it plunges into the red flesh of the soil
it plunges into the blaxing flesh of the sky
my negritude riddles with holes
the dense affliction of its worthy patience.
— Aimé Césaire, excerpt, "Cahier d'un retour au pays natal" (Return to My Native Land)
British novelist, anarchist journalist, anti-Stalinist.
Spain: FIESTA OF STANA OROSIA. Pilgrims climb to murdered maiden's mountain sanctuary where the saint's head is displayed, picnic, sing, dance, drink, fight & make love.
FESTIVAL OF THE OPTIONAL HOLIDAY.
841 -- Fontenoy-en-Puisaye: Defeat of Emperor Lothair of the Holy Roman Empire by Charles "the Bald" & Louis "the German."
1096 -- Old World: Crusaders murder Jews who escape the massacre at Koln, Wevlinhofen.
1178 -- Five Canterbury monks report something exploding on the Moon.
1240 -- France: Public debate between Rabbi Jehiel of Paris & apostate Jew Nicholas Donin begins at the French Court to decide the fate of confiscated volumes of the Talmud — they are burned two years hence.
1594 -- Margrett Fray & Agatha Birenseng burned as witches.
1630 -- New Old World: Forked Tongue? Governor Winthrop introduces the table fork in Massachusetts Colony.
1684 -- England: Archbishop Robert Leighton dies, London. Leaves his valuable library to the diocese of Dunblane where he was Bishop after the Restoration. It still remains open to the public.
1694 -- England: Viagra? London contracts for the erection of the first British lamp-posts.
1735 -- First copies of William Hogarth's "Rake's Progress" engravings are published.
1798 -- US: Congress passes the 2nd Alien Act, providing for deportation.
1822 -- German phantasist author E.T.A. Hoffman dies, Berlin.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2002-2005
German phantasist, visionary, proto-surrealist.
1825 -- US: Capture of Bob Forbes, leader of the Maroons (blacks resisting slavery) in Virginia.
Gone to Croatan: Origins of North American Dropout Culture
— Ron Sakolsky & SaintMeister James Koehnline, editors:
Lost history viewed through cracks in the cartographies of control, including "tri-racial isolate" communities, buccaneers, "white Indians," black Islamic movements, the Maroons of the Great Dismal Swamp, the Métis nation, scandalous eugenics theories, rural "hippie" communes, & many other aspects of North American autonomous cultures. A festschrift honoring historian Hugo Lemming Bey of the Moorish Science Temple.
1840 -- For the 400th anniversary of the Gutenberg printing press, Mendelssohn presents his "Symphony No. 2" (Lobegesang), Thomaskirche, Leipzig.
1852 -- Spain: Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi lives, Reus, Tarragona.
1856 -- Germany: Ego-philosopher-anarchist Max Stirner dies, Berlin. A left Hegelian with Karl Marx & others — before he went bad. Wrote The Ego & Its Own.
1857 -- France: Baudelaire's volume of poems Les Fleurs du Mal is published. He & his publisher are prosecuted for offending public morals.
(& we all know what those are...)
1867 -- Lucien Smith patents barbed wire. Lucien Smith patents barbed wire. Rhymes with Empire. First used for military defense, by US forces, in Cuba in 1898.
1868 -- US: Congress establishes 8-hr day for government laborers, workmen & mechanics.
1870 -- Puerto Rico: As a result of the efforts of Roman Baldorioty de Castro, Luis Padial & Julio Vizcarrondo efforts, the Moret Law is approved, giving liberty to slaves born after September 17, 1868 & to slaves over 60 years old.
1870 -- Author Robert Erskine Childers lives. Author & Irish nationalist who was executed in 1922. Credited with writing the first spy novel. Fully involved in the struggle against British rule following their brutal suppression of the Easter Rebellion. He joined Sinn Féin, forming a close association with Éamon de Valera & Michael Collins.
1875 -- Uruguay: In Montevideo the Fédération Ouvrière Régionale Uruguayenne is founded. It adheres to the antiauthoritarian A.I.T. & becomes, in August 1876, a section of the International at the time of the Congress of Verviers. It is the primary vehicle for workers' & revolutionary fights in this country during the first quarter of the 20th century.
1876 -- US: Got Reservations? Lakota, Cheyenne & Arapahoe tribes defeat the US Army at Little Big Horn, Montana. Resisting the authority of the US government efforts to herd them onto "reservations" (internment camps), they liquidated Red-baiting General Richard Armstrong Custer & wipe-out his troops at Little Big Horn, Montana. Euphemistically called "Custer's Last Stand."
"Maybe we should not have humored them when they asked to live on reservations. Maybe we should have said, No, come join us. Be citizens along with the rest of us."
— acting Beloved & Respected US President Ronald Reagan during a trip to Moscow, when a student asks about US treatment of Native Americans
1878 -- US: Despite mass protests, Ezra Heywood gets two years hard labor for advocating free love / sexual emancipation as part of women's rights.
Heywood was an individualist anarchist "arrested" by prude & vigilante Anthony Comstock. He was married to Angela Tilton, considered more radical than he in her day. One admirer, the anarchist Dyer D. Lum, was inspired to write a poem to immortalize the phrase that Angela used when she referred to marriage — that is, 'The Penis Trust.'
Released on 19 December 1878, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Rut Hayes issues a pardon the following day.
1878 -- The first of three major revolts against French colonialism in Kanaky (French Caledonia) begins.
Kanaks are well-prepared for the uprising, having gathered guns, made systematic reconnaissance of military outposts, & established guerrilla camps with food gardens where the rebels can retreat. The revolt lasts more than nine months & although it ends in defeat & massacre, it provides a heritage of resistance that is taken up again in insurrections in 1917 & 1984.
[Source: Calendar Riots]
1881 -- US: Crystal Eastman lives (1881-1928). Greenwich Village feminist, Bohemian, free-lover. Lawyer, antimilitarist, feminist, socialist, & journalist. Founded the Woman's Peace party (renamed the Women's International League for Peace & Freedom in 1921). During the War to End All Wars, she organized the National Civil Liberties Bureau to protect conscientious objectors, & this later became American Civil Liberties Union. After the war, she organized the First Feminist Congress (1919). She co-owned & edited a radical journal of politics, art, & literature, "The Liberator", with her brother Max.
1887 -- George Abbott — producer, director actor, playwright — lives, Forestville, New York.
1894 -- US: Eugene Debs & his American Railway Union call a boycott of all Pullman railway cars during the now-famous Pullman Strike. Within days, 50,000 rail workers comply & railroad traffic out of Chicago comes to a halt.
[Details / context]
1894 -- Party, Party, Party? A goose is found in Nevada with a Fremont Party brass tag dated 1846.
1897 -- Margaret Oliphant, Victorian Scottish novelist, dies.
1898 -- Puerto Rico: The USS Yosemite arrives off San Juan harbor, Puerto Rico, to blockade the port in advance of it's invasion of the island on July 25.
1903 -- Modern prognosticator George Orwell lives, as Eric Blair, Motihari, Bengal, India.
His first book, Down & Out in Paris & London, relates his near-destitution while struggling to become a writer.
The biting satire of Communist ideology, The Animal Farm, followed his horrendous experiences with the Stalinists, especially in the Spanish Revolution (see his Homage to Catalonia). Then came his anti-utopian Nineteen Eighty-Four.
'All animals are equal,
but some animals are more equal than others.'
Other writer-witnesses in the Spanish Revoution include:
Ernest Hemingway, Federico Garcia Lorca, André Malraux, Langston Hughes, Ilya Ehrenburg.
1906 -- US: Best Laid Plans? Architect Stanford White shot dead atop Madison Square Garden (which he designed) by Harry Thaw, jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit, whom Stanford had designs on.
1910 -- US: The Mann Act, popularly known as the "white slave traffic act," passed by Congress, prohibiting interstate or international transport of women for "immoral purposes."
India: British reinstitute slavery in India (according to Indian writer S.C. Dutt, writing in 1880
1916 -- Italy: Clandestine meeting of the Council general of the militant Unione Sindacale Italiana
(USI; anarcho-syndicalist labor union) in Florence, June 25, 26 & 27. The government has outlawed all opposition to the war to end all wars. The Council, meeting, reaffirms its opposition to the war. http://www.ephemanar.net/juin25.html
1921 -- Czechoslovakia: The word "robot" enters the world's languages when Karel Capek's play R.U.R.
(Rossum's Universal Robots) premieres. Even the robots won't put up with lousy work & crummier wages, & rebel.
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1922 -- France: Delegates of the first congress (June25-July 1, in Saint-Etienne) of the C.G.T.U. (Confédération générale du travail unitaire) align with the Communist International. This decision marks the defeat of the anarcho-syndicalists within its ranks. http://web.archive.org/...libertaire.org/article137.html
1923 -- British author Nicholas Mosley lives. Wrote the screenplay for Joseph Losey's 1973 film, The Assassination of Trotsky
. Eldest son of lovely anti-semite & fascist Oswald Mosley (P.G. Wodehouse's character Roderick Spode is patterned after Oswald; the Elvis Costello song "Less Than Zero" is an attack on Mosley; selected by the BBC History Magazine as the 20th century's worst Briton in 2006; fascist leader of Great Britain in Guy Walters' alternate-history novel The Leader
1926 -- France: In Paris, three Spanish anarchists are arrested, accused of preparing to assassinate Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Alphonse XIII: Ascaso, Durruti & Jover. Louis Lecoin
mounts a major protest campaign to prevent their extradition & gains their release in July of 1927.
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1929 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Herbert Hoover authorizes more socialism, the building of Hoover Dam with simple epitaph: "Damn it!"
José Martins Fontes dies. Portuguese doctor, lecturer, poet, anarchist, militant activist in Brazil.
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1938 -- US: The Wages & Hours Act (later Fair Labor Standards) passes, banning child labor & supposedly setting the 40-hour work week (ahh, the good ol' days). The Act goes into effect in October 1940, & is upheld by the Supreme Court February 3, 1941.
[Details / context]
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Songster Earl Robinson's "Ballad for Americans" premiers, NY Philharmonic.
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1941 -- US: A. Philip Randolph (president Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) calls off Negro march on Washington planned for July 1 when Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President FDR agrees to issue Executive Order 8802 banning racial discrimination in defense industries & government employment (creates Fair Employment Practices Committee).
1941 -- US: Joe DiMaggio runs his baseball hitting streak to 45 straight games, with a home run off Boston's Heber Newsome. The 'Yankee Clipper' broke the record set by Wee Willie Keeler in 1897.
1944 -- France: Eugène Humbert
(1870-1944) dies. Militant pacifist, néo-Malthusian, anarchiste, & companion of Jeanne Humbert
. Eugene was killed in prison during WWII during an Allied bombing — the day before he was to be released.
1950 -- Korea: War begins as North Korean communist forces cross the 38th parallel, invade South Korea. https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/korrev.htm
Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges publishes Otras inquisiciones
US: American Library Association (ALA) adopts the Westchester Statement on freedom to read.
1954 -- US: Local 100 defeats union busting move by management by winning exclusive representation rights in NYC transit lines.
France: Arrest of Pierre Morain, militant of the F.C.L. (Fédération Communiste Libertaire). Sentenced to prison for one year, released in March 1956.
The platformist (FCL) offered “critical support” during the Algerian revolution & cultivated links to the small anarchist movement that existed in Algiers in 1954.
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1956 -- ¶ Beatster Jack Kerouac begins job training as a mountain firewatcher in Washington State. From July-September he's alone on Desolation Peak in the Cascade Mountains watching for fires. In September, after 60+ days of solitude Kerouac comes down from the mountain & travels to Seattle. From here he heads to México City, rents a one-room apartment above Bill Garver on Orizaba Street, during September-November, where he completes Tristessa & begins writing Desolation Angels.
1959 -- US: Charles Starkwether executed.
1959 -- Mao Tse-tung writes his poem "Shaoshan Revisited."
1959 -- Russia: USSR proposes a Balkan/Adriatic denuclearized zone (rejected by peace-loving West).
1961 -- Iraq: Government announces Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees). England & US march in on their mechanized moral horses to save the day, right?
[ Poster by Leon Kuhn ]
1962 -- US: Supreme Court rules official prayers unconstitutional in public schools.
1964 -- US: Riots erupt in Saint Augustine, Fla., when a mob of 800 whites attacks part of a parade of several hundred African-Americans participating in an integration parade.
1967 -- The first global telecast is made this day; Beatles on tv introduce "All You Need Is Love."
1967 -- "Summer of Love": 75,000 - 100,000 in Hashbury.
Also, on or about this day, author Ken Kesey is sentenced to 6 months in jail.
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1968 -- US: Poor People's Campaign March, 50,000 strong, from Georgia to Washington D.C., concludes.
1968 -- Leonard Marchand (Okanogan) becomes first Indian ever elected to Canadian House of Commons.
1968 -- Got Civilization?: Pan-American Health Organization reports that Central American Indians have a worse diet than the pre-Columbian Mayans.
1968 -- US: In response to the passage of an anti-gay ordinance in Miami, 240,000 people march in San Francisco in the first large-scale version of that city's annual Gay Freedom Day Parade.
1968 -- The Doors, Lonnie Mack, Elvin Bishop Group at the Cow Palace.
1968 -- England: Leed's Students’ Union votes 386 to 48 to occupy the Parkinson Building, then the administrative heart of the University.
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The Revolution must take place in men before occurring in things.
— GRAFFITI FROM THE WALLS OF PARIS: 1968
US: Red, White & Rue? Congress passes a bill to make it a crime to desecrate the Merican flag.
1969 -- Canada's Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Cretien, announces a government plan to end the legal status of Canada's native people. This endorsement of cultural genocide so cripples his political career that he later becomes Prime Minister.
US: Help, I'm A Republican!? Martha Mitchell phones a reporter, claiming to be a political prisoner.
1973 -- US: John Dean eats the cheese before Senate Watergate Committee. Testifies for four days, indicting himself, Dick M Nixon, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & others, while revealing the use of "hush money" & an "enemies list." http://web.archive.org/web/....watergate/quiz/index.html
1975 -- Mozambique: The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) frees the nation from 500 years of Portuguese rule.
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1976 -- Poland: In an uprising against the government's food price rises announced yesterday, striking workers tear up railroad tracks outside Warsaw while others plunder factories & shops in the city center. Source: [Calendar Riots]
US: A Quick Study? Lightning strikes Virginia park ranger Roy Sullivan for the 7th time.
The Riverboat coffeehouse folk-music venue closes in Toronto.
1982 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Secretary of State, & one-time pretender to the throne, Alexander Haig Jr., relinquishes control of the US; turns in his crown & is replaced by Schultz.
1,653 arrested for blockading the UN missions of the US, USSR, France & China, NYC, (protesting nuclear weapons).
French philosopher, motorcyclist, Michel Foucault dies, of AIDS, in Paris. http://www.poetrymagic.co.uk/literary-theory/foucault.html
1985 -- US: Fireworks factory near Hallett, Oklahoma explodes, 21 workers killed.
US: House reverses itself, approves aid to Nicaraguan contra terrorists.
1987 -- Greece: Conscientious objector Michaelis Maraggakis jailed four years for refusing compulsory military service, Thessaloniki.
1990 -- Spain: Hundreds rally in Madrid for an end to bullfighting.
"I am freer than anybody else. I am free to choose the parents I want, the country I want, the age I want."
— Anarchist author B. Traven, according to Mrs. Lujan (his widow), The New York Times, June 25, 1990
Madonna donates the proceeds from her last North American concert of her Blonde Ambition tour ($300,000) to AIDS research, Rutherford, NJ.
Yugoslavia: Croatia & Slovenia declare independence. http://newint.org/features/2000/05/05/essay/
Canada: James Bay Cree erect a barricade at Whapmagootui airport to force hearings into Hydro-Quebec's Great Whale Dam project.
China: More than 80 executed in honor of World Anti-Drug Day.
1995 -- US: Pearl Jam cancels tour because of an ongoing feud with Ticketmaster. They contend the ticket giant has a monopoly & sticks fans with too big a surcharge on concert tickets.
Saudi Arabia: Truck bomb kills 19 at a US military base.
Australia: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Liberal MP Barry Morris is jailed for making death threats (Vote or I'll Kill You!?).
Cuba: Actor Jack Nicholson meets with Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Fidel Castro, La Habana.
China: 60 people executed in honor of World Drug Day (-June 26). Lisinopril for the masses.
PennyWhistles?: WorldCom confirms reported earnings over the last 15 months are inflated by $3.8 billion.
UK, EU & UN reject Beloved & Respected Comrade Coup Leader Bush's call for B&RCL Arafat's ouster. Position taken by AB, GH, XY & Z yet to be determined. Stay tuned...
European Court of Justice rules that if cheese does not come from Parma, it can't be Parmesan cheese. The fantabulous Daily Bleed
rules if Blue Cheese does not come from the (Blue) Moon
, it cannot be Blue Cheese.
The Daily Bleed: Ken Kesey, B. Traven, Michel Foucault, Francisco Ascaso, Buenaventura Durruti, Gregorio Jover, Louis Lecoin, José Martins Fontes, Eugène Humbert, Ezra Heywood, Max Stirner, Haymarket Martyrs' Monument, Pierre Morain; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history JUNE 25
"No daring is required to protest against a great injustice."
— Emma Goldman, anarchist activist & organizer, lecturer & agitator, feminist, spokesperson for the new drama, advocate of birth control & free speech.
Collage by SaintMeister James Koehnline