Our Daily Bleed...
On the river bank,
bees drizzle over
hot white rhododendrons
— Alison Fell, August 6, 1945
American critic of the sorrows of empire & its blowback.
FEAST OF EVERYTHING GREEN EXCEPT MONEY.
Bolivia: INDEPENDENCE DAY.
I will write peace
on your wings
& you will fly
all over the
— Sadako Sasaki
See Sadako & the Thousand Paper Cranes, by Eleanor Coerr (1977)
Classmates folded 356 paper cranes so that 1,000 were buried with Sadako Sasaki when she died October 25, 1955. In 1958 a statue of Sadako was unveiled at Hiroshima Peace Park. A Folded Crane Club was organized in her honor, & members still place thousands of paper cranes at her statue each August 6 — Peace Day. There is also now a statue in Seattle's very, very tiny Peace Park, a few blocks south of the Blue Moon Tavern.
1637 -- Ben Jonson, 65, British comic genius & satirist, dies in London. Buried in Westminster Abbey with the epitaph: "O rare Ben Jonson."
1651 -- François de Salignac de La Mothe-Fénelon, lives. French archbishop, theologian, & man of letters whose liberal views on politics & education exert a lasting influence on French culture. As a result of his writing & outspoken opinions, he is exiled to his diocese by the pope.
1762 -- John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, put roast beef between slices of bread to save time, thereby inventing the sandwich.
1774 -- First Shakers arrive in New York. Inspires Seattle radio host Leon Berman's KCMU-FM Rockabilly program, "Shake the Shack."
1786 -- Robert Burns, after doing public penance for the sin of fornication, is released from marriage obligations.
In 1844 a festival "in honour of the genius of Burns" is held today at Ayr. Distinguished Scottish writer John Wilson (pen name Christopher North) gives an address, starts by enumerating Burns's youthful failings. This is so long & verbose that the crowd heckles him into stopping before he can cite any of Burns's achievements.
1806 -- Holy Roman Empire goes out of existence as Emperor Francis I abdicates. Twas neither holy, Roman, nor an empire.
1809 -- Alfred Tennyson lives, Somersby, Lincolnshire. Often regarded chief representative of the Victorian age in poetry. Appointed Britain's Poet Laureate in 1850. W. H. Auden remarks,"he had the finest ear, perhaps, of any English poet; he was also undoubtedly the stupidest, there was little about melancholia he didn't know, there was little else that he did."
1825 -- Bolivia: Independence from Perú (National Day).
1835 -- US: Anti-bank riots begin in Baltimore, Maryland.
1855 -- 3 Cannonballs & You're Out:? US: "Bloody Monday" Riot. A Louisville, Kentucky mob, pulling a brass cannon, is dissuaded by the mayor from ravaging a Catholic church. It instead attacks the Irish quarter, burning down houses & killing at least 20.
1859 -- Italy: Oreste Lucchesi lives (1859-1904). Sent to prison in 1895 for assassinating the editor of "Il Telegrafo," whose articles resulted in the repression & arrest of numerous anarchists. Amerigo Franchi was involved in the attentat, & both received 30-year sentences.
1862 -- Ironclad Guarantee?: CSA ironclad Arkansas is badly damaged in Union attack.
1868 -- Paul Claudel lives, Villeneuve-sur-Fère. French poet, playwright, & diplomat, whose work is influenced by Roman Catholic mysteries, search of salvation & faith. Most famous for his verse dramas, which often convey his devout Catholic faith. Among his best known works are the confessional Five Great Odets & The Satin Slippers.
Claudel's sister Camille (1864-1943) was a well-known sculptor & mistress of August Rodin. Her break with him affected her mental stability, & from 1913 until her death she was confined in various institutions.
1881 -- US: "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, these three; but the greatest of these is Liberty. Formerly the price of Liberty was eternal vigilance, but now it can be had for fifty cents a year."
So writes Benjamin Tucker (1854-1939) on the first page of the first issue of the publication "Liberty, issued today.
[Details / context regards the Manifesto]
1883 -- US: Back-to-the-earth rebel Scott Nearing lives, Morris Run, Pennsylvania. Eugene Debs described him as "the greatest teacher in the United States.''
SCOTT NEARING, Patron Saint 2006-2010Culture critic H. L. Mencken said of him, "There is something even more valuable to civilization than wisdom, & that is character. Nearing has it.'' Even the Dead Poets Society's recent inductee, beat/anarch Allen Ginsberg, noted: "Scott Nearing was a grand old man, a real mensch.'' A front-line defender of freedom of speech & the press in the first half of the 20th century.
Back-to-the-earth political radical, social drop-out.
1888 -- Torquato Gobbi, anarchist bookbinder, lives (1888-1960s[?]).
During the last year of WWI part of an internationalist action committee which was broken up with the arrest of Gobbi, Pasquale Binazzi, & Temistocle Monticelli (all sent into confinement) & the death of Gregorio Benvenuti. Befriended by Camillo Berneri. In 1929, Gobbi emigrated to Montevideo, Uruguay with Luigi Fabbri & Ugo Fedeli, where they began the review "Studi Sociali" (1930-1935). Returned to Italy where he was active into the 1960s.
1890 -- US: On Good Fryday? First electric chair execution in the US, at Auburn Prison in New York. Used on William Kemmler, convicted of "chopping his wife to bits with an axe."
Officials close the switch for 17 seconds, after which Kemmler appears to be dead. Then his body starts to twitch. Believing he's still alive, they administer another charge, but take a full two minutes to re-attach him to the chair. The next jolt lasts 70 seconds, during which the corpse starts to burn. The gruesome details of Kemmler's execution sparks (sic) moral debate over capital punishment, except in Texass.
1894 -- France: In Paris the "Procès des trente" ("Trial of the Thirty") begins. The authorities & cops, hoping to put an end to "propaganda by the deed" & other anarchist opposition, enacted "lois scélérates" ("villainous laws," nickname for very severe anti-anarchist laws) in December 1893 & added to these in July, allowing them to intensify repression against the anarchist movement.
Many arrests follow, of militants such as Charles Chatel, Sébastien Faure, Félix Fénéon, Jean Grave, Louis Armand Matha, Maximilien Luce, Émile Pouget, Paul Reclus, etc. They have to answer the charge of affiliation to an alleged association of "malfaiteurs." (see August 12)"Lawsuit of the Thirty," Trial of the 30"
1895 -- The Appeal To Reason, a socialist newspaper published by J. A. Wayland, begins.
1910 -- US: NY City Mayor William J. Gaynor shot & seriously wounded by a discharged city employee. The saga continues in 1999.
1916 -- France: Pierre Martin (1856-1916), dies, Paris. Militant anarchist, antimilitarist & pacifist. Became administrator of "Libertaire". Opposed WWI, siding with Sébastien Faure & Louis Lecoin in opposing the "Manifesto of the Sixteen". alt; Manifesto of the 16; Manifeste des Seize
[Details / context of the Manifesto]
1924 -- Italy: Luigi Einaudi pubblica sul Corriere della Sera un articolo intitolato "Il silenzio degli industriali" in cui accusa il mondo industriale di assistere passivamente ai tragici eventi.
US: Massachusetts high court hears final plea from "those anarchistic bastards," Sacco & Vanzetti.
Protest bombs hit homes of Baltimore mayor, & Boston.
(see August 21).
1928 -- Canned?: Artiste, poseur Andy Warhol lives, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His hero is Walt Disney (a fascist sympathizer & FBI informer on Hollywood "subversives").
1929 -- Kateb Yacine (1929-1989) lives. Algerian novelist, poet, & playwright. Kateb wrote in French until the beginning of the 1970s, when he started to write his théâtre de combat in vernacular Arabic. Kateb's Nedjma (1956) was the first Maghribi novel to be instantly recognized as a classic, & has since acquired the status of national revolutionary novel.
1930 -- US: Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in New York City.
1931 -- US: Sharp critic of American Empire Chalmers Johnson lives (d. 2010). Brave critic, courageous spirit.
1934 -- US: One of the few women of the Beat movement to attain prominence, author / anarchist Diane Di Prima lives, Brooklyn, NY.
Di Prima had her . . .
hand wrapped around the heart of 50's beat culture.
Diane di Prima was a second generation American of Italian descent. She began writing at the age of seven, deciding to live her life as a poet at age 14.
Co-editor with Le Roi Jones (Imamu Amiri Baraka) of Floating Bear (1961-1963) & later sole editor from 1963-1969 (a key mimeograph magazine that published virtually every poet who was to be grouped as New York, Beat or Black Mountain); contributing editor to Kulchur (1960-1961); associate editor of Signal Magazine (1963-1965); publisher / editor of The Poets Press (1964-1969); editor / publisher of Eidolon Editions, Point Reyes, California (1972-1976). Also associated with Wingbow Press, Berkeley, California, & an instructor at the Naropa Institute (1974- ) & the New College of California (1979- ). Di Prima is also a co-founder of the American Theatre for Poets. In 1965 she participated in Timothy Leary's psychedelic community at Millbrook & in 1968 she joined the "Diggers," a radical political troupe.
"Really burning down all the myths about yourself as you create new ones."
1936 -- Mollie Steimer & Senya Fleshin arrive in St. Tropez to comfort Emma Goldman during her worst period of grief & depression. Her spirits are lifted by Augustin Souchy's invitation to Barcelona to work for the foreign-language press office of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo-Federación Anarquista Ibérica (CNT-FAI).
1936 -- Spain: Ramón Acin is murdered by pro-Francoists, in Huesca.
Militant anarcho-syndicalist, professor, writer & avant-garde artist. Involved with the CNT, imprisoned for his support of political prisoners, forced into exile for his involvement in attempted uprisings.
1938 -- Italy: Inizia le sue pubblicazioni la rivista "La difesa della razza" di cui il partito fascista raccomanda la diffusione ai segretari federali. Tiratura del primo numero : 85mila copie; del secondo numero 150mila copie. Also during this month: L'addetto alla segreteria di stato del Papa (Monsignor Mariano Rampolla) si incontra in Svizzera con una delegazione del partito comunista. La Chiesa si sta sganciando dal regime.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
Alice Becker-Ho, aka Alice Debord, lives, Shanghai. Author of Les Princes du Jargon (1993), as well as numerous works of poetry. Becker became involved in the Situationist International in 1963 & began a long lasting relationship with Guy Debord, they married August 5, 1972. Together they published "Le Jeu de la Guerre" [The Game of War] in 1987, an expanded edition of which was republished by éditions Gallimard, in 2006. She was Debord's partner until his death in 1994.
1942 -- US: Investigate Martin Dies! National Federation for Constitutional Liberties submits a statement to the Department of Justice calling for a Grand Jury investigation of Rep. Martin Dies' relationship to the pro-Axis network in the US. An appendix documents the friendly relations between the Special Committee on Un-American Activities, headed by Dies, & pro-Axis propagandists indicted for conspiracy. The Federation urges discontinuation of the committee as a threat to national unity & a danger to the war effort.
1943 -- Jonathan Postel lives (1943-1998). Internet pioneer. "Information wants to be free."
Daily Bleed Patron Saint October 16, 2003-2008
"Information wants to be free."
1944 -- In Warsaw, Poland, Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, experimental novelist / short-story writer dies. His stories of Poland's coal-mining regions are well-known for their realistic, yet satirized view of Polish society.
1945 -- Japan: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
The B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay, eliminates 140,000 children, women & male civilians from immediate effects of the bombing; tens of thousands more in subsequent decades from radiation-induced illnesses, including descendants. Nagasaki gets the same two days from now. (Another 50,000; both despite the 1923 Hague Convention outlawing the bombing & terrorizing of civilians...)
1951 -- Ammon A. HennacyPhoenix, Arizona: August 6 to 11, 1951
"I am fasting these six days as a penance for being a part of the civilization that threw the Atom Bomb at Hiroshima just six years ago, & continues to make bombs...& wars.
& I am picketing, frankly, because I know of no better way to start you thinking on this matter."
From the leaflet entitled:
"WE HAVE THE KIND OF WORLD WE DESERVE!
WHAT ARE WE DOING TO DESERVE A BETTER ONE?"
1952 -- US: Satchel Paige, age 46, becomes the oldest pitcher to complete a major-league baseball game. Paige shutout the Detroit Tigers 1-0 in a 12-inning game.
1955 -- Japan: First World Conference Against Atomic & Hydrogen Bombs held on 10th anniversary of the bombing.
1957 -- US: Eleven activists from the Committee for Nonviolent Action (CNVA) arrested at atomic test proving grounds in Nevada, the first of what eventually becomes many thousands of arrests at the Nevada Test Site.
1958 -- ¶ During this month Life magazine publishes "The Bored, The Bearded & the Beat," an article by Beatster Jack Kerouac.
1966 -- US: Vietnam War peace march up Market Street, Frisco, California.
1967 -- US: Trick or Treat? Indian Claims Commission awards $12.2 million to eight Lakota tribes for 29 million acres (most of the upper Great Plains) taken by fraudulent treaties.
1969 -- Frankfort School theorist Theodor Adorno dies.
ADORNO, Theodor (1903-1969), German philosopher & sociologist of the 'Frankfurt School'. Taught at Frankfurt (1931-33), Oxford (1934-37), Princeton (1938-50), Frankfurt (1950-69).
Author of Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947, with Max Horkheimer), Philosophie der neuen Musik (1949), Minima Moralia (1951), Versuch über Wagner (1952), Dissonanzen (1956), Mahler (1960), Hegel: Three Studies (1963), The Jargon of Authenticity (1964).
1969 -- The Learning Tree, directed by Gordon Parks, Jr., premiers. The film is the first directed by an African-American in modern times. (See 19 September.)
1970 -- US: 300 Yippies invade & disrupt Disneyland in wild celebration: chant Viet Cong slogans, demand the legalization of marijuana — &, oh, yeah,
Freedom for Minnie Mouse!
1973 -- Stevie Wonder is nearly killed in automobile accident near Durham, NC, where he was to perform in a benefit concert. Suffered severe brain contusions & a broken skull & in a coma for several days. Upon awakening he says "I can see, I can see...just kidding."
1975 -- Hercule Poirot, the fastidious Belgian detective, dies. His obituary runs as front page news in today's New York Times, under the headline: “Hercule Poirot Is Dead; Famed Belgian Detective; Hercule Poirot, the Detective, Dies.”
1977 -- US: First occupation of Trojan Nuclear Power Plant, on Columbia River near Rainier, Oregon.
1981 -- Stevie Nicks' "Prima Donna" LP is released.
1983 -- South Africa: Fire aboard the Castillo de Belivar, off Cape Town, results in a 250,000 ton oil spill.
1983 -- Australia: 3000 protest against US nuclear destroyer Goldsborough, Melbourne.
1983 -- Rainer Fassbinder movie "Berlin Alexanderplatz" opens, Hollywood.
1985 -- South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty signed — now that none are left, why not?
1985 -- Russia: USSR begins unilateral moratorium on nuclear testing. US responds by conducting more underground nuclear tests. In 1998 the US expresses moral outrage at India & Pakistan for similar tests.
1986 -- US: Record three grand slams hit in a baseball game, Texass vs. Baltimore.
1987 -- The Beastie Boys sue the city of Jacksonville, Florida for including the phrase "mature audience" on their concert tickets & ads.
1988 -- US: Tompkins Square Park Police Riot, (6 & 7th).
1990 -- UN Security Council imposes economic sanctions against Iraq.Annual deaths of children in Iraq under the age of five from respiratory infection, diarrhea & gastroenteritis, & malnutrition: 73,572 deaths, Jan-Dec, 1999, as compared to 7,100 deaths in 1989. Total deaths of children under age five from these causes from 1990 to Nov. 1999: 502,492
1991 -- Italy: Centinaia di albanesi giunti sulle coste pugliesi vengono rinchiusi nello stadio di Bari, trasformato in campo di concentramento. Sono tenuti lì alcuni giorni, in condizioni igieniche spaventose, prima di essere rispediti in Albania. Lo statismo è repressione, qualunque sia l'etichetta che assume.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1996 -- Wales: 30 people turn themselves in to the national police, insist on confessing to the crime of paying income & VAT (sales) taxes used for weapons & other British government programs that violate international law. Police refuse to make arrests.
1996 -- México: Eight Mexican anti-nuclear activists chain themselves to the entrance of the US Embassy in México City to protest construction of a low-level nuclear waste dump in Sierra Blanca, Texass, 30 miles from the Rio Grande.
1997 -- US: Fo Pa? Hundreds turn out at Seattle's Pier 90 to protest the first-ever arrival in Elliot Bay, for Seafair festivities, of a Trident nuclear submarine U.S.S. Ohio on Hiroshima Day.
3000 --Quotes from AnarchistsThe Daily Bleed: Diane Di Prima, Alice Becker-Ho, Alice Debord, Benjamin Tucker, Sacco & Vanzetti, Ramón Acin, Torquato Gobbi, Oreste Lucchesi, Amerigo Franchi, Sébastien Faure, Félix Fénéon, Jean Grave, Louis Armand Matha, Maximilien Luce, Émile Pouget, Paul Reclus, Pierre Martin, Emma Goldman, Mollie Steimer, Situationist; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, AUGUST 6
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology