona

  • Grenade contre le consulat de France

Pour l’anniversaire de la décapitation de CASERIO.

1895

Novembre

Roma

  • Procès pour l’attentat contre CRISPI

Acquittements des anarchistes.

1896

Janvier

San Nicola

  • Grève anarchiste dans l’île

Les anarchistes sont très présents dans l’île de San Nicola, et disposent d’une école et d’un journal.

1896

01/03

Tremiti

San Nicola

  • Argante SALUCCI (1868-1896)

L’anarchiste est tué en luttant contre la police. Il y a une vingtaine de blessés.

1896

21/05 ?

Favignana

  • Francesco PEZZI
  • PALLA G.

évasion et fuite en Tunisie de 6 anarchistes.

1896

26/07-02/08

Londres

RU

  • Congrès socialiste international

Expulsion des anarchistes, dont Malatesta qu représente les espagnols. PELLOUTIER représente les syndicats italiens ! Mais Pietro GORI (qui représente les TU états-uniens) est accepté.

1896

Messina

  • L’Avvenire sociale

Journal à rayonnement national d’abord plutôt individualiste.

1897

Janvier

ITALIE

  • F. Saverio MERLINO

Adoption de la tactique parlementariste et éloignement de l’anarchisme.

1897

14/03

Ancona

  • L’Agitazione

N°1 du journal malatestanien, tiré à 7 000 exemplaires. Appuis : AGOSTINELLI, SMORTI, FABBRI… Polémique contre les anti-organisateurs.

1897

27/04

Roma

  • Pietro ACCIARITO

échec de l’attentat contre UMBERTO I.

è ACCIARITO travaux forcés à perpétuité le 28/05

1897

avril

GRÈCE

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI

 

  • CAPRA, FRATERNALI, TROYA

Combat contre les turcs ; il est blessé à Domokös. Abandon progressif de l’anarchisme.

Ces trois anarchistes meurent dans les combats.

1897

02/05

Roma

  • Romeo FREZZI

Meurt en prison lors d’un interrogatoire : prétendu " suicide " depuis un balcon de la Préfecture de police. Anticipe le cas PINELLI ?

1897

Mai ?

Roma

  • Procès contre un groupe d’anarchistes

Pas de condamnations.

1897

08/08

ESPAGNE

  • Michele ANGIOLILLO (1871-1897)

Assassinat du président du conseil espagnol Del CASTILLO

è ANGIOLILLO garrotté le 19/08/1897

1897

26/12

Faenza

  • Réunion régionale anarchiste de Romagne

Une trentaine de groupes représentés. Malatesta tente d’y structurer l’anarchisme.

1897-1898

Marches

Romagne

Pouilles

  • Mouvements insurrectionnels spontanés

Appuis des anarchistes.

1898

08/05

Milano

  • Rébellion populaire : " mouvement pour le pain "

Assaut des militaires contre les barricades où se trouvent de nombreux anarchistes. Nombreuses arrestations.

1898

janvier

Ancona

  • Mouvement insurrectionnel et grève générale

Arrestations, dont Malatesta, lors de la manifestation contre la vie chère.

1898

21-28/04

Ancona

  • Procès contre 9 anarchistes.
  • Défenseurs : Pietro GORI, Saverio MERLINO

MALATESTA condamné seulement à 7 mois.

1898

Avril

ITALIE

  • Mouvements contre le prix du pain

Soutien des anarchistes.

1898

Mai

Milano

  • Barricades et émeutes

Large soutien anarchiste. Une centaine de morts.

1898

Juin

 

  • Gaetano BRESCI

Premier attentat ?

1898

30/07

 

  • Procès contre 6 anarchistes dont CIPRIANI

De 1 à 5 ans de prison.

1898

10/09

Genèv

SUISSE

  • Luigi LUCCHENI

 

Assassinat de l’impératrice d’Autriche.

è bagne

Rares soutiens des anarchistes, sauf Ciancabilla dans l’Agitatore de Neuchâtel è expulsion.

1898

24/11-21/12

Roma

  • Conférence internationale anti-anarchiste

Regroupement de 21 polices européennes !

1899

Mai

Lampedusa

  • MALATESTA & VIVOLI

évasions pour Londres puis les éU via Malte.

1899

Novembre

Ancona

  • I morti

N° unique autour des anarchistes arrêtés.

1899

ITALIE

éU

Fuite et exil : Tunisie, égypte, RU, éU jusqu’en 1919

1899

Paterson

éU

  • PAZZAGLIA

Attentat contre Malatesta, attribué à tort à Ciancabilla, individualiste hostile à Malatesta.

1899

Pisa

  • Pietro GORI

Docteur en droit : thèse sur Misère et délit.

1899

31/12

ITALIE

  • Amnistie pour la plupart des politiques

 

1900

début

ITALIE

  • Reprise de la presse et de l’activité anarchistes

Cf. Agitazione, ou Combattiamo (Genova)

1900

JANVIER / JANUARY

CUBA

  • MALATESTA

Passage à Cuba.

1900

JANVIER / JANUARY

Pisa

  • Il pensiero libertario

N°1 d’un journal qui porte peut-être le premier en Italie le terme libertaire.

1900

Janvier

Ancona

  • L’Agitazione, periodico libertario

Ce journal prend à son tour le qualificatif de libertaire.

1900

Mars

Pantelleria

Fuite vers Tunisie, Malte, égypte, RU, éU où il dirigera la Questione sociale. Appui d’élisée RECLUS.

1900

Juin

Faenza

  • Congrès anarchiste d’émilie-Romagne

 

1900

Mi Juillet

SUISSE

  • Le réveil

Fondé par Luigi Bertoni, d’autres émigrés italiens et les suisses J. GROSS et G. HERZIG.

1900

29/07

Monza

  • Gaetano BRESCI fils d’immigrés italiens de Paterson éU

Assassinat de UMBERTO I.

Les anarchistes romains refusent de l’approuver, tout comme l’Agitazione et L’Avvenire sociale.

Appui du Réveil suisse et de La Questione sociale de Paterson.

1900

29/08

Roma

  • Procès de BRESCI
  • Défense : Saverio MERLINO

Procès d’un jour !

è bagne et secret cellulaire

1900

Londres

RU

  • Cause ed effeti

N° spécial de Malatesta sur BRESCI.

1900

Viareggio

  • Congrès socialiste-anarchiste apuan

Création Fédération Socialiste anarchiste Apuane

1901

Février

Mantova

Milano

  • Università Popolare

Journal fondé par Luigi MOLINARI.

En 1906 il est publié à Milan.

1901

22/05

Santo Stefano

  • Gaetano BRESCI (1869-1901)

Retrouvé pendu dans sa cellule de pénitencier. Suicide ou assassinat ?

1901

Juin

Roma

  • L’Agitazione

Le journal est désormais publié à Rome.

Il condamne sur pression de FABBRI l’acte de CZOLGOZ contre McKINLEY, alors que Malatesta est plutôt favorable : brouille entre les deux amis.

1901

été

Roma

  • Federazione Socialista Anarchica del Lazio

Programma socialista anarchico : programme gradualiste, syndicaliste révolutionnaire et anti-terroriste. Pour une Fédération Italienne des socialistes anarchistes.

1901

19-22/09

Paris

FRANCE

  • Congrès international anarchiste programmé

Interdit après l’attentat contre le président McKINLEY.

1901

ARGENTINE

  • FORA

La fondation de ce syndicat anarcho-syndicaliste bénéficie de la présence de Pietro GORI.

1901

ITALIE

Diffusion de sa pensée en Italie, rôle important d’Ettore ZOCCOLI.

1902

Début

Milano

  • Pietro CALCAGNO accepte d’être candidat pour obtenir sa libération

Cet anarchiste emprisonné est présenté comme candidat protestation par de nombreux membres de l’extrême gauche républicaine : mais de nombreux libertaires condamnent ce compromis.

1902

Avril

Milano

  • Il Grido della folla

Journal individualiste de Giovanni GAVILLI et de MAZZUCCATTO. Immédiate séquestration pour les 6 premiers numéros !

1902

01/05

Roma

ITALIE

  • Manifestations pour le 1er mai

À Rome, rôle important de Pietro GORI.

1902

Chicago

éU

  • La Protesta umana

Journal individualiste de Giuseppe Ciancabilla.

1902

Londres

RU

  • La Rivoluzione sociale

Journal de Malatesta.

1903

12 Juillet

La Spezia

  • Il Libertario

Journal fondé par Pasquale BINAZZI.

1902

15/11

Bruxelles

BELGIQUE

  • Gennaro RUBINO ancien indicateur !

Attentat manqué contre le cortège royal.

Mais les anarchistes se dissocient de cet acte.

1903

25/07

Roma

  • Il Pensiero

Revue de Luigi FABBRI et de Pietro GORI jusqu’en 1911. Rôle essentiel pour l’insertion dans le mouvement ouvrier de l’anarchisme italien.

1903

Genova

  • La Pace

Journal antimilitariste unitaire, soutenu par les anarchistes dont FABBRI, GORI, Galleani

1903

ITALIE

  • Achile Vittorio PINI (1860-1903)

Mort de ce célèbre illégaliste, notamment sur Paris.

1903

Le Caire

éGYPTE

  • Il domani

Journal individualiste de Icilio Ugo PARRINI.

1903

Vermont

éU

  • Cronaca sovversiva

Journal d’exil dirigé par Luigi Galleani jusqu’en 1917. Tendance communiste anarchiste anti-organisationnelle.

1904

17/01

 

  • Attentat contre un sous-lieutenant

Lien avec la campagne antimilitariste largement animée par les libertaires.

1904

Juin

Amsterdam

PAYS BAS

  • Congrès international antimilitariste

Italiens représentés par Franco DOSSENA.

1904

16/09

San Francisco

éU

Mort d’un des principaux anarchistes individualistes internationaux, défenseur de l’illégalisme.

1904

20-23/09

Roma

  • Congrès international de la Libre Pensée

Forte représentation italienne, notamment toscane.

Luigi FABBRI y représente les anarchistes.

1904

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

ITALIE

  • 1° grève générale ouvrière
  • Nombreuses grèves locales spontanées et unitaires

Participation anarchiste.

1904

Décembre

La Spezia

  • Il libertario

Procès pour antimilitarisme.

1905

juin

Genova

  • 1° Congrès national de la Libre Pensée

Avec présence anarchiste.

1905

26/11

Bologna

  • Convegno sindacalista

Forte présence libertaire à cette rencontre organisée par Ottavio DINALE.

1905

Novembre

Roma ?

  • Congrès régional de la Fédération Socialiste Anarchiste du Latium.

 

1905

31/12

Pontedera

  • Convegno anarchico regionale toscano

 

1906

29/09

Milano

  • CGdL

Fondation du syndicat avec présence anarchiste, la forte minorité révolutionnaire représente 1/3 des délégués.

è l’opposition crée un Comitato de 5 membres avec BRANCONI.

1906

Torino

  • Commizione interna

Cette commission élue de la firme Itala fait figure de précurseur des conseils d’usine des années d’après guerre.

1907

Mars

Milano

  • Rompete le file

Journal de F. CORRIDONI et Maria RYGIER.

1907

16-20/06

Roma

  • Congrès anarchiste italien
  • ASAI

43 communes et environ 100 participants. Projet d’Alleanze Socialista Anarchica Italiana.

Condamnation de l’individualisme

1907

Août

Amsterdam

PAYS BAS

  • Congrès anarchiste international
  • Congrès international antimilitariste

Présence remarquée des italiens, Malatesta, FABBRI.

1907

04/11

Parma

 

 

Bologna

  • 1° Assemblée pour l’autonomie syndicale

 

  • CNR - Comitato Nazionale della Resistenza

Environ 200 000 ouvriers représentés par 16 CdL et 2 syndicats nationaux.

ébauche de syndicalisme révolutionnaire.

Le Comité de la Résistance siège à Bologne

1907

Décembre

Roma

  • Luigi FABBRI épouse Bianca SBRICCOLI

 

1908

MARZO / MARCH

Foligno

  • Convegno regionale anarchico

Création de la Federazione Socialista Anarchica Umbra.

1908

02/04

Roma

  • Combat contre la police
  • è grève générale

4 morts dont l’anarchiste Paolo CHIARELLA.

1908

Mars-avril

Pouilles

  • Nombreuses grèves

Rôle majeur des syndicalistes révolutionnaires.

è extension : Ferrara, Parma (braccianti)…

1908

Mai

Roma

  • L’Alleanza Libertaria

N°1 du journal projeté par le Congrès de Rome de 1907.

1908

29/06

Toscane

  • 1° congrès " Rationaliste toscan "

Pour diffuser les idées de FERRER et s’en inspirer.

1908

25/08

Roma

  • Luce FABBRI

Naissance.

1908

Août

Roma

  • Procès pour les faits d’avril

è 11 condamnations.

1909

Avril

 

  • Sciarpa Nera

Revue de Leda RAFANELLI e G. MOLINARI.

1909

Mai

Bologna

  • Nouvelle rencontre des syndicalistes révolutionnaires et d’opposition

La majorité est alors pour l’entrisme dans la CGdL.

1909

15/10

ITALIE

  • Mouvement pro-FERRER

Grève générale dans toute l’Italie.

1909

27/10

 

  • Maria RYGIER

Procès pour antimilitarisme.

1909

automne – hiver

ITALIE

  • énorme mouvement pro-FERRER et anticlérical

La Toscane semble à la pointe du mouvement, notamment grâce à Pietro GORI.

1909

21/11

 

  • Luigi FABBRI

Article pour un parti anarchiste dans la revue socialiste Il viandante.

1909

Fin

Milano

  • Libreria Editrice Sociale (1910-1915)

Fondation de cette célèbre maison libertaire et futuriste par Giuseppe MONANNI (compagnon de Leda RAFFANELLI).

1910

19/01

Imola

  • Andrea COSTA (1851-1910)

Mort de ce fondateur du socialisme anarchiste, devenu parlementariste.

1910

JANVIER / JANUARY

 

  • Federazione Anarchica Romagnola

Fondation. Rapidement une quinzaine de localités y sont représentées.

1910

01/05

Modena

  • Manifestation pour le Premier mai

Violences et arrestation de Filippo CORRIDONI, rédacteur de Bandiera rossa.

1910

28-29/08

Imola

  • Congresso sindacalista

Préparation du Congrès de Bologne.

1910

Décembre

Bologna

  • 2° Assemblée pour l’autonomie syndicale
  • CNAD - Comitato Nazionale di Azione diretta

Créé après Parme en 1907, le Comito della Resistenza se structure.

Création du CNAD.

1910

Firenze

  • Giovanni PASSANANTE (1849-1910)

Mort à l’asile d’aliénés de la ville.

1911

08/01

Portoferraio

  • Pietro GORI (1865-1911)

Mort du " chevalier errant de l’anarchie ", immense et célèbre poète anarchiste. Funérailles imposantes et souvenirs fortement évoqués. Même MUSSOLINI, alors socialiste, fait une nécrologie très favorable. La force des célébrations et commémorations ressemble à une quasi " béatification laïque " (ANTONIOLI).

1911

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

Roma

  • Projet de II° Congrès Anarchiste Italien lancé par Alleanza Libertaria.

échec du fait de la guerre italo-turque.

1911

30/10

Bologna

  • Augusto MASETTI

À la caserne Cialdini, A. MASETTI blesse un officier (Colonel STROPPA) pour refuser la guerre libyenne : il est envoyé à l’asile.

è forte mobilisation Pro-MASETTI

1911

Fin

 

  • Luigi FABBRI

Diplôme de maître d’école élémentaire. Divers postes jusqu’en 1922. Puis avec difficulté jusqu’en 1926, car il refuse le serment.

1911

Carrara

  • Alberto MESCHI

Secrétaire de la Chambre du Travail. Poste qu’il retrouvera après 1945. Vive agitation révolutionnaire.

1911

Piombino

  • Grande grève notamment antimilitariste

Arrestation d’Armando Borghi

1912

14/03

Roma

  • Antonio D’ALBA

Attentat contre Victor Emmanuel III.

échec mais bagne tout de même.

1912

novembre

Modena

  • CNAD
  • 3° Assemblée pour l’autonomie syndicale
  • 1° Congrès fondateur USI
  • Organe : L’Internazionale

Fondation USI. 154 présents. Les 2/3 des mandats pour l’autonomie è USI.
Environ 100 000 membres fin 1913.

1912

 

  • SFI – Sindacato Ferrovieri Italiani

Nombreux anarchistes, mais refus de choisir entre CGIL et USI : autonomie.

1912

Catania

  • Mario RAPISARDI (1844-1912)

Mort du poète socialiste proche de nombreux libertaires, et disciple de J.M. GUYAU.

1913

Mars

Milano

  • Agitation ouvrière
  • US Milanese

Forte action ouvrière des anarchistes et syndicalistes révolutionnaires de l’USM.

è grandes grèves au printemps.

1913

Juillet-août

Ancona

  • MALATESTA
  • Volontà

Revue fondée avec le retour de Malatesta.

1913

Décembre

Firenze

  • Luigi FABBRI

Lettere a un socialista.

1913

Décembre

Milano

  • 2° Congrès national USI

Il intègre l’USM qui regroupe alors 28 ligues et près de 17 500 inscrits à elle-seule.

191 présents, 1000 ligues et environ 100 000 adhérents.

Siège : Milan. Avec Tullio MASOTTI.

1913

 

  • Ugo FEDELI

Première arrestation : il a 15 ans. Il appartient aux Ribelli milanesi.

1914

Début

Carrara

  • Violentes luttes ouvrières

Rôle d’Alberto MESCHI et de Riccardo SACCONI.

1914

Mai

Pisa

  • UA Toscana

Fondation Union Anarchica Toscana : synthésiste, lors du 4° Convegno anarchico regionale (126 délégués).

1914

07/06

Ancona

Répression policière : 3 morts dont un anarchiste

è grève générale et début de la Settimana rossa.

1914

Juin

ITALIE

  • Settimana rossa

Insurrection et grève générale avec large présence anarchiste : Ancona, Marche, Emilia, Romagna…

Occupation du port de Bari, assauts sur Parme, Ravenne, Turin…

1914

21/06

Londres

RU

  • MALATESTA

Fuite à Londres.

1914

29/08

 

  • Manifestation anarchiste contre la guerre

Rôle important de FABBRI.

1914

SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

ITALIE

Parma

  • USI Conseil général
  • Scission de Parma è UIL de DE AMBRIS.

 

  1. Organe : Guerra di classe

Direction assumée par Armando Borghi. La gauche libertaire va publier Guerra di classe. Le siège de l’USI se déplace à Bologne.

Journal de BORGHI, jusqu’en 1922.

1917

Octobre

Roma

  • La Sfida

Journal de Libero TANCREDI (Massimo ROCCA) et de Maria RYGIER : 1° journal interventionniste.

1914

Fin année

ITALIE

  • Grande majorité anarchiste contre la guerre
  • Petite minorité interventionniste

 

Dont Guerra sociale de Milano.

1914

Milano

  • Amilcare CIPRIANI élu.

Il glisse peu à peu à l’interventionnisme.

1915

Déb. Janv.

Roma

  • Giu le armi !

Positionnement interventionniste.

1915

24/01

Pisa




2006 --

Chronologie de l’anarchisme et des mouvements et activités utopiques et libertaires italiens. 6 TH PAGE OF SEVERAL ENTRIES IN DATABASE BECAUSE OF SIZE;; COPY SAVED IN ARCHIVE/MIRROR FOLDER; THESE NAMES DATES FOR USE IN BLEED STUFF


  • USI - CDL attaquée par les fascistes

Mort d’OLIVIERI.

1921

février

Livorno

  • Escadrons d’Action Antifasciste

Mouvements de résistances unitaires, avec anarchistes et anarcho-syndicalistes.

1921

15/03 MARCH 15

 

  • Grève de la faim

De MALTESTA, Armando Borghi… au total environ 9 anarchistes incarcérés font la grève.

1921

17/03 MARCH 17

Milano

  • Réunion USI et UAI contre la vie chère

Présence de R. VELLA pour les anarchistes.

1921

21/03 MARCH 21

Milano

  • Explosion d’un pylône électrique.

AGUGINI et BOLDRINI.

1921

23/03 MARCH 23

Milano

  • Théâtre Diana
  • Umanità nova
  • Attentat anarchiste AGUGINI, MARIANI et BOLDRINI: vingtaine de morts et cinquantaine de blessés.

    è immédiates attaques fascistes contre Avanti !, USI et Umanità nova. Le quotidien anarchiste est détruit.

    è plus de 400 arrestations.

    è procès en mai 1922.

    è succès électoral fasciste en mai 1922 sans doute lié à l’attentat.

    1921

    Mars

    Termo d’Arcola

  • Dante CARNESECCHI (1892-1921)
  • Né à Vezzano Ligure (SP), militant connu dans la région de La Spezia. Assassiné dans un guet-apens mené par des carabiniers.

    1921

    Mars

    ITALIE

  • USI Actions directes
  • Lancement de grèves générales, économiques et en soutien aux détenus.

    1921

    Fin mars

    ITALIE

  • MALATESTA puis Luigi FABBRI
  • Condamnation de l’attentat du Diana.

    1921

    07/04

    Mantova

  • Arrestation de MARIANI
  • Sans doute dénoncé par un autre anarchiste PIETROPAOLO ?

    1921

    20/04

    Pistoia

  • L’Icnoclasta
  • Détruit par les fascistes.

    1921

    Avril

    Genova

  • USI - CdL attaquée par les fascistes.
  •  

    1921

    05/05

    Pisa

  • L’Avvenire anarchico
  • Siège incendié par les fascistes.

    1921

    14/05

    Roma

  • Umanità Nova
  • Reprise du journal.

    1921

    Mai

    Ancona

  • Luigi FABBRI
  • Dittatura e rivoluzione, sur l’expérience bolchevique.

    1921

    Mai

    La Spezia

  • USI – CdL à nouveau attaquée par les fascistes.
  • Destruction du siège.

    1921

    Mai

    Piacenza

  • USI Conseil général
  • Solidarité avec la Révolution russe mais méfiance vis-à-vis de l’évolution autoritaire.

    1921

    Mai

    ITALIE

  • DI VITTORIO et A. FAGGI
  • Les deux sont élus députés : problème posé aux anarcho-syndicalistes de l’Union. Nombreuses polémiques.

    1921

    25/06

    Toscana

  • Banda del Zoppo
  • Assassinat de l’ingénieur Mario FILIPPI.

    1921

    27/06

    ITALIE

  • Arditi del Popolo
  • Fondation officielle du mouvement. Le journal L’ardito del popolo sort de SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER 1921 à octobre 1922. Appuis de nombreux anarchistes.

    1921

    Juin

    Carrara

  • Affrontements anti-squadristi
  •  

    1921

    21/07

    Imola

  • Vincenzo ZANELLI
  • Il résiste et tue un fasciste.

    1921

    23/07

    ITALIE

  • UAI
  • Dénonciation auprès du PCUS et de l’IC des persécutions antianarchistes.

    1921

    Juillet

    ITALIE

  • Luigi FABBRI
  • Dittatura e rivoluzione, 1° grand ouvrage polémique sur le bolchevisme.

    1921

    Juillet

    Piombino

  • Belle résistance antifasciste
  • Rôle UAI, USI et Arditi qui contre-attaquent.

    1921

    Luglio

    Sarzana

     

    Insurrection populaire antifasciste. Environ 20 morts parmi les Chemises noires !

    50 anarchistes passent en procès en JANVIER / JANUARY 1922.

    1921

    Fin juillet

    Milano

  • Procès contre Malatesta (après 9 mois de détention) et autres
  • Acquittement.

    1921

    03/09

    Piombino

  • Giuseppe MORELLI
  • Tué par les fascistes ?

    1921

    18/10

    Carrara

     

    Grève générale en soutien à Alberto MESCHI.

    1921

    Octobre

    ITALIE

  • Début Campagne pro-SACCO & VANZETTI
  •  

    1921

    Octobre

    ITALIE

  • UAI Lettre au PCUS et à l’IC
  • Pour les anarchistes russes. Une protestation de l’UAI.

    1921

    Octobre

    ITALIE

  • USI
  • Armando Borghi
  • Démission du secrétariat de l’USI.

    1921

    02-04/11

    Ancona

  • UAI
  • 3° Congrès. 120 délégués.

    Désormais dissociation totale entre révolution russe et gouvernement bolchevique.

    1921

    1922

    Livorno

  • Comité de Défense Prolétaire
  • Mouvement unitaire avec UA et USI…

    Belle résistance populaire antifasciste. Plusieurs morts au combat dont les USI Filippo FILIPPETTI et Gisberti CATARSI.

    1921

    Empoli

  • Affrontements anti-squadristi
  • 9 morts, 10 blessés.

    1921

    ITALIE

  • Elena MELLI et Malatesta
  • Union libre.

    1922

    19/01

    Massa Carrara

  • Procès
  • Environ 50 anarchistes condamnés au bagne ou au confino.

    1922

    23/01

    Arcola ?

  • Fioravante Paolo RASPOLINI (1885-1922)
  • Anarchiste né à Arcola torturé et tué par les fascistes. Père de Doro RASPOLINI lui aussi torturé et tué par les fascistes en 1931.

    1922

    Février

    ITALIE

  • Luigi FABBRI dans Umanità nova
  • La rivoluzione russa e gli anarchici.

    1922

    Février

    ITALIE

  • Alleanza del Lavoro
  • Vrai lancement de ce regroupement unitaire antifasciste : CGL, USI, Fédération des Ports, Cheminots autonomes, UIL…

    1922

    10-13/03 MARCH 10

    Roma

  • 4° Congrès USI
  • 4° Congrès national : adoption AIT et non ISR.

    Refus unification avec CGdL : 60 contre 16.

    46 CdL représentées.

    è quelques départs de communistes.

    1922

    25/04

    Piombino

  • Arditi et anarchistes
  • Résistance victorieuse contre le 2° assaut fasciste.

    1922

    Avril

    La Spezia

    ITALIE

  • MALATESTA
  • Herman SANDOMIRSKI
  • Débat sur la révolution russe.

    1922

    18/05

    Genova

  • Pasquale BINAZZI
  • Contacte le ministre de l’intérieur soviétique pour aider les anarchistes emprisonnés en Russie.

    1922

    21/05

    Piombino

  • Landi LANDINO
  • Tué par les fascistes ?

    1922

    Mai

    Carrara

  • USI – siège attaqué par les fascistes
  • Durs combats et belle résistance.

    1922

    Mai

    Milano

  • Procès pour les faits du Diana
  • 20 inculpés. 13 mois d’instruction

    MARIANI et BOLDRINI au bagne à perpétuité et 9 et 8 ans de secret. MARIANI à l’île de San Stefano, BOLDRONI a Porto Longone.

    6 autres prennent entre 10 et 20 ans…

    1922

    Juin

    Piombino

  • Succès fasciste lors de cette 3° offensive
  •  

    1922

    26/07

    Ravenna

  • Grève générale provinciale lancée par Alleanza del Lavoro
  • Durs affrontements avec les fascistes : 6 morts.

    è par représailles les fascistes investissent Ravenne et la province de Romagne.

    1922

    Juillet

    Berlin

    ALLEMAGNE

  • 1° Conférence internationale AIT
  • Pour l’USI ; NEGRO, BONAZZI, Armando Borghi.

    1922

    12/08

     

  • MALATESTA
  • Dans Umanità nova il compare bolchevisme et fascisme In regime di dittatura " proletaria ".

    1922

    Août

    Bologna

  • USI – CDL incendiée par les fascistes
  •  

    1922

    agosto

    Parma

  • Insurrection populaire
  • Insurrection populaire antifasciste victorieuse après 5 jours de combats. Forte participation anarchiste, notamment dans le secteur Naviglio avec Antonio CIERI (1898-1937).

    1922

    Août

    ITALIE

  • Alleanza del Lavoro
  • Ce cartel (USI, CDL, UIL…) tente de lancer une grève générale : mais la volonté de résistance est bien trop tardive.

    1922

    28/10

    La Spezia

  • Il Libertario
  • Destruction de la typographie et des presses des éditions de Il Libertario de Pasquale BINAZZI.

    1922

    18/12

    Torino

  • Combats contre les fascistes
  • Pietro FERRERO (1892-1922)
  • Nombreux tués : 11. Mort du syndicaliste Pietro FERRERO (secrétaire syndicat de la métallurgie turinoise) durement frappé.

    1922

    Décembre

    Roma

  • Umanità nova
  • Journal suspendu.

    1922

    Décembre

    1923

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    Berlin

    ALLEMAGNE

  • AIT
  • Fondation de l’Internationale.

    Pour USI : Armando Borghi et GIOVANNETTI.

    1923

    Février

    Clivio

  • Scuola razionalista
  • école de type FERRER fermée par les fascistes.

    1923

    06/04

    San Piero Patti (ME)

  • Antonino PUGLISI
  • Il tente de s’opposer aux fascistes, en blesse un à coup de couteau

    è condamné à 7 mois et 10 jours pour homicide manqué en 1924.

    1923

    21/04

    FRANCE

  • La difesa per SACCO & VANZETTI
  • Raffaele SCHIAVINA
  • 1° feuille anarchiste italienne en France.

    1923

    09/05

    FRANCE

  • La Voce del profugho
  • Alberto MESCHI
  • Journal jusqu’en JANVIER / JANUARY 1924

    1923

    29/07

    Detroit

    éU

  • Réunion champêtre anarchiste
  • Commémoration de Gaetano BRESCI. Rôle important à Detroit de Attilio BORTOLOTTI dans le groupe I refrattari et d’Umberto MARTIGNANO.

    1923

    SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

    Roma

  • Fede
  • Journal antifasciste dirigé par Gigi DAMIANI jusqu’en 1926.

    1923

    SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Comitato dell’USI nell’emigrazione.
  • Fondé surtout par Armando Borghi.

    è sections surtout à Marseille, Lyon, Nice…

    1923

    SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Mario CASTAGNA
  • Tue un fasciste.

    1923

    24/11

    New York

    éU

  • Bombe sur le Consulat italien
  • Bâtiment détruit.

    1923

    Fin

    éU

  • Répression anti-anarchiste
  • Carlo Tresca
  • Carlo Tresca arrêté, multiples séquestrations du Il Martello.

    1923

    Parma ?

  • Alberto PUZZARINI 1902-1923
  • Le bras droit de CIERI dans la résistance de Parme est assassiné par les fascistes.

    1924

    01/01

    Roma

  • Pensiero e volontà
  • N°1 du journal lancé par Malatesta, FABBRI, BERNERI… jusqu’en octobre 1926.

    1924

    20/02 FEBRUARY 20

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Ernesto BONOMINI
  • Tue le fasciste Nicola BONSERVIZI ; Ernesto prend 8 ans de prison.

    1924

    Avril

    Milano

  • USI Rencontre nationale
  •  

    1924

    Mai

    FRANCE

  • OEIA = Opera d’Edizioni Internazionale Anarchice
  • Virgilio GOZZOLI, Ugo FEDELI, DURRUTI…

    1924

    21/08

    FRANCE

  • Proposition " garibaldienne " de lutte armée
  • Participation mitigée anarchiste.

    è création d’un Comitato Anarchico pour faire pression.

    1924

    Août

     

  • Giuseppe BISCARO
  • Amnistié pour les faits du Diana et libéré. Meurt en 1968.

    1924

    26-27/10

    Levallois-Perret

    FRANCE

  • Congrès des libertaires réfugiés en France
  • Organe Alleanza libertaria
  • 23 groupes représentés.

    Très rapides divisions et scissions.

    1924

    octobre

    ITALIE

  • USI
  • Rassegna sindacale (oct.1924-juin 1925)
  • Rassegna sindacale remplace partiellement Guerra di classe dont le dernier numéro date du 18/11/1923.

    1925

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    ITALIE

  • USI
  • Répression et dissolution.

    è clandestinité et exil, surtout en France.

    1925

    Mars

    Roma

  • Vita libertaria
  • Dirigé par Gigi DAMIANI jusqu’en juillet 1925.

    1925

    01/05

    ITALIE

  • UAI
  • Il grido dellà Libertà
  • L’UAI publie un numéro unique avec un Appel aux travailleurs italiens.

    1925

    Avril

    Ligurie

  • USI clandestine
  • Rencontre des métallurgistes ligures.

    1925

    Avril

    Pouilles

  • USI clandestine
  • Rencontre syndicaliste ouverte.

    1925

    28-29/06

    Genova

  • USI dernier congrès national
  • Réunion clandestine d’environ 40 personnes : 10 provinces représentées et 3 syndicats nationaux. Dernière rencontre sous le fascisme.

    USI conserve l’autonomie face à la CGdL, malgré les grands leaders anarchistes et les libertaires de la CGdL qui souhaitent l’unité.

    1925

    Juillet

    FRANCE

  • La Tempra
  • Regroupement unitaire des 3 revues de FEDELI, GOZZOLI, RASI.

    1925

    été

    Île d’Elbe

  • USI Réunion
  • échec de la tentative de reconstitution de l’USI.

    1925

    05-06/09

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre générale des exilés USI
  • Rôle organisateur de Armando Borghi.

    40 délégués, 16 organisations réfugiées. L’AIT est représentée par Alexandre SHAPIRO.

    è le Comité USI et Guerra di classe restent en France.

    1925

    Espagne

  • CNT
  • Armando Borghi délégué AIT auprès de la CNT pendant une semaine.

    1925

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Armando Borghi
  • L’Italia fra due CRISPI.

    1926

    Janvier ?

     

  • UAI
  • Congrès clandestin.

    1926

    Février

     

  • Luigi FABBRI
  • Refuse le serment de fidélité, un des 2 seuls refus italiens !

    è licencié

    1926

    07/04

     

  • Violete GIBSON
  • Blesse au nez MUSSOLINI.

    1926

    09/04

    Greco

    Brescia ?

  • Umberto MINCIGRUCCI (1881-1926)
  • Mort d’un résistant anarchiste au fascisme. Funérailles militantes à Brescia, suivies d’arrestations

    1926

    Avril

     

  • Camillo BERNERI
  • Exil.

    1926

    11/09

    Roma

  • Gino LUCETTI
  • Leandro SORIO et Stefano VATTERONI
  • Tentative de bombe contre MUSSOLINI : 30 ans au bagne de Ventotenne, 20 ans pour les deux autres..

    1926

    31/10

    Bologna

  • Anteo ZAMBONI (1911-1926)
  • Attentat au revolver contre MUSSOLINi qui est blessé. Anteo est lynché. Son père et sa tante récoltent 30 ans de réclusion.

    1926

    Octobre

    éU

  • Armando Borghi
  • Arrivée aux éU, voyage payé par les IWW.

    1926

    08/11

    Roma

  • Tribunal Spécial fasciste
  • établissement d’une dictature totalitaire

    Multiplication des arrestations et procès.

    1926

    automne

     

  • Luigi FABBRI
  • Exil.

    1926

    09/11

    Milano

  • Ettore MOLINARI (1867-1926)
  • Mort de ce docteur en chimie, célèbre dans les milieux individualistes au tournant du siècle.

    1926

     

  • Comitato Nazionale di Difesa Anarchica
  • Le CNDA est dissout.

    1926

    Roma

  • Luce FABBRI
  • études de philosophie

    Thèse sur RECLUS.

    1927

    09/04

    éU

  • SACCO & VANZETTI
  • Condamnés à mort.

    1927

    Avril

    Bourg-la-Reine

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre anarchiste internationale
  • Luigi FABBRI, Camillo Berneri et Ugo FEDELI y représentent Pensiero e Volontà.

    1927

    Juin

    Roma

  • Procès de Gino LUCETTI
  • 30 ans.

    1927

    Juin

     

  • Luigi Galleani
  • Nouvelle arrestation : des îles Lipari à Caprigliola.

    1927

    Juillet

    Lipari

  • Giovanni DOMASCHI
  • Fuite du confino, mais rapide arrestation.

    Il est condamné en 1928 à 15 ans de réclusion.

    1927

    15/08

    Ustica

  • Spartaco STAGNETTI (1880-1927)
  • Mort au confino.

    1927

    23/08

    éU

  • SACCO & VANZETTI
  • Exécutions.

    1927

    Août

    New York

    éU

  • Armando Borghi
  • Gli anarchici e le alleanze.

    Aux éU BORGHI est une première fois arrêté en 1927.

    1927

    août

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Lotta umana
  • Journal d’exil du groupe Pensiero e Volontà, de Luigi FABBRI et Camillo Berneri jusqu’en 1929.

    1927

    Fin

    URSS

  • Alfonso PETRINI
  • Arrêté, il rejoint en prison à Moscou Francesco GHEZZI.

    1927

     

  • Theatralia
  • Journal dirigé par Silvio BISCARO, amnistié pour les faits du Diana en 1925. Journal interdit en fin de l’année.

    1927

    ou 1928

    Liège

    BELGIQUE

  • 3° Congrès international AIT
  • Présence de l’USI.

    1928

    SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

     

  • Procès autour d’Anteo ZAMBONI
  • Père et tante condamnés à 30 ans !

    1928

    12/10

    Detroit

    éU

  • Manifestation antifasciste
  • Rôle essentiel des anarchistes italiens, dont Guglielmo BOATTINI. Suite aux échauffourées meurt Antonio BARRA (le 14/10/1928).

    1928

    octobre

    Viareggio

  • Pasquale BULZAMINI
  • Actions antifascistes et mort de BULZAMINI.

    1928

    novembre

    FRANCE

  • Angelo BARTOLOMEI
  • Tue le vice-consul Cesare CAVARADOSSI. Angelo est arrêté en Belgique en JANVIER / JANUARY 1929

    1928

    Cecina

  • Gli scarponi
  • Fermeture de ce groupe antifasciste sous couvert d’association sportive qui compte une 15 de membres : projets insurrectionnels menés par l’ancien ardito Arnoldo MENICAGLI.

    1928

    Messina

  • Giovanni DOMASCHI
  • Nouvelle tentative de fuite : 18 ans de réclusion, 5 ans de confino.

    1928

    Berlin

    ALLEMAGNE

  • Rencontre européenne de l’USI
  •  

    1928

    Saint-Raphaël

    FRANCE

     

    Attentat contre le consul DI MAURO.

    1928

    Varese

  • Eugenio MACCHI
  • Exécution d’un employé fiscal.

    1928

    éU

  • Raffaele SCHIAVINA dit Max SARTIN
  • L’Adunata dei Refrattari
  • émigration clandestine aux éU.

    Dirige le journal de 1928 jusqu’en 1972.

    1929

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Luce FABBRI
  • Exil – rejoint ses parents en France.

    1929

    Mars

    Aghero

  • Ettore AGUGGINI (1902-1929)
  • Meurt de faim et de souffrances au pénitencier d’Aghero où il purge sa longue condamnation suite à l’affaire du Diana de 1921.

    1929

    12/05

    Moscou

    URSS

  • Francesco GHEZZI
  • Arrestation, avec une dizaine d’autres anarchistes italiens.

    è campagne internationale de solidarité Romain ROLLAND, Georges DUHAMEL, Paul LANGEVIN…

    1929

    mai

    Montevideo

    URUGUAY

  • Luigi et Luce FABBRI
  • Exil en Uruguay.

    1929

    01/08

    Biasco

    SUISSE

  • Tribù VELLA
  • Vogliamo ! (1929-1931)
  • La famille anarchiste VELLA réfugiée en Suisse publie ce journal pour contrer les influences fascistes dans le Tessin notamment.

    1929

    23/08

    Luxembourg

    LUXEMBOURG

  • Exilés anarchistes italiens ?
  • Attentat contre le consul fasciste DI MAURO.

    1929

    août

    Sicile

  • Paolo SCHICCHI
  • Tentative de débarquement antifasciste en Sicile : condamné à 10 ans.

    Programme insurrectionnel proposé aux siciliens.

    1929

    sept

    Saarbrucken

    ALLEMAGNE

  • Enrico MANZOLI
  • Tue un fasciste lors d’un combat de rue. Au procès de Saarbrucken du 03/07/1930 il récolte 6 ans de prison.

    1929

    15/11

    Chicago

    éU

  • Virgilia D’ANDREA
  • Plus de 500 personnes assistent à son meeting. En 1929 elle a rejoint BORGHI et fait une grande tournée de propagande.

    1929

    Décembre

    FRANCE

    BELGIQUE

  • Camillo Berneri arrêté
  • Affaire trouble, sans doute dénoncé par MENAPACE.

    è février 1930 Procès de Bruxelles : 5 mois

    è juin 1930 Procès de Paris : amende.

    1929

    FRANCE

  • Lotta Anarchica
  • Passages de matériels de propagande en Italie.

    1929

    Milano

    Verona

  • Procès
  • Procès contre 8 militants anarchistes dont le suisse Giuseppe PERETTI pour reconstitution de groupes anarchistes.

    1930

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    BELGIQUE

  • Camillo BERNERI
  • Expulsé et condamné à 1 an de prison en France.

    1930

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    Nice

    FRANCE

  • Vittorio DIANA
  • Tue un fasciste.

    1930

    Mai

    Luxembourg

    LUXEMBOURG

  • Gino D’ASCANIO
  • L’anarchiste exilé tire sur un employé du consulat italien qui refuse de l’aider.

    1930

    30/06

    Roma

  • Saverio MERLINO (1856-1930)
  • Mort de l’éternel libertaire, sinon anarchiste. En fin de sa vie, il renoue avec les anarchistes.

    1930

    Août

    Palerme

  • Paolo SCHICCHI arrêté
  • Condamné à 10 ans.

    1930

    07/10

    Villasanta

    Milano

  • Giovanni COVOLCOLI
  • Tirs contre bâtiments de Villasanta.

    1930

    Octobre

    Torino

  • Comité de Coordination des Anarchiste
  • Settimo GUERRIERI
  • Gruppi Barriera di NIzza & Barriera di Milano
  • Comité d’environ 120 membres animé par GUERRIERI découvert par la police

    2 groupes anarchistes actifs .

    1930

    Novembre

    Décembre

    Torino

  • Grèves et manifestations
  • Présence anarchiste.

    1930

    Montevideo

    URUGUAY

  • Studi sociali
  • Journal international de la famille FABBRI, avec ugo FEDELI..

    1930

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • UCAPI
  • Lotta anarchica
  • Union Communiste Anarchiste des Réfugiés Italiens.

    1931

    01/01

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre internationale antifasciste anarchiste
  • Convegno regionale UCAPI
  • Regroupement des groupes anarchistes de langue italienne.

    è sortie de Lotta anarchica.

    1931

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    Alexandria

  • Amleto ASTOLFI
  • Fuite de la prison pour cet ancien du procès du Diana de 1922. Rôle important dans l’exil français.

    1931

    Février

    Torino

  • Répression
  • Multiples arrestations, 12 condamnations dont Settimo GUERRIERI : Ponza.

    1931

    Mars

    Livorno

    Torino

    Parma

  • Anniversaire de la Commune
  • Célébré par une Federazione Giovanile Anarchica ?

    1931

    avril

    La Spezia

  • Doro RASPOLINI (1907-1931)
  • Tirs contre l’industriel fasciste DE BIASI. Doro, torturé, meurt à la prison de Sarzana le 24/08/1931. Il connaît la même fin que son père Fioravante en 1922.

    1931

    29/05

    Forte Braschi

  • Michel SCHIRRU (1899-1931)
  • Fusillé pour attentat manqué contre MUSSOLINI, en application du Tribunal spécial créé en novembre 1926.

    1931

    Juin

    Genova

  • Tracts anarchistes dans le port.
  •  

    1931

    Torino

  • Complot anarchiste ?
  • 12 arrestations dont celle de Cesare SOBRITO.

    1931

    Août

    Sestri Ponente

  • Groupe anarchiste
  • Actions menées par les frères STANCHI.

    1931

    04/11

    Caprigliola

    Vers Aulla

  • Luigi Galleani (1861-1931)
  • Mort en résidence surveillée vers La Spezia.

    1931

    ESPAGNE

  • Comité de Solidarité avec les Anarchistes Italiens
  • Créé par Pietro BRUZZI, installé en Espagne depuis 1931.

    1931

    Ponza

  • FAI
  • Au confino de Ponza, création de la FAI avec Bruno MISEFARI, Alfonso FAILLA, Vincenzo CAPUANA.

    1932

    04/06

    Roma

  • Angelo SBARDELLOTTO
  • Arrêté pour attentat manqué contre MUSSOLINI.

    1932

    17/06

    Près de Roma

  • Angelo SBARDELLOTTO (1907-1932)
  • Fusillé en application du Tribunal spécial.

    1932

    22/06

    Roma

  • MALATESTA (1854-1932)
  • Mort à 78 ans de cet exceptionnel militant et théoricien de l’anarchisme international.

    Un tract est diffusé en son honneur à Roma.

    1932

    Octobre

    Puteaux

    FRANCE

  • Umanità nova
  • N°1 dans l’exil français. Dure jusqu’en janvier 1933 et végète avec quelques autres numéros. Camillo Berneri et Antonio CIERI.

    1932

    Novembre

    Val Polcevera

    Vers Genova

  • Alleanza Anarchica
  • Silvio BATTISTINI & Attilia PIZZORNO
  • Groupe anarchiste encore actif ? fortement réprimé

    Arrestations.

    1932

    Fossombre

  • Manifestation antifasciste dans la prison
  • Présence importante des anarchistes, notamment de Giovanni DOMASCHI.

    1932

     

  • Silvio BISCARO
  • Cet ancien du Diana continue ses activités antifascistes et subi 3 mois d’arrestations.

    1933

    31/03 MARCH 31

    URUGUAY

  • Coup d’état de TERRA : dictature è déportation d’anarchistes italiens
  • Dont Ugo FEDELI remis aux autorités fascistes.

    1933

    23/04

    Ancona

  • Cesare AGOSTINELLI (1854-1932)
  • Mort d’un proche de Malatesta.

    1933

    11/05

    New York

    éU

  • Virgilia D’ANDREA (1888-1933)
  • Mort de la " poétesse de l’anarchie ", compagne de Armando Borghi.

    1933

    été ?

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Gruppo anarchico d’Intesa della Regione Parigiana - GAIRP
  •  

    1933

    05/09

    Porto Ceresio

  • Carlo RESTELLI (1880-1933)
  • Mort en tentant de passer la frontière. Ancien responsable de l’école moderne de Clivio, et inculpé dans l’affaire du Diana.

    1933

    Octobre

    Bordeaux

    FRANCE

  • Congrès de la LIDU
  • Présence des anarchistes italiens, notamment de 2 frères VELLA dont Randolfo.

    1933

    11-12/11

    Puteaux

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre organisée par le GAIRP
  • Lotte sociali
  • FAPI
  • è Création de la Federazione Anarchica dei Profughi Italiani.

    è à Paris sort son organe : Lotte sociali.

    1933

    Livorno

  • Anarchistes et communistes
  • Bombes contre sièges des Fascistes et de la Milice

    1933

    Piacenza

  • Giovanni DOMASCHI
  • 3° tentative de fuite de la prison : envoyé au confino dans les îles et dans le camp de concentration de Renicci.

    1933

    éU

  • Armando Borghi
  • Errico Malatesta in 60 anni de lotte anarchiche.

    1933

    FRANCE

  • Comité Anarchiste pour les victimes politiques
  • BERNERI, TOMMASINI, ASTOLFI…

    1934

    14/04

    Barcelone

  • Bruno ALPINI (1902-1934)
  • La police assassine l’anarchiste Bruno ALPINI, ami de Durruti et expropriateur.

    1934

    Avril ?

    Barcelone ESPAGNE

  • " El Cèntim "
  • Cet ouvrier cénétiste, pour venger la mort d’ALPINI, tire sur le Comisario General de Orden Público, mais est tué par les gardes.

    1934

    30/12

    Chambéry

    FRANCE

  • Convegno degli Anarchici Italiani
  •  

    1934

    Gela

  • Groupe anarchiste
  • Un groupe est encore actif dans cette localité.

    1934

    Ustica

    Puis Ventotene et Tremiti

  • Confinati anarchistes - MESSINESE
  • Refus de prêter le serment.

    1934

    URSS

  • Francesco GHEZZI
  • Alfonso PETRINI
  • Nouvelle arrestation avec l’anarchiste Otello GAGGI.

    Expulsé et remis aux fascistes !

    1935

    22/06

    Montevideo URUGUAY

  • Luigi FABBRI (1877-1935)
  • Mort de ce proche compagnon de Malatesta, grand théoricien et historien. Sa fille Luce continue le combat et la revue Studi sociali.

    1935

    01-02/11

    Sartrouville

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre des anarchistes italiens émigrés en Europe = " Convegno d’intesa degli anarchici italiani emigrati in Europa (Francia, Belgia, Svizzera) "
  • Rôle essentiel de Berneri, Umberto MARZOCCHI et Umberto CONSIGLIO. Environ 50 personnes.

    è création d’un CAAR.

    1936

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    ESPAGNE

  • Pietro BRUZZI
  • Extradé en Italie, 5 ans à Ponza jusqu’en juin 1939.

    1936

    Avril

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • UAI è FAI
  • Organes : Il momento et Il Bolletino d’informazioni dell’ UAI
  • Tentative de reconstitution sous un autre nom, rôle de Giulio BACCONI depuis Marseille.

    1936

    Avril

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Italia libera
  • Journal lancé par BERNERI, notamment pour condamner l’action éthiopienne.

    1936

    Juillet

    Paris

    FRANCE

  • Comitato Anarchico Pro Spagna
  •  

    1936

    21/07

    ESPAGNE

  • Volontaires italiens
  • 1ers italiens anarchistes en Espagne ?

    1936

    29/07

    Barcelona

    ESPAGNE

  • Camillo BERNERI
  • Participation au CR de la CNT de Catalogne.

    1936

    18/08

    ESPAGNE

  • Volontaires italiens
  • Nombreux départs pour le front espagnol.

    Les anarchistes italiens perdent environ 60 militants dans les combats espagnols.

    1936

    28/08

    Aragon

    ESPAGNE

  • Colonne italienne
  • Morts de Michel CENTRONE, Vincenzo PERRONE et Fosco FALASCHI.

    1936

    SEPTEMBRE / SEPTEMBER

    Aragon

    ESPAGNE

  • Colonne italienne
  • Morts de Vincenzo PERRONE et Bruno GUALANDI.

    1936

    09/10

    Barcelona

    ESPAGNE

  • Guerra di classe
  • N°1 du journal lancé par Camillo Berneri.

    30 numéros jusqu’en 30/11/1937.

    1936

    novembre

    Almudevar ESPAGNE

  • Bataille meurtrière
  • 6 anarchistes sont tués.

    1936

    Décembre

    ESPAGNE

  • Colonne italienne
  • Désormais dirigée par Giuseppe BIFOLCHI

    1936

    London

    RU

  • Vernon RICHARDS
  • Camillo BERNERI
  • Fondation de Italia libera – Free Italy

    1937

    Février

    ESPAGNE

  • Armando Borghi
  • Patrizio COMUNARDO
  • Dispose d’un laissez-passer de Diego Abad de Santillan. Son fils Patrizio, membre des Brigades Internationales, lui déconseille le voyage.

    1937

    08/04

    Front d’Huesca ESPAGNE

  • Antonio CIERI (1898-1937)
  • Mort sur le front de Huesca de l’ancien leader des arditi de Parme en 1922.

    1937

    Avril

    ESPAGNE

  • Dissolution de la Colonna Italiana
  •  

    1937

    Avril

    ESPAGNE

  • Camillo BERNERI
  • Lettera aperta a la camarada Federica MONTSENY.

    1937

    05-06 mai

    Barcelona ESPAGNE

  • Camillo Berneri (1897-1937)
  • Francesco Francesco Barbieri (1895-1937)
  • Enrico ZAMBONI
  • Mort de Camillo Berneri et de Francesco Barbieri, assassinés par des staliniens.

    Blessé par les staliniens.

    1937

    Torino

    Milano

  • Conspiration anarchiste ?
  • Arrestations de plus de 20 anarchistes dont Antonio GARINO et les frères BARONI.

    1937

    Décembre

    Marseille

    FRANCE

  • Congrès National des anarchistes italiens résidents à l’extérieur
  • FAI è UAI
  • Il momento
  • Bolletino d’Informazione
  • Reconstitution de l’UAI

     

     

    Journal animé par Leonida MASTRODICASA

    Bulletin animé par Giuli BACCONI.

    1937

    URSS

  • Francesco GHEZZI
  • Otello GAGGI
  • Arrêté dans les " purges " staliniennes.

    Arrêté en 1936, il disparaît en 1937 dans les camps.

    1937

     

  • Paolo SCHICCHI assigné à résidence
  • Il sort du confino en 1942 et rejoint le mouvement anarchiste.

    1938

    25/09

    Lyon

    FRANCE

  • Rencontre européenne anarchiste.
  •  

    1938

    Novembre

    Espagne

  • Colonie pour orphelins
  • Fondée par Enrico ZAMBONI.

    1938

    Torino

    Trieste

    Livorno

    Roma

    Genova

  • Groupes anarchistes attestés
  •  

    1939

    JANVIER / JANUARY

    Pittsburg

    éU

  • Rencontre anarchiste
  • Préparation de la rencontre de Philadelphia.

    1939

    Avril

    Philadelphia

    éU

  • Rencontre anarchiste
  • Organe : L’intesa anarchica
  • Ce sont surtout des italiens.

    L’intesa remplace temporairement Il martello.

    1939

    Juin

    Rennes

    FRANCE

  • Amleto ASTOLFI
  • Arrêté et 6 mois de prison à Rennes.

    1939

    14/09

    Tunis

    TUNISIE

  • Nicoló CONVERTI (1855-1939)
  • Mort de cet écrivain exilé.

    1939

    09/12

    Spineda

  • Giuseppe BARBIANI (1852-1939)
  • Mort de cet ancien anarchiste, assé au socialisme, éternel enfermé (18 condamnations)

    1939

    Décembre

    Vernet d’Ariège

  • Amleto ASTOLFI
  • Nouvelle arrestation et interné avec 379 italiens au camp ariégeois, puis transféré à Menton en novembre 1941, puis au confino de Ventotene en février 1942.

    1940

    Août

     

  • Mario MANTOVANI
  • Contrôlé pour action clandestine.

    1940

    Novembre

    New York ?

    éU

  • Armando Borghi
  • 2° arrestation aux éUè Ellis Island.

    1940

     

  • Enrico ZAMBONI
  • Incarcéré en France à Argelès en 1939, il passe un an en hôpital. En 1940 il est livré par les nazis à l’Italie : 5 ans de prison.

    1941

     

  • Antonio & Alberto MORONI
  • Arrestations pour provocations antifascistes.

    1941

    Vorkhuta ?

    URSS

  • Francesco GHEZZI
  • Disparaît dans les camps ? Il a été arrêté en 1935.

    1942

    Juin

    Genova

    Sestri Ponente

  • FCL Ligure
  • Réunion anarchiste clandestine, grâce à Emilio GRASSANI.

    1942

    Printemps

    Carrara

  • Premiers combats de résistants anarchistes.
  •  

    1942

    28/08

    Messina

  • Antonino PUGLISI (1897-1942)
  • Mort de ce résistant sicilien antifasciste dans un hôpital psychiatrique où il est interné par les fascistes depuis 1929.

    1942

    Octobre

    Cosenza

  • Comitato Provinciale del Fronte Unico Nazionale per la Libertà
  • Forte imprégnation anarchiste.

    1942

    Novembre

    Vers Adria

  • Eolo BOCCATO
  • Arrêté pour graffitis antifascistes.

    1942

    Fin

    Ventotenne

  • Réunion anarchiste clandestine dans le camp.
  •  

    1942

    Firenze

  • Rencontre interrégionale anarchiste
  • Rôle important de Pasquale BINAZZI.

    1942

    ITALIE

  • FAI
  • La FAI est quasiment reconstituée.

    1943

    11/01

    New York

    éU

  • Carlo Tresca (1879-1943)
  • Assassiné.

    1943

    26/04

    Bologna

  • Romeo MINGOZZI (1853-1943)
  • Mort de cet anarchiste jusqu’en 1891, plus modéré ensuite.

    1943

    Avril

    ITALIE

  • Pasquale BINAZZI
  • Nombreuses rencontres en Lombardie, émilie, Ligurie, Latium… Financement en partie par Augusto BOCCONE .

    1943

    16/05

    Firenze

  • Rencontre anarchiste d’Italie centrale
  • Projet de FCAI
  • Début de la FCAI chez Augusto BOCCONE : environ 10 localités représentées.

    1943

    02/07

    Firenze

  • 2° Rencontre pour la FCAI
  •  

    1943

    29/07

    Pisa

  • Foresto PALANDRI
  • Fusillé.

    1943

    Août

    Bologna

  • PCL
  • Création d’un étonnant Parti Communiste Libertaire, pour le front unique prolétarien.

    1943

    05/09

    Firenze

  • 3 ° rencontre anarchiste FCAI
  • Vraie fondation de la FCAI. 8 localités représentées.

    Décision de reprise de UN.

    1943

    Fin août -début sept

    Renicci d’Anghiari

  • Détenus anarchistes transférés (23/08/43) depuis Ventotene surtout.
  • Quelques s’échappent avant la libération, dont Armando MALAGUTI qui rejoint aussitôt les partisans.

    1943

    08/09

    Renicci d’Anghiari

  • Détenus anarchistes
  • Les anarchistes sont enfin libérés des camps, notamment celui de Renicci vers Arezzo. Il s’agit quasiment d’une autolibération.

    1943

    10/09

    Firenze

  • UN - Umanità Nova
  • Journal relancé jusqu’au 20/05/1945.

    1943

    15/09

    Porto d’Ischia

  • Gino LUCETTI (1900-1943)
  • Mort juste après sa libération (après 17 ans !)

    1943

    Sept.

    Bologna

  • SAP du Bolognese
  • Rôle important de l’anarchiste Attilio DIOLAITI.

    ENLACES LIBERTARIOS


    Paginas en Castellano:

    70 Veces 7

    ANTI-FASCISTA

    ACCION ANTIFASCISTA. Dirección de correo electronico para ponerse en contacto con nosotr@s.

    Amor y Rabia (Mexico)

    Anarquia no es Kaos

    ARCHIPIELAGO

    BOLETIN SOBRE LA PAZ MUNDIAL (...Y LOS ABUSOS DE EEUU)

    Cartelera libertaria

    CGT (Confederación General del Trabajo es otro sindicato, formado tras una escisión de CNT en 1979.
    CNT (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo)

    Colectivo Feminista RUDA

    Comisión de Solidaridad del Picarral.
    CULTURA PARA TODxS: mas de 2000 libros electronicos gratuitos.
    El Acratador: información de luchas y movidas de la gente que se enfrenta al Estado y de la represión que se ejerce sobre ell@s. (EN CASTELLANO)

    Ecocomunidad del Sur & Red de Ecologia Social de Uruguay (1)
    Ecocomunidad del Sur & Red de Ecologia Social de Uruguay (2)

    El Anarquismo en la Historia de Cuba; por C. Estefania

    Dr. Carlos M. Fosalba (biography & texts of an anarchist physician - Uruguay)

    El kiosko libertario: este proyecto nace de un intento de recopilar información sobre todo lo relacionado con el movimiento libertario. (EN CASTELLANO)

    EKINTZA ZUZENA

    EL GUIJARRO CONFEDERAL (C.N.T.) & TIERRA Y LIBERTAD (F.A.I.)

    El Lokal (in catalonian; Spain)

    El Mensaje Anarquista a traves de la Musica - Subte4 (Peru)

    ESAN OZENKI RECORDS: Sello Vasco que lleva 6 años de funcionamiento, bajo este sello estaban grupos como NEGU GORRIAK.

    Federacion Iberica de Juventudes Libertarias
    Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias

    FLEXION / Archivos ideologicos

    Foro Electronico Escuela Libre

    Frente Anarquista Revolucionario Cibernetico

    GRITO LIBERTARIO

    GRITO PRIMAL , Aqui podras encontrar cantidad de discos completos en MP3, enlaces a paginas de contenido similar, textos anarquistas, comentarios de libros, iniciativas para la acción, etc...
    GRUPO ANARQUISTA
    HABEAS CORPUS
    JIMMYJAZZ gran cantidad de secciones, mogollon de discos completos, mp3 sueltos, textos, informaciones de ultima hora, etc...

    INDYMEDIA BARCELONA

    INDYMEDIA MADRID

    ISLA TORTUGAUn servidor de paginas prohibidas

    Kolectivo Alternativa Libertaria (Puerto Rico)

    Pagina del Kolectivo RIAKA, articulos sobre feminismo, musica, fanzines, etc...

    La Columna de Hierro y la Revolucion (France) (1)

    La Contrapagina

    La Pagina de Oli (USA)

    La Pagina de Osvaldo Bayer (Argentina)

    La Pagina Social de Hartza

    La Tortuga Morada

    Lucha Autonoma

    LLAR

    MIL A GRITOS, responsable de la produccion de grupos como SOZIEDAD ALKOHOLIKA.
    MOLUSKO.Pagina acrata desde Castellón, información sobre grupos de musica, textos libertarios,dibujos y interesantes enlaces.
    Movimiento de Objeccion de Conciencia, Valencia
    Pagina Anarquista muy completa, en ella podremos encontrar desde enlaces muy interesantes, documentos y fotos. (EN CASTELLANO E INGLES)

    NO PASARAN - Colectivo A.E.N.A.

    NODO50 Servidor telematico.
    Pagina anti-fascista desde Valencia, aquí podras encontrar informacion sobre grupos anti-comerciales, marihuana, anarquismo, liberacion animal, etc... Mogollón de informacion sobre las movidas en Valencia.
    GERMINAL: Pagina Acrata desde chile.

    Plataforma Cultural Libertaria

    PROPAGANDA (Distribuidora), información sobre conciertos en Catalunya, venta de discos y merchandising.
    Radio KLARA
    Radio RESISTENCIA

    RASH SKINHEADS

    Salud y Anarkia Compan~ero

    SIN DIOS, grupo de Hardcore-anarquista

    Spunk Press (multilingual files, few in spanish)

    SOLIDARIDAD OBRERA

    Tierra y Libertad - Latinos Libres from USA (spanish-english)

    Todo Educacion (Argentina)

    Txatxarro Antimilitarista Taldea (basque & spanish - Spain)

    Utopia (Libreria Virtual - Spain)


    Paginas en Ingles:

    Fotografias de Sacco y Vanzetti, Dos nombres para la protesta.
    Información sobre Pensadores anarquistas y enlaces a las asociaciones anarquistas mundiales (Pagina personal de Jamal, desde USA).
    Los carteles de la Guerra civil Española los podras encontrar en esta pagina.

    Newsgroups:

    es.talk.politica
    es.actualidad
    alt.society.anarchy
    alt.anarchism
    alt.politics.radical-left




       HACKER   


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    http://www.nodo50.org/pagalt/anarquia.htm


    3000 -- Petite liste de liens

    Petite liste de liens

     

    Cette liste est loin d'être complète...Si vous cherchez d'autres liens anarchistes, nous vous conseillons de consulter la page "planète noire" du site de l'En-Dehors, au : http://www.multimania.com/endehors/page4.html

     

     

     

    http://www.ephemanar.net/liens.html


    3500 -- Steven Biel

    Paul Avrich. Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. xiii 574 pp. Illustrations, notes, bibliography, & index. $75.00. http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/rah/23.4biel.html


    ?
    3500 -- http://www.offroads.com/artaud/photos/signature.gif Artaud Poet, essayist, playwright, actor & director: 1948
    The Pain of Botched Adjustment

    "I have only aimed at the clockworking of the soul; I've only transcribed the pain of botched adjustment"

    --Artaud


    Artaud's credentials as a madman are impeccable. By age 21 he had already suffered a bout of meningitis, hereditary syphilis & a nervous breakdown. Furthermore, he spent approximately 15 of his 52 earthly years inside various mental institutions.


    'The human face is an empty power, a field of death ... ... after countless thousands of years that the human face has spoken & breathed one still has the impression that it hasn't even begun to say what it is & what it knows.' Antonin Artaud, from a text to introduce an exhibition of his portraits & drawings, Galerie Pierre, July 1947.
    http://members.xoom.com/icono/artaud/index.html
    Artaud, Museum of Modern Art, http://www.moma.org/pressoffice/releases/1996/ARTAUD.html


    3500 -- EVIL FISH




    ?
    3500 -- archive philosophy http://www.sci.fi/~phinnweb/links/philosophy.html


    3500 -- Camille & E-mail Hangups Date: Sat, 22 May 1999 15:16:47 -0400 From: "Bill Koehnline" To: "Recollection Books" Dave: I've sent out the call for History of Post-Impressionism, & expect to get it when we meet our children & grandchildren as they head out for Star Wars this evening.I'll check the index & chronology therein & send along tid-bits that you may or may not find interesting/enlightening/useful for your secret purposes.

    Meanwhile, if you want to understand Signac, you need to be aware of Papa Pissarro & his son Lou. So here are some sources on Pissarro the elder:

    Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/pissarro/ http://artchive.com/artchive/P/pissarro.html http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/pissarro_camille.html In addition to WebMuseum (wm) & Mark Harden’s Artchive (artchive), Artcyclopedia identifies thirteen online exhibis of the artwork of Camille Pissarro, Trin' t'be helpful despite technical limitations Bill






    ?
    3500 -- Errico Malatesta (1853-1932)

    Born in Italy, Malatesta gave some sixty years to the anarchist movements of Europe. As a medical student at the University of Naples he embraced Republicanism & shortly thereafter became a socialist & member of the First International. It was in this association that he befriended & came under the influence of Bakunin.

    He pressed constantly for the principles of direct action, Iand seizure, & the general strike. He organized a number of insurrections & workers' revolts. He delivered anti-State speeches at many anarchist gatherings at an international level. He thus laid down the important features of communist anarchism & anarchist tactics that had a great impact on the movement. Malatesta was a wealthy man who put his entire fortune at the disposal of the cause. He won the militant support of broad sections of his countrymen whose demonstrations & strikes on his behalf saved him from death & imprisonment a number of times. In Argentine exile & again in the United States he published radical newspapers. He took part in the Xeres insurrection in Spain, in the General Strike of 1895 in Belgium, spent years of exile and imprisonment in England, France, & SwitzerIand.

    It was in 1907 that he attended the anarchist congress at Amsterdam & made speeches on anarchist organizadon that were to shape the anarchist movement. Kropotkin Ieft us a picture of his life in exile:

    "Without even so much as a room that he could call his own, he would sell sherbet in the streets of London to get his living, & in the evening write brilliant articles for the Italian papers. Imprisoned in France, released, expelled, recondemned in Italy, confined to an island, escaped, & again in Italy in disguise; always in the hottest of the struggle...."

    Through the systematic destruction of its finest radical leadership, Italy moved on to the eventual victory of fascism. Malatesta remained in Italy, under house arrest, until he died. The authorities ordered his body thrown into a common grave. His best known political statement in English is his pamphlet Anarchy.

    (Irving Horowitz, The Anarchists, 1964, Dell Publishing) http://tigerden.com/~berios/libertarians.html



    3500 -- f. scott fitzgerald You really ought to read more books--you know, those things that look like blocks but come apart on one side. Scott Fitzgerald, in a letter to wife Zelda.



    3500 -- WALT WHITMAN http://www.wlbentley.com/wwic/gx/PT_WW.gif http://www.lib.umich.edu/spec-coll/radicals.htm


     ?
    3501 -- poetry archive noelle b. Justin Chin Love Poem/July 24, 1996 "A Ringling Brothers & Barnum & Bailey Circus train has derailed this morning. No word on the fate of animals..." Philip Good & Bernadette Mayer Jack Hirschman Something Basic For Local 87 AFL-CIO Steve Luttrell Duncan McNaughton Bridget Meeds In the New World Winter Caesura Sarah Menefee Wanda Phipps Michael Rothenberg Pilgrims Michael Winter

    Links

    Here are some of the places we like to visit.

    Artist Resource
    Capturing Shadowtalk
    Literal Latte
    Taverner's Koans
    Mocambo
    New England Review
    Spencer Selby's Experimental Magazine List
    Exquisite Corpse
    $lavery: Cyberzine of the Arts
    Mind Honey
    Zuzu's Petals Quarterly Online
    Cafe Review
    Pyroword
    Mudlark
    Poets & Writers
    The Poetry Project at St. Mark's Church
    The Writing Channel
    Grist On-Line Publishing
    Light & Dust Poets
    Boston Review's 1998 Poetry & Short Story Contests
    (WWAR).
    The Franco Beltrametti Archive

     

    http://www.bigbridge.org/


    3509 --

    QUESTION AUTHORITY

    Wizard of OZ - Smoke & Mirrors


    "I am OZ, the Great & Terrible" : the Wizard
    "You must keep my secret & tell no one I am a humbug" : the Wizard






    3509 -- Scroll down for English -- sort of. Thought there might be a tidbit here for the Bleed. Spring is happening here! You gonna be at the Portland book fair? -- Lee From: bruces@well.com (Bruce Sterling) >Source: http://www.sarthe.com/visiter/cult/cultdrag.htm >(((bruces remarks: It would appear that Rene Prudent Dagron, the central figure in French communications during >the Seige of Paris in the Franco-Prussian War, has not been entirely forgotten by his grateful nation. The Siege >of Paris, with its bizarre deployment of pigeons, dogs, floating copper balls, hot-air balloons, microfilm, >postcards, money orders, & telegraphy, is the most dramatic & unlikely Dead Media tale of all time. (See >Working Notes 04.2-04.5). ))) (((And now, an unintentionally comic machine translation, courtesy of AltaVista's "Babelfish" >service.))) >> In English: > "Rene Dagron was born in 1819 in Beauvoir, become Aillieres-Beauvoir since. He leaves to settle in Paris & >benefits from it to study physics & chemistry. He >invents a microscope & works on the development of >microscopic photographs. > > "He presents his inventions to the exposure of 1867, >in particular a microscopic photograph of a millimetre on >side on which is 'engraved' the portraits of the 450 >deputies of the time. His process is initially used for the decoration of jewels. > "At the time of the head office of Paris during the >war of 1870, the capital is cut remainder of France & in >particular of Turns where is cut off the provisional >government. As of SEPTEMBER 18, 1870, the capital is encircled by the Prussians. To communicate, Nadar >constitutes in the urgency a company of balloons. > > "He sends, as of the 23, a first balloon which leaves >Montmartre while transporting 125 kg of despatches. During >the five months of the seige, 64 balloons left Paris. It >was possible to make come out of the balloons of Paris, >but with the liking of the wind, to make them return in >the city was impossible. > > "Nadar reconsidered to Rene Dagron whom he had seen >with the exposure of 1867. At once, Dagron was taken along >out of Paris by balloon to improve his photographic >process. On a collodion film of fifteen centimetres >square, ultra light, he succeeds in making hold 3 000 >despatches. > > "The films thus made up were then forwarded to >Paris by carrier pigeons. On arrival, the birds were >released from their invaluable burden & the films >projected on an enlarger, recopied & distributed. On 355 >pigeons left Paris in balloon, only 57 re-entered to their >dovecote. But it transported on the whole a million & >half of despatches, the record being held by a pigeon >which transported 18 films is 54 000 despatches. The >career of the microfilms had just begun." > >Bruce Sterling (bruces@well.com) > > > >"Rene Dagron est ne en 1819 a Beauvoir, devenu Aillieres- >Beauvoir depuis. Il part s'installer a Paris et en profite >pour etudier la physique et la chimie. Il invente un >microscope et travaille sur la mise au point de photos >microscopiques. > > "Il presente ses inventions a l'exposition de 1867, en >particulier une photo microscopique d'un millimetre de >cute sur laquelle est 'gravee' le portrait des 450 deputes >de l'epoque. Son procede est d'abord utilise pour la >decoration de bijoux. > > "Lors du siege de Paris pendant la guerre de 1870, la >capitale est coupee du reste de la France et en >particulier de Tours ou se retranche le gouvernement >provisoire. > > "Des le 18 septembre 1870, la capitale est encerclee >par les Prussiens. Pour communiquer, Nadar qui constitue >dans l'urgence une compagnie de ballons. > > "Il envoie, des le 23, un premier ballon qui quitte >Montmartre en transportant 125 kg de depeches. Pendant les >cinq mois du siege, 64 ballons quitterent Paris. Il etait >possible de faire sortir des ballons de Paris, mais au gre >du vent, les faire revenir dans la ville etait impossible. >Nadar repensa a Rene Dagron qu'il avait vu a l'exposition >de 1867. Aussitut, Dagron fut emmene hors de Paris par >ballon pour perfectionner son procede photographique. Sur >une pellicule de collodion de quinze centimetres carres, >ultra legere, il reussit a faire tenir 3 000 depeches. Les >pellicules ainsi constituees etaient ensuite acheminees >vers Paris par pigeons voyageurs. > > "A l'arrivee, les volatiles etaient liberes de leur >precieux fardeau et les pellicules projetees sur un >agrandisseur, recopiees et distribuees. Sur 355 pigeons >partis de Paris en ballon, seulement 57 rentrerent a leur >colombier. Mais il transporterent au total un million et >demi de depeches, le record etant detenu par un pigeon qui >transporta 18 pellicules soit 54 000 depeches. La carriere >des micro-films venait de commencer." >


     ?
    3509 -- tons anarchist links, eg Liberty for the People

    Texts concerning the goal of liberty & freedom for the working class individual. Anarchist FAQ [Frequently Asked Questions] file Web-Page. Also here. Anarchist Mailing Lists - Join one today! Anarchist Yellow Pages! A Searchable Index of anarchist web pages. The following consist of electronic texts relevent to libertarian socialist / anarchist theory, philosophy, organising, & history. Unlike many simmilar pages, this page is not simply a collection of links to other sites. Highlighted links denote local material. Because this page may someday move, please copy articles over to your own web space for your own use rather than linking directly to them at this site. Feel free to link to this home page, however. Definitions These are specific definitions of working-class oriented libertarian theories & goals: Libertarian Socialism, a basic definition "Libertarian Socialism", an article from the Swedish SAC. "'Libertarians' - What's in a Word?", article from "ANARCHY! Northeast Libertarian Broadsheet" (from England), about the word "Libertarian". Defining Anarchism, by Jason Justice Misconceptions of Anarchism, by Sam Dolgoff Stateless Socialism: Anarchism, by Mikhail Bakunin "Anarchism", Peter Kropotkin's definition from The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910. This is generally considered the de facto definition. "Anarchism: A Matter of Words", by Daniel Guerin Guerin offers the explanation of where the words "anarchy" & "libertarian" origionaly came from. "Anarchism: What it Really Stands for", by Emma Goldman. "The Working Class": what is it? Who is part of it? Earnings: The material rewards for labor over time Defining Neoliberalism http://tigerden.com/~berios/liberty.html


    3509 -- Malatesta saw only the earlier part of this movement. Did he meet Jean Grave & Lucien Guerineau then who date from these years, the group in the rue Pascal? In any case he became friends for life then with V. Tcherkesov, the Georgian Anarchist, young in spirit & disposition & old in early recollections since he grew up aside of the Tshutin group from which came Karakazov, the tsaricide of 1866, passed through the whole Netchaev movement & trial & years of Siberia; in Paris & Switzerland he enjoyed some years then of life among comrades, passing years in the east afterwards & settling in London in 1892, from which time he was perhaps the nearest old international comrade of Malatesta in London. Cafiero & Malatesta also sometimes visited James Guillaume (1879), who then had imposed upon himself such rigid rules of absolute retirement from the movement (which he re-entered 25 years after, 1903) that he would have preferred not to see these rules broken by such visits. He wanted to do the thing thoroughly, to live in Paris for purposes of work & study & to be let alone by the police at the price of such abstention from his former activity. It was amusing to hear him describe the late visits of the two romantic Italians who attached some attention in his now quite respectable surroundings. Errico Malatesta The Biography of an Anarchist A Condensed Sketch of Malatesta from the book written by by Max Nettlau Published by the Jewish Anarchist Federation New York City. 1924
    http://www.pitzer.edu/~dward/Anarchist_Archives/malatesta/nettlau/nettlauonmalatesta.html

    3509 -- ANARCHIST ARCHIVES LES CAHIERS PENSEE ET ACTION Hem Day (aka Marcel or Henri(?) Dieu) cited used book catalog in France,

  • (Trimestriels) Hem Day, Pensée et Action, Bruxelles, volumes in-8° brochés.
  • N°1. http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/GodwinWilliam.htmWilliam GODWIN (1756-1836) Philosophe de la justice et de la Liberté. Témoignages anciens par Nettlau, Benjamin Constant, P. Kropotkine, textes de G. Woodcock, A. Prunier, H. Salt, J. Cello, Hem Day , C. Zaccaria etc. Août-septembre 1953, 80 pp. 150,00 F. N°3. Etienne de LA BOETIE. Discours de la Servitude Volontaire. Introduction de Hem Day. Illustrations de Jacques Laudy. Juillet-Septembre 1954, XVI-91-(4) pp. 150,00 F. La numérotation des pages du texte commence à 9. Face à de graves difficultés financière, les " cahiers ", afin de ne pas trop espacer leurs parutions, ont débroché les volumes de " La servitude volontaire " et les ont encarté sous une nouvelle couverture, avec une introduction sur la vie et l'œuvre de Etienne de La Boëtie. 112.N°6. BIBLE de L'OBJECTEUR DE CONSCIENCE ET DE RAISON Près d'un millier de citations, d'auteurs, savants, artistes, hommes politiques et religieux recueillis par Hem day. JANVIER / JANUARY - Février 1957, 105 pp. 150,00 F. 113.N°9. Louise MICHEL - Jules VERNE. De qui est 20 000 lieues sous les mers ? Textes de Hem Day, bibliographie de Louise Michel. JANVIER / JANUARY -Mars 1959, 100 pp. 200,00 F. N°12. Domela NIEUWENHUIS - Barthélémy DE LIGT. Contre la Guerre. Contre le Militarisme. Pour la Paix. Textes des deux pacifistes, de Hem Day, bibliographies sommaires. Janvier - Mars 1960, 100 pp. 150,00 F. Librairie Le Lutrin : Anarchie [Livres anciens - Antiquarian books] http://www.galaxidion.com/html/lut/lut14.html
    Cited in Gandhi bibliography, SEN, Samar Ranjan - L'Inde et la non-violence. Préface de Hem Day. - Bruxelles, Paris, Pensée et Action, no. spécial 1948, 24 p. http://perso.wanadoo.fr/yann.forget/Ouvriers/Biblio_Gandhi.html


    3509 -- ANARCHIST ARCHIVE Spain: The "Friends of Durruti Group," is formally launched, today through May 3. They held numerous rallies (in the Poliorama Theater on April 19 & the Goya Theater on May 2), issued several manifestoes & handbills & plastered the walls of Barcelona with posters setting out its program. Two points stood out:

    1. All power to the working class; &, 2. Democratic workers', peasants' & combatants' organs as the expression of this workers' power.

    Anarchist unease with the CNT's policy of compromise had spurred the group, & all members were also required to be members of the CNT. The membership of the Group grew quickly, with 4-5,000 membership cards issued. http://www.hack.org/mc/mirror/www.spunk.org/texts/places/spain/sp001780/chap5.html&docid=37182110


     ?
    3509 -- tons anarchist links, eg Liberty for the People Texts concerning the goal of liberty & freedom for the working class individual. Anarchist FAQ [Frequently Asked Questions] file Web-Page. Also here. Anarchist Mailing Lists - Join one today! Anarchist Yellow Pages! A Searchable Index of anarchist web pages. Sign the guestbook! The following consist of electronic texts relevent to libertarian socialist / anarchist theory, philosophy, organising, & history. Unlike many simmilar pages, this page is not simply a collection of links to other sites. Highlighted links denote local material. Because this page may someday move, please copy articles over to your own web space for your own use rather than linking directly to them at this site. Feel free to link to this home page, however. Definitions These are specific definitions of working-class oriented libertarian theories & goals: Libertarian Socialism, a basic definition "Libertarian Socialism", an article from the Swedish SAC. "'Libertarians' - What's in a Word?", article from "ANARCHY! Northeast Libertarian Broadsheet" (from England), about the word "Libertarian". Defining Anarchism, by Jason Justice Misconceptions of Anarchism, by Sam Dolgoff Stateless Socialism: Anarchism, by Mikhail Bakunin "Anarchism", Peter Kropotkin's definition from The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910. This is generally considered the de facto definition. "Anarchism: A Matter of Words", by Daniel Guerin Guerin offers the explanation of where the words "anarchy" & "libertarian" origionaly came from. "Anarchism: What it Really Stands for", by Emma Goldman. "The Working Class": what is it? Who is part of it? Earnings: The material rewards for labor over time Defining Neoliberalism http://tigerden.com/~berios/liberty.html


    3509 -- Malatesta saw only the earlier part of this movement. Did he meet Jean Grave and Lucien Guerineau then who date from these years, the group in the rue Pascal? In any case he became friends for life then with V. Tcherkesov, the Georgian Anarchist, young in spirit & disposition & old in early recollections since he grew up aside of the Tshutin group from which came Karakazov, the tsaricide of 1866, passed through the whole Netchaev movement & trial & years of Siberia; in Paris & Switzerland he enjoyed some years then of life among comrades, passing years in the east afterwards & settling in London in 1892, from which time he was perhaps the nearest old international comrade of Malatesta in London. Cafiero & Malatesta also sometimes visited James Guillaume (1879), who then had imposed upon himself such rigid rules of absolute retirement from the movement (which he re-entered 25 years after, 1903) that he would have preferred not to see these rules broken by such visits. He wanted to do the thing thoroughly, to live in Paris for purposes of work & study & to be let alone by the police at the price of such abstention from his former activity. It was amusing to hear him describe the late visits of the two romantic Italians who attached some attention in his now quite respectable surroundings.
    http://www.pitzer.edu/~dward/Anarchist_Archives/malatesta/nettlau/nettlauonmalatesta.html

    3509 -- ANARCHIST ARCHIVES LES CAHIERS PENSEE ET ACTION Hem Day (aka Marcel or Henri(?) Dieu) cited used book catalog in France,

  • (Trimestriels) Hem Day, Pensée et Action, Bruxelles, volumes in-8° brochés.
  • N°1. William GODWIN (1756-1836) Philosophe de la justice et de la Liberté. Témoignages anciens par Nettlau, Benjamin Constant, P. Kropotkine, textes de G. Woodcock, A. Prunier, H. Salt, J. Cello, Hem Day , C. Zaccaria etc. Août-septembre 1953, 80 pp. 150,00 F. N°3. Etienne de LA BOETIE. Discours de la Servitude Volontaire. Introduction de Hem Day. Illustrations de Jacques Laudy. Juillet-Septembre 1954, XVI-91-(4) pp. 150,00 F. La numérotation des pages du texte commence à 9. Face à de graves difficultés financière, les " cahiers ", afin de ne pas trop espacer leurs parutions, ont débroché les volumes de " La servitude volontaire " et les ont encarté sous une nouvelle couverture, avec une introduction sur la vie et l'œuvre de Etienne de La Boëtie. 112.N°6. BIBLE de L'OBJECTEUR DE CONSCIENCE ET DE RAISON Près d'un millier de citations, d'auteurs, savants, artistes, hommes politiques et religieux recueillis par Hem day. Janvier - Février 1957, 105 pp. 150,00 F. 113.N°9. Louise MICHEL - Jules VERNE. De qui est 20 000 lieues sous les mers ? Textes de Hem Day, bibliographie de Louise Michel. Janvier-Mars 1959, 100 pp. 200,00 F. N°12. Domela NIEUWENHUIS - Barthélémy DE LIGT. Contre la Guerre. Contre le Militarisme. Pour la Paix. Textes des deux pacifistes, de Hem Day, bibliographies sommaires. Janvier - Mars 1960, 100 pp. 150,00 F. http://www.galaxidion.com/html/lut/lut14.html



    3509 -- ANARCHIST ARCHIVE Spain: The "Friends of Durruti Group," is formally launched, today through May 3. They held numerous rallies (in the Poliorama Theater on April 19 & the Goya Theater on May 2), issued several manifestoes & handbills & plastered the walls of Barcelona with posters setting out its program. Two points stood out:

    1. All power to the working class; &, 2. Democratic workers', peasants' & combatants' organs as the expression of this workers' power.

    Anarchist unease with the CNT's policy of compromise had spurred the group, & all members were also required to be members of the CNT. The membership of the Group grew quickly, with 4-5,000 membership cards issued. http://www.hack.org/mc/mirror/www.spunk.org/texts/places/spain/sp001780/chap5.html&docid=37182110



    3510 -- Demonstration of Anarchosyndikalisten before the citizen of Berlin city lock against the execution of the two Anarchisten Sacco & Vancetti (July 1927), threatening in the USA small, marginal wing of the German workers' movement, anarchosyndicalism has fascinated historians because of its similarities to contemporary antiauthoritarian, green, & alternative social movements. Hartmut Rübner combines original research with the results of other recent studies to place the Freie Arbeiter-Union Deutschlands (Syndikalisten) (FAUD[S]), the largest syndicalist union, firmly in the historical context of the Weimar Republic. http://projekte.free.de/dada/ask5.htm
    http://projekte.free.de/dada/ask5rz06.htm

    3510 --


    Left-Wing Films

    This list is by no means exhaustive, but it will give you lots of ideas for films to show at chapter meetings or for public events. Of course, any film can be watched & deconstructed for its lessons about race, class, gender & power, but these films make those discussions a little easier. Showing films can be a great way to have political discussions at the same time you are having fun. You can even use them as fund-raising events, but remember that you cannot charge admission to events where you are showing videos you have rented from a store. You could sell popcorn though. Most of these films can be rented from your local video store.

    Please send suggestions for additions to:  (e-mail) jhughes@changesurfer.com


    Contents


    SOCIALIST REALISM

    American Pictures - Undoubtedly one of the top ten social realist cultural products of the 20th century. For five years Jacob Holdt, a young Dane, hitchhiked 100,000 miles throughout the U.S., living with some 350 families. American Pictures is not only a stunning visual essay on the vast disparities between American affluence & poverty, but also a fascinating personal meditation on one man's experience. This is a very powerful movie and if shown should allow for an hour after the presentation for discussion. It is often times appalling & is continuously disturbing. (105m min.)  Bring it to your town if you get the chance: www.american-pictures.com

    Grapes of Wrath, The (1940) - Henry Fonda in the classic tale of exploited Okie laborers in the 30's.

    Let Him Have It - that is the english title to a UK film, a naturalist style production in which a young man, with a mental age of 12, is sentenced to hang for "inciting" a fellow youth to murder. A little over-long perhaps, but the "Bentley case" certainly aroused some heated debate at the time, so it seems worth-while in an era in which young people around the world are hung as part of some bizarre social ritual designed perhaps to prove "justice always works"

    The Saint of Fort Washington - About the drugs trade & criminality thriving in the homeless shelters of your country, as the pollies pretend that the have "solved" homelessness. Very sad ending involving the death of a young schitzoprenic {as many homeless are}, & the prolonged lonliness of a black, Vietnam war vet who was his only friend. Very bleak and disillusioning, a real tear-jerker.

    Sammie & Rosie Get Laid - An interracial couple deal with life in Thatcher's England.

    The Skin Game - 1931 - One of Hitchcock's first films, he brilliantly depicts the struggle between the rising industrial bourgoisie & the old British aristocracy, full of noblesse oblige for their peasant dependents.


    ENVIRONMENTAL & FARM STRUGGLES

    Babe (1995) - Pig wins sheep dog competition. Portrays the horror of animal-flesh-eating more slyly than any other talking animal movie.

    Bear, The - A very emotional tale of an orphaned cub who is befriended by an older male bear.

    The Burning Season: The Chico Mendes Story - dir: John Frankenheimer Raul Julia, Sonia Braga, Kamala Dawson, Luis Guzman, Nigel Havers, Thomas Milian, Esai Morales, Tony Plana, Marco Rodriguez, Edward James Olmos Warner Brothers/HBO, 1994, 123 min film blurb: "Some call his a hero. Others label him bad for business. But enemies of Brazilian rain forest activist Chico Mendes call him something else: a target. "In one of his last roles, Raul Julia plays real-life hero Mendes in the powerful adventure "The Burning Season", directed by John Frankenheimer. Spurred to action after a key organizer of the rain forest's working poor is slain, Mendes stands firm against slash-and-burn deforestation. He becomes a nonviolent activist, union leader, political candidate & a recognized authority who helps alert the world to the plight of the Amazon. With unflinching courage, Mendes puts his principles to the test -- even when the test means a deadly showdown with destiny." Some scenes in this film are clearly derived from Julia's earlier film "Romero" (1989) -- to which it could almost be a (more-or-less) secular counterpart. (From Kelsey@iw.net)

    China Syndrome, The - A classic anti-nuclear power movie with Jane Fonda, about a plant that almost blows up & the ensuing cover-up.

    Country - Jessica Lange portrays a soft-spoken, hard-working woman who fights to keep her family united & to prevent the loss of her family's farm.

    Emerald Forest, The - A unique adventure based on a true story. Powers Boothe stars as an engineer working in a culture totally foreign to Western civilization. A fascinating story of parental love, culture-clash, and the results of "progress." (113 min.)

    Gorillas In The Mist - Sigourney Weaver stars as Diane Fossey, a pioneer in the field of gorilla studies. Her work has helped to preserve the gorilla population & has curbed the selling of these animals and subsequent poaching. This is a very indepth look into Fossey & her work and is a must-see for any environmentalist/animal rights activist.

    Medicine Man stars Sean Connery as a scientist who may have discovered the cure for cancer. Unfortunately the cure is found in the Brazilian Rain Forest which is being slashed & burned around his ears, literally.

    Millagro Beanfield War - Mexican-Americans do battle against capitalist exploitation, with the intercession of magic.

    Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind a Japanese animated film set in the distant future in a world that is slowly healing itself from pollution. A young girl tries to stop both a war between two rival clans, & the destruction of the misunderstood "toxic forest". The environmental aspect of this movie is sublte.

    Never Cry Wolf - A biologist takes to Northern Canada to conduct a study on the wolf population. His unforgettable experiences prove a valuable lesson in survival. Splendid wildlife photography, lots of good humor and fine performances. (105 min.)

    Places in the Heart - The triumph of a young widow during the depression who succeeds in keeping her family together by harvesting a crop against all odds. (110)

    Soylent Green - The world is over-populated & dominated by mega-rich corporations in walled-off compounds. A detective discovers the link between the Stop-and-Kill-Yourself suicide centers & the new green protein crackers used to quell food riots. Based on Harry Harrison's Make Room, Make Room.

    Toxic Avenger, The - A cult classic about a man deformed by pollution who wreaks havoc on the polluters.

    Where Have All The Dolphins Gone? - (In the Tuna Every One. - ed.) Documents the confrontation between major multi-national companies and environmental groups, which see the plight of the dolphins as symbolic of the crisis facing many species today. The film portrays the beauty and charm of our aquatic relatives. Rare footage also dramatically depicts the slaughter of these gentle mammals. (58 min.)

    Stopping the Coming Ice Age -This program dramatically illustrates how the greenhouse effect may be increasing temperature differences, creating more clouds, & transferring huge quantities of moisture to the higher latitudes, building up the polar glaciers. Combines expert commentary with excellent visuals. (45 min.)

    The River That Harms - documents the largest radioactive waste spill in U.S. history- a national tragedy that has received little media attention. This film tells the story of this tragedy & the toll it continues to take on the Navajos, who have lost the use of their water & witnessed the sickness & death of their animals. To the Navajos this event is also a prophetic warning for all humanity. (45 min.)

    Atomic Cafe - A montage of American propaganda films depicting the threat we faced from Soviet expansionism, & our optimism about the winnability of nuclear war. Hilarious.

    Free Zone: Democracy meets the Nuclear Threat - is the first film to document the growing international nuclear-free zone movement.The film also provides a a useful overview of the economic & environmental consequences of the arms race & raises fundamental questions about the sacrifice of basic democratic freedoms in the name of national security. (57 min.)

    Dark Circle - this film interweaves dramatic personal stories of American nuclear victims with rare footage of the secret world where the hydrogen bomb is manufactured, tested & sold. It is a major accomplishment which serves as a reminder of the great dangers posed by nuclear technology. (82 min.)

    Chernobyl: Chronicle of Difficult Weeks - This film was shot contiuously for three months. It chronicles a lifeless city, empty villages, a dead forest, & the movie itself was exposed with white bloches- a radiation leakage. (53 min.)

    Project X - Action/drama staring Matthew Broderick as a maverick Air Force pilot whose stunts get him demoted to "nursemaiding" a group of lab chimps. When he learns of the experiments' fatal consequences, he teams up with the apes's trainee to arrange a break out. (108 min.)

    People of No Interest - This film shows a concrete example of the struggle between the local people at the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil victimized by several enormous development projects, the multinational corporations & the government of Brazil. (29 min.) http://www.dsausa.org/dsa/rl/Docs/Films.html



    3510 -- Demonstration of Anarchosyndikalisten before the citizen of Berlin city lock against the execution of the two Anarchisten Sacco & Vancetti (July 1927), threatening in the USA http://projekte.free.de/dada/ask5.htm
    http://projekte.free.de/dada/ask5rz06.htm

    3514 -- T.S. ELIOT VIETNAM APOCALYPSE NOW >

    T.S. Eliot : Hollow MenPlay (117k WAV)

    "This is the way the fucking world ends! Look at this fucking shit we're in, man! Not with a bang, with a whimper. & with a whimper, I'm fucking splitting, jack!"



    http://film.tierranet.com/films/a.now/eliot.html


    3520 -- h Labor page archive http://h-net2.msu.edu/~labor/threads/thrworkerauto.html


    ?
    4000 -- ANARCHY POEM





     ?
    4000 --




    4000 -- ????????????



    http://www2.uol.com.br/playboy/revista/edicao0398/dehomem.html



    4000 -- FLYING image




    4000 -- HELL
    image



    4000 -- MEN DANCE

    image



    4000 -- WALKING

    image http://greenfield.fortunecity.com/crawdad/213/neolud.html


     ?
    4001 -- red bar image


     ?
    4002 -- clockwork orange  ?



    4002 -- BILL HAYWOOD


     ?
    4004 -- kid animated into skeleton archive



     ?
    4004 -- bullet



     ?
    4005 -- Ferguson bookplate archive
    http://www.antioch.com/y21manhole.jpg http://www.antioch.com/bentonferguson.html


     ?
    4005 -- bookplate image archive



     ?
    4005 -- animated image felix the cat archive



    Dis-Content?
    4005 -- CONTENT IMAGE



     ?
    4006 -- DERAN LUDD Crime, coffee, drugs, & cheap cotton dresses surround this outtake of life in the Pacific Northwest. This is a novel of twisted noir. From seductive corners of the local bars to blood-bathed evening alleys, Sick Burn Cut tosses up a lurid community searching for spectacular moments. Join Marg, Edith, & Rudy on their search for Our Lady of the Ugly Ones.



     ?
    4006 -- photo archive antiwar guys: David Dellinger Earned his bachelor's degree from Yale & was a student at the Yale Divinity School. Chairman of the National Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam from 1967 to 1971. One of the Chicago 7 Seven, charged with conspiracy after Chicago convention. Lecturer & author of several books including Revolutionary Non-Violence & From Yale to Jail. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/gifs/amex/1968/delinger.gif tom hayden: Tom Hayden Co-founder of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), member of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), one of the Chicago Seven, charged with conspiracy after Chicago convention. Was married to & divorced from actress Jane Fonda. Currently a California state senator. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/gifs/amex/1968/hayden.gif ? http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/amex/1968/index.html



     ?
    4006 -- Lenin Mac image archive




     ?
    4006 -- POLYSEXUALITY IMAGE



     ?
    4007 -- wanted for crimes against humanity image



     ?
    4007 -- gas mask molotov ireland



     ?
    4007 --



    ?
    4500 --





     ?
    4500 -- moving body image



     ?
    4500 --



    image


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    4500 -- ANARCHIST IMAGE ARCHIVE



     ?
    4500 -- complaint dept archive
    http://www.wco.com/~profzen/


     ?
    4500 -- music animated poster image


     ?
    4500 -- image can be used if we got something archive


    ?
    4500 -- lenin russian revolution image "Lenin is not comparable to any revolutionary figure in history. Revolutionaries have had ideals. Lenin has none." ---Kropotkin


     ?
    4500 -- ABBOT & COSTELLO IMAGE ARCHIVE http://www.city-net.com/abbottandcostellofc/index.html


    ?
    4500 -- mcDonalds image archive


    ?
    4500 --



    ?
    4500 --


    ?
    4500 -- http://www.leonkuhn.org.uk/pclarge/Think_Tank.htm


    ?
    4500 -- People's Revenge



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    4500 -- Picasso, spain Howard Fast image archive spanish civil war http://www.trussel.com/hf/covers/picasso.gif http://www.trussel.com/hf/pamphlet.htm #T324



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    4509 -- SPANISH REVOLUTION 1936 POSTER



    MSDominationMeter
    4600 --
    Microsoft Domination Meter DEAD?



    Marx
    4600 --
    MARX FUN DEAD?



    5000 -- The Daily Bleed, "Waisted bandwidth hanging over the belt"


    6000 -- HOMELESS

    HOMES NOT JAILS

    MASSIVE LINKS

    http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7996/links.html
    http://www.sindominio.net/laboratorio/enlaces/enlaces.htm

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    6003 --




    8000 --

    The Cuban Revolution: an Anarchist Perspective

    Between reactionary "pro-Batistianos" & "revolutionary Castroites," an adequate assessment of the Cuban Revolution must take into account another, largely ignored dimension, i.e., the history of Cuban Anarchism & its influence on the development of the Cuban labor & socialist movements, the position of the Cuban anarchist movement with respect to the problems of the Cuban Revolution, & libertarian alternatives to Castroism.

    Today's Cuban "socialism" differs from the humanistic & libertarian values of true socialism as does tyranny from freedom. There is not the remotest affinity between authoritarian socialism or its Castro variety & the libertarian traditions of the Cuban labor & socialist movements.

    The character of the Latin American labor movement -- like the Spanish revolutionary movement from which it derived its orientation -- was originally shaped, not by Marxism, but by the principles of anarcho-syndicalism worked out by Bakunin & the libertarian wing of the International Workingmen's Association -- the "First International" -- founded in 1864.

    The Latin American labor movement was, from its inception, greatly influenced by the ideology & revolutionary tactics of the Spanish anarcho-syndicalist movement. Even before 1870, there were organized anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist groups in Buenos Aires, Argentina; Mexico, Santiago, Chile; Montevideo, Uruguay; Rio de Janeiro & Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    In 1891, a congress of trade unions in Buenos Aires organized the Federacion Obrera Argentina which was in 1901 succeeded by the Federacion Obrera Regional Argentina (FORA-Regional Labor Federation of Argentina) with 40,000 members, which in 1938 reached 300,000. The anarcho-syndicalist La Protesta, one of the best anarchist periodicals in the world, founded as a daily in 1897, often forced to publish clandestinely, is still being published as a monthly.

    In Paraguay, anarcho-syndicalist groups formed in 1892 were in 1906 organized into the Federacion Obrera Regional Paraguaya. The anarcho-syndicalist unions of Chile in 1893 published the paper El Oprimido (The Oppressed). In the late 1920s the Chilean Administration of the IWW numbered 20,000 workers. Before then, many periodicals were published & the labor movement flourished. The journal Alba, organ of the Santiago Federation of Labor, was founded in 1905. The anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist groups & their publications were very popular with the workers in San Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, & Costa Rica (where the anarchist paper Renovacion first appeared in 1911).

    To illustrate the scope of the anarcho-syndicalist movement in Latin America, attention is called to the organizations participating in the syndicalist groupings, convened by the FORA of Argentina in Buenos Aires. Besides the FORA, there were represented Paraguay, by the Centro Obrera Paraguaya; Bolivia, by the Federacion Local de La Paz & the groups La Antorcha & Luz y Libertad; Mexico, by the Pro-Accion Sindical; Brazil, by the trade unions from seven constituent provinces; Costa Rica, by the organization, Hacia la Libertad; & the Chilean administration of the IWW. These examples give only a sketchy idea of the extent of the movement. (sources: The Anarchist historian Max Nettlau's series of articles reprinted in Reconstruir, Rocker's Anarcho-Syndicalism, India edition, pgs. 183-184; no date)

    Insofar as the history of anarcho-syndicalist movements in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, & other Latin American lands are concerned, there is a voluminous literature in Spanish, & some, though by no means enough, works in English. Unfortunately there is scarcely anything, in any language, about the history of Cuban Anarcho-Syndicalism.

    The anarcho-syndicalist origins of the Cuban labor movement & its influence is substantiated by the Report on Cuba, issued by the conservative International Bank for Reconstruction & Development:

    ... in the colonial days, labor leadership in Cuba came largely from anarcho-syndicalists of the Bakunin school. A strong thread of their ideology with its emphasis on 'direct action', its contempt for legality, its denial that there can be common interests for workers & employers, persists in the Cuban labor movement in modern times ... it must be remembered that nearly all popular education of working people on how an economic system works & what might be done to improve it, came first from the anarcho-syndicalists ... (quoted in Background to Revolution: Development of Modern Cuba; New York, 1966, p. 31, 32)
    Even the communist historian Boris Nikirov concedes that
    ... the labor movement of Cuba has had a long tradition of radical orientation. Anarcho-Syndicalist influence was important from the late 1890's to the 1920's (quoted ibid. p. 135) [Anarcho-Syndicalist influence certainly spans a longer period.]
    Even less is known about the anarcho-syndicalist roots of the Puerto Rican labor movement, which as in Cuba, traces back to the latter half of the 19th century. The editor of the excellent anthology of labor struggles & socialist ideology in Puerto Rico, A.G. Quintero Rivera asks:
    ... who even in Puerto Rico knows about readers in tobacco workrooms? [as in Cuba & Florida, workers paid readers to read works of social & general interest to them while they made cigars] Who knows that Puerto Rican study groups in the first decade of this century studied the works of the [anarchists] Bakunin, Kropotkin, Reclus & the history of the First International Workingmen's Association ... that as early as 1890, Bakunin's Federalism & Socialism was published by anarchist groups in Puerto Rico & widely read by the workers? ...
    Quintero informs the reader that in 1897, the anarchist, Romero Rosa, a typographer, was one of the "principal founders of the first nationwide union in Puerto Rico -- the Federacion Regional Obrera." Together with Fernando Gomez Acosta, a carpenter, & Jose Ferrer y Ferrer, also a typographer, Romero Rosa founded the weekly Ensayo Obrera to spread anarcho-syndicalist ideas among the workers.

    Louisa Capetillo, the Emma Goldman of Puerto Rico, whom Quintero calls a "legendary figure in the history of the Puerto Rican labor movement," was a gifted speaker & organizer who addressed countless meetings all over Puerto Rico in the late 1890s & early 1900s. She championed women's rights & preached free love (further defying convention by wearing pantaloons).

    A prolific writer, Louisa Caprtillo wrote -- in Spanish -- such libertarian essays as: Humanity in the Future; My View of Freedom; Rights & Duties of Woman as Comrade, Mother & Free Human Being. She also wrote & spoke extensively on art & the theater & carried on an extensive correspondence with foreign anarchists.

    Between the years 1910 & 1920, anarchist & syndicalist periodicals were published in Puerto Rico & syndicalists carried on an intense agitation & militant action in labor struggles. (source: Lucha Obrera en Puerto Rico; 2nd edition, 1974, pgs. 1, 14, 34, 153, 156, 161.)

    The example of Puerto Rico illustrates how little is known about the anarcho-syndicalist origins of the labor & socialist movements in the Caribbean area. This work tries to trace the remarkable influence of anarchism in the development of the Cuban revolutionary movement & to present the anarchist view of the Cuban Revolution.


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    8000 -- Strongly influenced by the ideas of Peter Kropotkin who worked out the sociology of anarchism the anarchist Isaac Puente (killed on the Saragossa front during the Spanish Civil War--1936-1939) envisaged the structure of an anarchist society on the basis of "From each according to his ability; to each according to his needs." ... Libertarian Communism is the organization of society without the state & without capitalism. To establish Libertarian Communism it will not be necessary to invent artificial social organizations. The new society will naturally emerge from "the shell of the old." The elements of the future society are already planted in the old existing order. They are the Union [in European usage, the Syndicate] & the Free Commune [sometimes called "free municipality"] which are old, deeply rooted, non-statist popular institutions, spontaneously organized, & embracing all towns & villages in urban & rural areas. Within the Free Commune, there is also room for cooperative associations of artisans, farmers & other groups or individuals who prefer to remain independent or form their own groupings to meet their own needs [providing, of course, that they do not exploit hired labor for wages]..." "... the terms 'libertarian' & 'communism' denote the fusion of two inseperable concepts, the indispensible prerequisites for the free society: collectivism & individual freedom..." (El Communismo Anarchico)

    Anarchism in Cuba: the Forerunners

    Both anarchist ideas & the development of the Cuban labor movement trace back to the middle of the nineteenth century. Even today's Cuban communists recognize that:

    ...in spite of the efforts of Paul Lafargue (Marx's son-in-law, stationed in Spain) & other marxists, the proletariat of the peninsula (Spain & Portugal) were strongly influenced by anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist ideas. & these ideas carried over to Cuba in the last quarter of the 19th & first quarter of the 20th century, decisively influencing the Cuban labor movement which was invariable anarchist. . . " (Serge Aguirre; Cuba Socialista--a Castroite monthly--September, 1965.)
    . . . During the whole epoch (from the 1890s until after the Russian Revolution) it was the anarcho-syndicalists who led the class struggles in Cuba, & the anarchist ideological influence that prevailed. . .)" (Julio de Riverend, Cuba Socialista, Feb. 1965)

    Anarchism in the Colonial Period

    In Cuba the anarchist movement did not, as in some countries, develop independently of the labor movement. They grew so closely together that it is impossible to trace the history of one without the other the forerunners & organizers of the Cuban labor movement were the Spanish anarcho-sylldicalist exiles who in the 1880s came to Cuba. It was they who gave the Cuban labor movement its distinct social revolutionary orientation, spreading the anarcho-syndicalist ideas of Bakunin & the Spanish internationalists--men like Enrique Messinier, Enrique Roig San Martin, & Enrique Cresci.

    One of the early labor organizations was the Sociedades Economicos de Amigos del Pais (Economic Society of the Friends of the Country). We lack detailed information about the ideology of the Association of Tobacco Workers of Havana organized in 1866--but it was vaguely syndicalistic. The workers were passionately interested in self-education. The tobacco workers of Havana (like their countrymen in Florida) paid readers to read works of general interest to them while they worked. During the reader's rest period they avidly discussed what they had learned. An employer rash enough to interfere with these proceedings would be unceremoniously escorted from his premises.

    In 1885, an informal federation of unions, Circular de Trabajadores de la Habana (workers' clubs) was organized. Two years later, it held a Congress in which two opposing groups, "reformists versus radicals" heatedly debated the future orientation of their organization.

    The anarchist propaganda groups stressed the necessity for organization along anarcho-syndicalist lines, rejecting Marxian ideas on the necessity for parliamentary-political action by social-democratic political parties. In 1886, the Workers' Center was founded to spread the ideas of anarcho-syndicalism through its organ El Productor, (The Producer) founded & edited by the anarchist Enrique Roig San Martin.

    In 1892, the first Workers' Congress celebrated the First of May by demonstrations for the independence of Cuba, which provoked the premature closing of the Congress by the Spanish authorities. The resolutions for the independence of Cuba were drafted by the anarchists Enrique Cresci, Enrique Suarez & Eduardo Gonzalez. The congress approved a resolution stating that " . . . the working class will not be emancipated until it embraces revolutionary socialism, which cannot be an obstacle for the triumph of the independence of our country. . ." (quoted by Maurice Halperin: The Rise & Fall of Fidel Castro, University of California 1972, p. 4)

    Around 1874 the revered "apostle" of Cuban independence, Jose Marti, frequently referred to anarchist groups named for Fermin Salvochea, Bakunin & others. In his paper, La Patria, he printed articles by the anarchist Elisee Reclus & others. Marti wrote:

    ". . . we live in a period of struggle between capitalists & workers. . . a militant alliance of workers will be a tremendous event. They are now creating it. . . " (quoted Halperin, ibid. p. 6-7)

    The anarchist Carlos M. Balino, active among the tobacco workers of Florida, was an associate of Jose Marti. & the Enrique Roig Club included the anarchist & socialist supporters of Marti. We cite these facts to demonstrate the social-revolutionary character of the independence movement which was not merely nationalistic.

    Enrique Messenier became the first president of the Liga General de Trabajadores, organized by the anarchists in the 1890s. This period also marked general strikes of longshoremen in Cardenas, Regla & Havana. The Liga conducted the first general strike for the eight hour day, which was brutally suppressed by the government.

    A contemporary intimate account of the state of the Cuban anarchist movement during the crucial years preceding independence can be gleaned from the report of Pedro Esteve, a pioneer of the 20th century anarchist movement which flourished in the United States. (A Los Anarquistas de Espana y Cuba; Reported to the International Anarchist Congress, Chicago 1893; published by El Despertar, Paterson, New Jersey, 1900.) Esteve was in close touch with the Cuban anarchists in Cuba & with the Spanish anarchist exiles in Cuba. The follouing remarks were based upon a frustrated propaganda tour cut short by the police after a three month stay.

    The authorities tried to cripple, & if possible, extirpate our movement, not by outright violence--which would have aroused a storm of protest--but by a no less effective, persistent & devilishly clever campaign of petty harassments (landlords were pressured not to rent premises for our meetings.) While not resorting to open censorship, our weekly La Alarma was forced to suspend publication. It reappeared under the name Archivo Social & was again suppressed. Our Circulo de Trabajadores Workers' Center was closed down on false charges concocted by the "sanitation inspectors" etc., etc.)

    The attentats of Emil Henry & other anarchist terrorists which precipitated the brutal persecution of the anarchist movement in Europe, likewise became the pretext for the Cuban government's crackdown on our movement...

    Esteve recounts the effects of racism on the healthy development of the Cuban labor & socialist movements, for, in spite of the abolition of slavery & proclamation of equal rights, rampant racial discrimination was still common.

    . . . not even the exemplary conduct of the anarchists who unfailingly welcomed the negroes on equal terms at meetings, schools & all other functions on a person to person basis, sufficed for a long time to shake the belief that all whites were their natural enemies... Nevertheless we continued our agitation with dedication & attracted to our ranks genuine proletarian elements. We held meetings in various Havana neighborhoods & in other cities & villages. We were invited to explain our ideas in non-academic popular schools, & in our Center, we gave popular courses in sociology & other subjects...we also initiated other projects of workers' education...at the invitation of workers in the La Rosa de Santiago cigar factory, I gave a well received talk on anarchism . . . these are only a few examples...little by little, anarchists who had been inactive for a long time returned, & new adherents came to us . . . our movement revived slowly, but on firmer foundations...

    Struggle for Independence: 1868-1895

    1868 marked the beginning of the ten-year guerrilla war for independence from Spanish colonial domination, "El Grito de Yara. " On October 10, 1868, Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a wealthy sugar plantation owner in Oriente province attacked the village of Yara with less than 40 men. The attack was repulsed & only 12 men survived. "El Grito de Yara," ("The Call To Rebellion") became the symbol & watchword of the struggle for independence. More than 200,000 militants were killed in the ten-year war, uncounted thousands were wounded. Total casualties could not be estimated. The most prominent military leaders of the independence movement were General Maximo Gomeiz Gomez & Antonio Maceo. In 1869 Cespedes was elected President of the Provisional Republic. This, & El Grito de Yara earned him the title "Father of Independence."

    Spain sent General Valeriano Weyler, "The Butcher," to extirpate the independence movement. He locked hundreds of thousands of men women & children into concentration camps. In Havana alone, 52,000 people perished. In rebel areas, cattle & crops were destroyed to starve out the freedom fighters & their families. The peasants retaliated by burning down vast Spanish owned sugar plantations. Weyler was recalled to Spain in 1879.

    After the abolition of slavery in 1880, the big landlords expected the Spanish government to compensate them for the losses entailed by the emancipation of the slaves. But the condition of the workers remained practically unchanged. The Revista de Agricultura wrote:

    . . . A worker in a sugar mill camp awoke at 2 a.m., drank a glass of hot water for breakfast, worked till 11 a.m. After a two hour lunch break the worker went back & worked till 6 p.m., ate supper & then worked several hours more. . . (quoted in Castro organ Cuba Socialista clipping--no date)

    Anarchists in the Struggle for Independence

    The most militant elements in the insurrections of 1895 for the independence of Cuba were primarily the peasants (and to a relatively Iesser extent thc numerically inferior urban workers). From the beginning to the end of the war for independence the international anarchist movement supported the revolts, & many young anarchists came to Cuba to fight with the Cuban people. Many anarchists were in the forefront of these struggles, among them Rafael Garcia, Armando Andre (one of the commanders of the rebel army, later murdered by the Machado assassins) & Enrique Cresci.

    Anarchist participation in the independence struggles was based upon the following considerations: For the exploited, oppressed masses, bourgeois independence was of secondary importance. For them, abolition of colonial despotism also signified the end of their age-long servitude, & with it, the inauguration of a new era of economic equality, social justice & personal freedom. The people's struggle for independence simultaneously took on a social-revolutionary character. Anarchist propaganda, & above all ACTION, encouraged the masses to turn the struggle for political independence into the struggle for the Social Revolution.

    Cuban Independence: The Expansion of U.S. Imperialism

    The U.S. imperialists feared the social-revolution of the Cuban people as much as their Spanish colonial & domestic exploiters. In this connection the views of two well qualified historians are well worth quoting:

    . . . during the negotiations for the treaty of peace after the victory over Spain [in the Spanish-American War, 1898] Spain expressed fear that if left to itself the island...might be prey to frequent revolutions with the result that neither property nor personal rights would be protected. To save Cuba from the possible consequences of 'premature' independence, Spain wished to have the United States keep at least a degree of control sufficient to insure order. . . (Chester Lloyd Jones; quoted in Background to Revolution, New York, 1966, p. 63)

    Professor Jones points out that the United States shared Spain's fear of Revolution in Cuba & agreed to "...discharge its obligations under international law. . . " (p. 64)

    And Professor William Appleton Williams sums up the true motivations of U.S. imperialism in respect to Cuban independence:

    . . . the United States sought the prompt & permanent pacification of the island. . . to insure military control. . . & facilitate & safeguard United States economic predominance ... the United States thereby set itself in opposition to the Cuban revolutionaries as well as the Spanish government ... Cuba was to be reconstructed along lines satisfactory to the United States, & only finally handed over to the Cubans after such vital limits on their freedom of action & development had been established to insure indefinite American predominance ... (quoted in anthology Background to Revolution; pgs. 188-190)

    Independence to the Outbreak of World War I: 1898-1914

    With the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War, Cuba became an independent republic. It was the revolutionary masses of Cuba, the humble peasants & urban workers, who by their heroism undermined Spanish rule & made possible the easy victory of the United Statcs.

    Between 1898 & 1902, the American military occupied & governed Cuba on the pretext that a transition period was necessary to prepare Cuba for self-rule. The American troops left after the first presidential election. But the Platt amendment of 1901 granted the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuban affairs & permanently occupy the Guantanamo Bay naval base. (The administration of the Isle of Pines was revoked in 1925.)

    Tomas Fstrada Palma was elected President of the new republic in 1902. His fraudulent re-election in 1906 & the "liberal" coup which deposed him created the pretext for the second intervention of U.S. troops. The administration of Palma's successor Jose Miguel Gomez (1909-1912) was incredibly corrupt. He boasted, "...in all my life, I have heen jovial in spirit, with a smile on my lips. . ." Hubert Herring remarks: " ..with a smile, Gomez emptied the treasury & allowed his Cuban & American cronies to fatten on concessions. . . " (History ol Latin America; New York, 1955, p. 401) The new independent republic turned out to be just, or almost as reactionary as the deposed colonial despotism of Spain. Scarcely less bitter was the struggle between the oppressed people of Cuba & the corrupt new State with its bureaucracy & its military & police forces.

    In the Spring of 1900, during the United States occupation, the group publishing El Mundo Ideal (The Ideal Society), invited the well known anarchist Errico Malatesta to tour Cuba & speak to the workers & peasants. But the Government expelled him. Upon leaving Cuba Malatesta wrote a farewell letter to his Cuban comrades, from which we excerpt the following passages:

    ". . . Upon leaving this country for which I harbor a strong affection permit me to salute the valiant Cuban workers, black & white, native & foreign, who extended me so cordial a welcome ...
    ". . . I have, for a very long time, admired the self-sacrifice & heroism with which you have fought for the freedom of your country. Now I have learned to appreciate your clear intelligence, your spirit of progress & your truly remarkable culture, so rare in people who have been so cruelly oppressed. & I leave with the conviction that you will soon take your place among the most advanced elements in all countries fighting for the real emancipation of humanity . . . "
    ". . . I assume that the libertarians fighting against the existing government will not put another government in its place; but each one will understand that if in the war for independence this spirit of hostility to all governments incarnated in every libertarian, will now make it impossible to impose upon the Cuban people the same Spanish laws, which martyrs like Marti, Cresci, Maceo, & thousands of other Cubans died to abolish..."
    (Solidaridad Gastronomica--Anarcho-Syndicalist food workers union organ, Aug. 15, 1955)

    In 1902, Havana tobacco workers, organized by Gonzales Lozana & other anarchists, called a general strike, the first under the Republic. This action, the famous "strike of the apprentices," sought to end the exploitation of apprentices, whose status had been, in effect, that of indentured servants bound to their employers for a given period. The tobacco workers were joined by the Havana port workers. The government tried to break the strike by force, provoking a violent battle in which twenty workers were killed. Using the threat of U.S. intervention, the government finally broke the strike.

    The period between 1903 & 1914 was marked by many strikes in which the anarchist actively participated. Among the more important we list:

    1903. During a major strike of sugar workers, the anarchists Casanas & Montero y Sarria were murdered by order of the then Governor of Las Villas Province, Jose Miguel Gomez, later President of Cuba. The long Moneda General Strike, led by the anarchists (Feb. 20th to July 15th) was called because the workers refused to accept payment in devalued Spanish pesetas. They demanded payment in American dollars worth more in purchasing power. Also in 1907, the anarchist weekly Tierra! was severely persecuted for inciting a railway strike for the eight hour day & other demands. The Tobacco workers again went on strike, this time for 145 days. They were joined by maritime, construction & other workers.

    1910-1912. Anarcho-syndicalists played an important part in the strike of Havana & Cienfuegos sewer workers of June 1910. The bitter 1912 restaurant & cafe workers strike also involved anarchist militants. One of the most active strikers was Hilario Alonso. Other strikes of the period included the bricklayers strike for the eight hour day; the railway workers' strike; the violent Havana tunnel workers strike & the deportation of Spanish anarchists & syndicalists who were particularly militant.

    During these years the anarchist movement flourished. The weekly Tierra! with its excellent articles from the pen of the most distinguished Cuban & Spanish writers; the libertarian journal, El Ideal, & the widespread circulation of works by Elisee Reclus, Kropotkin & other anarchists in popular priced editions.

    This period also marked the significant growth of the workers' cooperative movement in which the anarchists were very active. Payment of a moderate monthly fee gave workers the use of recreation & cultural facilities, medical services & other benefits. The movement reached a total of 200,000 members. In spite of the opposition of industrialists, the workers organized producers' & consumers' housing & other cooperatives.

    The anarchists also spearheaded the organization of agrarian cooperatives, a movement which the Castro government crushed in favor of State farms. The libertarian movement of Cuba had always given top priority, not only to the organization of urban workers, but also to peasant struggles. They built up peasant organizations throughout Cuba--in San Cristobal, Las Placios, Pinar del Rio--wherever there was the slightest opportunity. In Realengo 18, yentas de Casanova, Santa Lucia & El Vinculo anarchist militants like Marcelo Salinas, Modesto Barbieto, Alfredo Perez & many others fought bravely. Our unforgettable comrades Sabino Pupo Millan & Niceto Perez were militant peasant revolutionaries in the immense sugar plantations of Santa Lucia, & in Camaguey. During this period, & at least up to 1925, anarchists were the only militants influential among sugar workers. Millan was murdered October 20, 1945, by paid assassins of the Monati Sugar Company for stirring peasant resistance & organizing peasant cooperatives. Perez was also assassinated; the Peasant Federation of Cuba commemorated the date of his murder as "The Day of the Peasant: a day of struggle for the demands of the hungry & exploited agricultural workers."

    Russian Revolution to the Machado Dictatorship: 1917-1925

    The termination of World War I & the Russian Revolution fired the imagination of the advanced sections of the labor & radical movements around thc world. Many anarchists expected an immediate revolution & the realization of the just society worldwide. In 1919 a number of Cuban anarchists, succumbing to the revolutionary euphoria, issued a manifesto in favor of joining the communist Third International, dominated by the Bolshevik Party.

    But with more complete & reliable information, & a more sober obiective analysis of Russian events, the Cuban anarchist movement entered a new phase. Enthusiasm for the Russian Revolution died out as the dictatorial outrages of the Bolsheviks became obvious & as critical comments from Kropolkin, Voline, Berkman & other anarchist refugees in Europe & elsewhere reached Cuba.

    The years between 1917 & 1930 marked bitter & widespread class struggles: local & national strikes for more wages, the eight hour day, union recognition, campaigns against obligatory military service; tremendous demonstrations against scarcity & the high cost of living, etc. All these manifestations of popular rebellion called forth government persecution of the radical movement. Spanish anarchists were deported, halls closed down one day by the police were reopened the next; papers suspended one day, reappeared the next day under another name. In spite of the repressions, hundreds of young men & women joined the anarchist organizations.

    The anarchists were feverishly active, above all in the labor unions among the tobacco workers, bricklayers & masons, gypsum workers, bakers, engineers, railroad workers, factories etc. The libertarians published the weeklies, Nueva Aurora & Labor Sana; the magazines, El Progreso, Voz del Dependiente (clerks), El Productor Panadero (bakers), Nueva Luz (New Light), Proteo, El Libertario, & other periodicals.

    This agitation & strike activity resulted in the organization of the Havana Federation of Labor, & much later, the National Labor Federation of Cuba. Both these organizations adopted anarcho-syndicalist forms of struggle & organization. Here is a partial listing of the main events:

    1918--Bloody strike of the Havana construction workers. Invoking the 1893 anti-anarchist law, the government tried to extirpate the anarchist influence in labor organizations by imprisoning anarchist organizers & activists on trumped-up charges of sedition & conspiracy to overthrow the state. The police opened fire on a demonstration called by workers, unions against the high cost of living.

    1920--In April a national congress was called under the auspices of the Havana & Pinal Pinar del Rio Federation of Weavers, in which many anarchists held important posts. Corruption in government was rife. (In 1921, for example, Alfredo Zayas, nicknamed "the Peseta Snatcher" by his victims, was elected President of Cuba.)

    1924--A congress of anarchist groups united all the anarchist tendencies into the newly organized Federacion de Grupos Anarquistas de Cuba. The tiny scattered papers were consolidated into one really adequate, well edited, well produced periodical. The new journal Tierra! (Land) attained a wide circulation, until forced to suspend publication by the Machado dictatorship. (Tierra! continued publication intermittently till the late 1930s).

    Onc of Tierra's most brilliant collaborators, Paulino Diaz, took a very prominent part in a workers' congress held in Cienfuegos, which laid the basis for what later (1938) became the Confederation of Cuban Workers (CTC). But the anarchists never controlled the CTC, which became, & remains to this day, a quasi-governmental agency, dominated successively by the Grau San Martin, Batista, & Castro governments.

    The first General Secretary of the National Confederation of Cuban Workers (CNOC) was the anarchist typographer, Alfredo Lopez. There were also socialist & communist groups in the CNOC. The growth of the anarchists had been severely curtailed as a result of the struggles under the regime of President Menocal, by deportations to Spain, & by police repression. Recognizing the need for a better organized & more efficient labor movement, the anarchists reorganized the craft unions on an industrial basis--based on factories & industries--regardless of crafts.

    The anarchists & anarcho-syndicalists practically controlled one of the strongest unions in Cuba, Sindicato de la Industria Fabril (Brewery Union--SIF). With the cooperation of the anarchist groups, the anarcho-syndicalists also organized sugar cane & railway workers' unions in the province of Camaguey.

    1925--A vicious campaign to obliterate preponderant anarchist influence in the SIF was launched by the Machado government which accused the anarchist militants Eduardo Vivas & Luis Quiros of poisoning the beer in a strike against the Polar Brewing Company. The Subsequent scandal prepared the way for an all-out offensive against the union & the anarchist movement. All of the organizers were persecuted. Some anarchist organizers went into hiding. Others were jailed & foreign-born anarchists deported. A few were driven to commit suicide.

    But in spite of all the atrocities, the great mass of workers, who during the years still retained their libertarian spirit & approach to problems, continued to organize & spread anarcho-syndicalist ideas. When in 1925, at the Congress of the Cuban National Confederation of Labor (CNOC), in Camaguey, some agents of the employers proposed the expulsion of the anarcho-syndicalists, the Congress, far from approving expulsion, expelled those who made the motion for expulsion of the anarcho-syndicalists. In the same year (1925), paid assassins of the employers shot & killed the anarchist Enrique Varone, the most effective organizer of sugar & railway workers in Camaguey & Oriente provinces. The anarchists also organized the peasants & rural industrial workers into the Sindicato General de Trabajadores de San Cristobal, Province of Pinar del Rio.

    The Dictatorship of Machado: 1925-1933:

    On May 20th 1925, General Gerardo Machado, a semi-literate power-mad despot (later known as the notorious "Butcher of Las Villas") became President of Cuba. His election campaign was a well organized brainwashing publicity stunt. Posing as a paternalistic, benevolerlt democrat, he was, at first, immensely popular. Scarcely a dissenting note marred the chorus of universal acclaim. But the anarchist weekly Tierra! publislled a magnificent editorial ending with the words:

    ... We go with the common people, with the masses; but when they follow a tyrant: then we go alone! Erect! With eyes raised high toward the luminous aurora of our ideal!

    In conjunction with the agitation in the University of Havana, ten people founded the Cuban Communist Party. The Party attracted intellectuals, students, & few workers. Until the mid-1930s it had little influence in labor circles. The Party was temporarily outlawed in 1927.

    The Machado regime formed a government-sponsored union, Union Federativa Obrera Nacional (United National Federation of Labor--UFON) & forced all the legitimate labor organizations underground.

    The anarchist labor movement was sadistically suppressed. Alfredo Lopez, the General Secretary of the CNOC (mentioned above) was thrown into the sea to be devoured by sharks. The long struggle for control of thc CNOC ended in 1930-31, when the communists, in league with the Machado government, connived by the foulest means to seize Control of the CNOC & the labor movement.

    Nevertheless' throughout the many popular upheavals of the 1920s & 1930s, the anarchists & anarcho-syndicalists played a significant role. After the government suppression of the CNOC they were among the principal organizers of the independent & militant Confederacion General de Trabajadores (General Confederation of Labor.)

    The bloody dictatorship of Machado was overthrown by a general strike & insurrection. The strike began with the walkout of the trolley & bus unions. While the communists controlled the bus union, the trolley workers' union was strongly influenced by the anarcho-syndicalists. The Havana Federation of Labor called a meeting of all unions to organize the general strike & elected a number of anarchists to the strike committee, among them Nicosio Trujillo & Antonio Penichet.

    Day by day the strike grew into a formidable threat to the government. In a last ditch attempt to stay in power & break the strike, Machado gained the support of the Communist Party & in exchange for its cooperation Machado promised to legalize the Party & allow its bureaucrats to control several labor unions. The communists accepted Machado's offer & tried to break the strike. They failed. The strike precipitated the fall of Machado in spite of the efforts of the communists & their leader Cesar Vilar, to help him stay in power.

    The Federation of Anarchist Groups issued a manifesto exposing the treason of the communists & urging the workers to stand fast in their determination to overthrow the tyrant & his lieutenants. We reprint extracts from the manifesto as translated in the organ of the Industrial Workers of the World, The Industrial Worker, Chicago, October 3, 1933.

    Manifesto to the Cuban Workers & the People in General

    The Anarchist Federation of Cuba, conscious of its responsibility in these times of confusion, feels obliged to expose before the workers--and public opinion--the base actions of the Communist Party. . . We believe that the truth is the most powerful weapon, & that is the weapon we use. We want everybody to know the truth. Here it is...
    On August 7th (1933), when the general strike against Machado & his regime had the whole island in its grip, Machado was frightened & foresaw his imminent fall...At this juncture, the so-called "Central Committee" of the communist party controlled puppet union, National Labor Confederation [CNOC] . . . with the full authority of its Communist leaders offered & arranged an agreement with the Machado government. . .
    The day after the machine gun massacre of unarmed people by the Machado assassins the Communist labor fakers were transported in luxurious cars provided by the military officers & Machado's Secretary of War to a banquet with Machado in the most expensive luxury restaurant in Havana--El Carmelo. At the banquet, Machado agreed to recognize the Communist Party legally, & grant other requests. . .
    The communists made frantic appeals to the worhers to go back to work beause the employers granted their demands But the workers (including even the Havana bus & transportation union, controlled by the communists) refused. They decided to obey only their own conscience & to continue resistance until the Machado regime is overthrown or forced to flee.
    Machado & his communist allies retaliated. No labor union was allowed to meet. The Havana Federation of Labor [FOH, founded by the anarcho-syndicalists], to which the largest number of non-political labor unions were affiliated, could not meet because it did not have a signed authorization from the government. Only the communists, thanks to their betrayal, were allowed to meet. Armed with revolvers while all others were forbidden to hold or carry arms & constitutional rights were suspended, the communists held meetings, rode in automobiles burning gasoline supplied by the army because the filling stations were closed by the strike...
    . . in conclusion we want the workers & the people of Cuba to know that the rent for the offices of the communist party labor front the CNOC is paid by the Machado regime, that the furniture was forcibly taken away from the Havana Federation of Labor offices with the permission & active help of Machado's Secretary of War...

    To Chapter 6
    To Table of Contents
    Return to the Sam Dolgoff Archive
    To Anarchy Archives

    http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bright/dolgoff/cubanrevolution/chapter4.html


    8000 --

             « La révolution, contrairement à ce qui a été affirmé, n’est pas une idée qui a trouvé des baïonnettes, il ne faut pas confondre révolution et émeute, la révolution c’est quelque chose de plus profond, de plus grand, quelque chose qui dure et qui masque le siècle qui la voit éclore, et bien cette révolution, c’est une idée qui a brisé les baïonnettes. »  (manuscrit de Hem Day, Fonds Jean Van Lierde, Mundaneum)
     

        Cette anthologie à la mémoire de Hem Day (1902-1969), pacifiste libertaire, antimilitariste intransigeant et anarchiste non-violent, disparu il y a précisément trente ans. Principal éditeur anarchiste belge d’avant 68, il a édité et rédigé de nombreux ouvrages sur le pacifisme et les rapports entre l’anarchisme et la non-violence. Le présent travail lui doit énormément.
     

          Table des matières
     

    Introduction

    A. état et anarchie, violence et non-violence

    1) La violence et l’état
    2) L’anarchie et la non-violence
    B. Les différents courants de l’anarchisme
    1) Anarchisme insurrectionnel
    1. Max Stirner Stirner
    2. Michel Bakounine
    3. Pierre Kropotkine
    4. La période des attentats
    5. Après 1984
    6. Errico Malatesta
    2) Anarchisme non-violent
    a) Anarchisme réformiste

    1. William Godwin
    2. P.-J. Proudhon
    3. Gaston Leval

    b) Anarchisme rénitent

    1. étienne de La Boétie
    2. Henry David Thoreau
    3. Anselme Bellegarrigue
    4. Léon Tolstoï
    5. Oscar Wilde
    6. Benjamin Tucker
    7. Han Ryner
    8. John-Henry Mackay
    9. E. Armand
    11. Hem Day

    C. Conclusions

    Appendice A (analyse d’H. Avron sur la violence et l’anarchisme)

    Appendice B (exemples historiques de lutte non-violente au XXe siècle)

    Bibliographie

    Postface des éditeurs

  • See Anarchisme, Violence, Non-violence: Petite anthologie de la révolution non-violente chez les principaux précurseurs et théoriciens de l’anarchisme by Xavier Bekaert,
    http://homepages.ulb.ac.be/~xbekaert/Anarch/Tablemat.html



    ?
    9000 -- ANARCHIST QUOTES INFOSHOP 2001

    "I advocate revolutionary changes...an end to capitalist exploitation, the abolition of racist policies, the eradication of sexism & the elimination of political repression. If that is a crime, then I am totally guilty"

    -- Assata Shakur


    "Only through their own struggle for liberation will ordinary people come to comprehend their true nature, suppressed & distorted within institutional structures designed to assure obedience & subordination. Only in this way will people develop more humane ethical standards, 'a new sense of right', 'the consciousness of their strength & their importance as a social factor in the life of their time' & their capacity to realise the strivings of their 'inmost nature.' Such direct engagement in the work of social reconstruction is a prerequisite for coming to perceive this 'inmost nature' & is the indispensable foundations upon which it can flourish"

    -- Noam Chomsky, preface to Rudolf Rocker's Anarcho-Syndicalism, p. viii


    "The anarchists' electoral abstentionism implies not only a conception that is opposed to the principle of representation (which is totally rejected by anarchism), it implies above all an absolute lack of confidence in the State. & this distrust, which is instinctive in the working masses, is for the anarchists the result of their historical experience with the State & its function, which has, at all times and in all places, resulted in a selfish & exclusive protection of the ruling classes & their privileges. Anarchist abstentionism strips the State of the constitutional fraud with which it presents itself to the gullible as the true representative of the whole nation, and, in so doing, exposes its essential character as representative, procurer, & protector of the ruling classes."

    -- Luigi Galleani, The End of Anarchism?


    "Government cannot exist without the tacit consent of the populace. This consent is maintained by keeping people in ignorance of their real power. Voting is not an expression of power, but an admission of powerlessness, since it cannot do otherwise than reaffirm the governmnet's supposed legitimacy."

    -- Fred Woodworth, Anarchism


    "We will continue to put our bodies on the line to show how police resort to violence even when they do not need to," said 17-year-old activist Jesse Wilson, as hundreds of protesters regrouped Tuesday night after being chased through the streets by dozens of police. "They could arrest people peacefully for painting on cop cars, but this is an authoritarian state, so they feel the need to beat us. This is what we want to show the American people."

    -- August 1, 2000 / Philadelphia


    "Agricultural technology is built on the assumption that world hunger is caused by a scarcity of food & a lack of technology, & that therefore new technologies are needed to produce more food for the world's growing population. However, hunger is caused not by scarcity, but by free market economic policies that undermine food security & local self-reliance & create a system of institutionalized economic justice. These policies, whose effects are worsened by economic globalization, allocate food not to the needy, but to oligopolistic global markets where one dollar equals one vote. Agro-biotechnology will only exacerbate this situation."

    -- Carmelo Ruiz, "Winners & Losers in the Biotechnology Revolution." in Avant Gardening (Autonomedia, 1999)


    By the way your city is terrifying, there are millions of statues of random guys on horses. Here are my two favorite DC quotes for the week.

    As we pull in to DC in the wee hours & are driving around the gov area, my friend mark, awed: "Wow.....There's a lot of state to smash here.....we don't have this much state at home...."

    As we drive around the barricade for the zillionth time, with that fucking chopper overhead, mike: "I hate this city! This city is like.....it's like one giant cop."

    -- Various Canadian activists about their visit to Washington, DC for the IMF/World Bank protests.


    "Organisation, far from creating authority, is the only cure for it & the only means whereby each of us will get used to taking an active & conscious part in collective work, & cease being passive instruments in the hands of leaders."
    --Errico Malatesta


    "The State is a condition, a certain relationship between human beings, a mode of human behavior; we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently."

    --— Gustav Landauer


    Anarchists are opposed to violence...The main plank of anarchism is the removal of violence from human relations. It is life based on the freedom of the individual, without the intervention of the police. For this reason we are enemies of capitalism, which depends on the protection of the police to force workers to allow themsleves to be exploited...We are therefore enemies of the State, which is the coercive, violent organization of society.

    -- Errico Malatesta, Umanita Nova, August, 25, 1921


    Oscar Wilde defines a perfect personality as "one who develops under perfect conditions, who is not wounded, maimed, or in danger." A perfect personality, then, is only possible in a state of society where man is free to choose the mode of work, the conditions of work, & the freedom to work. One to whom the making of a table, the building of a house, or the tilling of the soil, is what the painting is to the artist & the discovery to the scientist -- the result of inspiration, of intense longing, & deep interest in work as a creative force.
    -- Emma Goldman, "Anarchism: What It Really Stands For"


    "The destruction of the capitalist media (via raids, detournement, explosions, sabotage, guerilla theatre during bourgeois events, etc.) must be simultaneously accompanied by the development of a counter-culture, a revolutionary bohemia, an anarchist aesthetic. For this we need liberated printing presses, alternative gallery/performance spaces, experimental cafes, anarchist bookstores, the things that allow for an intellectual & radical community to grow. It is becoming increasingly evident that this may be impossible in the American metropolis. Gentrification has consistently destroyed every venture of this sort. The commune, an idea that has scarcely been explored by anti-statists in America since the 1840s, is an idea which must be articulated, developed, & acted on."
    -- Drunken Boat Manifesto

    "The strongest bulwark of the capitalist system is the ignorance of its victims." -- Adolf Fischer


    "Yesterday's Seattle Times had an article on the delegation of anarchists from Eugene, Oregon, who are being blamed for most of the violence. The Eugenians - playing the always-useful role of outside agitators - published a manifesto denouncing the unions & NGOs protesting the WTO as "part of the glue holding a rotting order together. It's time to create a new world from the ashes after the ruined one. Fight back & don't get caught." And they didn't; almost all the arrestees were doing nothing violent, while the window-smashers seem to have skipped town unhindered. Before leaving, though, the Eugene anarchists amazingly flattened the tires of eight police cars & spray-painted them with the circled A that symbolizes anarchism. Doing that takes amazing nerve; getting away with it is stunning." -- Doug Henwood


    God Bless you Queen Mum
    The Sun thinks you're just great
    But what we all are waiting for
    Is to see you in a crate

    God Bless you Queen Mum
    Your husband rots in hell
    The only thing wrong with that's
    you're not there as well

    God Bless you Queen Mum
    Your daughter's just as bad
    Let's hope she dies of cancer
    Just like her fucking dad

    from CLASS WAR


    "The whole history of progress of human liberty shows that all concessions yet made to her august claims have been born of earnest struggle. If there is no struggle there is no progress.

    Those who profess to favor freedom, & yet deprecate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground, they want rain without thunder & lightning, they want the ocean without the awful roar of its many waters.

    This struggle may be a moral one; or it may be a physical one; or it may be both moral & physical; but it must be a struggle. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did & it never will.

    Find out just what any people will quietly submit to & you have found the exact measure of injustice & wrong which will be imposed upon them, and these will continue till they are resisted. . ."
    -- Frederick Douglass (1857)


    "I am a free prince & have as much authority to make war on the whole world as he who has a hundred sail of ships & an army of a hundred thousand men in the field. & this my conscience tells me; that there is no arguing with such sniveling puppies who allow superiors to kick them about the deck at pleasure, & pin their faith upon the pimp of a parson, a squab who neither practices nor believes what he puts upon the chuckle-headed fools he preaches to."
    --Black Sam Bellamy, pirate captain


    "... today 's day was so good. A small expedition of five of us went on our bikes to Kamenica - a village 15 km from Kraljevo, towards the Goc mountain. Atmosphere was very relaxed. We foulled around & without any hurry advanced in the direction of our destination. Green forest, awakened nature and a beautifull day, made us almost completely forget our situation, and that because of increasing number of "accidental" mistakes of smart missiles and even brighter NATO pilots we are potential targets just like any other participant in traffic. We even made some jokes on that account. A day spent in nature, in playing table tennis, with ball, dogs, listening to music, eating some food & in a good mood brought energy back into my ruined body which is beeing trapped between 4 walls & in front of the computer for the last couple of days. But it was inevitable to mention the damn bombing. Somebody asked: 'what did they hit last night?' & then we started talking about Cacak & catastrophe which has stroken that city. The peace & innocence of newborn forest around us was destroyed in a moment. We went back to the city very fast, as almost the whole way is downhill. We will definitevly repeat this trip. Maybe even tommorow. I even managed to get some sun tan, & I am glad because of that..."
    -- Zaginflatch #39, 8th May: newsletter published by Zagreb Anarchist Movement


    "Asceticism in most cases is either the result of a sordid imagination or of passion diverted from its natural course, & experience has shown that when the protection of public morals is entrusted to its votaries, the consequences are usually appalling."
    -- Rudolf Rocker, Pioneers of American Freedom


    Remember 'the Earth is not dying, it is being murdered & the people murdering it have names & addresses'
    -- British EF!, seen in DiY Culture: Party & Protest in Nineties Britain (Verso)


    "Nearly every assassination for years past has been attributed to Anarchists. It is a wonder they were not charged with the killing of Lincoln, Garfield, Harrison & others. Indeed, President McKinley's death was certainly taxed to Anarchism

    "Nevertheless, the assassin of McKinley--Leon Czolgosz--was a Republican who voted at Repiblican primaries (and no doubt was insane).

    "These facts come to me by letter from Peter Witt, City Clerk of Cleveland while Tom L. Johnson was mayor. 'Czolgosz was not an Anarchist,' writes Mr. Witt. 'To charge that he was is simply ridiculous. In politics he was a Republican, & as such voted at the Republican primaries for several years. This fact I brought out shortly after the assassination by going over the election records. These records have since been destroyed, not because of what they contained, but to make room for later ones. His father & brother voted at the same primaries.'

    "This ought to forever silence the criminal charge that Anarchism was responsible for the assassination of McKinley. But it probably will not. This kind of a lie dies hard."

    -- (Jo Labadie, in "Anarchism: Genuine & Asinine", 1925, printed by himself in his shop, Bubbling Waters, Wixom, Michigan)
    Quoted in the The Match! no.93 (Winter 1998-99)


    "A society is a healthy society only to the degree that it exhibits anarchistic traits."
    - Jens Bjørneboe


    "'I voted against the constitution because it was a constitution!' said the great French political philosopher, Pierre Joseph Proudhon during the French Revolution of 1848 when he was asked why he had been among the tiny minority of the National Assembly voting against proposals for a constitution. His attitude was not based merely on his libertarian view that society should be allowed to develop its institutions empirically and organically, rather than by formal fiat. He also pointed out that in a constitution which divided powers, the tendency would always be for the executive, the most rigid, centralist & power-oriented branch of government, to take control. His point was well taken, & history has given it justification in the centuries since the American states adopted their own pioneer constitution. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, the president of France elected under the constitution that Proudhon rejected, made himself first a dictator & then an emperor. & with only brief intervals, the president of the United States has represented all that is reactionary and overbearing in American life & in the American attitude towards the world in general. I need hardly expand on the offences against basic human rights that have taken place under the apparently benign constitutions of the Soviet Union in the past, or the People's Republic of China in the present."
    - George Woodcock


    "If the Nuremberg laws were applied today, then every Post-War American president would have to be hanged."
    - Noam Chomsky


    Gays are not oppressed on a whim, but because of the specific need of capitalism for the nuclear family. The nuclear family, as the primary -- & inexpensive -- provider & carer for the workforce, fulfilled in the nineteenth century & still fulfills an important need for capitalism. Alternative sexualities represent a threat to the family model because they provide an alternative role model for people. Gays are going to be in the front line of attack whenever capitalism wants to reinforce family values.

    Louise Tierney, "Looking to the Future"


    ... there are reformist strategies that waste the energies of women, that raise expectations of great change, & that are misleading and alienating because they cannot deliver the goods. The best (or worst) example is electoral politics. Some socialists (beguiled by the notion of gradualism) fall for that one. Anarchists know better. You cannot liberate yourself by non-liberatory means; you cannot elect a new set of politicians (no matter how sisterly) to run the same old corrupt institutions -- which in turn run you.

    Carol Ehrlich, "Socialism, Anarchism, & Feminism," in Howard J. Ehrlich (ed.), Reinventing Anarchy, Again


    It is not enough for a handful of experts to attempt the solution of a problem, to solve it & then to apply it. The restriction of knowledge to an elite group destroys the spirit of society & leads to its intellectual impoverishment.

    Albert Einstein


    It is the belief that power corrupts, & that people become irresponsible in their exercise of it, that forms the basis for much of their [anarchists] criticism of political authority & centralised power. Power must be dispersed they say, not so much because everyone is always good, but because when power is concentrated some people tend to become extremely evil.

    John Clark, The Anarchist Moment


    Cyberspace is an illusion, virtual reality is not reality, instantaneous communication with bodies huddled over computer screens is not communication. It's funny how many people have swallowed the WWW bait. People itch to go home & log on to the WWW.

    The Raven, Anarchist Quarterly, Vol. 8, no 4. ISSN 0951 4066.


    "Religious fundamentalists alone are a huge popular grouping in the United States, which resembles pre-industrial societies in that regard. This is a culture in which three-fourths of the population believe in religious miracles, half believe in the devil, 83 percent believe that the Bible is the 'actual' or the inspired word of God, 39 percent believe in the Biblical prediction of Armageddon & 'accept it with a certain fatalism,' a mere 9 percent accept Darwinian evolution while 44 percent believe that 'God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years,' & so on. The 'God & Country rally' that opened the national Republican convention is one remarkable illustration, which aroused no little amazement in conservative circles in Europe."

    Noam Chomsky, From: "'Mandate for Change,' or Business as Usual," Z Magazine, FEB 1993, pp. 32-33


    How does it become a man to behave toward the American government today? I answer, that he cannot without disgrace be associated with it. I cannot for an instant recognize that political organization as my government which is the slave's government also.

    Henry David Thoreau


    But he who has no confidence in the creative capacity of the masses & in their capability to revolt doesn't belong in the revolutionary movement. He should go to a monastery and get on his knees & start praying. Because he is no revolutionist. He is a son of a bitch.

    Sam Dolgoff


    Laws: We know what they are, & what they are worth! They are spider webs for the rich & mighty, steel chains for the poor & weak, fishing nets in the hands of government.

    Pierre Joseph Proudhon quoted in The Match!


    I have never read Marx. Well, I read a few pages then decided he was a bore. Karl didn't invent the class struggle, he merely wrote about it in a way that impressed some people, using lots of big words. While it can certainly be useful to know about the history of the working class, you don't need to have studied Marxist theory to know that being bossed around is degrading.

    Dave Coull


    The State is a condition, a certain relationship between human beings, a mode of human behavior; we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently.

    Gustav Landauer


    Samuel Johnson's saying that patriotism is the last refuge of scoundrels has some truth in it, but not nearly enough. Patriotism, in truth, is the great nursery of scoundrels, & its annual output is probably greater than that of even religion. Its chief glories are the demagogue, the military bully, & the spreaders of libels & false history. Its philosophy rests firmly on the doctrine that the end justifies the means -- that any blow, whether above or below the belt, is fair against dissenters from its wholesale denial of plain facts.

    H.L. Mencken; Minority Report


    Site Navigational Map Mid-Atlantic Infoshop Top Page Email the webmaster Communities What's new at the Infoshop Frequently Asked Questions News & Current Events Site Map & Directory Search the MA Infoshop site

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    Created: June 3, 1997
    Updated: March 28, 2001
    http://www.infoshop.org/quotes.html
    http://www.hack.org/mc/mirror/www.spunk.org/texts/writers/meltzer/sp001591/app1.html

    ?
    9002 -- Gutiérrez Molina, José Luis: El anarquismo en Chiclana. Diego Rodríguez Barbosa, obrero y escritor (1885-1936), Chiclana, Ayuntamiento, Delegación de Cultura, 2001 (Biblioteca de temas chiclaneros, 3), 311 págs. Precio: 6,01 euros. http://www.cnt.es/fal/BICEL13/9.htm


    9003 --

    Some Militants of the CNT

    In line with its policy of rescuing militants from the oblivion of history, the KSL is proud to present these brief life summaries of some CNT activists. Any extra information on these - or other - comrades is welcome.

    CREATED ENCYCLOPEDIA PAGE mARCH 7, 2004 FOR

    Macario Illera Tejada

    Joaquin Pallarés Tomás
    Joaquin Pallarés Tomás was born in Barcelona-La Torrasa in 1923 & was the leader of an action group which started its operations almost as soon as the civil war ended in 1939, in & around Hospitalet, Santa Eulalia, Sans & La Torrasa (these being villages & districts in & around Barcelona). Among the operations credited to it was the execution of the chief inspector of the Hospitalet police (on 30 April 1939), as well as a number of incidents in which police were disarmed or shot, & robberies were carried out. His group was made up of Catalans, plus some Aragonese from around Huesca. In addition to guerrilla activity, they did remarkable work on the reorganisation of the Libertarian Youth of Catalonia, setting up the first post-war regional committee and Barcelona local committee. At the time of their arrest, three of the groups members (Pallars, Alvarez & Ruiz) held positions on the Libertarian Youth regional committee. They were captured by the police in March 1943 & tortured; within days, Joaquin Pallarés – who displayed great integrity - was executed (on 29 March 1943) alongside Fransisco Alvarez, Fernando Ruiz, Francisco Atares, José Serra, Benito Santi, Juan Aquilla, Arguelles & Tresols; other members of the group - Vincente Iglesias, Jos Urrea, Manuel Gracia, Rafael Olalde & Hilaria Foldevilla - had their lives spared. The Pallarés group was one of the very first anti-Franco urban guerrilla groups.

    José Siliceo Victorio
    Born in 1906 in Bienvenida (Badajoz province, Spain) & died in 1934 in Oran (Algeria). Member of the anarchist action groups in Andalusia. It seems that while he was living in his native village he took no part in the libertarian activities which had been initiated by Olegario Pachón; his commitment to anarchism came when he moved to Seville shortly before the coming of the Republic. Almost immediately after settling there he joined the attack groups, joining one that also included Miguel Arca & Jeronimo Misa. They soon became the most formidable anarchist group /confederal defence group in the years when the CNT in Seville was caught up in violent conflict (with Communists & anarchist fighting for control of the Seville CNT & in clashes with the bosses). There is no doubt that he took part in many operations against the Communists & that he assassinated the president of the Andalusian employers, Caravaca, when the latter refused to recognise the CNTs union. In 192, he was present at an FAI rally in Seville with Durruti & others. In the ensuing months he came in for a lot of harassment, as a result of which he extended his operations outside of Seville, before eventually being forced to flee to Morocco and Algeria. He died in Oran following a gun battle with French gendarmes. He was the most celebrated of the activists in southern Spain prior to the civil war.

    The 'Los Queros Guerrilla' band.
    The Los Queros group operated in the city of Granada & in its environs in the years following the end of the civil war, inflicting heavy losses on the Francoist government forces & their collaborators. The main members of the group were the four Quero Robles brothers (Antonio, Francisco, José & Pedro) & they had plenty of back-up. The Queros brothers were the sons of a farm laborer who went on to become a watchman & eventually a butcher in Granada. This latter trade was plied in Albaicin & he had the help of his older sons. When the civil war erupted in 1936, & after Granada fell to the rebels, the family was targeted for persecution. A brother in law was shot, the father was jailed, etc. & some of the brothers (Pedro, Antonio & Jos) escaped into the republican zone. When the civil war ended, Pedro wound up in the Benalua de Guardix concentration camp, returning to Granada after he was released. However, he was soon forced to go into hiding after suffering persecution when it became know that during the civil war he had served with a special services (guerrilla) unit, & the family had to put it about that he had fled to France. Years later he emerged from hiding to join his brothers in their guerrilla activity. José & Antonio had also been jailed after the war ended but had successfully broken out of the La Campana prison in Granada & joined forces with other guerrillas (Medina, Salcedo, Villa, El Tito.) The fourth guerrilla brother, Francisco, was beaten up by the victors in the civil war, until he took to the hills in 1941. The four Quero brothers were joined by others unhappy with Francoism; people like Antonio Velázquez (from Guéjar), Morales etc. The Queros guerrilla band commanded the respect of the Francoist forces of law & order, so much so that they often could live fairly openly in Granada. Among their more outstanding actions were several robberies carried out in La Zubia & Granada in 1942-43, the kidnapping of General Estrada in 1943, & numerous gunfights with police detectives & Civil Guards, the execution of informers, etc. Nevertheless, from 1945 onwards, the police noose was tightening & the band began to suffer losses; Velázquez & Mecánico died in January 1945 when the Civil Guard dynamited their hide-out in Granada; in July it was Modestro's turn. After a fierce gun-battle in Granada itself, the Queros managed to escape but within days 36 year old Pedro took his own life when surrounded on Sacromonte, taking two of Francos goons with him. In 1946 Morales & Francisco Quero (23) were killed. Antonio Quero died on 22 May 1947. It seems that the fourth brother was killed in a shoot-out on 2 November 1944. By 1947 the Los Queros' guerrilla activity in Granada, the most significant libertarian guerrillas alongside El Raya's band, was over.

    Benigno Andrade Garcia
    Known as Foucellas after the village in La Corunna where he was born. In 1936 he was working with a locksmith in Mesia & was a CNT member. Come the fascist uprising, which succeeded in Galicia, & after fighting the forces of repression in Cambruy, he joined the rural guerrillas (Negreiro's group in the mountainous Chamarde district). With the end of the civil war, he carried on with his guerrilla activities alongside an autonomous band based in the Bacelo hills, fighting in the area around Betanzos, Ordenes, Guitiriz & Arzua, with forays into La Corunna & El Ferrol (in 1948), striking fear into the fascists. Early in 1952, he was ambushed in Betanzos as a result of treachery and was wounded & arrested. He was executed in La Corunna on 26 July 1952. Of average height, well-built, full of energy & shrewd, he was the most feared of the Galician guerrillas, the undisputed leader of the guerrillas in Central Galicia. He achieved considerable popularity, so much so that the name Foucellas was used as a synonym for guerrilla.

    Juan Brell Piñol
    Born in Valencia in 1908 into an anarchist family, his childhood was 'eventful' due to the banishments & harassment inflicted on his father. He belonged to the CNT's Woodworkers' Union. By 1936 he was general secretary of the Foyos comarcal federation & he enlisted in the anarchist militias, commanding the Puebla de Farnals centuria which eventually joined the Iron Column; after some time in the rearguard, he returned to the front; he fought in Somosierra right up until the end of the civil war, at which point he was captured (in Loma Quemada). This marked the start of a long calvary through concentration camps & prisons... the monasteries of Santa Espina & Puig, Las Corneras (Valladolid), Madrid, Valencia & San Miguel de los Reyes (in the latter prison he was on death row, having been sentenced in 1941). In October 1946 he was released on parole, but was back in jail by March 1947; he managed to break out shortly afterwards and, under an assumed name, threw himself into intensive work on behalf of the underground CNT; this ended with his being arrested in 1958. He was released on bail & rejoined the struggle until his advancing years ruled him out of positions exposing him to danger. With the collapse of Francoism, he, like many another aged CNT member, devoted his efforts to championing the cause of pensioners.

    José Ledo Limia
    Galician anarchist born in Lugo (some sources say in Orense) in 1900. He emigrated to Rio de Janiero (Brazil) around the time of the great war & later popped up in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay & Peru.

    He returned to Spain as a stowaway & was arrested in Vigo. He joined the army in the wake of the Anual military disaster (Morocco) & served for several years as a gunner in Africa (1921-25). Later he travelled to Havana & on to Mexico (1925-26) & worked in the United States (Pennsylvania).

    It was in the USA that he came into contact with A. Quintas who introduced him to anarchism. A short time after that he was deported to Spain over his involvement in the Sacco-Vanzetti campaign. He arrived in a Spain under the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera & spent several months in prison.

    Later he lived in hiding but was very active (helping to set up the social Ateneo in Madrid). During the republic he worked for the Transmediterrnea shipping line (travelling to Brazil, Argentina & Uruguay) acting as a liaison between anarchists on both sides of the Atlantic (smuggling militants & propaganda materials).

    He gave up the sea after a trip to Fernando Poo when he nearly died of malaria. He was intensely active then in Barcelona & Madrid; the events in Asturias in 1934 found him up to his neck in the revolution & he was jailed along with Fosco Falaschi & Benigno Mancebo. He was released on parole in mid-1935 (although some people claim that he was sentenced to death & released under the amnesty in 1936).

    Thereafter he was active in the catering union in Madrid & in the FAI.

    When the civil war broke out, he joined the Galician column as its trade union delegate, fighting on the Madrid front - & rejecting promotion. He later joined the Investigation Branch (in Barcelona-Madrid) whose task was to counter the Stalinist counter-revolution (1937). At this time he was disappointed at the course being taken by the revolution & was bitter at the sight of yesterdays red-hot revolutionaries jockeying for 'position'. He had a miraculous escape from capture by the Francoists at the end of the war & crossed into France via Matar & Camprodon, only to begin an odyssey through concentration camps in Argeles, Barcares, St Cyprien & Arles - from which he escaped several times (he was in Perpignan in February 1939), but to little avail. He was sent to punishment camps & assigned to the Sur-Niort labor battalion.

    Eventually he made it to Paris where, after some harsh confrontation with CNT leaders, he secured a passage to the Americas. In April he sailed from Le Harve, bound for Cuidad Trujillo in the Dominican Republic.

    Later he moved on to Queretaro in Mexico in 1942, where he remained until 1965 when he smuggled himself to Portugal from where he was forced to flee to Mexico after a short while.

    In 1974, sorely disenchanted, he returned to end his days in his native land, working on the land. An indefatigable battler, not much given to writing (though he was friendly with well- known libertarian intellectuals) & a born activist, he was without doubt one of the greatest anarchists of his day & one of the ones who resisted the temptation to compromise which seduced lots of other CNT members in 1936. Among his friends were Carpio, B. Esteban, Odón, Tato, Lamberet & Mancebo. Yet he remains a little-known militant.

    Benigno Mancebo
    Born in Sanchorreja (Avila, Spain) in 1906 & died in Madrid in 1940 before a fascist firing squad. From an anarchist family, he spent fifteen years (1908-1923) in the care of his grandmother & separated from his parents who had emigrated to the Americas. By 1923 he was in Argentina where he was associated with revolutionary anarchist laborism & he quickly came into contact with the group publishing the legendary anarchist newspaper La Protesta (on which he worked as a typesetter) & improved his education. In Argentina he became a fan of the theatre (the Arte y Natura group) & he belonged to the Booklovers Guild set up by Diego Abad de Santilln.

    Arrested by the Argentine military in 1930, he was interned on the island of Demarchi & then in Martin Garcia & the prison in Ushuaia, only to be deported along with his father, Pedro, to Spain. He had scarcely arrived there when he was arrested as a draft- dodger & he was sent to Valencia to do his military service; right after discharge he joined the CNT & FAI & launched the important Madrid newspaper El Libertario. His journalistic activity was fleshed out with frequent pieces written for CNT, Tierra y Libertad & Solidaridad Obrera (as a result of which he saw the inside of the republics prisons fairly regularly). During the civil war he was involved in activities of the first importance; he was a member of the CNTs regional committee in Castile & of the commission given the task of preserving the national heritage. In February 1939 he joined the famous CNT Defence Committee of the Centre. Later he fled to Alicante where he was arrested.

    He was shot on 27 April 1940. Although less well known than other Argentines, Benigno Mancebo was one of that legendary band of militants with connections to "La Protesta" who played such a decisive role in the Iberian peninsula in the 1930s.





    9003 -- update need date

    My sorrow was augmented by still another loss, that of my friend Jessie Ashley, valiant rebel. No other American woman of her position had allied herself so completely with the revolutionary movement as Jessie. She had taken a vital part in the I.W.W. activities, the free-speech & birth-control campaigns, giving personal service & much of her means. She had been with us in the No-Conscription League & in every move we had made against the draft & the war. When Sasha & I were held under fifty-thousand-dollar bail, Jessie Ashley was the first to contribute ten thousand dollars in cash towards our bond. The news of her death after a short illness had come unexpectedly. David & Jessie --- one of my own blood, the other much closer in spirit --- their passing affected me deeply.

    Living My Life: Chapter 48 ... by Emma Goldman http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/goldman/living/living2_48.html



    9003 --

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    Spain 1977: The anti-crats (or acratas) disrupt political meetings every weekend, in Madrid & all the major centers.

    Agustin Garcia Calvo formed Acratas in 1967 at a Madrid University, influenced by new protest movement amongst students abroad.

    Anarchist rather than Marxist, they are against all authority, & protest by asserting their right to have fun by ridiculing the ideas & individuals & groups they despise.

    They are the a plague upon the Spanish politics-as-usual-left-&-right scene.


    "It is easy to recognize throughout the world the new tone with which a radical critique is pronouncing its declaration of war on the old society — from the graffiti on the walls of England & Italy to the extremist Mexican group Caos, which during the summer of 1968 called for the sabotage of the Olympics & of “the society of spectacular consumption”; from the acts & publications of the Acratas in Madrid to the shout of a Wall Street demonstration (AFP, April 12), “Stop the Show,” in that American society whose “decline & fall” we already pointed out in 1965 & whose very officials now admit that it is “a sick society.” "

    "The Beginning of an Era", Translated by Ken Knabb (slightly modified from the version in the Situationist International Anthology)

    http://www.bopsecrets.org/SI/12.era2.htm


    http://www.acratas.hpg.ig.com.br/index.html



    9003 -- ADD BLOOD FIVE SISTERS, TO ENCYCLOPEDIA Date: Fri, 27 Dec 2002 13:22:01 -0800 From: Recollection Books Memoirs by five anarchist women (Vera Figner, Vera Zasulich, Praskovia Ivanovskaia, Olga Lubatovich, Elizaveta Kovalskaia) involved in the revolutionary movement to overthrow the Tzar. See ENGEL, Barbara Alpern & Clifford N. Rosenthal (ed). FIVE SISTERS: Women Against the Tsar. NY: Knopf, 1975. 254 pages. 1st edition. Hardback. Illustrated, bibliography. Translated by the editors. Intro by Alix Kates Shulman. Memoirs by five anarchist women (Vera Figner, Vera Zasulich, Praskovia Ivanovskaia, Olga Lubatovich, Elizaveta Kovalskaia) involved in the revolutionary movement to overthrow the Tzar.


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    9003 -- "I'm sorry, Dave. I'm afraid I can't do that."


    9003 --
    Quick Political Aptitude Test with only 1 question
    Author Topic: Quick Political Aptitude Test with only 1 question
    Keyz


    This test consists of one (1) multiple-choice question (so you better get it right!)


    The question (set forth below) is based on the following list of countries that the U.S. has bombed since the end of World War II:


    1. China 1945-46

    2. Korea 1950-53

    3. China 1950-53

    4. Guatemala 1954

    5. Indonesia 1958

    6. Cuba 1959-60

    7. Guatemala 1960

    8. Congo 1964

    9. Peru 1965

    10. Laos 1964-73

    11. Vietnam 1961-73

    12. Cambodia 1969-70

    13. Guatemala 1967-69

    14. Grenada 1983

    15. Libya 1986

    16. El Salvador 1980s

    17. Nicaragua 1980s

    18. Panama 1989

    19. Iraq 1991-2003

    20. Sudan 1998

    21. Yugoslavia 1999
    22. Afghanistan 1998, 2001-2002


    Question:

    In how many of these instances did a democratic government, respectful of human rights, occur as a direct result?


    For your answer, choose one of the following:


    (a) 0

    (b) zero

    (c) none

    (d) not a one

    (e) a whole number between -1 & +1
    http://64.225.86.153/cgi-bin/ubbcgi/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=get_topic;f=1;t=000286


    9003 -- The man who makes himself a beat relieves himself of the burden of being a man. — Samuel Johnson. check for this quote online to confirm


    9003 --

    "...kick at the darkness until it bleeds daylight ..." Bruce Cockburn Lovers In A Dangerous Time

    ALREADY USED SOME OTHER PAGE I BLIEVE; RUN SEARCH http://www.cyberbeach.net/~willows/cupw/local/site/music.htm


    9003 -- Encyclopedia updates Date: Mon, 18 Mar 2002 17:50:02 -0800 (PST) From: Davide Turcato To: recall@eskimo.com Hi David, since you told me you like corrections, here I am again :-) I just saw your last message to the RA list, & I noticed you have an entry about "Nella Giamometti". I believe you are probably referring to "Nella Giacomelli". I look forward to see the content of the entry... Bye for now, Davide Turcato materiale archivistico - [ Translate this page ] ... Federazione Anarchica Pugliese el’epistolario di Michele Damiani, 1944-1972 ... in cinque volumi, divisi per argomenti, curata da Nella Giacomelli (gli articoli ... www.comune.re.it/manifestazioni/ berneri/archivistico.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages [PDF]LA TRADIZIONE DEGLI ATTENTATI File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML ... Anche Gigi Damiani si ricollegò in parte a tale tipo di individualismo riuscendo ... 1902 grazie all'impegno di Ettore Molinari e di Nella Giacomelli), (14) si ... www.anarcotico.net/download/scaricabili/attentati.pdf - Similar pages Molinari Ettore - [ Translate this page ] ... HOLDE, Friedenau 27 ottobre 1924. (1.22) Nella Giacomelli a Ettore Molinari: Nella GIACOMELLI, Rivoltella 19 maggio 1926. ... Gigi DAMIANI, Marsiglia 20 novembre 1926. ... www.bibliotecamai.org/.../archivi/archivi_collezioni_doc/ inventario_molinari/inventario_molinari.html
    leda rafanelli - [ Translate this page ] ... Milano diviene la loro città di adozione: qui con Ettore Molinari e Nella Giacomelli fa parte del gruppo redazionale della “Protesta umana” (1906-1909). ... www.comune.re.it/manifestazioni/berneri/rafanelli.htm A VIDA COMEÇA AOS PARES - [ Translate this page ] ... Turquia),Giovanna Berberi (Itália), Maria L. Berneri (Itália), Chatarina ... Vera Figner (Rússia), Virginia Dantas (Portugal), Nella Giacomelli (Itália), Emma ... www.agrorede.org.br/ceca/edgar/Pares.htm

    9003 --

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    9003 -- BURN THIS PAGE TO CD, THEN ADD THE ENTRIES TO BLEED christie

    EXTRACTS FROM A HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF SPANISH ANARCHISM by Miguel Iñiguez http://www.christiebooks.com/PDFs/Encyclopedia1.pdf http://www.christiebooks.com/PDFs/Encyclopedia1.pdf


    9003 -- Giuseppe Monanni

    È uno dei più profondi assertori dell’individualismo anarchico. È stato pubblicista di grande valore, editore-libraio, tipografo. Della sua attività giornalistica militante v’è traccia dalla rivista “Vir”, da lui fondata a Firenze nel 1907, collaboratori Baldazzi, Sem Benelli, Oberdan Gigli; poi più tardi nel “Grido della Folla” con Gavilli e Leda Rafanelli. E ancora a Milano, nel settimanale individualista “La Rivolta” nel 1911, “La Libertà” nel 1913-14, redatto quasi interamente da lui e da Leda Rafanelli e composto a mano in una loro tipografia. A questa attività giornalistica Monanni aggiunge un’intensa attività editoriale che va diffondendosi in tutti gli ambienti anarchici e culturali sotto i nomi prima di Libreria Editrice Sociale dal 1910 al 1915, poi di Casa Editrice Sociale dal 1919 al 1926 ed infine di Casa Editrice Monanni dal 1926 al 1933. In questo campo la sua opera non conosce limiti e neppure il fascismo riesce ad arrestarla, o le difficoltà economiche. Pubblica tutti i classici dell’anarchismo, le opere complete di Nietzsche, quelle del Palante, di Giuseppe Ferrari, Slonim, Darwin, Canestrini, ed altri capolavori della letteratura. Allo scoppio della prima guerra mondiale decide di riparare in Svizzera con altri compagni. Al suo rientro in Italia il fascismo gli rende la vita durissima con arresti, sequestri, censura ai suoi libri. Nel 1925 fonda “L’Università Libera” con Carlo Molaschi. A seguito delle leggi speciali la sua attività si limita ad opere di pura cultura generale, finché per motivi finanziari e politici il suo impegno editoriale cessa. Alla ripresa del Movimento, dopo la caduta del fascismo collabora al “Libertario”, con lo pseudonimo di “Mony”. http://www.comune.re.it/manifestazioni/berneri/monanni.htm


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    9003 -- Carlo Molaschi

    Molaschi (1886-1953) è risuonato in questo luogo dannato e ha fatto vibrare le corde degli strumenti plumbei delle nostre emozioni; Molaschi è stato sovente nominato in queste pagine con rancore, acredine, con quell'irrispettosa avversione che suscita il puerile voltagabbana, il traditore, il giovane saltafossi verso il quale tante speranze si erano appuntate.

    A lui, che aveva dimostrato come l'individualismo nietzscheano potesse esacerbare gli animi ma non sospingerli ad una furia cieca ed istituzionalizzata bensì allo sbranamento dell'Ordine societario in ogni sua espressione, e come potesse condurre al rifiuto della guerra della violenza ma nondimeno alimentare l'apoteosi della violenza della guerra-antisociale per eccellenza, a lui che aveva curato e prefato così eccezionalmente la raccolta degli scritti postumi di Bruno Filippi, ovvero "I Grandi Iconoclasti nel pensiero e nell'azione", Tipografia Fratelli Ciattini, Pistoia 1920, rivendicando all'Anarchia la prerogativa di Ideale senza voce, senza direzione, senza nome e senza scopo, inarticolabile a parole ma soltanto intuibile, ferocemente in opposizione al belante mormorio di preci, al movimento rivoluzionario di classe, ai sempre disprezzabili, secondo l'insegnamento di Nietzsche, "miglioratori dell'Umanità", al giovane Carlo Molaschi, dunque, prima del suo transitare a tutto ciò che in gioventù aveva diffidato ed aborrito, queste mie parole sono in perpetuo suffragio.

    Egli volle dimostrare, nell'anno dell'attentato di Sarajevo (1914), di avere ben intuito nel proprio intimo l'incomprensibile ed impraticabile alle masse profezia del Nietzsche.

    Fu proprio in seguito alla defezione di alcuni individualisti, dai temperamenti e dai destini successivi i più disparati, i quali corsero ad ingrossare le file degli interventisti rivoluzionari (tra loro Libero Tancredi, Oberdan Gigli, Attilio Paolinelli), che egli, individualista milanese di ascendenza nietzscheana, legato a Giuseppe Monanni e a Leda Rafanelli e alle iniziative della loro casa editrice, lanciò, durante il periodo della neutralità italiana, un settimanale antimilitarista intitolato "Il Ribelle". Esso uscì dal 24 Ottobre 1914 al 20 MARZO / MARCH 20 1915. In realtà venne fondato da Carlo Malighetti, che curò soltanto il primo numero, lasciando poi a Molaschi la redazione.

    Lo scopo, se così si può dire, della pubblicazione, era quello di salvare la purezza dell'ideale individualista compromesso dalla "fuga in avanti" di alcuni suoi elementi in vista. Scriveva Molaschi nel numero del 16 GENNAIO / JANUARY 1915: "Prima che la violenza statale ci obblighi al silenzio, vogliamo gridar forte la nostra rampogna contro la guerra, vogliamo dire il perchè noi, individualisti anarchici, non la subiremo inconsciamente. La corrente individualista dell'anarchismo fu troppo avversata in passato, troppe prevenzioni le hanno impedito di affermarsi nel campo del pensiero. Corrente d'idee che è all'avanguardia del progresso e del rinnovamento umano, limite estremo della più estrema utopia. Ma ora che la storia precipita, che un fato orrendo squassa le folle e i popoli, la nostra voce deve squillare più alta che mai contro tutto ciò che è infamia, vigliaccheria, dedizione".

    Molaschi era allora uno dei pochi individualisti che si richiamavano compiutamente al pensiero di Nietzsche, la cui opera completa, nella versione all'epoca conosciuta, sarà pubblicata dalle edizioni di Monanni. Il suo coerente superomismo e il suo disprezzo per la mandria umana lo condussero ad una opposizione netta e immediata a quella nuova guerra tra Stati che si imponeva nel 1914. Egli infatti negava la disponibilità dell'individuo a cause come quella della patria, della disgustosa democrazia, della latinità, et coetera, in nome dell'Uomo "padrone assoluto di se stesso".

    Su "Il Ribelle" del 24 Ottobre 1914, in un articolo nomato "La mia neutralità!...", egli vergava: "Ma se dovessi far getto della vita per una causa, sarà per la mia e non di certo per quella della nazione, o della latinità, o della civiltà, o della borghesia, o del proletariato".

    Alla fine del conflitto, prima della sua adesione all'Unione Anarchica Italiana (vecchia bavosa ed incartapecorita baldracca che durante un sordido amplesso, intenta come era a puttaneggiare, ebbe a concepire ed infine a figliolare quello sgorbio maleodorante e rancido e putrido che è l'attuale F.A.I.), Molaschi determinò il suo passaggio dalla fase nietzscheana a quella nichilista pura, trasformando il proprio sdegno in odio e il proprio superbo isolamento in febbre d'azione, di distruzione, di devastazione e di demolizione.

    Nell'Aprile APRIL 1920 egli pubblicava la rivista "Nichilismo", con l'obiettivo di affermare i principii individualisti anarchici nel campo della lotta sociale; resistere alla degenerazione socialista del movimento anarchico italiano; tentare di dare vita ad un movimento artistico e letterario improntato da carattere schiettamente anarchico.

    "Nichilismo" esprimeva un orientamento di radicale pessimismo, di negazione assoluta di ogni verità o di ogni speranza. Ma una forte ed irresistibile crisi d'identità, "spirituale" se voi volete, o un improvviso attacco di imbecillità acuta, a mio parere, lo portarono in breve tempo ad una profonda revisione del proprio pensiero, ad avvicinarsi alla linea di Errico Malatesta e di Luigi Fabbri, e a divenire un valente e mite corrispondente di "Umanità Nova".

    Nel 1921, inoltre, come se non bastasse, Molaschi iniziava la pubblicazione della rivista "Pagine Libertarie", sulla quale il 15 GENNAIO / JANUARY 15 1922 egli esibiva il suo saggio, già ricordato altrove e celeberrimo, dallo squisito titolo "Dal superuomo all'umanità", dove chiariva i motivi del proprio superamento dell'individualismo, folgorato, come si suole banalmente dire, sulla via di Damasco, e nel quale attaccava la nostra stessa ed unica ragione di vita, "l'egotismo presuntuoso del superuomo", una vera bruttura che egli abiurava battendosi il petto e recitando all'infinito il mea culpa.

    Fu quella una scena orripilante per tutti gli egoarchi, ma non bastò. Tra il 1924 e il 1925, in nome della linea di Fabbri sull'unità sindacale e sulla sua teorizzazione della cosiddetta "gradualità rivoluzionaria", Molaschi propose la liquidazione dell'U.S.I., che di lì a breve fu lo stesso Mussolini a mandare in soffitta con lo scioglimento forzato del 1925 e, analogamente a quanto andavano sostenendo alcuni "anarchici confederali", la creazione di "gruppi libertari sindacali" all'interno della C.G.D.L.

    Intanto, a Roma, il Primo Gennaio 1924, usciva il primo numero della rivista "Pensiero e volontà", diretta da Malatesta e con principali collaboratoriBerneri, Fabbri, Frigerio e anche il nostro Molaschi. L'adesione molaschiana al Bestialismo Malatestiano poteva, con questa ultima preziosità, dirsi totalmente e completamente conclusa, portata definitivamente a compimento.

    Ma nonostante questa sua vomitevole ed irritante fase egli non potè cancellare il lascito della sua ben più fulgida attività giovanile: Molaschi seguace di Bruno Filippi non potrà essere radiato dalla codardia e dalla stupidità malatestiana, resterà sempre ad indicarci la strada da percorrere; che è poi la via che conduce verso il Nulla.

    "L'epilogo della vita di un anarchico è una tragedia o un abisso di dolore. Si scompare fatti a brani dall'odio compresso della dinamite, si muore di tisi su un letto di un ospedale, esauriti in fondo ad un carcere, sfiniti sul marciapiede di una via, tremanti di freddo fra le pareti squallide di un tugurio, affamati sull'orlo di un fossato... E tutto per un gran sogno che non sarà mai! (Carlo Molaschi, estratto dalla prefazione a "I Grandi Iconoclasti nel pensiero e nell'azione. Scritti postumi di Bruno Filippi", Pistoia 1920) ? http://www.anarcotico.net/articoli/molaschi.html


    9003 -- SONGS THAT TELL STORIES, TO EXPLORE FOR DATES, ADD TO BLEED EVENTS INDEX 1. under african skies ode to billy joe teen angel the three bells glory days - springsteen the philadelphia lawyer - guthrie ole red 2. her majesty's a pretty nice girl the boxer - simon jack orion - traditional plane wreck at los gatos - guthrie alice's restaurant - a. guthrie american pie - mcclean jack & diane - mellancamp sloop john b. 3. fast car - t. chapman cats in the cradle - chapin a front row seat to hear ol johnny sing - silverstein 4. taxi - chapin ballad of jed clampet & addams family the hanging tree john henry tol' my cap'n emigrant's dream - armstrong paddy lay back - traditional 5. dutchman's gold old rivers johnny mceldoo an mcgee an me - dublin recitation old shep the hole he said he'd dig for me the wreck of the edmund fitzgerald 6. lucy's door judy drownded remember the alamo life goes on - lennon/mccartney black girl - ledbetter boy named sue - silverstein springhill mining disaster the i ain't never heard you play no blues maybellene - c. berry 7. rocky raccoon - lennon/mccartney georgia farm boy - newbury lily rosemary & the jack of hearts - dylan mr custer frankie & johnny 8. winter wonderland famous blue raincoat - l. cohen so far away - king love letter stagger lee 9. pretty boy floyd - guthrie maxwell's silver hammer - lennon/mccartney telling stories - chapman big rock candy mountain - mcclintock spanish leather - dylan it was love love alone judy drownded tears in heaven - clapton miller's cave don't take your guns to town / the ballad of billy joe - charlie rich 10. both sides now forever young - dylan i will love you jim dean of indiana - ochs don't take your guns to town the one on the right - cash 11. california girls - beach boys william butler yeats visits lincoln park - ochs ramses II is dead my love - ed sanders ghost riders in the sky all you have is your soul - chapman the witch of the west-mer-lands - fisher 12. it was raining it was cold same auld lang syne - fogelberg lord franklin the night they drove old dixie down 13. the weight sink the bismark when it's springtime in alaska http://www.able2know.com/forums/viewtopic.php?t=797


    9004 -- MIGHT WANT TO GET EXACT DATES FOR SOME OF THESE EVENTS

    1852 Printers organize a national union. 1854 Hat finishers organize a national union. 1859 Iron molders & machinists & blacksmiths organize national unions. 1861 Bituminous miners & mule spinners organize national unions. 1862 United Sons of Vulcan, an ironworkers union, organizes. 1863 Locomotive engineers organize a national union. 1864 Cigarmakers, ship carpenters, & plasterers organize unions. Gompers joins Cigar Makers' National Union Local 15. Sept.: the International Workingmen's Association (IWA) is founded in London. German socialist Karl Marx writes the party platform & emerges as the leading theoretician of the organization, which is later known as the First International. 1865 Bricklayers organize a national union. 1866 Craft workers & political reformers organize the National Labor Union in Baltimore. 1868 Anthracite miners in Pennsylvania organize the Workingmen's Benevolent Association. Glass bottle blowers & railway conductors & brakemen organize national unions. The Trades Union Congress of Great Britain is founded. 1869 Colored National Labor Union organizes. Isaac Myers, a ship caulker from Baltimore, is elected president. 1870 Coopers organize a national union. 1872 Gompers became a U.S. citizen on Oct. 4. 1873 A serious business depression begins, slowing the U.S. economy until 1879. Furniture workers & locomotive firemen organize national unions. Gompers attends meetings of the IWA & joins the inner circle known as "Die Zehn Philosophen," a group that evolves into the trade-union oriented Economic & Sociological Club. 1874 Political activists in the IWA (including P.J. McGuire & Adolph Strasser) form the Social Democratic Workingmen's Party of North America. Those more interested in trade unionism (including Ferdinand Laurrell & J.P. McDonnell) organize the Association of United Workers in America. Gompers has friends in both camps. The Sovereigns of Labor, a mutual aid society based in New England, organizes. Horseshoers organize a national union. 1875 E.W. Clark & George Miller are jailed in Thomaston, Me. for mutiny after being abused by a brutal captain. In 1890, the AFL lobbies for a presidential pardon & keeps up the campaign until 1903 when Clark is pardoned. Miller, however, dies in jail in 1894. FEBRUARY: Eugene V. Debs joins Vigo Lodge 16, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, in Terre Haute, Ind. 1876 Iron & steel workers organize a national union. July: the Workingmen's Party of the U. S. organizes in Philadelphia. In Sept. Gompers becomes active in the newly organized New York American (that is, English-speaking) section, which favors trade unionism. The New York German section is more politically active, & disputes between the two groups soon erupt. 1877 Granite cutters organize a national union. 1878 Greenback Labor party organizes. Flint glass workers organize a national union. 1879 Miners in Springhill, Nova Scotia, form the Provincial Workingmen's Union, Canada's first labor union. Henry George publishes Progress & Poverty. Sept.: Terence Vincent Powderly, a machinist & the mayor of Scranton, is elected Grand Master Workman of the Knights of Labor. He serves until 1893. 1880 Debs is elected secretary-treasurer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen & editor of its journal. THIS IS LEFT OVER AFTER i'VE ADDED THE MATERIAL FROM THE TIMELINE THAT HAD EXACT DATES