Our Daily Bleed...
History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake.
— James Joyce
Irish modernist writer, experimental novelist.
FEAST OF NO FEASTS.
ID AL ADHA (Islam).
BEAR CHASE FESTIVAL, Pyrénées: a pretend bear chases men dressed as women. After an amorous interlude, the bear is 'killed', revived, shaved & killed again — paradoxical play & sexual inversion to contend hierarchies of gender.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1745 -- English religious writer, best known for her popular tracts & as an educator of the poor, Hannah More lives, Stapleton, Glaucestershire.
1779 -- US: Anthony Benezet refuses to pay taxes to support Revolutionary War.
1826 -- French culinary philosopher Anthelme Brillat-Savarin dies.
1848 -- Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends US war with Mexico. After invasion by peace-loving America, México cedes over 1/3 of its land — parts of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Colorado & Texas — to the US. 25,000 Mexicans & 12,000 Americans lost their lives in the 17-month imperialist visitation.Regiments from Virginia, Mississippi, & North Carolina rebel & 9,207 desert during this popular land grab (some fine patriots insisting we take the whole country). Those failing to desert became increasingly incorrigible.
The treaty leads the Whig Intelligencer to crow "we take nothing by conquest.... Thank God."
1851 -- México: José Guadalupe Posada lives (1851-1913). Engraver & illustrator.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint December 17, 2003-4
Master Mexican street artist
& peoples' illustrator.
1859 -- Havelock Ellis, American sex reformer, lives.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004
Pioneer sexologist, closet pervert, liberated a full generation of uptight Americans.
"The place where optimism most flourishes is the lunatic asylum."
1866 -- US: A black delegation led by Frederick Douglass meet with Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Andrew Johnson at the White House to advocate black suffrage. The Beloved expresses his opposition.
1869 -- Burma Shave?: James Oliver invents the removable tempered steel plow blade.
1870 -- Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York.
1870 -- Wales: The Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proves to be gypsum.
1872 -- Joshua Norton I, "Dei Gratia" Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, Fires All Public Officials.
The Public Officials having again notoriously betrayed the confidence & trust imposed in them by a trusting people; & having shamefully disregarded the public interest & the people's welfare to feather their own nests; now, therefore, We, Norton I, Emperor of America & Protector of Mexico, do hereby order all such Officials to resign forthwith, & do declare their said offices vacant from the date hereof.
— 1872 (exact date unknown)
1872 -- Russia: Peter Kropotkin leaves during this month [I don't have exact date — ed.] for Switzerland. Upon arriving in Zurich Peter immediately joins the local chapter of the International. He is given socialist literature unavailable in Russia. After reading numerous works on socialism, Peter continues his vigorous study of the subject, traveling throughout Switzerland to question various socialist leaders. He also attends the worker's meetings of the International (rather than the leader's meetings). In March, a friend suggests that Peter visit the centers of the Jura Federation in Neuchatel.
1876 -- US: National Baseball League forms, consisting of Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Louisville & Hartford.
Three weeks away before Nummer One Son begins tossing de ball & running the bags:
& the right field bleechers go mad with Chicanos & blacks
& Brooklyn beer-drinkers,
"Tito! Sock it to him, sweet Tito!"
& sweet Tito puts his foot in the bucket
& smacks one that don't come back at all,
& flees around the bases
like he's escaping from the United Fruit Company.
As the gringo dollar beats out the pound.
& sweet Tito beats it out like he's beating out usury,
not to mention fascism & anti-semitism.
& Juan Marichal comes up,
& the Chicano bleechers go loco again...
— excerpt, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, "Baseball Canto"
1877 -- US: James Miller, a "mulatto," is the first man to be sent to the gallows after Colorado achieves statehood. The trap door would at first not open...
[Details / context]
1879 -- US: Paiute Trail of Tears — 540 Paiutes arrive at the Yakama reservation after a forced march through winter snows from Southern Oregon.
"Maybe we should not have humored them when they asked to live on reservations. Maybe we should have said, No, come join us. Be citizens along with the rest of us."— acting Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Ronald Reagan during a trip to Moscow, when a student asks about US treatment of Native Americans
1882 -- James Joyce lives, Dublin, Ireland.
Ford Madox Ford, James Joyce, Ezra Pound & John Quinn at Pound's place in Paris in 1923. Quinn was a lawyer who defended the publication of Ulysses in The Little Review in 1921.
1893 -- US: First movie close-up (of a sneeze), Edison studio, West Orange, NJ.
1894 -- Román Delgado lives (1894-1952). Spanish anarchosyndicalist, emigrated to Cuba, but expelled in 1915, he went to North America & joined the Magoniste group in San Antonio, Texass.
1901 -- US: New Army Drills: Congress establishes US Army Dental Corps.
1902 -- Argentinean Mika Etchebehere lives (1902-1992, née Michèle Feldman). Militant Marxist & then an anarquista. Mika fought in the Spanish Revolution with the P.O.U.M. & also with Cipriano Mera.
"Ce qui peut me rester de l'anarchisme, c'est mon incapacité à respecter les hiérarchies imposées et ma foi dans le cercle de l'égalité..."
1905 -- Russian-born Joan Rivers/Phyllis Diller wanna-be & American writer whose work fronts her philosophy of objectivism (moralizing autocrats), Ayn Rand lives.
1918 -- Dutch novelist noted for her innovative historical fiction, Hella Haasse lives, Batavia, Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia). Her books include Onverenigbaarheid van karakter ("Incompatibility of Character," 1978) & De groten der aarde ("Great Figures of History," 1981), both written in a collage form using authentic documents to tell her stories.
1923 -- Poet/novelist James Dickey (Deliverance, 1970) lives, Atlanta, Georgia. His poetry is most noted for its lyrical portrayal of a world in conflict — predator with prey, soldier with soldier, self with itself.
"The poet is not trying the tell the truth. He's trying to make it."
1926 -- France: Jules Leroux (1860-1926) dies. Militant anarchist cooperativist. Founded a working coop of shoe makers in Amiens. Began manufacturing in 1902 & in 1906, becomes the "Société coopérative de production à bases socialistes." Forced to close in 1914, they resume activity with the end of the war, animated by Jules Leroux.
[Source: L'Ephéméride Anarchiste]
1927 -- Stan Getz, jazz musician, lives.
1928 -- Cynthia Macdonald, American poet lives. Her first published volume of poetry, Amputations (1970), drew attention with its startling imagery. She founded the creative writing program at the University of Houston in 1979.
1931 -- Poet Judith Viorst lives.
1931 -- Argentinean anarchist Paulino Scarfo dies in a shoot out with police.
1931 -- US: First American citizens are "repatriated" from the nation as Los Angeles Chicanos are deported to Mexico.
1932 -- Switzerland: First world disarmament convention opens, Geneva. All governments, being populated with rational, bright & ethical people concerned only for the welfare of their people, immediately disarm...
"It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)"
Duke Ellington & His Orchestra
1938 -- US: Firebrand Emma Tenayuca leads pecan shellers strike, San Antonio, Texass.
In February, low wages in the pecan industry lead to a month-long strike at the Southern Pecan-Shelling Company. Emma Tenayuca, a charismatic young leader, helps to organize the walkout that wins wage increases. Luisa Moreno recruits many of the workers for the United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, & Allied Workers of America (UCAPAWA) union.
[Details / context]
1938 -- England: During this month Emma Goldman plans a spring benefit for the SIA; feels more confident about its prospects when more individuals agree to serve as sponsors, including art critic Sir Herbert Read, Laurence Housman, Havelock Ellis, John Cowper Powys, George Orwell, & Rebecca West, among others.
Also, related, an exhibition of drawings by children in Barcelona schools & lace work by women refugees opens at the SIA office but draws only a handful of visitors despite extensive publicity; & the first issue of the S.I.A. bulletin is published.
Source: Emma Goldman Papers
1939 -- England: This month Emma Goldman is frantic with worry until she receives firm news of the whereabouts of anarchists who have escaped from Catalonia after the collapse of the resistance in Spain. Most find sanctuary in France but face harsh conditions in internment camps; others reach Paris without permits.
Vázquez's account for the suddenness of the collapse in Catalonia names exhaustion among the armies after the counterattack by Franco's forces on the Ebro front, shortages of military personnel, war-weariness & declining morale among the civilian population exacerbated by food shortages, & the hurried & open removal of the government from Barcelona that led to panic among the population.
Also this month, IISH informs Goldman that her archive has been sent to England in case the Nazis invade the Netherlands.
1942 -- Daniil Kharms (1905-1942) dies.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint December 30, 2002-2004
"Literary Hooligan," starved to death
in Respected & Beloved Comrade Leader
Uncle Joe Stalin's prisons.
1942 -- US: A "Los Angeles Times" column urges security measures against Japanese-Americans, arguing that a Japanese-American "almost inevitably . . . grows up to be a Japanese, not an American."
1944 -- Italy: Salvatore Cassia lives, (1944-2002). Electronics worker, he discovered anarchism in the public library at Trapani which had a rich collection of texts & newspapers from the 19th century. Actively involved in campaigns around the police murder of Giuseppe Pinelli (made famous by Dario Fo’s play Accidental Death of an Anarchist where, like Pinelli, an anarchist is thrown from a police station window) & for the release & pardoning of the framed Valpreda & his comrades.
1946 -- US: The first Buck Rogers automatic pistol is made for the annual American Toy Fair.
1948 -- Radio broadcast of Antonin Artaud's "Pour En Finir Avec le Judgement de Dieu" is canceled. A heretic's scatological tirade at the extreme of the linguistic lunatic fringe, it was perhaps Artaud's electronic revenge against his incarcerators — an invective broadcast from the end of the mind.
1950 -- Spain: Manuel "Manolo" Sabaté (Sabater) Llopart is garroted in Barcelona prison.
An anarchist militant, he was accused of having secretly crossed the frontier to take part in the Resistance. One of the main reasons for his harsh sentence of death is that he is the brother of Francisco Sabate, a famous & legendary member of the anarchist guérilla groups.
Francisco Sabaté, see,
1951 -- US: First four of seven blacks convicted of raping a Virginia white woman, Mrs. Ruby Stroud Floyd, die in the electric chair. The remaining three are fried on February 5. (An anomaly in Virginia's glorious history: to date only one white has ever been executed for rape.)
1952 -- US: Convicted "trunk murderess" Winnie Ruth Judd escapes from the Arizona State Insane Hospital for the fifth time. She was recaptured 7 February (see 16 October).
1954 -- Snow falls on Gibraltar.
Way Far Out Strange Stuff:
1955 - A massive black blizzard (a snowstorm combined with black dust & dirt churned from the earth by strong wind) strikes the Southwest & Plains. [Weather Notebook, Feb. 2, 1999]
1956 -- Italy: La polizia di stato arresta a Partinico (Palermo) Danilo Dolci (definito "noto agitatore politico") ed altre 19 persone mentre partecipavano con 200 braccianti al dissodamento di un terreno incolto.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1956 -- US: Four black mothers arrested after a sit-in at a Chicago elementary school. Protests, picketing & demonstrations continue for several weeks against de facto segregation, double shifts & mobile classrooms.
1956 -- Allen Ginsberg, armed with scraggly beard, ecstatic mind, & local poet cohort Gary Snyder arrive in Seattle to pay tribute to local labor with drugs & poetry.
Busride along waterfront down Yessler under street bridge
to the old red Wobbly Hall —
One Big Union, posters of the Great Mandala of Labor,
bleareyed dusty cardplayers dreaming behind the counter . . .
'but these young fellers can't see ahead & we nothing to
— Allen Ginsberg, "Afternoon Seattle"
February 2 to 26Belgium: First Exhibition of Psychogeography, presented by the International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus, the Lettrist International & the London Psychogeographical Committee at Taptoe Gallery in Brussels.
The catalogue lists paintings & ceramics by Guy Debord, Asger Jorn, Yves Klein, Ralph Rumney, Michèle Bernstein, Mohamed Dahou & a "mad psychogeographer" but only Jorn, Klein & Rumney participate.
http://www.cddc.vt.edu/sionline/chronology/chronology.html | [Situationist Resources]
1959 -- Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens & the Big Bopper make their last onstage appearances during the GAC Winter Show tour, at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa.
1960 -- US: Reservations Please¡?¡ Florida's Attorney General finds sodomy on Indian reservations is not in the state's juridiction & legal if a tribe has no law against it.
1962 -- US: Land of the Free U-Haul? University of Washington bans campus speech by Gus Hall, head of Communist Party USA, in Seattle.
1966 -- Australia: First burning of conscription papers, Sydney.
1968 -- Germany: Fight between left-wing students & neo-nazi organizations: one morto e decine di feriti.
Over the next few days students occupy the university, & demand the expulsion of Heinrich Luebke, a former Nazi.
Meanwhile, over in Italy, following the occupation of the University of Florence, the movement grows to include Rome. Some professors join the student demonstrators.
Source: "1968: A wall between this century" (no longer online)
1970 -- England: Philosopher/activist Bertrand Russell dies in Penryndeudraeth, Merioneth, three years short of 100. His War Crimes Tribunal was instrumental in providing a world forum which could not be ignored (even by US media), revealing US lies & atrocities perpetrated during the Vietnam War years.
1972 -- Ireland: Three days after 13 unarmed civil rights demonstrators were shot dead by British paratroopers in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, outraged Irish citizens burn down the British embassy in Dublin, the capital of independent Ireland.
1972 -- US: Tribute for the anarchist poet/author Kenneth Patchen held at City Lights Poets Theater.
1974 -- Keith Emerson injures his hands when a piano prematurely explodes during a concert in Frisco, California. He suffers various cuts & a broken fingernail.
1989 -- Italy: Volantino sull'arresto di Alfredo Bonanno a Bergamo durante una rapina Giovedi gli anarchici Alfredo Bonanno e Giuseppe Stasi vengono arrestati nel corso di una rapina a Bergamo.
Nel gennaio '89, un anno e mezzo dopo l'occupazione, 10 anni dopo lo scioglimento dell'ente morale proprietario del posto, il Comune si accorge di avere un posto occupato (la polizia se n'era già accorta dopo 13 giorni e l'aveva sgomberato manu militari; fu rioccupato la notte stessa). Delle tante iniziative e manifesti, un piccolo adesivo sparso per la città.
the anarchists Alfredo Bonanno & Giuseppe Stasi come arrest in the course of a holdup to Bergamo. It seizes to you from the police, up to the present it is unknown where they are ended.
While the repressive apparatus prepares the usual montatura swelling the happened one, inventing a conspiracy that can justify the accusation of armed band in order to imply the greater number of anarchists, simple friends, relatives & knowing. Bonanno is one of the most famous theorists of the Italian anarchical movement, written its is famous in all Europe. The authority is understood well that if it wants to inculare it.
part of the Serravalle · Canenero ‘O.R.A.I.’ Marini trial Anarchists Antonio Budini, Jean Weir, Carlo Tesseri, Christos Stratigopulous & Eva Tziutzia / appeal at the Court of Cassation Alfredo Bonanno – 6 years; Angela Maria (Marina) Lo Vecchio – 15 years; Orlando Campo – 10 years & Carlo Tesseri – three years & nine months. Two others, Gregorian Garagin & Francesco Porcu, are already in prison serving sentences of 30 years & life respectively. Rose Ann Scrocco
1990 -- South African President deKlerk lifts ban on opposition groups; African National Congress (ANC) is now legal.
1990 -- US: Secret Service agents raid Len Rose, aka Terminus. In two days they raid three more computer hackers.
2001 -- US: New Jersey agrees to pay $13 million to settle a suit by four minority men shot & wounded in a 1998 traffic stop. Charges against 128 other minority defendants are dismissed under claims of racial profiling.
2003 -- The insurrectionary Alfredo Bonanno is sentenced to six years plus a 2000 Euros fine for "armed robbery" & other crimes. The charges stemmed from the infamous "Marini Trial," in which hundreds of anarchists were rounded up & charged with every conceivable crime (ideally led by Bonanno).
Bonanno is one of hundreds of Italian anarchists arrested on the night of June 19, 1997, when Italian security forces carried out raids on anarchist centers & private homes all over Italy. The raids followed the bombing of Palazzo Marino in Milan, Italy on April 25, 1997.
Bonanno, an insurrectionary anarchist from Italy, has had a great impact on insurrectionary anarchism, writing essays such as "Armed Joy," "The Anarchist Tension" & others. He is an editor of Anarchismo Editions & many publications, only some of which have been translated into English. He has been involved in the anarchist movement for over thirty years.
On national liberation struggles, he said that anarchists: "refuse to participate in national liberation fronts; they participate in class fronts which may or may not be involved in national liberation struggles. The struggle must spread to establish economic, political & social structures in the liberated territories, based on federalist & libertarian organisations." (Alfredo M. Bonanno, Anarchism & the National Liberation Struggle (1977))
"The governors of the world believe, & have always believed, that virtue can only be taught by teaching falsehood, & that any man who knew the truth would be wicked. I disbelieve this, absolutely & entirely. I believe that love of truth is the basis of all real virtue, & that virtues based upon lies can only do harm."
— Bertrand Russell
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