Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

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    Our Daily Bleed...

The Daily Bleed Detail Reference Page for the month of November

The following entries provide details, subtext or background relating to dated events cited in the Daily Bleed Calendar, linked from there to the date(s) cited here.

The Daily Bleed Calendar in full, & access to the pages for this month, are accessible at

1841 -- [November 1] Charles Ange Laisant, French Conseiller Général in Nantes, Député in Paris (18ème) who later became an anarchist under the influence of his son Albert. Wrote educational texts for children, in mathematics, physics, etc. Friend & correspondent with Francisco Ferrer.

Laisant launched a larger letter writing campaign in 1909 when Francisco Ferrer was jailed & murdered by the Spanish government.

Alphonso XIII was a member of the Astronomy Society of France, & Laisant wanted the king's membership suspended. Laisant corresponded with several important figures, including Gabrielle Camille Flammarion, Alfred Naquet, & Francisco Galceran, accusing the king of being a murderer & thus unfit to be a member of the society. It was decided that the Astronomy Society would publish a pamphlet, A La Porte de L'Assassin (Oust the Murderer!) signed by all senior members of the society. The pamphlet was published in 1910.

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1919 -- [November 1] US: More than 400,000 miners across the country go on strike.

This fall insurgent miners take over the United Mine Workers (UMW) convention in Cleveland — even though union officials tried to exclude rebellious locals. Prior to the convention, the union supplied scabs to help mine owners put down wildcat strikes.

Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Woody "Liberal" Wilson declares the nationwide strike unlawful. A federal injunction sequesters the union strike fund & prohibit union leaders from taking any action in support of the strike. Federal troops enter the minefields of Utah, Washington, New Mexico, Oklahoma & Pennsylvania.

For nearly a month, coal miners ignore union orders to cancel the strike.

In Kansas, mine owners use college students for labor. In Montana, federal troops force miners back to work, & North Dakota takes over mines under martial law.

The miners reluctantly return to work when Wilson orders an immediate 14-percent wage increase & establishes an arbitration commission.

See: Jeremy Brecher, Strike!, page 134-35

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1939 -- [November 1] 40th anniversary of the New York Yiddish anarchist weekly, the "Freie Arbeiter Stimme" (Free Voice of Labor). EG, anarchist feminist
... show details

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1888 -- [November 3] Australia: Larry Petrie is apparently a late-comer to the Melbourne Anarchist Club (MAC), as Sam Rosa is, leading debates on 9th June 1888 on 'Anarchy', on 10 August 1888 'the Chinese', today ("Individualism" the topic) & 8th December1888 ("Equity").

He spoke frequently at the Queen's Wharf & 'travelled' in tea taking the opportunity to talk with his customers about social change, especially women in slum areas & prostitutes 'for whom he had great sympathy.'

An anarchist, & Australian Workers Union (AWU) Secretary-Organiser in Sydney, "(He) used to sing in a good, baritone voice The Marseillaise to gather a good crowd around him .... Raising his only arm when he sang 'to arms, my citizens' was always good for a laugh ....."

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1968 -- [November 3] Germinal De Sousa, dies, Lisbon. Participant in the Spanish Revolution of 1936, fighting with the column "Tierra y Libertad". Son of Manuel Joaquim de Sousa & secretary of F.A.I. (Iberian Anarchist Federation), 1938-1939.

The FAI was an idea, a proposal promoted by the Portuguese militant Manuel Joaquim de Sousa, with backing from Manuel Peres Fernandes who had been deported from Brazil in 1919 by the Epitacio Pessoa government & found refuge in Lisbon in 1923-1924 with Doctor Pedro Vallina & his family. His son, Germinal de Sousa, a refugee in Spain at the time was also on hand. From the outset, he was a member of the new anarchist body & was a participant, along with other Portuguese delegates, in the National Plenum of Regionals held in Madrid on 30 & 31 October 1927. ... show details

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1896 -- [November 4] Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: In Philadelphia, Emma Goldman speaks at the Ladies' Liberal League about her "Experiences on Blackwell's Island."

On Nov. 8, she delivers two lectures — before a mass meeting called by a Jewish group to honor the Haymarket Martyrs & to raise money for Alexander Berkman, the second on "Woman's Cause" to the Young Men's Liberal League.
November 11-15, she lectures in Baltimore & raises money for Berkman's appeal.
November 18-26, following an appearance in Buffalo, Goldman lectures to enthusiastic audiences in Pittsburgh, primarily in German, & continues to raise money for the Berkman fund. Topics include "The Jews in America," "Anarchism in America," & "The Effect of the Recent Election on the Condition of the Workingmen." Her concluding lecture addresses the Haymarket Affair.

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1897 -- [November 4] Cipriano Mera lives (1897-1975). French anarcho-syndicalist.

Construction worker; participated in the anarchist uprising in Saragossa in 1933; directed in 1936 the Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT) strike to protect the Popular Front government; militia leader & army commander in the Spanish Revolution; participated in the battles of Madrid, Guadalajara & Brunette; joined the 'Casado revolt' & broke the communist resistance against the National Defence Council in 1939; arrested in Algeria & imprisoned for seven years; went to France, where he was active in the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) in exile.

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1921 -- [November 4] Victorine Brocher-Rouchy, French militant anarchist, dies (1838-1921)

Born into a family with a long revolutionary tradition, she became involved in republican & socialist activities in the 1850s; married in 1861 Jean Rouchy with whom she participated in the 1860s in Orleans & Paris in several socialist groups; with her husband active in the Paris Commune in 1871, she managed to escape first to Switzerland & later to London, while her husband was imprisoned & died in captivity; returned to Lyon & then to Paris in 1878, & became very active in anarchist circles; member of the group that published "La Révolution Sociale"; Parisian delegate to the London Congress of 1881 where she met Gustave Brocher (1850-1931), whom she married in 1887; published in 1911 her memoirs up to 1871 Souvenirs d'une morte vivante.

"Ihre anti-republikanische Grundhaltung machte sie auch für anti-bourgeoise Argumente empfänglich und so wurden sie nun zu wichtigen Stützen der Pariser Kommune. Dabei wirkte sich auch aus, daß Mitglieder der Pariser Internationale - insbesondere Eugène Varlin und Natalie Lemel mit der Lebensmittelkooperative „La Marmite" , oder auch die Internationale Victorine Brocher mit einer Bäckereigenossenschaft - sich schon seit Ende der sechziger Jahre darum bemüht hatten, der Kooperativbewegung ein politisch-sozialistisches Profil zu geben."

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1936 -- [November 4] Spain: Four leaders of the anarcho-syndicalist CNT [Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo], the largest union in the country, bag their principles during the Spanish Revolution & join the new Republican "Popular Front" government as Cabinet Ministers:

Juan Garcia Oliver (Justice), Juan Peiro (Industry) Juan Lopez Sanchez (Trade), Federica Montseny (Health; she is the first woman minister in a Spanish cabinet). Actions such as these undermine the Social Revolution, turning it into just another "Civil War".

See Camillo Berneri's "Open letter to comrade Federica Montseny", & also Vernon Richards' scathing critique, Lessons of the Spanish Revolution (Freedom Press).

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rogelio madrigal
1933 -- [November 5] Spain: Rogelio Madrigal Torres lives. Catalan anarchist guérilla with Sabaté's group; trapped & shot down by the army in 1960.

In 1956, Madrigal deserts the Spanish army, taking refuge in Dijon, France, where he works as mason.

At the end of December 1959, Madrigal crosses the Spanish border with Francisco Sabaté, along with Antonio Miracle, Francisco Conesa & Martin Ruiz, to continue the undergound fight against Francoism.

Rogelio is cut down the night of January 3, 1960, encircled by the army at a Sarriá de Ter farmhouse (near Gerone).

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1886 -- [November 6] England: "Die Autonomie" first appears. A German language anarchist-communist weekly magazine published in London by R. Gunderson & edited by Josef Peukert.

The Autonomy group, which also included Otto Rinke, & Claus Timmermann, opposed Johann Most's "Freiheit" group. Peukert & Rinke fought bitterly with the collectivists, Blanquists & revolutionary social democrats, advocating instead the anarchist-communism of Peter Kropotkin. Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman, & other comrades in the US also joined Autonomy following Emma's falling out with Most.

The bulk of the of the writing was by Peukert & P. Wallhausen, but also included many internationally-known anarchists. The magazine was heavily repressed in Germany. Angnes Reinhold, for example, was sent to prison for six years for distributing it ("a highly-traitorous enterprise, offensive to the government, & violating the public order”) & Albert Behr received over two years.

"Die Autonomie" appears until April 22, 1893, ending with its 211th number.

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1924 -- [November 6] Spain: Revolt in Vera de Bidassoa. Anarchists & civil guards clash for two days. A guard is killed, two militants die, four wounded, 19 taken prisoner. Pablo Martin, Enrique Gil, & Julián Santillan are condemned & executed.

On November 6, 1924, to Barcelona, in connection with the group which tries to pass the border to Vera de Bidasoa, an attempt at attack is carried out against the barracks of Atarazanas by militants of the C.N.T, but for lack of coordination the operation also fails.

Two stopped militants, Jose LLACER & Juan MONTEJO, will pass in the Council of war. Condemned to death, they are carried out on November 10. In the night of November 6, 1924, in Vera de Bidasoa (border Basco-Navarrese). A group of anarchist militants of the C.N.T, whose Buenaventura Durruti, crosses the Spanish border with an aim of causing an insurrection against the dictatorial régime of Firstly of Will rivet. A shooting takes place with the civil Guard. Two guards are killed during the confrontation. The guerrillas are taken at once in hunting, they then try to turn over to France; 2 militants are killed, 4 are wounded & 19 prisoners are made. Three of the stopped militants answering the names of Enrique GIL, Julián SANTILLAN & Pablo MARTIN will be condemned to died & will be carried out in Pampelune (except Pablo Martin which will commit suicide in prison).

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1919 -- [November 7] US: Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman send out a 3,000-piece solicitation to raise support for political prisoners, the fight against deportation of aliens, & to announce their proposed lecture tour scheduled to begin at the end of the month.

... show details

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1928 -- [November 9 ] Uruguay: At 4 am, in Montevideo, 300 stalwarts from the police force & the army encircle the house at 41-J.J. Rousseau street, trapping anarchist illegalists inside. Those sent to prison escape thanks to a tunnel built by anarchist comrades.

300 men of the police force & the Uruguyan army encircle the house of the 41 street J-J. Rousseau. Inside the anarchists expropriateurs are who directed the exchange office Messina, on October 25, 1928. They are in fact three Catalan anarchists: Jaime Tadeo Peña, 22 year old glazier; Agustin Garcia Capdevilla, cabinetmaker 23 year old & Pedro Boadas Rivas, 32 years glazier.

Also in the house the illegalists Antonio & Vicente Moretti & their partners Pura Ruiz & Dolores Rom & their two children.

To avoid certain death, they decide to go, except Antonio Moretti who burns the money & is shot in the head.

The prisoners “will be then questioned” by the police chief Luis Pardeiro & will be sent to the prison of Puenta Carretas from where they will escape on March 18, 1931 thanks to the tunnel built by Miguel Arcangel Roscigna, Gino Gatti, Andrés Vasquez Paredes, Fernando Malvicini & Jose Manuel Paz.

... show details

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Timeline icon
1880 -- anarchiste diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2010 [November 10] Virgilio Gozzoli, anarchist, lives (1880-1964).

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or visit November 10

1891 -- [November 10] Simón Radowitzky lives. Legendary Polish anarchist who killed police chief Ramon Falcon & his secretary with a bomb, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 14 November 1909.
alt; Simon (Szymon) Radowicki

... show details

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1936 -- Timeline icon[November 10] Melchor Rodríguez García became the government's special delegate for the prisons of Madrid, as one of the anarchists to be accepted into the government for their support of the Republicans. At that post, he was responsible not only for the upkeep of the prisoners & prevention of escapes, but — more importantly — for prevention of lynching, proposed by numerous members of various militias. Within four days he resigned because of horrific & uncontrollable irregularities within the prisons. During the war, the problem of extra-legal execution of prisoners was serious & quite common.

Rodríguez was reappointed in December & was able to bring conditions under control, exposed Communist terror squads & prevent various militias from removing prisoners.

... show details

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SIA, source Ephéméride Anarchiste
1938 -- [November 10 ] France: Premier of issue of "S.I.A.," the weekly paper of International Solidarity Antifascist, in Paris.

Written in French, Spanish & Italian, for & by antifascist political refugees, for the past year SIA appeared within the pages of "Le Libertaire."

Louis Lecoin, Nicolas Faucier & Vintrigner oversaw the publication of SIA, & contributors were primarily from activists involved in the defense of freedom & social justice, mobilized now in support of the Spanish people in their fight against Fascism.

SIA's press run reached as high as 50,000 copies, but, at the end of July 1939, government repression brought the paper to an abrupt halt: Robert Louzon, Henri Jeanson were sent to prison for 18 months for articles they wrote in defense of the Tunisian people & Vintrigner, Lecoin & Faucier were sent to prison for two years, convicted for producing anarchist propaganda urging soldiers to disobey orders.

SIA last regularly appears on August 3, 1939, though it does reappear during the post-war period, in 1947, & publishes an annual calendar.


Graphic: SIA logo & SIA calendar cover for 1948; courtesy Ephéméride Anarchiste

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1949 -- [November 10] Louis Rimbault dies. French libertarian militant & proponent of of vegetarianism.

Rimbault lived in the libertarian communist Colony of Bascon (Aisne) (1910-1912). When convicted for "complicity" in Bonnot Gang activities, he feigned mental illness to gain his release. He was an active opponent of state communism, & a porponent of vegetarianism, writing for the newspaper "Néo-naturien."

Rimbault is credited for "the basconaise," a single dish recipe made up of about 30 vegetables, which he believed would aid in reconstituting the human body. Victim of an accident in 1932, he was an invalid until his death. Rimbault wrote numerous booklets on vegetarianism, & contributed to Sébastien Faure's famed Anarchist Encyclopaedia.

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1863 -- [November 11] Paul Signac lives, (1863-1935), Paris. French artist & contributor, along with Aristide Delannoy, Maximilien Luce, Alexandre Steinlen, Theo van Rysselberghe, Camille Pissarro, Van Dongen, George Willaume, etc., to the anarchist magazine "Temps Nouveaux".


I have checked a used book — your stock in trade, I believe. It is in fact a very well used book, the 1961 edition, revised & enlarged, of John Rewald's basic book on Impressionism...

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— Wild Bill Koehnline
(Only Bleedster who was president of Oakton College & only Bleedster with an art museum named in his honor, the William A Koehnline Museum)

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1897 -- [November 11] US: Commemoration of the anarchist Haymarket Martyrs held in Chicago. Emma Goldman, on a heavy lecture campaign throughout the midwest, addresses the assembly in German.

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1918 -- [November 11] 11th hour / 11th day / 11th month... Thu, 11 Nov 1999 12:55:53 -0500
From: Flames To:

[Once again, my traditional 11/11 post]

On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month
the guns finally stopped firing.

The young men who had been sent there by the old men back home could finally raise their heads above the mud for the first time in four years & look out across the shell-churned fields at the other young men, not 500 yards away, who stared numbly back at them.

A minute before the other men had been enemies & now they were not. Many of the men in this trench had never particuarly felt like the men in the other trench were enemies, but the old men back home had said that they were, so that's what they were.

Go figure...

WALTZING MATILDA [Eric Bogle - Australian folk singer]

Well, when I was a young man
I carried me pack,
and I lived the free life of a rover.
From the Mary's green basin
to the dusty outback,
I waltzed my Matilda all over.

... show details

"& behind the diplomats, dimly heard in the official documents, stand vast forces of national greed & hatred — atavistic instincts, harmful to mankind at its present level, but transmitted from savage & half-animal ancestors, concentrated & directed by Governments & the Press, fostered by the upper class as a distraction from social discontent, artificially nourished by the sinister influence of the makers of armaments, encouraged by a whole foul literature of "glory", & by every text-book of history with which the minds of children are polluted."

— From a letter by Bertrand Russell to "The Nation", 12 August 1914





— Poster, Sydney, Australia 1915

Shot for desertion: 266 soldiers, 2 officers
Shot for cowardice: 18 soldiers
Shot for disobedience: 5 soldiers
Shot for sleeping on post: 2 soldiers
Shot for quitting post: 7 soldiers
Shot for striking or violence: 6 soldiers

— British Army Official Statistics, 1918

All have gone on strike – held meetings in IM hut last night & passed resolutions that they must be withdrawn from Russia Immediately. Others to the effect that censorship must be removed from letters in order that the people in England may get to know the true state of affair out here & that a cable be sent to L. George demanding the immediate withdrawal of all troops in Russia. They positively decline to go up the line or to obey any orders but are conducting themselves in an orderly manner.

– Private Riley Rudd on British soldiers' refusal to be involved in the allied intervention against the Bolsheviks, 1918

Little Song of the Maimed

Lend me your arm
to replace my leg
The rats ate it for me
at Verdun
at Verdun
I ate lots of rats
but they didn't give me back my leg
& that's why I was given the croix de guerre
& a wooden leg
& a wooden leg

— Benjamin Peret, c.1920

Lest we forget.

Note: BleedMeister has ripped off above material from a Remembrance Day email posted to Moocheads from Australia

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SIA, source Ephéméride Anarchiste
1936 -- [November ] Captain Jack White in the Spanish Revolution

In Ireland, as in Spain, it was the priests who started methods of fire & sword against the people. Yet they complain bitterly when their own weapons are turned against themselves.

Comrades of Cataluna! In your hour of trial when you hold the barricades not only for yourselves but for us all, I greet you with the voice of revolutionary Ireland, smothered awhile but destined to regain its strength. I hold myself honoured to be among you, to serve if I can in whatever capacity I can be most useful.

— J. R. White (Captain Jack White, founder of the Irish Citizens Army in 1913, became an anarchist while fighting in Spain, one of the ‘The Uncontrollables’), CNT-AIT Boletin de Informacion. No. 15, November 11th 1936

Only some small organizations, like The Friends of Durutti, (Anarchist) named after Buenaventura Durruti, the skillful militant anarcho-syndicalist & military tactician who had been killed in the attempt to save Madrid from the assault of Franco’s army, & some elements of the IV International (Trotskyist) acting alone, joined the barricades, against the orders of these organizations. They were nicknamed ‘The Uncontrollables’. For almost a week Barcelona was in the hands of its inhabitants when the Stalinists sent in 5,000 Assault Guard troops resulting in 15,000 deaths, thousands of wounded, the banning of POUM & the CNT & the end of the revolution.

White was radical in his Anarchism, as he had been radical in all else. He wrote in The Meaning of Anarchism...

"So I must perforce be an uncontrollable…An uncontrollable is an anarchist who has stuck to Anarchy & who is not, therefore, primarily, concerned with the shades or strata of Capitalism but with revolution by direct action; who believes with Marx that the emancipation of the workers must be the work of the workers themselves & with Bakunin & Kropotkin & Malatesta that free humanity must be substituted for the State & that when Anarchists take part in a Government, they allow themselves to be deflected from their proper task & become corrupted by association with the instrument of tyranny.

The first false step in Spain was the association of Anarchist leaders with the Government & the State. Had they given all their energies to co-ordination & unified command of CNT Collectives & Anarchist military units, instead of sacrificing Anarchist principles & control to compromises with a Government, the uncontrollables would have remained in control of themselves & ready for co-ordinated action with other sections instead of being sacrificed to a State dictatorship through a political party."

It was about this period that he had written his second part of Misfit & it is a shame that no legacy of this is available today.

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1908 -- [November 12] France: 33-year-old Albert Libertad (aka Albert Joseph), a one-legged street orator, dies.
Known as a rough-&-tumble brawler who used his crutches as a weapon. Libertad was a formidable individualist anarchist who animated the "Causeries populaires", at 22 rue du chevalier de la Barre (Paris) & founded the individualist weekly magazine "Anarchy" (continued by André Lorulot after Libertad's death).
  • LIBERTAD (Albert) Le Culte de la charogne. Editions Galilée, " coup pour coup ", Paris 1976. (EO 1908). In-8° broché, 325 pp. Biographie, nombreux articles parus dans " L'anarchie ", bibliographie. Rousseurs.
    Skulls by Dore

  • LIBERTAD, Albert: La libertà e altri scritti. Firenze: Gratis, 1993, 67 p.
  • Libertad, Albert Il culto della carogna
  • JAVAL, Paraf e LIBERTAD, Albert -- O Absurdo da Política e Textos de Crítica da Democracia. Faro: Sotavento, 1979.

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1918 -- [November 12] Russia: First Conference of the Anarchist Organizations of Ukraine (NABAT), organized by Voline.

Nabat Confederation

First general conference is taken place of the Confederation of anarchist organizations of Ukraine “Nabat” (“Alarm,” from the newspaper of the same name).

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1923 -- [November 12] Emma Goldman's manuscript published this month under the title My Disillusionment in Russia; the last twelve chapters have been cut without her permission.

Emma's lawyer Harry Weinberger wins agreement from the publisher to print the remaining chapters in a separate volume with the stipulation that she pay for the printing costs, for which she secures a loan from Michael Cohn.

They are published in November 1924 with a new preface as My Further Disillusionment in Russia.

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1924 -- [November 12] England: Among Emma Goldman's speaking engagements this month is a talk before the American Students Club at Oxford University. Emma Goldman, anarchist feminist
Today, in London, a reception for Goldman is sponsored by Bertrand Russell, Rebecca West, & socialist & sexual theorist Edward Carpenter; presided over by Col. Josiah Wedgewood, M.P. Her views on Russia are met with vocal protests.

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1968 -- [November 12] US: Supreme Court voids Arkansas law banning teaching of evolution in public schools.

Alabama continues warning high school students evolution is 'controversial'

Nov 9, 2001 (!)

MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - There was plenty of debate when Alabama began putting stickers in its students' biology textbooks warning that evolution is a "controversial theory." That was in 1996.

On Thursday, when the Alabama Board of Education voted to put the disclaimer on the front of 40,000 new biology textbooks bound for public school classrooms, there was no dissent.

At a 1995 board meeting to approve the original disclaimer, then-Gov. Fob James impersonated an ape to poke fun at evolutionary theory.

Other states where school boards have tried to de-emphasize evolutionary concepts include Arizona, Kansas, Illinois, New Mexico, Texass & Nebraska.

Earlier this year, the Kansas Board of Education voted to restore the teaching of evolution as a central theory in science classes there.

The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, a Washington-based education organization, last fall gave 19 states D's or F's in an evaluation of how public schools teach evolution.

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1984 -- [November 12] Chester Himes.
Other major African-American mystery writers: Walter Mosley, John B. West

Further reading: Chester Himes by James Lundqvist (1976); Chester Himes: A Critical Appraisal by Stephen F. Milliken (1976); Two Guns from Harlem: The Detective Fiction of Chester Himes by Robert E. Skinner (1989)

Selected writings:

YESTERDAY WILL MAKE YOU CRY (finished in 1937, shortened version Cast the First Stone published in 1952, original novel published in 1998!) IF HE HOLLERS LET HIM GO, 1945 LONELY CRUSADE, 1947 CAST THE FIRST STONE, 1952 THE THIRD GENERATION, 1954 THE PRIMITIVE, 1955 FOR LOVE OF IMABELLE, 1957 (in France La Reine des pommes) THE CRAZY KILL, 1959 THE REAL COOL KILLERS, 1959 ALL SHOT UP, 1960 THE BIG GOLD DREAM, 1960 PINKTOES, 1961 -Rusovarpaat COTTON COMES TO HARLEM, 1965 - Kuolema kulkee Harlemissa - film 1970, dir. by Ossie Davis, starring Godfrey Cambridge & Raymond St. Jacques RUN MAN, RUN, 1966 THE HEAT'S ON, 1966 - Hellettä Harlemissa - film 1972, dir. by Mark Warren, starring Godfrey Cambridge & Raymond St. Jacques UN AFFAIRE DE VIOL, 1968 BLIND MAN WITH A PISTOL, 1969 - Hetki vain, olet vainaa THE QUALITY OF HURT, 1972 BLACK ON BLACK, 1973 MY LIFE AS ABSURDITY, 1976 A CASE OF RAPE, 1980 UN MANTEAU DU REVE?, 1982 PLAN B., 1983

Cotton comes to harlem cover

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1984 -- [November 12] US: A Plowshares protest targets Silo Pruning Hooks, a Minuteman II nuclear-missile silo

Arrested an hour after the action, authorities hold the four on preventive detention & deny bond. In March 1985, they are convicted of conspiracy, destruction of government property, & intent to damage the national defense. Their prison sentences, ranging from eight to 18 years, are the most severe to date of any Plowshares member. All but Woodson appeal their cases. The appeals will lose in the spring of 1986.

In July 1992, removal of the Minuteman IIs from their silos began, with the last missile removed in May 1995.

The first silo implosion in the United States, took place Dec. 8, 1993, in accordance with the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty signed by former U.S. President George Bush & former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev July 31, 1991.

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1984 -- [November 12] Marcel Body, French typographer, dies.
While a French soldier Body joined the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, becoming a citizen & serving in the diplomatic corps with Alexandra Kollontaï in Norway.

Disillusioned with the direction of the Revolution, he returned to France. He began writing for anarchist & pacifist publications & also translated Lenin, Trotsky, & Bakunin.

Body founded "La Vérité" & gathered the oppositional circle Union des Travailleurs Révolutionnaires around this periodical, & he was also involved in the syndicalist movement.

Body wrote Un piano en bouleau de Carélie (1981) (republished as Un ouvrier limousin au coeur de la révolution russeussian revolution).

"Pessimism is for man as winter is with nature. Yet the worst cold never prevented spring from returning, nor the summer to mature the harvests, & most abundant always will be those of strong men & free spirits... "

— Marcel Body, Un piano en bouleau de Carélie

  • Marcel Body appears in Bernard Baissat film series Listen (along with Andre Claudot, Jeanne Humbert, Eugene Bizeau, André Bosiger, May Picqueray, Aguigui Mouna, Robert Jospin, & Rene Dumont.

  • Film: Marcel Body: de Lénine à Bakounine,
  • BODY, Marcel. Les groupes communistes français de Russie, 1918-1921. Paris: Editions Allia, 1918. 99 p
Marcel Body Papers

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1928 --
Hawes, Hampton

November 13, 1928 — May 22, 1977

"Music's Manchild in the promised land: the searing blues driven account of the coming of age of a major talent pianist/composer. Hawes' own story, rebellion, ruin & renascence. a fractured childhood. a gifted black man's painful odyssey , a violent journey from strict religious upbringing, early success & then the strung out world of heroin, cold prison years. Hawes' apprenticeship was dark clubs of Los Angeles's, Central Ave. pimps, prostitutes, dealers, promotors as well as respectables, to hear Charlie Parker, Art Tatum, Billie Holiday, Thelonius Monk. Contemporaries & intimates of Hawes.

plunged into all this before he was 20, he would fall into darkness to a federal penitentiary where he would serve 5 years until President John F. Kennedy's unprecedented grant of executive clemency would enable him to rise to the long road back. It has been said by critic John Tynan , "Hawes was the foremost jazz piano talent of our generation."

CD's are available, by Hawes on the web & music stores.

A very collectible & scarce book, raise up off me: a portrait of hampton hawes is worth locating.

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1968 -- [November 13] Andre Prudhommeaux (1902- 1968) dies.

A French anarchist bookstore owner whose shop in Paris specialized in social history -- & a place for many debates & discussions.

André Prudhommeaux joua un role de tout premier plan dans la campagne francaise de soutien a Van der Lubbe pour trois raisons: il avait des contacts avec Ies groupes allemands ethollandais se reclamant du communisme de conseils; il connaissaitl'allemand et le neerlandais; il se situait a l'intersection des deux cultures politiques.

Prudhommeaux was an early Council Communist, then an anarchist. He contributed to the Revue Anarchiste, participated in the defense campaign for Marinus van der Lubbe in 1933 & was a supporter of the Friends of Durruti during the Spanish Revolution.

Following WWII he participated in Commission de Relations Internationales Anarchistes (CRIA), edited Le Libertaire, contributed to Témoins & Preuves & several French & foreign anarchist journals like Le Monde Libertaire, Volontà, Freedom, L'Adunata dei refrattari & Pensée et Action. Co-author, with his partner Dora Ris, of Spartacus & the Berlin Commune, The Libertarian Effort, Libertarian Catalonia. (see also 15 October 1902).

  • BLANCHETEAU Jocelyne, André Prudhommeaux (1902-1968).
    Un militant anarchiste, Maîtrise sous la direction de R. Rémond,
    J. Maitron, Paris X, 1972, 2 vol. (286 p.)
    Anarchisme, Prudhommeaux, biographie, militantisme

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  • 1984 -- Timeline icon[Febrero 14] anarchiste diamond dingbatSpanish anarchist Valentina Sáez Izquierdo dies.

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    1994 -- [November 13] Spanish anarquista Enrique Marco Nadal dies.

    Valencian CNT militant & antifascist, fought during the Spanish Revolution of 1936. During WWII, captured at Colmar & sent to the Langwasser camp in Nurenberg. Following the war Marco joined the antifascist underground in Spain. Arrested May 27, 1947, & condemned to death in 1949, his sentence is commuted to 30 years imprisonment. Author of Todos contra Franco. La Alianza Nacional de Fuerzas Democráticas. 1944/1947 (Madrid: Queimada, 1982).

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    1909 -- [November 14] Argentina: Simón Radowitzky, legendary "martir de Ushuaia", a young Polish anarchist, kills police chief Ramon Falcon with a bomb in Buenos Aires. Falcon had ruthlessly suppressed a renters strike & the workers' May Day celebrations.

    Osvaldo Bayer, que escribió sobre Simón:

    "Mil y mil veces maldita, tierra aborrecida del crimen, del sufrimiento y del sicario. Bajo el azote helado de tus huracanes gime el hombre; la angustia roe las almas de las víctimas; los abnegados, los Radowitzky, agonizan, mártires de la chusma del máuser, y, sobre el hórrido concierto de sollozos se oye siniestra la carcajada del verdugo."

    "Simón non era outro que Radowitzky, aquel lexendario anarquista que vengara aos traballadores asasinados polo Coronel Falcón, xefe da Policía arxentina. Isto aconteceu o primeiro de maio de 1909. O coronel ordenou disparar contra a multitude indefensa. O mozo Simón en novembro dese mesmo ano cunha bomba faría voar polos aires ao sanguento Coronel Falcón. O mozo anarquista xa participara do intento revolucionario de 1905 en Rusia, cando unha bala dos cosacos zaristas lle atravesara un pulmón. O polaco Simón Radowizky pasouse vinte anos no penal de Ushuaia ata que o indultou Yrigoyen en 1930 coa condición de que se fose do país. Despois dunha tempada no Uruguai transladouse a España e durante a guerra civil instalouse en Barcelona."

    Simón (Szymon) Radowicki, Radowitzky kills colonel Falcón, chief of Buenos Aires police, who ordered the massacre of workers demonstrating on May Day that year. He is sent to Ushuaya concentration camp on the Tierra del Fuego island for lifelong punishment, escaping on 7. 11. 1918 - then captured a month later in Chile.

    After 21 years he was released & expelled, & went to fight in the Spanish Revolution.

    From 1940 until his death (29. 02. 1956) he lived in Mexico.

    Born in Stepanitz (pol. Stepanice?) at Ucrainia [appears to be Stepan, in the Polish Ukraine — editor] in a Jewish family, active already in Russia, had to escape from the tzarist empire, went to Argentina.

    — Bleedster Piero / Poland
    or at


    Neste clima de tensión un mozo anarquista sentiuse o vingador dos seus irmáns de clase, e o 14 de novembro de 1909 Simón Radowitzky arrebolou unha bomba contra a carruaxe na que viaxaban Falcón e o seu secretario Juán Lartigau dándolle morte a ambos. A reacción oficial foi contundente e desatou unha brutal persecución contra o movemento obreiro arxentino. Manuel Fandiño relátanos estes acontecementos:

    "Cando eu tiña vinte anos morreu o coronel Ramón Falcón; por ser militante gremial foron determe no mesmo obradoiro onde traballaba, un "boliche" que había en Victoria (Hipólito Yrigoyen) e Rioxa. Aínda me lembro que o patrón se puxo como un energúmeno porque lle sacaban do pé da máquina a un obreiro que precisaba. Logo dunha corentena con outros moitos presos no "Guardia Nacional", nun transporte de guerra fun deportado a España".

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    1951 -- [November 14] Spain: 75 members of the CNT are tried in Seville prison, accused of reorganizing their union & aiding guerrillas, particularly for their attempt to evacuate a group of guerrillas by sea in 1949 from under the thumb of the fascist government.

    Two death sentences are handed down, against Antonio Nuñez & Dionisio Rueda, & the others are sentenced to terms ranging from eight to thirty years’ imprisonment, most of them over fifteen years.

    In February, 1952, a court-martial tries 30 CNT militants who have been in detention for two years. The sentences are from 2 to 30 years in prison & there are eleven death sentences, of which five are carried out.

    The C.N.T. [Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo], is an anarcho-syndicalist union. It was the largest union in Spain until the fascists suppressed it following the Civil War in 1939. It resurfaced as a legitimate union once again following the death of Franco.

    Source:, is no longer online.

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    2003 -- [November 14] Spain: Ramón "Ramonín" Álvarez Palomo (1913-2003) Born 7 de Marzo de 1913 en Gijón; died November 14, 2003.

    Asturian militant anarcho-syndicalist, regional secretary CNT, involved in the insurrection of 1934 (Secretario del Comité Revolucionario de Gijón.) & imprisoned with Buenaventura Durruti in Saragossa before taking refuge in France.

    Álvarez fought in Spanish Revolution, worked with the FAI, returning to France following the defeat, where he became secretary of the National Committee of the CNT (in exile) &, in 1945, of the regional Committee of Asturies.

    Álvarez participated in various congresses & meetings after war, & his militant activities earn him a few months of prison in France during the 1960s.

    With death of Franco he returned to his hometown of Gijón. Again with the CNT, following the split within the CNT in 1979, he joined the Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) & from 1979 to 1994, Álvarez was responsible for producing the paper "Acción Libertaria."

    In addition to many writings for the Spanish libertarian press, he was also a historian, author of: Eleuterio Quintanilla, vida y obra del maestro; historia del sindicalismo revolucionario en Asturias, Avelino González Mallada, alcalde anarquista, José Mª Martínez, símbolo ejemplar del obrerismo militante & Rebelión militar y Revolución en Asturias.

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    1884 -- [November 15] Though his sentence of 1884 has lapsed, Errico Malatesta prefers to live incognito; on November 15 the police discover him

    International anarchist discussions are held in St. Martin's Hall, London, where Malatesta spoke on the peasants' question (see "Freedom" report; The history of Malatesta's Ancona paper "L'Agitazione" has been told in the "Umanita Nova" of December 12, 1920, & some details added in the obituary notice of Adelmo Smorti (i. b., January 28, 1921).

    The complete set in my collection consists of: "L'Agitazione," March 14, 1897, 6 nos., followed by "L'Agitacione" (April 25), "Agitiamoci" (May 1 ), "Agitatevi" (May 8, then nos. 10 to 42 & 11 1 to 17. May 5. 1898) ; 18 (May 12 ) was about to be printed when the office was raided & everything upset; only a few copies exist, of which I have never seen one.

    After Acciarito's attempt against the life of Umberto at Rome, E. Recchioni, C. Agostinelli, R. Recchi & A. B. Faceetti of the "Agitazione" were arrested at Ancona & the papers demonstrated Malatesta's presence there. Some of the arrested were sent to the islands & a new bill for transportation (domicilio coatto) was brought in (spring & summer 1897). The letters of the "Agitazione" were seized. In the issue of Sept. 2 Malatesta explains why; though his sentence of 1884 has lapsed, he prefers to live incognito; on November 15 the police discovered him, but had to leave him alone. Giuseppe Ciancabilla ("Temps nouveaux," Nov. 20, 1897) describes these nine months of Malatesta's work.

    Max Nettlau, [Errico Malatesta: The Biography of an Anarchist]

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    1902 -- [November 15] Belgium: In Brussels, Gennaro Rubino, an Italian individualist anarchist, attempts to kill King Léopold II.

    Gennaro Rubino

    Rubino fired three shots, but Léopold was only scratched. Rubino was immediately mauled by the crowd & barely escaped with his life thanks to the police(!).

    In May, exiled in England, Rubino was denounced in the international anarchist press as a spy for the Italian Secret Service. Despondent & bitter over his expulsion from the movement, Rubino decided to commit an assassination in order to prove his allegiance to the anarchist cause. The failed attentat resulted in further denunciatons of Rubino as an agent provocateur, acting to bring down the wrath of state repression upon the anarchist movement.

    Sources: Ephéméride Anarchiste
    Excellent biographical article at the Wikipedia

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    1910 -- [November 15] US: "The Agitator" first appears today, in Home Colony, Washington

    Published by members of the anarchist colony of Home, in the state of Washington. Editor Jay Fox made the bimonthly tabloid into a lively journal advocating a blend of libertarian ideas & revolutionary industrial unionism. Free speech, sexual freedom, modern rational education, & support for the IWW were among its provocative concerns.


    "The Agitator," an anarchist/libertarian newspaper, was edited by Jay Fox & published by Agitator Publishing Association in Lakebay, Washington at the Home Colony on a bimonthly basis from November 15, 1910 to November 1, 1912.

    Home was founded on the philosophy of maximum liberty, rather than collectivization as some other Washington communes of the same experimental era in the state. As a libertarian colony, Home had no central organization, no ownership of land, & no government.

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    logo: Pendant la Mêlée
    1915 -- [November 15] The semimonthly "Pendant la mêlée" ceases publication, Paris, France.

    Pendant la mêlée

    Managed by Charles Michel, calling itself "acrate, individualiste et éclectique," "Pendant la mêlée" falls victim to the difficulties of trying to publish during the Great Slaughter (World War I, the 'War to End All Wars', ad naseum; historians fondly refer to it as the "Great War" — perhaps after personally counting the millions of corpses).

    It reappears in 1916 as "Par delà la mêlée." In 1917 E. Armand, its administrator, is arrested, & Pierre Chardon continues the publication, changing its name once again, this time simply "La Mêlée."

    Sources & graphic credit: Ephéméride Anarchiste

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    1895 -- [November 16] France: Premier issue of French weekly newspaper "Le libertaire."

    Le libertaire

    The French "Le libertaire" is founded by the anarchists Sébastien Faure & Louise Michel.

    (The original publication using the name "Le libertaire" began in the United States in 1858, founded by Joseph Déjacque, a French writer / journalist & refugee until 1861, following Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'etat in 1851.)

    The French weekly appears until December 1899 (299 numbers), before being superceded by the daily newspaper, "Le Journal du peuple". // August of the same year, "Le libertaire" « illustré » appears weekly as a supplement to the daily paper.

    orange diamond dingbatFaure continued the paper until forced to shut it down in August 1914 because of WWI. until August 1914 when its positions antimilitarists oblige it to cease his publication, after 960 numbers.

    orange diamond dingbatOne issue appeared in 1917, then after the war he revived it, from 1919 until 1939 (forced again to shut down because of war).

    orange diamond dingbatIt will be, from December 1923 to March 1925, once again daily for 479 numbers.

    orange diamond dingbatOn December 21, 1944, the Libertarian reappears initially according to an irregular publication then semi-monthly due to the paper restrictions. He regains his weekly shape as from April 1946 [2].

    orange diamond dingbatIn 1954, following an organizational crisis, the newspaper changes title & becomes Le Monde libertarian. The crisis was lasts & it becomes monthly. Since 1945, collaborate then Brassens - which will be one of first permanent newspaper -, Ferré, Breton, Camus.

    orange diamond dingbatIn 1977, Le Monde libertarian becomes again weekly.

    orange diamond dingbatIn 2003 [4], the newspaper takes a new form & appears now in quadrichromy in a magazine format.


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    1907 -- [November 16] US: Oklahoma Territory consolidated with Indian Territory, ending experiment of a separate Indian section under tribal government within US borders.

    The Indian & Oklahoma territories collectively enter the United States as Oklahoma, the 46th state. Oklahoma, with a name derived from the Choctaw Indian words "okla," meaning people, & "humma," meaning red, was first set aside as Indian Territory in 1834.

    By 1880, dozens of tribes, forced into relocation by European immigration & the US government, had moved to the territory. In 1899, the federal government, pressure by cattlemen, opened nearly two million acres in central Oklahoma for settlement. At noon on April 22, a pistol shot signaled the opening of the new land, & tens of thousands of people rushed to stake claims. Those who had already made illegal entry to beat the starting gun were called "Sooners," hence Oklahoma's state nickname.

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    1942 -- [November 16] Fransesco Fantin: Anti-fascism & internment in Australia

    The 16th of November 2002 marks the 60th anniversary of the murder of Italian-Australian anarchist Fransesco Fantin in an Australian internment camp at the hands of fascists.

    "To describe him as a hero is not to depict him as a grand figure bestriding the passage of history. Fantin was hardly that. Fantin did not want to die. He did not want to continue to confront Fascism. Had he had his choice he would, as he made clear, have moved away from the aggression in Loveday 14A. But when his choices were denied & his options limited by forces beyond himself he did not deny his beliefs..

    He affirmed them. He was a hero despite himself; a reluctant hero & therefore a real hero."

    — Paul Nursey-Bray

    Paul Nursey-Bray from the University of Adelaide Politics Department has thoroughly researched his life & murder, & its social impact at the time (Fantin's murder effectively changed Government policy on internment of those who could prove they were antifascist).

    This research has also inspired a play, & a radioplay. A musical performance was also composed to accompany an exhibition of photographs of Fantin. Fantin's life & his death is little known outside of Australia & Italy, & even in Australia it is not adequately remembered.

    On November 16 think of Fantin & the many other unsung anarchist & antifascist heroes.

    See the Radical Tradition, an anarchist & radical Australasian History Page

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    1952 -- [November 16] Roman Delgado (1894-1952) dies. Spanish-Mexican anarchist, born in El Ferrol (Galice, Spain) he emigrated to America at 16 & joined a Magoniste group in San Antonio, Texass.

    Denounced by the police, Delgado went to Tampico, Mexico & participated in "La casa del Obrero Mundial" & "Los hermanos Rojos," publishing the newspaper "Germinal." Imprisoned in 1916 for participating in a strike, Delgado went to NY when he was expelled from the country, but returned & was active with anarchist groups in Mexico City until his death.

    "(..) Le gouvernement n'est rien d'autre que le gendarme du Capital, l'épouvantable flic qui garde les coffres forts des vautours des banques, du commerce et de l'industrie. Pour le Capital il a du respect et lui est entièrement soumis; pour le peuple, il a les prisons, les casernes et le gibet."

           — "Regeneración," February 11, 1911

    No ano 1910 participa nas folgas de canteiros e forxadores de Ferrol, sendo detido nese mesmo ano por ter posto nos talleres da Sociedade Española de Construción Naval esquelas cos nomes de mandos intermedios da empresa.
    Poucos anos despois emigra a Cuba, de onde foi expulsado en 1915 baixo a acusación de organizar unha folga entre os obreiros azucreiros de Gauntanm, en San Antonio,Texas.
    En Tampico intégrase na central obreira anarco-sindical La Casa del Obrero Mundial, no grupo anarquista Los Hermanos Rojos e colabora no xornal Germinal.
    En 1916 participa na Folga Xeral e foi condenado a morte pero suspenden a súa execución e é expulsado aos Estados Unidos. Volve a México nos inicios da década dos vinte e contacta de novo co anarcosindicalismo e con outro anarquista galego, Xosé Miño.
    Acolleu o grupo de Buenaventura Durruti.

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    1953 -- [November 16] Italy: Gigi Damiani (1876-1953) dies, Rome.

    Damiani emigrated to Brazil, & directed numerous anarchist publications (Battaglia, Plebs, Guerra Sociale, etc). In Italy he was editor, with Errico Malatesta, of "Umanita Nova". Under attack by fascists, Damiani was forced into exile in Tunisia. He was active there with Giuseppe Pasotti, returning to Rome in 1946 where he was involved again with "Umanita Nova" until his death.

    Author of several books, including:

  • Razzismo e Anarchismo; Carlo Cafiero; Saggio su di una concezione filosofica dell'Anarchismo.

  • Damiani, Gigi // Diabolica carmina : poesie paganeggianti e anticlericali / G.[igi] Damiani. - Roma : 1949. - 94 p.

  • Damiani, Gigi // Mia bella anarchia (la) / Gigi Damiani. - Cesena : Edizioni "L'Antistato", 1953. - 23 p. - Estratto da L'Adunata dei Refrattari, [...] 1953.

    A Damiani's paradox says:

    "There is no faith without desperation, & no desperation which does not hope to the last."

    — Bartolomeo Vanzetti, letter, November 13, 1925, Charlestown Prison, to Alice Stone Blackwell

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  • 1969 -- [November 16] US: Time-Sharing? America discovers My Lai, as the American media can no longer ignore the story after a year of refusing to print the story.

    Lieutenant William Calley Jr. faced a court martial; his platoon massacred 567 unarmed Vietnamese peasants in the village of My Lai.

    Calley served three years before a Federal judge declared his conviction unconstitutional. Thus, Calley was freed, although the Army originally sentenced him to life, later 20, & then 10 years hard labor. Twenty-four others were charged in the slayings & their cover-up, but only Calley was convicted & his punishment consisted of being confined to his apartment.

    "This was really murder," said Calley.

    Current Secretary of State Colin Powell (2002) was also involved in the My Lai Massacre coverup...
    Howard Zinn, Lessons of Vietnam: disappeared from the Internet in 2005; an archived copy is at the Stan Iverson Memorial Archive,

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    1992 -- [November 16] East Timor: After 18 years of evading the occupying Indonesian military, resistance leader Xanana Gusmao is captured.

    Gusmao heads Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor & founded the National Council of Maubere Resistance. Joined the guerrilla movement shortly after the 1975 Indonesian invasion of the island.

    Over the past 18 years, a third of East Timor's population has been killed & more than half has fled destroyed villages. Supported by U.S. weapons sales & direct military aid, the Indonesian military has sprayed chemicals such as napalm, bombed villages, & forced starvation. Other tactics, familiar to US GIs & CIA teachers, included rape, deportation & summary executions.

    "We will eat the heart of those who come to East Timor," claimed one pro-Indonesia militia commander opposing the UN efforts to stop the state-run mayhem & murder.
    Why Americans Should Care about East Timor by Noam Chomsky,

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    1910 -- [November 18] Spain: Premier issue of the weekly magazine "Acción Libertaria", in Gijón, Asturia.

    "Acción Libertaria"

    The newspaper & its direction are assured by José Machargo (Avelino Iglesias), Eleuterio Quintanilla & Pedro Sierra (they later edited "El Libertario," 10 August 1912 to 12 April 1913), with 27 issues appearing until July 14, 1911.
    orange diamond dingbatThe newspaper is then issued by Ricardo Mella in Vigo, from September to November 1911. It reappears in Gijón, from January 8, 1915 to February 4, 1916.
    Favorable to the anarcho-syndicalism of the CNT, many theorists of international anarchism are among it contributors.

    Banned & lacking a press of its own, it was moved to Vigo (September to November) where it was run by Mella (6 issues). Suppressed again, it resurfaced in Gijón on 8 January 1915, lasting until 4 February 1916, under the direction of Quintanilla, for a total of 44 issues. Contributors included Sierra, Rovira, Mella, Lorenzo, Chueca, Jean Grave, Ingenieros, Malatesta, Alomar, Salvochea, Maeztu, Fabbri & Cornelissen, turning it into one of the best newspapers of its day. It showed sympathy for CNT syndicalism. Its demise was due to ideological disagreements. Before it reappeared in Gijón, it had a further stint in Madrid, apparently with Sierra in charge, from 23 May 1913 to 22 January 1914, publishing 34 issues. (The Madrid phase is normally counted as part of the life-span of "El Libertario").

    The title of the paper is employed by others on several occasions: Zaragoza 1914. Organ of the MLE, Marseilles 1944-45. Libertarian Youth publication, Paris 1964. Mouthpiece of the CNT del Ebro (and later, Aragon), Zaragoza 1975-79, 26 issues. Organ of the CNT of Asturias-León-Palencia (&, formerly, of the North), Gijón-Oviedo, 1976, to date (1983). Monthly & bimonthly, 40 issues. After the split at the Fifth Congress, it aligned itself with the breakaways.

    Source: Ephéméride Anarchiste
    Excellent biographical article at the Wikipedia

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    1919 --

    [November 18] Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis dies. Elected to office in Amsterdam, as a socialist, in 1891 before giving up politics to adopt the anarchism of Mikhail Bakunin. Published Le socialisme en danger (1894) (preface by Elisée Reclus); Socialisme libertaire et socialisme autoritaire (1895).

    Domela Nieuwenhuis was an ardent proponent of the General Strike & an organizer of the congresses of antimilitarists in Amsterdam (June 1904 & August 1907; he also participated in the preceding International Anarchist Congress in Amsterdam during August).

    In 1914, faithful to the libertarian ideal, he opposed the "Manifeste des Seize" (Manifesto of the Sixteen; anarchists favoring the Allies in WWI), & signed, with Emma Goldman, Malatesta, etc, a proclamation opposing the war:

    "Il n'y a pas de distinction possible entre les guerres offensives et les guerres défensives" Constatant qu'il serait "naïf et puéril (...) de chercher à établir les responsabilités de tel ou tel gouvernement". "Nous devons profiter de tous les mouvements de révolte, de tous les mécontentements, pour fomenter l'insurrection, pour organiser la révolution, de laquelle nous attendons la fin de toutes les iniquités sociales".

    — excerpt, "L'internationale et la guerre".

    We determined to repudiate Peter's [Kropotkin] stand, & fortunately we were not alone in this. Many others felt as we did, distressing as it was to turn against the man who had so long been our inspiration. Enrico Malatesta showed far greater understanding & consistency than Peter, & with him were Rudolf Rocker, Alexander Schapiro, Thomas H. Keell, & other native & Jewish-speaking anarchists in Great Britain. In France Sébastien Faure, A. Armand (E. Armand? -- ed.), & members of the anarchist & syndicalist movements, in Holland Domela Nieuwenhuis & his co-workers maintained a firm attitude against the wholesale murder. In Germany Gustav Landauer, Erich Mühsam, Fritz Oerter, Fritz Kater, & scores of other comrades retained their senses. To be sure, we were but a handful in comparison with the war-drunk millions, but we succeeded in circulating throughout the world the manifesto issued by our International Bureau, & we increased our energies at home to expose the true nature of militarism.

    Emma Goldman, Living My Life

    Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis: title="Domela Nieuwenhuis Archives"

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    alt; Elisee Recluse; Reclus, Elisée, Michael Bakunin, Michel Bakounine

    1919 --
    [November 19] Brazil: In Sao Paulo, João Penteado, a teacher & anarchist militant, is ordered to close the Modern School n°1 — open since May 13, 1912 (founded by Neno Vasco, Edgard Leuenroth, Oreste Ristori & Gigi Damiani) — when a bomb explodes (accidental?) in a house, killing four anarchists, including José Alvés, the principal of l'Ecole moderne de São Caetano (a school in the suburbs).

    Colaboraram para tornar possível a trajetória anarquista no Brasil: Fábio Luz, João Gonçalves da Silva, Avelino Foscolo, Ricardo Gonçalves, Benjamin Mota, José Martins Fontes, Ricardo Cipola, Rozendo dos Santos, Reinaldo Frederico Greyer, Pedro Augusto Mota, Moacir Caminha, José Ramón, Domingos Passos, João Perdigão Gutierrez, Florentino de Carvalho, Domingos Ribeiro Filho, Lima Barreto, Orlando Corrêa Lopes, Manuel Marques Bastos, José Puicegur, Diamantino Augusto, José Oiticica, José Romero, Edgard Leuenroth, Felipe Gil Sousa Passos, Pedro Catalo, João Penteado, Neno Vasco, Adelino Pinho, Giovanni Rossi, Gigi Damiani, Artur Campagnoli, José Marques da Costa, Rodolfo Felipe, Isabel Cerrutti, João Perez, Antonino Dominguez, Manuel Perez, Romualdo de Figueiredo, Juan Puig Elias, Maria Lacerda de Moura, Rafael Fernandes, Angelina Soares, Paula Soares, Elias Iltchenco, Frederico Kniestedt, Jesus Ribas, Cecílio Vilar, Oresti Ristori, Maria Lopes, Manuel Moscoso, Polidoro Santos, Amilcar dos Santos, Pedro Carneiro, Atílio Peçagna, Rudosindo Colmenero, Maria Silva, Maria Rodrigues, Pietro Ferrua, Pedro Ferreira da Silva, Câmara Pires, Ramiro de Nóbrega, Maria Valverde, José Simões, Manuel Lopes, Vitorino Trigo, Mariano Ferrer, Luisi Magrassi, Sofia Garrido, Joaquim Leal Junior, Lírio de Resende, Jaime Cubero e tantos outros intelectuais e operários a quem se homenageia, mesmo ausentes...

    See: ARQUIVO DE HISTÓRIA SOCIAL Edgar Rodrigues,
    [ Arquivo de História Social ]
    In French, see Ephéméride anarchiste,

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    alt; Elisee Recluse; Reclus, Elisée, Michael Bakunin, Michel Bakounine

    1919 -- [November 20] Liu Shih-p'ei dies, at the early age of 36. Chinese anarchist, involved in the Chinese anarchist movement which emerged in Tokyo about the same time as another important group emerged in Paris, France.

    Liu Shih-p'ei, his wife Ho Chen, Chang Ping-lin & Chang Chi were leading members of the group in Japan & were in touch with the Japanese anarchist movement & activists such as Shusui Kotoku & Osugi Sakae. Liu helped found the "Society for the Study of Socialism". Liu & Ho Chen began publishing the anarchist journal, "T'ien-i Pao," in June of 1907. When all anarchist journals were ordered to cease publication in 1908, Liu & his wife returned to Shanghai where it became known that they were serving as informers for the police.

    See John Crump’s The Anarchist Movement in Japan & The Chinese Anarchist Movement, by R. Scalapino & G. T. Yu (1961).

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    1977 -- [November 20] Louis Mercier Vega (1914-1977) dies. Anarcho-syndicalist, propagandist, libertarian thinker who joined the movement at 16. Lifelong writer for the libertarian press. Founder of several reviews like "Revision" (1938) "Aporte" (trilingual review, 1966-1972), "Interrogations" (1974), & author of numerous works, including Anarcho-syndicalisme & syndicalisme révolutionnaire; La chevauchée anonyme; L'increvable anarchisme.

    Mercier-Vega was a member of l'Union Anarchiste & its delegate to the Congress of Orleans (1933), where he met Charles Carpentier. They joined the International Group of the Durruti Column to fight in the Spanish Revolution, July 1936. On October 17, 1936, in Perdiguero, their group was decimated by Moroccan cavalry & they escaped to France to organize support for revolutionary Spain. Quit l'Union Anarchiste November 1937 because of differences. In 1939, Mercier-Vega went to Belgium, then embarked for South America, Argentina & Chile. Travelled to Africa, in Brazzaville, where, on June 26 1942, he joined the free French forces. Demobilized in 1945, wrote for "Dauphiné Libéré". In 1958, he founded the "commission internationale de liaison ouvrière" (international network of libertarians & revolutionary trade unionists).

  • Louis Mercier Vega, Reisende ohne Namen Autobiographischer Bericht Deutsche Erstausgabe, Broschur
  • Louis Mercier Vega, Autopsia de Perón 278 p. 18x10 cm (rústica) V. 63 Español ISBN: 8472235637
  • Also by Louis Mercier Vega, Anarcho-syndicalisme et syndicalisme révolutionnaire; Azione diretta e autogestione operaia; La pratica dell'utopia; La rivoluzione di stato; L'increvable anarchisme; Sur les groupes d'affinité

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    1855 -- [November 21] France: Emile Gravelle lives, Douai (Nord). Militant anarchist & naturalist. Published the review "L'Etat Naturel" (1894-1898) &, in 1895, began collaborating with Henri Zisly & Henri Beylie on "La Nouvelle Humanité", which is followed by: "Le Naturien"(1898), "Le Sauvage"(1898-99), "L'Ordre Naturel"(1905), & "La Vie Naturelle" (1907-14) & (1920-27).

    These reviews & newspapers that Emile Gravelle directed, or provided articles & illustrations for, are the expression of the libertarian "naturien" movement, which preaches the return to a natural & independent life. The movement "naturien" can rightly be seen the precursor of naturism, vegetarianism, & of the modern ecology movement.

    During WWI Gravelle also contributed to E. (Ernest) Armand's newspaper, "Pendant la Mêlée".

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    1894 -- [November 21] Spain: In Barcelona, the anarchist Santiago Salvador Franch (1864-1894) is executed. He threw two bombs, on November 7, 1891, into the audience at Teatre Liceu Opera House during a performance of William Tell, killing 22 people.

    The violence of the anarchists did not always land at the feet of tyrants. Salvador's act was part of a cycle of vengeance; here he was responding to the execution of Paulino Pallàs (who wounded General Martinez Campos & killed a guard in an attack on September 24, 1893).

    A state of siege in Barcelona was immediately decreed, & hundreds of anarchists were rounded up by the Army & tortured at the infamous Montjuich prison. The bombing of the theatre was initially blamed on the anarchist José Codina, then on Mariano Cerezuela (both were executed May 21, 1894) & finally attributed to Santiago Salvador.

    On January 2, 1894, Salvador was at last run to earth at Saragossa (Zaragoza). To avoid capture he made two desperate attempts to commit suicide, but failed, & was carried off to Monjuich prison. Franch was not sentenced until July 11, & his execution took place today.

    Salvador Franch, Santiago. Alcorisa (Aragó), 1864 - Barcelona, 1894. Activista anarquista. Estigué implicat en l'atemptat contra el general Martínez Campos (setembre de 1893), dut a terme per Paulí Pallàs. Per venjar la mort de Pallàs, el 07.11.1893 llança dues bombes al pati de butaques del Teatre Liceu de Barcelona que causaren la mort de vint persones. Detingut el desembre següent a Saragossa fou empresonat a Barcelona i ajusticiat el 21.11.1894.

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    1897 -- [November 21] Russia: Mollie Steimer lives. Russian-American-Jewish-Mexican anarchist & labor agitator. Her militant activities got her deported from both the US in 1921 (after getting 15 years of prison for publishing a leaflet opposing the landing of US troops in Russia), & by Lenin in Russia (1923). Arrested as a German Jew in France, then escaped a Nazi internment camp & fled to Mexico, where she died in 1980.

    Mollie Steimer was born in southwestern Russia. She emigrated to the US in 1913 with her family. She immediately went to work in a garment factory to help support her family. She came across radical literature including the works of Bakunin, Kropotkin, & Emma Goldman. By 1917 Mollie had become an anarchist, to which she dedicated her life.

    See Anarchist Portraits, Paul Avrich (Princeton University Press) & Abe Bluestein, Fighters for Anarchism: Mollie Steimer & Senya Fleshin.

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    1922 -- [November 21] US: Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist militant & author, dies at Leavenworth Penitentiary in Kansas, USA. Possibly murdered by prison guards. His remains were returned to Mexico, where they rest at the "Rotunda of Illustrious Men" in Mexico City; he also now has a city named after him in Mexico.

  • Ward S. Albro. Always a Rebel: Ricardo Flores Magon & the Mexican Revolution. Texas Christian University Press, 1992
  • Ward S. Albro, To Die on Your Feet The Life, Times & Writing of Práxedis Guerrero.
  • Carlos M. Rama y A. Cappelletti, El Anarquismo en America Latina, Caracas, Biblioteca Ayacucho, 1990. 490pp.,
  • Flores Magon, Ricardo. Epistolario y textos, M: FCE, 1964.
  • Semilla libertaria, tomo I, M: Liga de Economistas Revolucionarios, 1975.
  • Flores Magon, Ricardo y Jesus. Batalla a la dictadura, M: Empresas Editoriales, 1967.
  • Flores Magon, Ricardo, et al. Regeneración: 1900-1918, M: Era, 1977.
  • Cetina, Humberto Escobedo. Ricardo Flores Magon: semblanza biografica.Oaxaca, Mexico : H. Ayuntamiento, 1997.
  • In Espanol,
  • "¡Paz! ¡Paz!",

    Book cover, Always A Rebel

  • Muere Ricardo Flores Magón en la prisión de Leavenworth. Es asesinado Ricardo Flores Magón. A los 49 años de edad, casi ciego y enfermo de los pulmones...

    Ricardo Flores Magón amaneció muerto el 21 de noviembre de 1922 en su celda del penal de Leavenworth, Kansas, E.U.

    Ricardo, talented & most dangerous of the brothers Flores Magón, is unable to participate in the revolution he so much helped to unleash. While the destiny of Mexico is gambled in the battlefields, Ricardo breaks stones, engrillado, in a North American jail.

    A US court condemned him to 20 years forced labor for signing & publishing an anarchist manifesto against private property. Several times he has been offered a pardon by federal authorities, who insist he must only request it. Ricardo Flores Magón, a man of principle, will never do so.

    — Cuando muera, mis amigos quizás escriban en mi tumba:

    "Aquí yace un soñador", y mis enemigos "Aquí yace un loco". Pero no habrá nadie que se atreva a estampar esta inscripción: "Aquí yace un cobarde y traidor a sus ideas".

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    1935 -- [November 21] Emma Goldman, anarchist feministEngland: In June of this year Emma Goldman began mobilizing anarchist writers & editors of the movement's press — for example, Rudolf Rocker, Max Nettlau, & Albert de Jong — to publish articles to mark Alexander Berkman's 65th birthday today.

    After traveling to London, where she makes her home for the winter, Emma begins a series of lectures today with "Traders in Death" to an audience of about 100 at the National Trade Union Club. She follows this with "Mussolini, Hitler & Stalin" at a packed meeting at Workers' Circle House, where she is heckled by Communists, & "Fallacies of Political Action" at Broadway Congregational Hall, Hammersmith.

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    -- SECONDARY MATERIAL:orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007SITUATIONIST INTERNATIONAL ART ANARCH SI dingbat France: No More Flat Feet, XXXXXX

    Onxxxx, see Greil XXXXXXXus, Lipst XXXX XXX.

    November 1967

    orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007 SI dingbat France: Potlatch #29, information bulletin of the Lettrist International, issued in Paris. | [Situationist Resources]

    no exact date: [Exact day not given —ed.]

    November 1952

    "Exclusion" of Isidore Isou, Maurice Lemaitre & Gabriel Pomerand for publicly disassociating themselves from the Chaplin scandal.

    November 1963

    12 Exclusion of Peter Laugesen, Scandinavian section.

    Nov 1967 30

    Resignation of Charles Radcliffe, no section.

    November 1970

    29 Exclusion of Jon Horelick & Tony Verlaan, American section.

    December 1959

    no exact date: [Exact day not given —ed.]

    Internationale Situationniste #3. Central bulletin published by the sections of the Situationist International. Editor: G.-E. Debord. Editorial committee: Constant, Asger Jorn, Helmut Sturm, Maurice Wyckaert (resignation of Mohamed Dahou, Algerian section).
    The concept of the spectacle appears for the first time in the article 'Cinema after Alain Resnais.'

    [Exact day not given —ed.]

    December 1968 The Great Late Show of Opposition, tract by the American section of the SI, New York. [Exact day not given —ed.]

    [Situationist Resources]

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    1921 -- [November 24] Mollie Steimer & three other radicals (Jacob Abrams, Samuel Lipman, & Hyman Lachowsky) deported from "the land of the free"

    On August 23, 1918, Mollie Steimer was arrested for distributing leaflets against the landing of American troops in Soviet Russia, along with several other members of her group.

    The Abrams case, as it became known, is a landmark in the repression of civil liberties in the US. It is cited in all standard histories as one of the most flagrant violations of constitutional rights during the Red Scare hysteria following WWI.

    The defendants were Abrams, Steimer, Schwartz, Lachowsky, & Lipman. Schwartz, however, never appeared in court. Having been severely beaten by the police, he was removed to hospital, where he died on October 14.

    Arriving in Moscow December 15, 1921, Mollie Steimer & her friends learned Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman had already departed for the West, disillusioned by the turn the revolution had taken.

    Kropotkin had died in February & the Kronstadt Rebellion had been suppressed in March. Nestor Makhno's anarchist insurgent army had been dispersed & hundreds of anarchists & radicals languished in prison.

    Amid the gloom, however, there were some bright spots. In Moscow, Mollie met Senya Fleshin, who became her lifelong companion.

    Both Mollie & Senya were imprisoned for aiding "criminal elements" in 1922 & eventually deported in 1923.

    See Marsh, Anarchist Women; Paul Avrich, Anarchist Portraits; Polenberg, Fighting Faiths; & the pamphlet, Sentenced to Twenty Years Prison (New York: Political Prisoners Defense & Relief Committee, 1919).

    See also the memorial volume edited by Abe Bluestein, Fighters for Anarchism: Mollie Steimer & Senya Fleshin ([New York]: Libertarian Publications Group, 1983).

    Picture below, front row, Mollie Steimer is third from the right, in the Bound Together Books Mural.
    Senya Fleshin/ Mollie Steimer, Bound Together Mural

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    1904 -- [November 25] Jehan Mayoux: Teacher, pacifist, antimilitarist, anarchist, poet.

    Opposing the war with Algeria, Mayoux signed the "Proclamation of the 121" & lost his teaching rights again (1960-1965).

    He participated in the May '68 uprising, but was thoroughly disgusted by the attitude of the trade unions.

    Mayoux leaves the beautiful poetic works, "Ma tête à couper" (1939) "Au crible de la nuit" (1948), etc.

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    1904a -- [November 25] Ba Jin (aka Pa Chin [pseud. of Li Feigan]), novelist & anarchist. Died October 17, 2005.

    Ba Jin lived in France as a student, where he wrote his first novel Destruction, then in Shanghai where he wrote many other novels. His book The General (Shanghai, 1934) was dedicated to Emma Goldman.

    "Youth is the hope of mankind." Ba actually first learned these words from Bartolomeo Vanzetti. As a student in Paris, Ba exchanged correspondence with the imprisoned Vanzetti, & a spiritual baton was passed from the prisoner who stood falsely accused & condemned to death to a young student in a foreign land. "May the next generation not commit such foolish, ignorant acts."

    In 1949, under pressure from the Communists, he began rewriting his stories, removing or replacing all anarchist references with Communist ones.

    But by 1966 he was again in disgrace, branded

    "A great poisonous weed"

    & his writings were condemned as seditious. & then in 1976 Ba found new notoriety, in China & abroad, with novels now denouncing the Communist system & the compromises he had made to survive.

    Ba Jin 's best known novel is Family (Anchor Books, 1972). He is now over 95 & lives in Shanghai. He is widely considered China’s greatest living author.

    See Return from Silence: Five prominent & controversial Chinese writers speak on their roles in the modernization of China. (1 hour video cassette available): The life & work of five esteemed Chinese writers whose modern classics shaped China's past: Ba Jin, Mao Dun, Ding Ling, Cao Yu, & Ai Qing. Produced by Chung-wen Shih (George Washington University, 1982).

    ? "Il va sans dire que le sort à lui infligé était injuste. De cela, j'avais déjà conscience à l'époque et je n'ai pas attendu aujourd'hui. Toutefois, je ne suis pas sorti des rangs pour prendre sa défense, je n'ai pas osé."

           — Pa Chin, in "A la mémoire d'un ami".

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    1911 -- [November 25] Tierra y Libertad demonstration, which includes Emiliano Zapata

    La comunidad de Anenecuilco está estrangulada, como todas las demás comunidades de la región mexicana de Morelos. Cada vez hay menos islas de maíz en el océano del azúcar. De la aldea de Tequesquitengo, condenada a morir porque sus indios libres se negaban a convertirse en peones de cuadrilla, no queda más que la cruz de la torre de la iglesia. Las inmensas plantaciones embisten tragando tierras, aguas y bosques. No dejan sitio ni para enterrar a los muertos:

    — Si quieren sembrar, siembren en macetas.

    Matones y leguleyos se ocupan del despojo, mientras los devoradores de comunidades escuchan conciertos en sus jardines y crían caballos de polo y perros de exposición.

    Zapata, caudillo de los lugareños avasallados, entierra los títulos virreinales bajo el piso de la iglesia de Anenecuilco y se lanza a la pelea. Su tropa de indios, bien plantada, bien montada, mal armada, crece al andar.

    "It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees."

           — Emiliano Zapata

    [ Texto del Plan de Ayala ]
    [ Este hombre les enseñó que la vida no es sólo miedo de sufrir y espera de morir ]


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    1882 -- orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007 [November 26] During this month (I don't have the exact date — ed.) Peter Kropotkin begins publishing his ideas on anarchist communism. It was a full eighteen months after the Jura Congress of La Chaux-de-Fonds (Oct 9, 1880) that Kropotkin began to discuss anarcho-communist ideas in the pages of Le Revolte.

    His first major contribution was in the area of popular expropriation. In November & December 1882, he published a series of articles on the subject, arguing that a libertarian communist revolution would not succeed unless everything that could be used to exploit the people was immediately expropriated & socialized for the benefit of all.

    By 1883 Kropotkin began to emerge as a major exponent of anarcho-communism, partly because of the success of Le Revolte & partly because of the leading role he played in the anarchist trials at Lyon. Certainly, it is likely that he was the principle author of the 'Anarchist Declaration' read out to the court on January 12, 1883

    ('L'Expropriation', "Le Revolte," November 25, 1882 & December 23, 1882)

    It is remarkable that in the beginning of 1876 the same idea (accepted by the Florence congress in October) was incidentally mentioned in a diminutive pamphlet published in Geneva by Francois Dumartheray, a refugee from Lyon.

    Dumartheray, Perral & others had for years belonged to a small & very advanced Geneva section called "L'Avenir" where those ideas had matured & Dumartheray was in 1879 one of Kropotkin's comrades & helpmate on the 'Revolte'.

    These ideas originated for yet another time in Kropotkin's mind when he was working for anarchist propaganda in Switzerland. They are formulated in his Idee anarchiste au point de vue de sa realisation pratique, read before the Jurassian sections October 12, 1879, whilst Cafiero resumed then in Anarchie et Communisme, laid before the Jurassian congress of October 9-19, 1880. from that time they were generally accepted except in Spain.

    Excerpt, Errico Malatesta The Biography of an Anarchist

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    1921 -- France: Second congress of l'Union Anarchiste meets for two days, in Lyon (or Villeurbanne?).

    Timeline icon
    2004 -- Italy: 4º Convegno del Sindacalismo Europeo Alternativo, Milan, Nov. 26-28.

    1841 -- [November 27] Jean Renaud lives, Jura. Anarcho-syndicalist, member of the Lyons revolutionary federation.

    orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007 Setting off a bomb on October 22, 1882 at the restaurant Bellecour (l'Assommoir), he received two prison sentences, on December 6, 1882 for two-years, & on January 19, 1883 in the "Trial of the 66" ("procès des 66") he got five years.

    Suspecting the weather more favorable in Geneva, he skedaddled to Switzerland.

    Renaud eventually slipped back into France under a false identity, & received a new 18-month sentence in a dynamiting.

    Pardoned by decree on January 8, 1886, he found employment as metal-worker, & met Paul Reclus (nephew of Élisée Reclus), with whom he organized workers in Bessèges, & began writing for Jean Grave's paper, "Le révolté."

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    2000 -- [November 27] Detroit Almanac: About the Fifth Estate, November 27, 2000:

    Harvey Ovshinsky wasn't happy when his mother moved to Los Angeles in 1965 & dragged along the popular senior from Detroit's Mumford High School. Wandering around town in a funk, Ovshinsky happened upon the Sunset Strip. There he saw two sights that piqued his interest: a gathering place called the Fifth Estate Coffeehouse & Art Kunkin's Los Angeles Free Press.

    Ovshinsky began hanging out at the coffeehouse & working on the Free Press. He was captivated by its antiwar politics, its concern for developing a radical Los Angeles community, & its coverage of the local music scene. Before the year was over, he returned to Detroit & founded Fifth Estate.

    Twenty-five years later, writes alumnus Bob Hippler, the snake oil of Reaganism is seen to have bankrupted the country, most workers do not have a union, countries still suffer under the yoke of neo-colonialism, & Fifth Estate is the nation's longest-lived underground paper to emerge from the Vietnam era.

    See "Fast Times in the Motor City — The First Ten Years of the Fifth Estate: 1965-1975," by Bob Hippler, in Voices from the Underground: Insider Histories of the Vietnam Era Underground Press

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    1956 -- [November 28] Japan: Sanshirô Ishikawa (1876-1956) dies. Theorist, historian, translator, militant Christian socialist turned anarcho-syndicalist.

    orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007

    Feb 25, 1906 Bronislaw Pilsudski attended a dinner party organised by staff members of Shin kigen (New Era) (a Japanese Christian socialist magazine) at the “Iroha” [or “Tokiwa”] ‘sukiyaki’ restaurant, located in Ogawa-machi, Kanda Ward, Tokyo. A commemorative photograph was taken of all the people who attended, including Pilsudski & Japanese socialists such as Ishikawa Sanshiro, Kinoshita Naoe, Abe Isoo, Fukuda Hideko, Yokota Hyoma, et al. [“A Meeting of ‘New Era’”; Ishikawa, 1939; Collected Historical Materials on Socialism in the Meiji Era, v. 3, New Era,- frontispiece; Ishikawa Sanshiro, Collected Works, v. 8,- frontispiece].

    With the Japanese socialist & anarchist movements under repression, Ishikawa fled Japan in 1913, just barely escaping arrest when he boarded a French ship on March 1st.

    In Europe he met Edward Carpenter ("My Japanese friend, Sanshiro Ishikawa, calls our houses prisons. ..." My Days & Dreams , p. 162) & Paul Reclus who influenced his political development. Late spring of 1914 Ishikawa Sanshiro settled in Brussels in the house of French anarchist P. Reclus. At the end of June Bronislaw Pilsudski, Polish revolutionary & ethnographer, paid a visit to Reclus’ house, where he once again met Ishikawa Sanshiro [Ishikawa, 1914; Ishikawa, 1939].

    In 1920 he returned to Japan, &, with Miura Seiichi, founded the newspaper "Kokusen."

    In 1929, he published the periodical "Dynamic," & translated & published the works of Kropotkin.

    In 1946, he served as an advisor in the founding of the Japanese Anarchist Federation.

    An avid student of history, Ishikawa is the author of several works: anarchism from an aesthetic perspective; anarchism & its principles; socialist movements in Europe & America; Japanese mythology, as well as a biography of Elisee Recluse. His translations included the works of Edward Carpenter, & many short anarchist texts.

    In Japanese see Ishikawa Sanshiro: Tamashii no doshi (Shirizu minkan Nihon gakusha) by Masamichi Osawa (Riburo Poto; Shohan edition,1987; ISBN 4845702878); see also Ishikawa Sanshiro, Collected Works of Ishikawa Sanshiro (Ishikawa Sanshiro Chosaku-shu). Dunbar, Gary S. " Elisée Reclus’ Japanese Disciple, Ishikawa Sanshiro ", in Gary S. Dunbar, The History of Geography, (New York : 1996).

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    1956 -- [November 28] Japan: Sanshirô Ishikawa (1876-1956) dies. Theorist, historian, translator, militant Christian socialist turned anarcho-syndicalist.

    orange diamond dingbat; new entry, remove 2007

    Feb 25, 1906 Bronislaw Pilsudski attended a dinner party organised by staff members of Shin kigen (New Era) (a Japanese Christian socialist magazine) at the “Iroha” [or “Tokiwa”] ‘sukiyaki’ restaurant, located in Ogawa-machi, Kanda Ward, Tokyo. A commemorative photograph was taken of all the people who attended, including Pilsudski & Japanese socialists such as Ishikawa Sanshiro, Kinoshita Naoe, Abe Isoo, Fukuda Hideko, Yokota Hyoma, et al. [“A Meeting of ‘New Era’”; Ishikawa, 1939; Collected Historical Materials on Socialism in the Meiji Era, v. 3, New Era,- frontispiece; Ishikawa Sanshiro, Collected Works, v. 8,- frontispiece].

    With the Japanese socialist & anarchist movements under repression, Ishikawa fled Japan in 1913, just barely escaping arrest when he boarded a French ship on March 1st.

    In Europe he met Edward Carpenter ("My Japanese friend, Sanshiro Ishikawa, calls our houses prisons. ..." My Days & Dreams, p. 162) & Paul Reclus who influenced his political development. Late spring of 1914 Ishikawa Sanshiro settled in Brussels in the house of French anarchist P. Reclus. At the end of June Bronislaw Pilsudski, Polish revolutionary & ethnographer, paid a visit to Reclus’ house, where he once again met Ishikawa Sanshiro [Ishikawa, 1914; Ishikawa, 1939].

    In 1920 he returned to Japan, &, with Miura Seiichi, founded the newspaper "Kokusen."

    In 1929, he published the periodical "Dynamic," & translated & published the works of Kropotkin.

    In 1946, he served as an advisor in the founding of the Japanese Anarchist Federation.

    An avid student of history, Ishikawa is the author of several works: anarchism from an aesthetic perspective; anarchism & its principles; socialist movements in Europe & America; Japanese mythology, as well as a biography of Elisee Recluse. His translations included the works of Edward Carpenter, & many short anarchist texts.

    In Japanese see Ishikawa Sanshiro: Tamashii no doshi (Shirizu minkan Nihon gakusha) by Masamichi Osawa (Riburo Poto; Shohan edition,1987; ISBN 4845702878); see also Ishikawa Sanshiro, Collected Works of Ishikawa Sanshiro (Ishikawa Sanshiro Chosaku-shu). Dunbar, Gary S. "Elisée Reclus’ Japanese Disciple, Ishikawa Sanshiro", in Gary S. Dunbar, The History of Geography, (New York: 1996).

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    1864 -- [November 29]

    US: Sand Creek Massacre.

    Chivington, acting on orders from Colorado's Governor, John Evans, massacres sleeping Cheyenne & Arapaho Indians camped under a US flag in one of the most brutal atrocities in U.S. history. Virtually all of the 500 victims, mostly women & children, or old men, were tortured & scalped.

    During the summer, Indian raids along the Santa Fe Trail prompted the Colorado territorial government to order Cheyenne Indians living under a land treaty in Colorado, report to the nearest U.S. fort & lay down their arms. Despite the fact these tribes were not the chief proponents of the raids, conducted mostly by Comanche & Sioux raiders, Cheyenne leader Black Kettle obliged, taking his band to Fort Lyon, where he expressed his willingness to honor the terms of his land treaty, even though the government had failed to pay the compensation promised in the agreement.

    The fort's Federal Army officers ordered Kettle to lead his band back to Sand Creek, & assured him that they would remain under U.S. protection. Meanwhile, a volunteer militia regiment was formed in Denver by Union Major John Chivington, for the express purpose of permanently settling the Indian problems in the territory. In late November, Chivington marched his force, augmented by regular US Army troops from Fort Lyon, to the Sand Creek site. At dawn on November 29, the soldiers descended on the encampment without warning, & Chivington ordered his men to take no prisoners. Several hours later, at least 400 Cheyenne were dead, the majority of whom were noncombatants.

    At first, Chivington was widely praised for his "victory" at the Battle of Sand Creek, & he & his troops were honored with a parade in Denver. However, rumors of drunken soldiers butchering unarmed women & children began to circulate, & Congress ordered a formal investigation of the Sand Creek Massacre. Chivington was eventually threatened with a court-martial by the U.S. Army, but as he had already left his military post, no criminal charges were ever filed against him. massacre

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    1919 -- [November 29] US: Bogalusa Massacre.

    From: "Gene Lawhorn"
    Subject: UBCMEMBERS * Bogalusa Massacre Memorial Resolution

    Bogalusa, Louisiana Carpenters Memorial Resolution

    Whereas; On November 29th of 1919 four union organizers, & officers of Bogalusa UBC local 2203 were murdered while they were working to organize the Great Southern Lumber Company in the offices of the Central Labor Council,

    & Whereas; While the organizing campaign of the Great Southern Lumber company, the world’s largest lumber mill was taking place a campaign of terror was initiated by the mill managers in which organizers were beaten, tortured, & run out of town,

    & Whereas; The Vice President of the Great Southern Lumber Company, as Mayor of Bogalusa used his power as local Magistrate to organize an army of thugs placed on the police force to intimidate any mill workers who would join the United Brotherhood of Carpenters,

    & Whereas; After months of beatings, intimidation, race baiting & forced deportations failed to stop a successful organizing campaign the thugs working for Mayor Sullivan & the Great Southern Lumber Company drove to the Central Labor Council & shot, & murdered Council President, & UBC organizer Lum Williams & three union Brothers, (names unknown at the present time.) ,

    & Whereas; The 13 thugs arrested for this despicable crime were bailed out for $40,000 dollars each by the Great Southern Lumber Co. & from that point on no trial, & no justice for our martyred union Brothers was ever forthcoming,

    & Whereas; We the many diverse members of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters owe our ability to have family wages jobs, the eight hour day, overtime pay, work place safety laws, worker’s comp, unemployment insurance, & the right to organize to the struggles & sacrifices of Union Brothers & Sisters like Lum (L.E.) Williams who have Paid The Price for these social & work place amenities we hold so dear in their blood,

    Be It Therefore Resolved; That a plot of land as close as possible to the original Central Labor Council be purchased by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters & that a monument be erected in remembrance of Lum Williams, & the other three Union Brothers who were murdered in their attempt to organize workers at the Great Southern Lumber Company...

    — Resolution passed at Carpenters local 247 on May 9th (1999?) ... & I am looking for any further information regarding the subject of the Bogalusa massacre that anyone can provide.

    Resolution passed Solidarity, Gene Lawhorn Local 247 Portland. Or.

  • See Norwood, Stephen H. "Bogalusa Burning: The War Against Biracial Unionism in the Deep South, 1919." Journal of Southern History 63, no.3 (August 1997)
  • U.S. Supreme Court, WILLIAMS v. GREAT SOUTHERN LUMBER CO., 277 U.S. 19 (1928)

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    1870 -- [November 30] Henri Beylie, French militant anarchist, antimilitarist & naturalist

    Beylie cofounded with Henri Zisly & Emile Gravel, in 1895, the monthly review of the naturalist movement "Nouvelle Humanité" (New Humanity). Beylie also helped in the founding of the community (milieu libre) of Vaux (Aisne) (1903 to 1906).

    Card-indexed in the infamous "Carnet B" (a police file of antimilitarists) Beylie, with Yvetot, Libertad & others helped found the Ligue antimilitariste in 1902, which became a part of the Association Internationale Antimilitariste.

    In 1904 Henri Beylie participated in the antimilitarist congress of 1904, in Amsterdam, then with that of August 1907 which followed on the heels of the International Anarchist Congress.

    Mobilized during the war, when it ended he threw himself into the rebuilding of the anarchist movement & in the 1920s was one of those responsible for publishing & directing "Libertaire".

    In 1935, he became a secretary of the "Committee of Social Defense", in charge providing assistance to political prisoners.

    These reviews & newspapers such as "Nouvelle Humanité" are the expression of the libertarian "naturien" movement, which preaches the return to a natural & independent life. The movement "naturien" can rightly be seen the precursor of naturism, vegetarianism, & of the modern ecology movement.

    Les « Milieux Libres » : vivre en anarchiste à la Belle époque en France,

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    1920 -- [November 30] In 1920 Spain was subjected to the terrorism of Martínez Anido, Military & Civil Governor of Barcelona, & his bloody repression of the CNT, which lasted for some years.

    The union is outlawed in 1920, & large numbers of cenetista anarchist leaders are jailed or assassinated in the years following by the government's effort to destroy the CNT. The leadership of Spain's largest trade union is decimated but the union unvanquished.

    In 1920, the new Civil Governor, Martinez Anido, set the stage for the most bloody governmental repression of the period, going after a substantial number of CNT labor militants & leaders, either directly or through the use of rightwing goon squads (called "Sindicatos libres") paid for & supported by big business & the Catholic Church.

    November 20 saw the dissolution of the CNT & jailing of 64 union militants. The 27 of November Nin & Josep Canela are attacked, & Canela died.

    At the end of month, Francesc Layret was assassinated & 36 union leaders were deported to the Castle of the Mola in Mahón.

    In December one began to see the "ley de fugas," (law of flights: setting prisoners free, then shooting them down as "escapees") & Evelio Boal, Secretary General of the CNT, was thus assassinated.

    Conferencia en Blanes...

    En los primeros (8,9,10) días de julio se celebra una Conferencia en Blanes donde el principal punto de discusión versa sobre la figura de Martínez Anido y su negativa a legalizar a la CNT.

    En esta conferencia participaron Emilio Albaricías, Ladislau Bellavista, Pere Bonet, Boronat, Sebastià Clarà, Juan Claramunt, Antonio Colomer, Pere Comas "Peronas", Juan Costa, Diez Galo (Comité Nacional), Dominguez (de Blanes), Joan Espesa, Ramón Espinal, Francisco Inglesa, Juneda, Bruno Lladó, Enrique Lleonart, Narciso Marco, Teodoro Peña, Àngel Pestaña, Juan Pey, Antoni Puig, Marcelino Rico, Juan Salu, Jaime Segala, Manuel Sirvent, Antonio Soler Cuadrat, Sebastián Suñer, Guillermo Vages Bruguera, Acrato Vidal.

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    1920 -- Abós Serena, Miquel. Militant de la CNT de Saragossa. Per la seva activitat sindical a Barcelona fou empresonat en el vaixell "Giralda" i deportat al castell de la Mola de Maó (30.11.1920). Assistí a la Conferència de Saragossa de la CNT (1922) i al congrés de madrid de 1931. Secretari del Comitè Regional d'Aragó, la Rioja i Navarra el juliol de 1936, fou detingut pels franquistes els quals li proposaren col.laborar amb ells en el camp sindical. S'hi negà i fou empresonat. Més tard s'evadí i passà a la zona republicana.

    His union activity in Barcelona got him landed in the prison ship "Giralda" & deported in the castle of Mola de Maó. I attended the Lecture of Zaragoza of the CNT (1922) & to|in the congress of madrid of 1931. Secretary of the Regional Committee of Aragó, the Rioja & Navarra the July of 1936, he was stopped by Francoists who proposedher collaborate with them against the CNT. He refused it & was imprisoned. Later he escaped into the Republican zone. CATALAN TRANSLATOR:

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    1920 -- Spain: The CNT's labor lawyer Francesc Layret is assassinated & 36 more union leaders imprisoned. Part of the government's bloody campaign to destroy the CNT. Further details/ context, click here; anarquista, anarquista del sindicato[Background / context]

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    1984 -- [November 30] Eliot V Elliott (1902-1984)

    Mid morning; a fine sunny day. The funeral cortege left from the Sussex Street Federal office of the Seamen's Union of Australia (SUA) & headed down Kent & Napoleon Streets for the wharf area & the shadows of the Harbour Bridge, known to old maritime workers who used to scour the area in search of jobs, haunted by spectres of unemployment & employer victimisation, as the Hungry Mile.

    We walked six abreast, two city blocks long; the family, hearse, & SUA officials led the procession; the Union banner & the Merchant Navy flag preceded.

    The union was burying its dead; E.V. Elliott, Federal Secretary of the SUA, 1941-1978, a waterfront legend, had passed on. But before his coffin slid through the panelled wall of the crematorium chapel to the strains of the Internationale, we intended to symbolically escort his body to the scenes of the bitter waterfront disputes & human suffering that had, during the 1930s, torched within a young stokehold fireman the desire to change the 19th century seagoing conditions of his comrades on the Australian coast.

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