Karl Hess, Emma Goldman, Nicola Sacco, Pietro Acciarito, Adrien Perrissaguet, Our Daily Bleed Calendar, anarchism, anarchy archives, Timeline, Chronology, Anarchist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarchiste, on this day of recovered history memory, April 22"
Fish bones walked the waves off Hatteras.
& there were other signs
That Death wooed us, by water, wooed us
By land: among the pines
An uncurled cottonmouth that rolled on moss
Reared in the polluted air.
Birth, not death, is the hard loss.
I know. I also left a skin there.
— Louise Glück
GUILLERMO CABRERA INFANTE Biting, innovative Cuban novelist, social critic.
EARTH DAY. She's dying, awash in the human garbage.
FESTIVAL OF FABULOUS ANDROGYNES.
1348 -- England: King Edward III retrieves the Garter of the Countess of Salisbury, & remarks "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it," thus beginning the Order of the Garter & Sororities.
1500 -- Portuguese sailors find westward progress obstructed by Brazil.
1526 -- New Old World: First (known) slave revolt in an "American" settlement occurs, only eight years after the first slaves are transported from Africa to the Americas.
1707 -- Henry Fielding lives (1707-1754). British writer, playwright, journalist, founder of the English Realistic school in literature with Samuel Richardson. Wrote 25 plays but acclaim came with novels, notably The History of Tom Jones . http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/hfieldin.htm
1724 -- Immanuel Kant lives (1724-1804), Königsberg. German philosopher/professor.
Kant's habits were so regular people used to check their watches when as walked past their houses — the only time his schedule changed was while reading Rousseau's Emile, & he forgot his walk.
His most important works were three Critiques. The last attempted an objective basis for aesthetic judgments, influencing later art criticism. He argued that aesthetic judgments do not depend on any property — such as beauty — of the object.
The other story is that that he didn't walk at the usual time on the day that the news of the fall of the Bastille arrived in Koenigsberg.
1760 -- England: A young Belgian crashes into a mirror at a London party — he is playing the violin & mounted on the world's first roller-skates. Inspires Seattle's Apolo Anton Ohno to get inline. Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1766 -- Mme de Staël lives, Paris. Wrote Ten Years Exile.
1864 -- US: "In God We Trust" is approved as the national motto.
1870 -- Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Russian Soviet Marxist Vladimir Lenin — Patron Saint of the Fremont district in Seattle, Washington — lives.
This statue — rescued from Eastern Europe, after "falling" over — now stands at the corner of 36th & Evanston in Fremont — just a few blocks from BleedMeister Auntie Dave's house & also Bleedster Gus:
1873 -- Ellen Glasgow lives, Richmond. Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist whose realistic depiction of life in Virginia steered Southern literature away from sentimentality & nostalgia. Overcame irregular schooling & delicate health to fulfill a dream of being a novelist of stature.
1873 -- France: Luigi Lucheni lives. An adherent of "propaganda by the deed," he killed the impératrice Elisabeth of Austria.
Very Strange Stuff:
England: Black rains...
A great explosion did occur over Colchester today...
1886 -- England: "Die Autonomie", begun in 1886, ceases publication with its 211th number.
[Details / context]
1887 -- James Norman Hall (1887-1951) lives, Colfax, Iowa. American writer, best-known for the Mutiny on the Bounty (1932), coauthored with Charles Nordhoff. Hall lived in California & Tahiti. He also published poetry, children's books, short stories, & travel books.
"Casting me adrift 3,500 miles from a port of call! You're sending me to my doom, eh? Well, you're wrong, Christian. I'll take this boat, as she floats, to England if I must. I'll live to see you — all of you — hanging from the highest yardarm in the British fleet..."
Daily Bleed Saint 2003, NICOLA SACCO
Italian-American anarchist executed with partner Bartolomeo Vanzetti, wrote stunning letters from prison.
On Aug. 23, 1977 Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis proclaims "Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti Day" on the 50th anniversary of their death.
Sacco's friend & associate, Bartolomeo Vanzetti, strapped into the electric chair, said,
"I wish to tell you that I am an innocent man. I never committed any crime but sometimes some sin. I wish to forgive some people for what they are now doing to me."
They both spoke nobly at the end, left a great heritage of love, devotion, faith, & courage, believing the time would come that no human being should be humiliated or be made abject.
Vanzetti further noted that for him, as for both, if it had not been for "these thing" he might have lived out his life talking at street corners to scorning men, died unmarked, unknown, a failure...
"Now, we are not a failure.
This is our career & our triumph.
Never in our full life could we hope to do such work for tolerance, for justice, for man's understanding of man as now we do by accident. Our words — our lives — our pains — nothing! The taking of our lives — lives of a good shoemaker & a poor fish peddler — all!
That last moment belongs to us — that agony is our triumph."
1897 -- Italy: In Rome the anarchist Pietro Acciarito, 26, attempts to stab the king of Italy, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader King Umberto I. Tried & sentenced May 28, following a parody of a trial, Acciarto gets life in prison. / Aprile. Un fallito attentato alla vita del re Umberto I fornisce il pretesto per arresti arbitrari di eponenti socialisti, anarchici e repubblicani.
1898 -- France: Adrien Perrissaguet (1898-1972) lives. Founder of "L'association des fédéralistes anarchistes" & the weekly magazine "The Libertarian Voice", & "Combat syndicaliste." An activist in the Sacco & Vanzetti committee, he also fought in the Spanish Revolution of 1936 & was a member of the French Resistance during WWII.
1899 -- Kate Chopin publishes The Awakening, early feminist novel.
1904 -- US: Nuclear scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer lives, New York City.
Excerpted testimony by Edward Teller against Oppenheimer, accused of being a security risk, questioned by Roger Robb, attorney for the Gray Board,
[Details / context]
Oppenheimer lost his clearance, & Teller lost most of his friends & associates.
As David Halberstam notes in The Fifties, the hearing — "a trial, really — ...was one of the lowest moments in American politics."
Writer John Mason Brown suggested to Oppie he had been subjected to a "dry crucifixion"; Oppie smiled & mused,
"It wasn't so dry. I can still feel the warm blood on my hands."
1911 -- US: Emma Goldman speaks in Salt Lake City, Utah, April 22-26.
1913 -- US: Emma Goldman describes her engagements, February 22-April 22, in Cleveland, Toledo, Detroit, Ann Arbor, Indianapolis, St. Louis, Chicago, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Kansas City, Mo., Coffeyville, Lawrence, & Topeka, Kansas, as "dreadfully uneventful & dull."
Lecture topics include "Sex Sterilization of Criminals," "The Psychology of Anarchism," "Woman's Inhumanity to Man," "Syndicalism — the Modern Menace to Capitalism," "Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist," "Syndicalism, the Strongest Weapon of Labor — a Discussion of Direct Action, Sabotage & the General Strike," & the modern drama
1930 -- Jeppe Aakjaer dies in Jenle. Wrote of harsh conditions endured by farm laborers but is best known for poetry, especially the collection Fri felt (Free Fields, 1905) & Rugens sange (Songs of the Rye, 1906).
1932 -- Germany: Emma Goldman arrives back in Berlin, where she learns that CBS has canceled her planned radio broadcast, fearing that it will be interpreted as an effort on her part to reenter the "Land of the Free."
Can't have that. In Nazi Germany America this is extolled as a "Free Press."
1935 -- Canada: Emma Goldman returns to Montreal where her niece Stella Ballantine visits her on April 26.
1937 -- Actor Jack Nicholson (Little shop of Horrors; Easy Rider; One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest; The Shining) lives.
1943 -- American poet Louise Glück lives, in New York. Known for her insights into the self & a willingness to confront in her writing the horrible, the difficult, & the painful. Her first collection of poetry, Firstborn (1968), uses a variety of first-person personae, all disaffected or angry.
1944 -- US: Sit-in by 200 blacks results in desegregation of restaurants in Washington, DC.
1945 -- Germany: Death of peace artist Käthe Kollwitz, notable for innovative technique & prints conveying social justice themes.
I do not want to die...until I have faithfully made the most of my talent & cultivated the seed that was placed in me until the last small twig has grown.
1952 -- US: First atmospheric bomb test — Yucca (YUKK — Kah) Flat, Nevada. Nuclear bomb test at Yucca Flats observed by US marines. All nuclear powers used their armed forces as guinea pigs in this way, but only in the last generation has compensation become an issue. The first nuclear test was July 16, 1945, a 19-kiloton tower shot, in New Mexico.
Bleedster Boardman wrote April 24, 2003:
> Why would the first atmospheric bomb tests not be > #1 Alamagordo, 1945
> #2 Hiroshima, 1945 > #3 Nagasaki, 1945 > ?
1955 -- US: Pennies From Heaven? Congress orders all US coins bear motto "In God We Trust." Given the government history of repressing any Americans who aren't rich white guys, the depression of the 30s, failed anti-trust actions, etc, this is the government's only recourse.
1956 -- Rebecca West writes of her profession in the New York Herald Tribune: "Journalism — an ability to meet the challenge of filling the space."
1960 -- Italy: Il commissario al Comune di Napoli e il sovraintendente al Teatro San Carlo vietano la rappresentazione del balletto "Il martirio di San Sebastiano" di Claude Debussy perchè il ruolo del santo era stato affidato alla ballerina sovietica Ludmilla Cerina. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1963 -- US: (F)Redism: Secretary of State Rusk states that South Vietnam, under Diem, was "steadily moving toward a constitutional system resting upon popular consent."
Six months later, South Vietnamese generals, charging Diem had "trampled on the people's rights," seizes power in a coup "encouraged" by the US.
1968 -- Tlatelolco treaty for denuclearizing Latin America comes into force.
1969 -- US: Harvard faculty votes to create black studies program & give students vote in selection of its faculty.
1969 -- US: City College of NY closes after black & Puerto Rican students lock selves inside asking for higher minority enrollment.
1970 -- First Earth Day observed. Millions of US citizens participate in anti-pollution demonstrations & events. Corporate sponsorships to hide their real practices were notably absent.
"We really wanted to join in the first Earth Day. It meant we got to get out of school. We spent maybe 20 minutes picking up trash near the High School & since then absolutely nothing. People see earth day events sound/photo bits on the news & delude themselves that "something" is getting done."
1970 -- US: War Peace ships are sent to the Caribbean island of Trinidad to "protect American citizens" during unrest against the US-backed government.
1971 -- Haiti: US-backed dictator, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader "Papa Doc" Duvalier dies. He is succeeded by his son, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader "Baby Doc" Duvalier. One American backed murderer replaces another. In America we call this "The Free World."
1976 -- US: Last American-built convertible leaves the Cadillac assembly line.
1977 -- Slick Trick? Well blowout in the Ekofisk oil field results in the release of 8,200,000 gallons of oil into Great Britain's North Sea.
1978 -- Bob Marley & the Wailers perform at the One Love Peace Concert in Jamaica. It is Marley's first public appearance in Jamaica since being wounded in an assassination attempt a year & a half ago.
1992 -- Yugoslavia: 60,000 attend anti-war rock concert, Belgrade, Serbia.
1993 -- US: Holocaust Museum dedicated, Washington, DC. Rightwing Republican think tanks like the Heritage Foundation (a White House favorite) — who claim there was no Holocaust — seethe.
1994 -- Karl Hess (1923-1994), often described as the "most beloved libertarian," dies.
In 1964 he was the chief speech writer for the Barry Goldwater presidential campaign before becoming an anarchist. Hess was a journalist & editor of the "Libertarian Party News" from 1986-1990. He wrote over a dozen books, including Dear America, Community Technology, & Capitalism for Kids.
Karl was the subject of a 26-minute documentary entitled Karl Hess: Toward Liberty. The film won two Oscars in 1981.
Daily Bleed patron Saint, April 19, 2003-05
Founder of Gray Panthers, radical activists for the aged (ie, "old coots").
1995 -- US: Hey, NATO? Frisco police, in an equitable swap, trade computers for handguns. Cops armed with computers instead of guns look pretty funny on horses & bikes.
"Stop or I'll Email you!"
1996 -- US: Nonviolent activists (ETS! readers!) Tom & Donna Howard-Hastings cut down three poles supporting the US Navy's nuclear submarine radio "trigger," Clam Lake, Wisconsin. The antenna collapsed & left the Navy unable to launch a first strike for several days. http://www.sonic.net/~books/new.html
1999 -- US: StampaYouFeet?: Proto-fascist Randy Ann's commemorative stamp released. First day covers are postmarked at some big stamp show in NYC. Big shrug. Ayn Rand has been properly reclaimed by her favorite organization, the Capitalist State, despite the stupid claims she was an "individualist" by various & sundry rightwing reactionaries who campaigned the state to get her stamped out.
2000 -- US: Seattle songster Baby Gramps plays San Francisco's Atlas Cafe.
"He’s entertained everywhere from the streets & medicine shows to Bob Dylan's dressing room. In this day & age, seeing the Seattle based singer-songwriter-guitarist who calls himself Baby Gramps is the closest you’ll ever get to experiencing Harry Smith’s Anthology of American Folk Music in person. He sings in a voice that is somewhere between Cliff "Ukulele Ike" Edwards’s & Blind Willie Johnson’s, & his style evokes long dead pickers such as Charlie Patton & Riley Puckett. He plays with metal finger-picks on a battered National Steel that at last count had four useable frets left on it & an old clamp wrench holding one of the tuning pegs on. With a long, flowing beard & mannerisms that recall early Popeye, Baby Gramps is something of a national treasure, the final repository of an entire era of pop culture. Gramps draws from thousands of Paleozoic jazz, blues, hillbilly, & pop tunes. He is a genuine eccentric talent, an old-time songster & an incredible entertainer."
— Time Out
With a repertoire that blends challenging Dylan covers such as "Love Minus Zero/No Limit" with cartoon like anthems like "A Heart Warming Medley of Worm Songs," Gramps tends to coerce an audiences mind to wander toward unexpected territory. Notorious for word play such songs as "Palindromes," "Anagrams," & "Aptonyms."
2000 -- Brazil: Smashing the Clocks of Domination?
Today the government & the ruling class of Brazil wants to celebrate the 500 year anniversary of its "discovery" by Europeans come to dominate & exploit the resources & people of the land, imposing expansionist & mercantile value.
Globo network, Brazil’s largest entertainment corporation, has been the main promoter of this celebration. For years, Globo has put on events promoting this celebration, & has built big clocks in all the state capitals of Brazil.
But during the week ending today, there has been a large mobilization of indigenous people, students, landless & others to
demonstrate against the nationalist & capitalist ideals behind the celebration.
In the largest mobilization of indigenous people ever known in Brazil, people going to Porto Seguro — where the Portuguese arrived in 1500 & where the official celebrations are to take place today — went through Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, where they shot their arrows at the Globo clock until they stopped it.
One of them managed to enter the national congress & pass through security with an arrow in his hand pointing at one of the most powerful men in Brazil, Senator ACM, the "emperor" of the state of Bahia.
2001 -- US: Black Bloc Marches for Women's Reproductive Rights in Washington, DC.
A hot & sunny day today, didn't deter 50 anarchists from Baltimore & Washington, DC from donning their famous black-clad gear & joining the NOW Emergency March for Women's Reproductive Rights. They join over 4000 other supporters of abortion rights for several hours of speakers & music. The rally is followed by a feisty march past the Supreme Court & around the US Capitol.
The trial of Jesus of Nazareth, the trial & rehabilitation of Joan of Arc, any one of the witchcraft trials in Salem during 1691, the Moscow trials of 1937 during which Stalin destroyed all of the founders of the 1924 Soviet Revolution, the Sacco-Vanzetti trial of 1920 through 1927 — there are many trials such as these in which the victim was already condemned to death before the trial took place, & it took place only to cover up the real meaning: the accused was to be put to death.
These are trials in which the judge, the counsel, the jury, & the witnesses are the criminals, not the accused. For any believer in capital punishment, the fear of an honest mistake on the part of all concerned is cited as the main argument against the final terrible decision to carry out the death sentence.
There is the frightful possibility in all such trials as these that the judgment has already been pronounced & the trial is just a mask for murder.
— Katherine Anne Porter, The Never-Ending Wrong
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