Daily Bleed: Philip Lamantia, Marcel Body, William Blake, André Lorulot, John Turner, Emma Goldman, Otto Rühle, Dorothy Day, Clarence Darrow; radical, Chronology, Almanac, Timeline, anarchy, labor, syndicalism, Surrealist, anarchist, anarquista, anarchiste, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history October 23
"Mon cheminement à travers cette période trouble m'amène, malgré tout, à ignorer le pessimisme qui est à l'homme ce que l'hiver est à la nature. Or les pires froids n'ont jamais empêché le printemps de revenir, ni l'été de mûrir les moissons, et les plus abondantes seront toujours celles d'hommes forts et d'esprits libres..."— Marcel Body, Un piano en bouleau de Carélie
-- OCTOBER 23
RESTIF DE LA BRETONNE
Chronicler of the Street in the French Revolution.
Inventor of the term "communism."
San Juan, Capistrano: SWALLOWS DEPART.
Probably no place left to poop.
HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION DAY.
NATIONAL MOLE DAY. That thing on hanging off yer face.
FEAST OF FOOLS. & you know who you are.
FESTIVAL OF FORGOTTEN GODS. Ditto.
FEAST OF GOOD & PLENTY. Eat up!
4 -- [BC] World begins at 9am. Wee agree. It's downhill from here.
1613 -- Assassination of Gabor Bathory.
1679 -- Meal Tub Plot against James II of England. Are the Presbyterians plotting against the King? Will Nixon find microfilm in the pumpkin?
1734 -- Lazy Boy?: French writer, early communist theorist, Restif de la Brettone lives. "Chronicler of the Street" during the French Revolution, inventor of the term "communism." Monsieur Nicolas Number 48 on Kenneth Rexroth's list in Classics Revisited.
1775 -- US: Continental Congress prohibits the enlistment of blacks in the Army.
1783 -- US: Go Figure? Virginia emancipates slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.
1804 -- William Blake writes to William Hayley: "Dear Sir, excuse my enthusiasm or rather madness, for I am really drunk with intellectual vision whenever I take a pencil or engraver into my hand...."
See Daily Bleed Patron Saints Gallery page, http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/saints/StBlakeWilliam.htm
1817 -- French grammarian, encyclopedist, lexicographer Pierre Larousse lives.
1845 -- George Saintsbury lives, Southampton, Hampshire. English literary historian & critic of the early 20th century. Wonderfully eccentric in his views; gifted with a perfect ear; author of History of English Prosody (in three thick volumes); Historical Manual of English Prosody; A History of English Prose Rhythm; A Short History of English Literature; History of French Literature; Notes on a Cellar-book
(a noted oenophile), & known as "The Leviathan" because he seems to have read everything.
1850 -- US: First National Women's Rights convention, Worcester, Mass.
1874 -- Germany: Otto Rühle lives (1874-1943), Großvoigtsberg bei Freiberg in Sachsen. Left council communist of the Spartacist League (anti-Leninist; it included Liebknecht, Luxemburg, Mehring, et al.; much in common with libertarian communism & most strains of anarchism).
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1885 -- France: André Lorulot
(aka André Georges Roulot) lives (1885-1963). Free-thinker, anarchiste individualist, lecturer & propagandist.
"Andre Lorulot, a leading French individualist before the First World War, was then a leading freethinker for half a century."
— Nicolas Walter, "Anarchism & Religion"
1887 -- England: Huge crowds, gathering daily in London's Hyde Park & Trafalgar Square to hear speeches, turn into mobs.
1894 -- France: Marcel Body lives, Limoges. Typographer. Joined the Bolshevik Revolution as a French soldier in Russia, becomes a citizen & serves in the diplomatic service in Norway with Alexandra Kollontaï. Criticizing the drift of the Revolution, he returned to France. Translates Lenin, Trotsky, & Bakunin. Thereafter Marcel Body wrote for the anarchist & pacifist press, & wrote Un piano en bouleau de Carélie
(1981) (republished as Un ouvrier limousin au coeur de la révolution russeussian revolution
"Pessimism is for man as winter is with nature. Yet the worst cold never prevented spring from returning, nor the summer to mature the harvests, & most abundant always will be those of strong men & free spirits... "
— Marcel Body, Un piano en bouleau de Carélie
1899 -- Emily Kimbrough lives, Muncie, Indiana. Wrote, with Cornelia Otis Skinner, Our Hearts Were Young & Gay
1902 -- Kristmann Guomundsson lives. Icelandic writer, published over 30 novels. Best-known for books of romantic fiction, several written in Norwegian. With Gunnar Gunnarsson (1901-1983) & Halldór Killian Laxness (1902-) among the first internationally known Icelandic authors. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/kristman.htm
US: First attempt to test anti-anarchist immigration act: At an event at Murray Hill Lyceum, where Emma Goldman
is scheduled to speak, English anarchist John Turner is arrested & charged with promoting anarchism & violating alien labor laws. Turner was "detained" on Ellis Island until his deportation, with the words "Let freedom ring" burning in his ears.
(Turner was eventually booted out of the country for his anarchist views.)[Details / context]
1906 -- Jonathan Latimer lives.
American hard-boiled mystery writer, noted for his Bill Crane series, described as an "alcoholic private detective," but who represents more accurately the "screwball-comedy" school of the 1930s mystery fiction.
Latimer wrote also screenplays, notably Dashiell Hammett's The Glass Key.
US: Emma Goldman
marches in a parade of 600 anarchists & socialists in New York City to protest Francisco Ferrer
's execution (on October 13th, in Spain).
1914 -- US: Emma Goldman
returns to Chicago for a series of propaganda & modern drama lectures (October 23-November 15), delivered in both English & Yiddish.
General topics include war, women & culture. Emma's's series on European dramatists is expanded. She describes the audience of her Chicago Press Club luncheon lecture on "The Relationship of Anarchism to Literature" as "500 hard-faced men."
[Details / context]
1915 -- US: 25,000 women, thinking themselves the equal of men, march in NY City for voting rights.
Russia: Emma Goldman
postpones her return trip to Petrograd to attend John Reed's funeral in Moscow today. [Details / context]
1920 -- Spain: In Badalona several Cenetistas are arrested as they arrive at the North Station, among them Joan Manent y Pesas, Guillermo Martí Texier, & Vicens Soler Juan.
Part of an orchestrated crackdown on the best revolutionary syndicalist militants during this period, marked by targeted arrests & murders.
http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/sources.htm#BarcelonaCronicaEl 23 de octubre Martínez Anido y Arleguí dieron el visto bueno para su aparente atentado, el objetivo era sin duda, el de recobrar el prestigio del gobernador. Aquella noche Anido debía ir al teatro El Dorado situado en la Plaza Catalunya y así se lo hicieron saber a Feced para que convocará a todos sus colegas de acción. El 23 de octubre Martínez Anido y Arleguí dieron el visto bueno para su aparente atentado, el objetivo era sin duda, el de recobrar el prestigio del gobernador. Aquella noche Anido debía ir al teatro El Dorado situado en la Plaza Catalunya y así se lo hicieron saber a Feced para que convocará a todos sus colegas de acción.
El 23 de octubre Severiano Martínez Anido y Arleguí dieron el visto bueno para su aparente atentado, el objetivo era sin duda, el de recobrar el prestigio del gobernador.
Aquella noche Anido debía ir al teatro El Dorado situado en la Plaza Catalunya y así se lo hicieron saber a Feced (?Martí Feced, Carlos?)para que convocará a todos sus colegas de acción.
/// 23 of October Severiano Martinez Anido (governor of Barcelona & a fascist) they gave the approval for his apparent attack, the objective era without a doubt, the one to recover the prestige of the governor.
That night I nest had to go to the theater the Gilded one located in Plaza Catalunya & thus they let it know to Feced (PROBLY Inocencio Feced?? ) TO summon all his colleagues of action.
1924 -- First national radio broadcast in the US.
1926 -- Russia: Leon Trotsky expelled from Communist Party. Trotsky, like his followers, never catches on to the fact that he is a victim of the very flawed system he did so much to create, a victim of his own creation. The Marxist notion of power to the workers was replaced with all power to a handful of Bolshevik party leaders.
"I can still see the reproachful look he [Trotsky] gave Rivera when the latter maintained (which was hardly extravagant) that drawing had been in decline since the cave period..."
— André Breton, Radio Interview with André Parinaud, 1952
1926 -- US: Suffragette Olympia Brown dies, Baltimore, Maryland.OLYMPIA BROWN, Daily Bleed Patron Saint 1998. American suffragist leader, women's rights activist.
1926 -- US: In the Sacco & Vanzetti case, Judge Thayer denies the Medeiros motion, presented before him on Sept 13-17. Jan. 27-28, 1927 Appeal from the denial of Medeiros motion is argued before the Supreme Judicial Court, but on April 7, 1927 the denial of the Medeiros motion is affirmed.
See Heroes & Martyrs: Emma Goldman, Sacco & Vanzetti, & the Revolutionary Struggle, an audio CD by Howard Zinn
Sacco & Vanzetti Timeline
1927 -- Surrealist poet Philip Lamantia lives (d.2005), Frisco, California.
Expelled from a junior high school for “intellectual delinquency,” Lamantia discovered Surrealism as a teenager. Immediately drawn to this movement, he began to write poetry & left California for NY to meet André Breton, who recognized his talent & began publishing his poems. Lamantia's work appeared in Breton's VVV, as well as Charles Henri Ford's View & other experimental journals.
Married to Nancy Peters, a surrealist poet & co-owner, with Lawrence Ferlinghetti, of City Lights Books publishers.
1939 -- Zane Grey dies, 67, when his heart attacks him, in an ambush from behind a rock, Altadena, California. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/zgrey.htm
1942 -- Author Michael Crichton lives to write about dinosaurs.
1945 -- US: Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers signs Jackie Robinson to the club's Triple A farm team, the Montreal Royals. In a little under 18 months, Robinson is called up to the majors — the first African-American to play major league baseball in the white leagues.
1945 -- Switzerland: Death of Pierre Ceresole, founder of SCI. Author of For Peace and Truth
. "Deeds not words"
Philosopher, anti-war activist Bertrand Russell delivers the 4th Annual Lecture of the National Book League; it is later published as Philosophy & Politics
1947 -- US: A rain of fish in Marksville, Louisiana. (Home of bluesman Little Walter.)
1950 -- T. S. Eliot, 62, complains:
"The years between 50 & 70 are the hardest. You are always being asked to do things & yet are not decrepit enough to turn them down." http://www.reocities.com/Paris/LeftBank/9824/
1951 -- US: NAACP pickets the Stork Club in support of Josephine Baker, who was refused admission a week ago. After a city-convened special committee calls Baker's charges unfounded, Thurgood Marshall calls the findings a "complete & shameless whitewash of the long-established & well-known discriminatory policies of the Stork Club."
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1956 -- US: First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast.
1956 -- Poland: Pro-Polish demonstration in Budapest gives the signal for the Hungarian uprising. Part of an anti-Stalinist wave, despite extraordinary efforts by Soviet leaders to quell Soviet opposition in Eastern Europe.Source: [K.S. Karol]
1956 -- Hungary: Revolution erupts, spontaneous workers' councils form, state capitalism is threatened, Russian tanks called in. During the revolution, a minimum programme declares complete equalization of wages.
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1959 -- US: Charles Van Doren, son of author/teacher Mark Van Doren (Allen Ginsberg, et al) who originally denied to a grand jury that the TV quiz show "21" had supplied him with questions & answers in advance, "corrects" his testimony. This was a big deal then, zillions of Americans had taken to the show & him, feeling personally betrayed. See Halberstam's The Fifties
1962 -- England: 124 arrested in demonstrations at US & USSR embassies in London against Cuban Missile Crisis. Nice turn out, considering this crisis has the world on the edge of nuclear destruction.
|"Don't you hear the H-bomb's thunder / Echo like the crack of doom?"|
— John Brunner, science fiction author, "CND anthem"
1966 -- The Yardbirds, & Country Joe & the Fish at the Fillmore in Frisco, California. http://www.sftoday.com/enn2/summerlove2.htm
1967 -- US: Don't Squeeze the Charmin? Hammermill Paper Company employee enters the Lock Haven plant where he worked brandishing two pistols. Shot eight workers, four of whom died, then returned home, killing one neighbor & two others before police gunned him down in his backyard.
1973 -- US: Eight impeachment resolutions introduced in the House. Dick's in trouble again & they be kickin' his tires hard.
1975 -- US: Federal Trade Commission criticizes the Bureau of Indian Affairs' failure to live up to its trust responsibility when negotiating energy contracts.
1978 -- Cut & Run?: The Stories of John Cheever
published to great acclaim but Cheever remarks: "A collection of short stories is...for the elderly writer who wants to display the trophies of his youth, along with the trout flies." http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/cheever.htm
1979 -- US: protesters demonstrate in Anaheim, California, against the Arms Bazaar being held at the Convention Center (2nd Annual Military Electronics Exposition, a corporate supermarket for selling the most modern killing techniques to over 3,000 representatives in the US & around the world).
Organized by Jeff Dietrich & Kent Hoffman from the Ammon Hennacy House (a Catholic Worker House in Los Angeles; Catholic Worker Houses were inspired by christian anarchists, such as Dorothy Day, Peter Maurin & Ammon Hennacy). With grassroots organizing, & resistance despite jail time, the Arms Bazaar was forced to flee to Europe, where it met similar resistance & protests.
[Source: Jeff Dietrich, Reluctant Resister (Unicorn Press, 1983)
1983 -- Lebanon: Over 300 French & US military personnel die. 241 US Marines & sailors, part of a multinational force, killed when suicide commandos drive trucks packed with explosives into two bases where US & French "peacekeeping" troops are sleeping.
US Marines have been here since 1958, when 5,000 were sent to as a "peace-keeping" force to "protect" the elected government from threatened overthrow. In February, Beloved & Respected Comrade former actor & FBI informant Ronald Reagan removes all Marines from Lebanon.
1987 -- US: B-a-a-d to the Bone?: Senate rejects Acting President Ronnie Reagan
's nomination of Bobby Bork to the Supreme Court. Judiciary Committee found Bork unfit, due to insensitivity to individual rights & liberties.
"The dogs just didn't like the food."
Despite terrifying rumors his replacement will be Orrin Hatch, Robert Bork is rejected by the largest Senate margin ever, 58-42. Says one observer of Bork's failure to win over undecided senators,
1987 -- Tahiti: Slumming in Paradise? Slum dwellers & youth go on a rampage of looting, smashing & burning in the business & tourist quarters of the capital, Papeete. More than a thousand rioters shatter the image of an affluent South Pacific paradise that French Polynesia has been given. Source: [Calendar Riots]
1990 -- US: Rallies in 22 cities against the Gulf War.
1993 -- Ireland: IRA kills nine in a fish shop, Shankill Road, Belfast.
1995 -- US: No Art-a-Chokes?: Rapper Tone-Loc is ordered to take an anger management class after fighting a pizza delivery person (Anne Chovey?) over a pizza he didn't like.
1998 -- US: Dr. Barnett Slepian, a 51-year-old doctor providing abortion services, is shot & killed in Amherst, NY, in front of his wife & child, by US terrorists. Targeted by anti-abortion "pro-life" (sic) terrorists for over a decade, including a reported 200 death threats, Slepian told friends he would not be driven out of his practice by confrontations with radicals.
1999 -- US: You Are Being Watched For Your Own Safety...
...upon hearing that we (a group of white people) were against the installation of cameras in front of their homes — they were willing, even eager to speak on camera. One of these residents, a man named Preston, told us that his son was murdered by the police a year ago & near the very place at which the SCP performed.http://www.notbored.org/ap.html
2010 -- England: 28th London Anarchist Bookfair, at Queen Mary College in London’s East End. http://www.anarchistbookfair.org.uk/
2013 -- Germany: House Sitter Needed? Catholic "bishop of bling" suspended over outrageous spending on his residence. Spent a mind-boggling $43 million on home renovations at his palatial pad. A $20,000 bathtub? Hey, we modestly point out that boiling babies nowadays is not cheap....
"A Criminal is a person with predatory instincts without sufficient capital to form a corporation."— Clarence Darrow
3500 -- The Daily Bleed: Daily Bleed: Philip Lamantia, Marcel Body, William Blake, André Lorulot, John Turner, Emma Goldman, Otto Rühle, Dorothy Day, Clarence Darrow; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, OCTOBER 23