Our Daily Bleed...
Ark-Angel, musician from Saturn, via Birmingham.
Islam: NIGHT OF THE TREE OF EXTREMITY.
This tree has a leaf with a name on it for every person on earth. On this night it is shaken. If your leaf falls, you will die in the coming year. Many prayers said in mosques.
12 BC -- Daytime meteor shower, possibly Zeta Perseid, observed in China.
337 -- Constantine the Great, the one that introduced christianity as a state religion during the Roman Empire, is no longer great.
1541 -- Germany: Ratisbon (Regensburg) Conference ends, its mission to reunify the Catholic Church having failed. From this time on, the Protestant movement is permanent.
1703 -- Can't Take A Joke?: British author Daniel Defoe is fined, imprisoned, later pilloried for his ill-timed satire, The Shortest Way With Dissenters.
1729 -- Giuseppe Parini lives, near Milan. Italian prose writer/poet remembered for a series of Horatian odes. Wrote Il giorno (The Day, 1763-1801), a satiric poem on the selfishness & superficiality of the aristocracy.
1798 -- Canada: Chippewa cede 28,000 acres in Ontario, including present-day site of Toronto, for 101 British pounds.
1805 -- Esoteric poet, proto-surrealist Gerard de Nerval lives, Paris, France.
1807 -- Burr-in-the-Saddle?: Former Beloved & Respected Comrade Patriot Vice-President Aaron Burr on trial for treasonably "assembling an armed force...to seize the city of New Orleans...& to separate the Western from the Atlantic states."
1810 -- Argentina: The May Revolution begins.
1813 -- German composer, anti-semite Richard Wagner lives. "Wagner's music is better than it sounds." — Mark Twain (1835-1910)
1819 -- US: Savannah, a fully rigged sailing vessel equipped with auxiliary steam power, left Savannah, Georgia. On 20 June it lands in Liverpool, England, becoming the first steam ship to cross any ocean.
1828 -- Albrecht Grafe first eyeballs the place. Pioneer eye surgeon, founder of modern ophthalmology.
1845 -- American Impressionist painter Mary Cassatt lives.
1856 -- Democracy in Action?: Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina visited the floor of the US Senate & beat Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts unconscious with a gutta-percha cane, as two Georgia senators stood idly by. Sumner was incapacitated for three & a half years.
1859 -- Arthur Conan Doyle lives (1859-1930). British writer, best known for his creation of the detective Sherlock Holmes. After his son dies in World War I, he dedicates himself to spiritualistic studies. An example is The Coming of the Fairies in which he supports the existence of "little people" & spent more than a million dollars on their cause.
1868 -- US: First train robbery in the world, in Indiana, when the Reno Gang makes off with 98,000 buckaroonies.
Remember now there were others before;
The sepulchres are full at ford & bridgehead.
There will be children with flowers there,
And lambs & golden-eyed lions there,
And people remembering in the future.
1873 -- Alessandro Manzoni poet/novelist dies, Milan, Italy. His three-volume I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed) had immense patriotic appeal for Italians of the nationalistic Risprgimento period & is often ranked a masterpiece of world literature.
1879 -- Alla Nazimova (1879-1945) lives, Yalta, Crimea, Russia. Writer, actress, producer & visionary. Married to Paul Orleneff (actor, producer & friend of the anarchist feminist Emma Goldman).
1881 --Scission anarchiste au sein du Parti des travailleurs socialistes de France.
1884 -- US: One-armed baseball pitcher Hugh Daily fans 13 hitters.
1885 -- Victor Hugo dies in Paris. Mourned as a national hero & buried in the Pantheon.
1892 -- France: Inauguration of Bourse du Travail in Paris. Federated with the provincial bourses, under the strong anarchiste influence of Fernand Pelloutier, a formidable proponent of revolutionary syndicalism.
1894 -- Italy: (22 maggio - 8 giugno) A Genova difende Luigi Galleani e altri compagni. / In Genoa, Pietro Gori (22 May - 8 June) defends Luigi Galleani & other companions.
During this year, because of the antianarchical laws & persecutions, & the continuous attacks following the attentato of Caserio Saints against the president of the French Republic Sadi Carnot, of which Gori it comes accused from the bourgeois press it are of conispiratore, in order to escape to a sentence to five years, are forced to clandestinely leave the country.
Source: [Chronology by Franco Bertolucci]
1895 -- Italy: The trial of Oreste Lucchesi & Amerigo Franchi, begun in Florence May 2, concludes. They are convicted of assassinating the Giuseppe Bandi on July 1, 1894. Editor of Il Telegrafo, his articles were responsible for the repression & arrest of numerous anarchists. Lucchesi & Franchi each receive 30 year prison sentences.
1895 -- US: Railroaded? Eugene Debs imprisoned for his role in the Pullman Railway Strike (also known as the "Debs Rebellion"), Woodstock, Illinois.
"While there is a lower class, I am in it;
While there is a criminal element, I am of it;
While there is a soul in prison, I am not free!"
1895 -- Indian religious leader Jiddu Krishnamurti lives.
"Truth is a pathless land, & you cannot approach it by any path whatsoever, by any religion, by any sect. Truth, being limitless, unconditioned, unapproachable by any path whatsoever, cannot be organized; nor should any organisation be formed to lead or to coerce people along any particular path."
1901 -- Italy: Gaetano Bresci found hanging in his prison cell at Santo Stefano, believed "suicided" by his guards. An Italian-American anarchist who assassinated Umberto I, King of Italy in revenge for the army's crushing of the 1898 worker's insurrection in Milan. / L'anarchico Gaetano Bresci viene 'suicidato' in carcere da alcune guardie carcerarie.
Illustration by Flavio Costantini
1906 -- US: Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman travel to Chicago, where the two anarchists are followed by the press. Newspaper falsely reports that Emma & Alex have married.
1907 -- Lordy, Lord: British acting great Laurence Olivier lives, Dorking, Surrey, England (Rebecca, Hamlet, The Jazz Singer, Spartacus) .
1909 -- Richard H. Stein completes his brochure on quarter-tone composition.
1913 -- US: In Los Angeles, Emma Goldman & others speak out against continued vigilante intimidation in San Diego (on May 20th she & Dr.Ben Reitman were arrested on arrival in this bastion of Freedom & Democracy, vigilantes surrounded the police station & police forced them to take a train out of town).
1914 -- Ark-Angel, composer Herman "Sunny" Blount lives (1914-1993), Birmingham, Alabama.
1915 -- Scotland: Local train collides with troop train killing 226, Gretna.
1920 -- US: Protocols of the Elders of Zion printed by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Henry Ford in the Dearborn Independent (boasting a circulation of 700,000), inaugurating a policy of anti-semitism in that paper.
Ford admired Nazi Germany &, like a number of large US corporations, patriotically profited from his factories in both the US & Germany during WWII, producing materials for both armies.
1924 -- France: Germaine Berton arrested in Bordeaux, following a conference, & a brawl ensues. Newly imprisoned, the young anarchiste went on a hunger strike & was hospitalized.
[Details / context]
1925 -- Gertrude Stein writes F. Scott Fitzgerald about his novel, The Great Gatsby:
"This is as good a book [as This Side of Paradise] & different & older, & that is what one does, one does not get better but different & older & that is always a pleasure."
1925 -- Indeterminate Surrealist painter, sculptor Jean Tinguely lives (1925-1991).
1930 -- US: 3 Twinkies & You're Out (of jail)?: Harvey Milk, gay rights activist & San Francisco city Supervisor, lives. Assassinated by whacko Dan White, who got a couple years in jail using the famous "it was the Twinkies I ate made me do it" defense.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2009-2008
Gay San Francisco politician, activist, martyr.
1931 -- US: Politicians Canned? First canned rattlesnake meat goes on sale.
Switzerland: May 22-23, 1932, joint conference of the secretariats of Federació Sindical Internacional (FIS) & Internacional Obrera Socialista (IOS). Attending representant la Unió General de Treballadors (UGT) & el Partit Socialista Obrer Espanyol (PSOE) Manuel Cordero & Wenceslao Carrillo, respectivament.
Source: [Congressos Obrers]
1937 -- Spain: A plenary session of the C.N.T.'s [Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo] Local & Comarcal Federations hears a proposal that the Friends of Durruti be expelled. A session of the Sabadell city council agrees that councilor Bruno Lladó Roca (also the Generalidad's comarcal delegate for Economy) be stood down for having displayed a Friends of Durruti poster in his office.
1938 -- Warren S. Van Valkenburgh (1884-1938) dies of a heart attack.
American anarchist editor (Road to Freedom & Spanish Revolution) & devoted friend & correspondent of Emma Goldman's. Van Valkenburgh assisted Emma in typing & distributing her writings & correspondence.
1939 -- US: Despite success as playwright & poet, Ernst Toller hangs himself in his Manhattan hotel room, convinced his plays are passé. A German Expressionist involved with other writers & anarchists in forming an insurrectionary Bavarian government. Forced to flee Nazi Germany. Wrote Man & the Masses (1920).
"History is the propaganda of the victors."
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology